Biotic homogenisation in NW European pollinators. These panels represent the similarity between species composition of samples taken different distances apart (measured using 1-╬▓sim) for three groups of pollinating insects (bees, hoverflies and butterflies) over time. In most cases, recent decades (represented by the red lines) show higher similarity at a given distance than was found in the mid 20th century (black lines).

 
 
  Part of: Henle K, Potts S, Kunin W, Matsinos Y, Simila J, Pantis J, Grobelnik V, Penev L, Settele J (Eds) (2014) Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation. Advanced Books: e1169. https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e1169