Nested UTM grids used for the analyses of pan-European beta diversity patterns; a) across continental Europe, b) across the UK, c) Finland, and d) Catalonia. The different grains always cover the same area. Areas within the largest grid cells that overlapped sea, lack land-cover data, or those insufficiently surveyed were removed.

  Part of: Henle K, Potts S, Kunin W, Matsinos Y, Simila J, Pantis J, Grobelnik V, Penev L, Settele J (Eds) (2014) Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation. Advanced Books: e1169.