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Species composition and distribution of the dipterans (Insecta: Diptera) in Bulgaria
expand article infoZdravko Hubenov
‡ National Museum of Natural History, Sofia, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction

The Bulgarian dipteran fauna has been studied for 160 years (Löw 1862). Since then, a vast material of faunistic data concerning the territory of Bulgaria has been accumulated. During the last 70 years, different parts of the country are under landscape changes and anthropogenic impact. Changes in the natural communities are caused by some alien species, introduced in the last 100 years. The economic importance of the biodiversity, the dynamic character of the fauna and its protection necessiate a periodic updating of the data concerning the faunistic diversity of the separate taxonomic groups.

The first data on Diptera from Bulgaria were reported by Löw (1862, 1863), Meunier (1897) and Joakimoff (1899). Nedelkov reported new families and reviews the dipteran fauna of Bulgaria (Nedelkov 1909, 1910, 1912). Various publications have been written by other authors (Kovachev 1905; Vimmer 1916; Drenowsky 1920a, 1920b, 1921a, 1922b, 1922c, 1923a, 1923b, 1923c, 1929a, 1929b, 1931, 1936, 1937, 1939; Enderlein 1921, 1924, 1926, 1930; Komárek & Vimmer 1921, 1922, 1934; Konsuloff 1921a, 1921b, 1922a, 1922b, 1922c, 1923a, 1923b; Buresch 1924, 1926a, 1926b, 1928, 1930; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1924, 1925; Drensky 1926, 1928, 1931a, 1931b, 1932a, 1932c, 1934c, 1936, 1939b, 1940, 1942; Drensky & Drensky 1928; Czerný 1930; Szilády 1934; Zilahi 1934; Jacentkovsky 1936, 1937, 1939; Lindner 1936; Lackschewitz 1940a, 1940b; Buhr 1941; Valkanov 1941; Delkeskamp 1942). Studies on the separate families were reported by Drensky (1929, 1933, 1934a, 1939a, 1943). Numerous data on the plant pests and species of medical significance are available in the applied entomological literature. The number of publications increased rapidly after the Second World War. Volumes from the series Fauma of Bulgaria and catalogues of the separate families have been published (Beschovski 1985, 2009, 2013b; Lavčiev 2003; Bechev 2006, 2010; Kechev et al. 2020). Taxonomic and faunistic studies were performed by Bulgarian and foreign authors. The hydrobiological research are important for elucidating the species composition of the water-related dipterans. The investigations of the cave fauna contribute to the study of separate families. In many monographs and catalogues related to Diptera of the various geographical areas, taxa from Bulgaria without accurate localities are mentioned. In 1700 publications there are data related to Diptera in Bulgaria.

In 1968 an overview (unpublished) of the Diptera families, reported from Bulgaria, was made by Beschovski – 1952 species. Later Beschovski (1976b, 1993, 2001) reported new families and presented a list of the families in Bulgaria. Data on the vertical distribution of Diptera refer to separate families. There are data in some publications (Buresch & Arndt 1926; Beron 1969; Hubenov 1993), in the volumes of the series Fauna of Bulgaria (Beschovski 1985, 2009), in the catalogues (Lavčiev 2003; Bechev 2006, 2010; Beschovski 2013b) and in some dissertations (Dimitrova 1989; Dzhambazov 2000; Langourov 2001; Bechev 2007; Kechev 2007; Pavlova 2020b). In the publications on Diptera from the Pirin, Rila, Vitosha and Vrachanska Planina Mts., the vertical distribution of 2275 species of 81 families is analyzed (Hubenov 2015b, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019a, 2019b).

The aim of this work is to present the fauna, distribution according to the vegetation belts and zoogeography of the order Diptera in Bulgaria.

Material and methods

All species reported from Bulgaria are included. The processing of the literary data has reviewed all data that refer to the Bulgarian Diptera. Due to the big number of literature sources and the character of the publications, the cited literature does not include all studies. Attention is paid to the publications that indicate the localities of the species. The first reports, generalized works and the most important literary sources are given. The names of the taxa are updated according to the newest electronic publications. The classification of Diptera is based on the works of Soós & Pap (1984-1993), McAlpine (1989), Wood & Borkend (1989), Woodley (1989), Nagatomi (1996), Papp & Darvas (1997, 1998, 2000a, 2000b), Yeates & Wiegmann (1999), Nartshuk (2003), Ziegler (2003), Oosterbroek (2006), Yeates et al. (2007) and Pape et al. (2011).

Weaknesses in the literature data which limit the obtaining of an equivalent information when comparing territories and systematic groups include: different levels of study of the individual taxa; insufficient research of many families in the corresponding areas; a lack of exact localities for the part of the recorded species; insufficient data for the localities and vertical distribution; existence of rich synonymy; outdated data; a lack of generalized investigations; significant differences in the number of taxa in the separate areas; unexplored territories; prolonged periods of data accumulation for most regions; predominance of the ecological studies versus those of the fauna; priority research on groups of economic and medical significance. These weaknesses lead to 6 problems: 1) Continuous supplementation of an existing historical list of the fauna. As a result, species diversity in a given area is higher than in reality. 2) Incomparability of data in terms of time periods. Data comparisons between two areas very often cover different periods as it is not possible to study all taxonomic groups and territories simultaneously. 3) Inaccurate zoogeographical characteristic of some taxa due to the lack of information on their vertical distribution. 4) Incomplete reporting of the anthropogenic impact, successional and landscape changes on the communities in the separate regions. Thus, a number of well-studied areas in the past have already been significantly changed. 5) Prioritization of research in areas under monitoring or environmental protection legislation. 6) Workload of the specialists with environmental, medical and other applied investigations that do not allow them to devote time to faunistic research.

A system of natural territories is used to represent the species distribution in Bulgaria (Hubenov 1997, 2021). This is a hierarchical system (Fig. 1, Table 1) which allows using larger or smaller number of territorial units. The first letter in the abbreviations corresponds to the region; the second – to the subregion; and the figure – to a smaller territorial unit.

Table 1.

Distribution of Diptera in the natural geographic territorial units of Bulgaria

The system of the natural geographic territorial units Abbreviations Number of species
Nematocera (1672) Brachycera (3348) Total (5020)
DANUBIAN PLAIN D 328 (19.6) 566 (16.9) 894 (17.8)
Western Danubian Plain DW 219 (13.1) 227 (6.8) 446 (8.9)
Middle Danubian Plain DM 210 (12.6) 218 (6.5) 428 (8.5)
Eastern Danubian Plain DE 191 (11.4) 367 (11.0) 558 (11.1)
Popovo-Provadiya district E1 154 (9.2) 184 (5.5) 338 (6.7)
Loudogorie-Dobroudzha district E2 144 (8.6) 271 (8.1) 415 (8.3)
STARA PLANINA RANGE SYSTEM S 719 (43.0) 1026 (30.7) 1745 (34.8)
Predbalkan SP 329 (19.7) 426 (12.7) 755 (15.0)
Western Predbalkan P1 247 (14.8) 234 (7.0) 481 (9.6)
Middle Predbalkan P2 198 (11.8) 262 (7.8) 432 (8.6)
Eastern Predbalkan P3 19 (1.1) 24 (0.7) 43 (0.8)
Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts. SB 542 (32.4) 884 (26.4) 1426 (28.4)
Western Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts. B1 457 (27.3) 515 (15.4) 972 (19.4)
Middle Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts. B2 198 (11.8) 429 (12.8) 627 (12.5)
Eastern Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts. B3 23 (1.4) 246 (7.3) 269 (5.4)
TRANSITIONAL REGION T 781 (46.7) 1893 (56.6) 2674 (53.3)
Kraishte-Konyavo district TK 114 (6.8) 143 (4.3) 257 (5.1)
Rouy Mt. K1 1 (0.03) 1 (0.02)
Trun Basin (Znepole) K2 17 (0.5) 17 (0.3)
Strazha-Cherna Gora-Rudini Mts. K3 29 (1.7) 1 (0.03) 30 (0.6)
Golo Burdo Mt. K4 8 (0.5) 15 (0.4) 23 (0.5)
Verila Mts. K5 2 (0.1) 2 (0.04)
Kraishte K6 41 (1.2) 41 (0.8)
Zemenska Planina Mt. K7 38 (2.3) 1 (0.03) 39 (0.8)
Konyavska Planina Mt. K8 53 (3.2) 23 (0.7) 76 (1.5)
Kyustendil Basin K9 71 (4.2) 77 (2.3) 148 (2.9)
Vitosha district TV 561 (33.6) 1431 (42.8) 1992 (39.7)
Sofia Basin V1 257 (15.4) 822 (24.6) 1079 (21.5)
Zavalska-Viskyar Mts. V2 1 (0.06) 2 (0.06) 3 (0.06)
Lyulin Mt. V3 18 (1.1) 66 (2.0) 84 (1.7)
Vitosha Mt. V4 329 (19.7) 972 (29.0) 1301 (25.9)
Plana Mts. V5 81 (4.8) 70 (2.1) 151 (3.0)
Srednogorie-Podbalkan subregion TS 192 (11.5) 645 (19.3) 837 (16.7)
Podbalkan Basins S1 107 (6.4) 397 (11.9) 504 (10.0)
Sredna Gora Mts. S2 101 (6.0) 352 (10.5) 453 (9.0)
Ihtimanska Sredna Gora Mts. S21 90 (5.4) 206 (6.1) 296 (5.9)
Lozenska Planina Mt. S211 65 (3.9) 158 (4.7) 223 (4.4)
Sushtinska Sredna Gora Mts. S22 19 (1.1) 77 (2.3) 96 (1.9)
Surnena Sredna Gora Mts. S23 8 (0.5) 95 (2.8) 103 (2.0)
Thracian Lowland TL 200 (12.0) 528 (15.8) 728 (14.5)
Toundzha-Strandzha subregion TT 192 (11.5) 282 (8.4) 474 (9.4)
Sakar-Toundzha district T1 87 (5.2) 53 (1.6) 140 (2.8)
Sakar Mt. T11 7 (0.4) 39 (1.2) 46 (0.9)
Bakadzhik-Bourgas district T2 28 (1.7) 66 (2.0) 94 (1.9)
Strandzha-Dervent district T3 119 (7.1) 236 (7.0) 355 (7.1)
Strandzha Mts. T31 119 (7.1) 236 (7.0) 355 (7.1)
RILA-RHODOPE MASSIF R 813 (48.6) 1871 (55.9) 2684 (53.5)
Osogovo-Belasitsa group RO 248 (14.8) 593 (17.7) 841 (16.8)
Osogovska Planina Mts. O1 4 (0.2) 25 (0.7) 29 (0.6)
Vlahina Planina Mts. O2 2 (0.06) 2 (0.04)
Maleshevska Planina Mts. O3 22 (0.6) 22 (0.4)
Ograzhden Mts. O4 47 (1.4) 47 (0.9)
Belasitsa Mts. O5 14 (0.8) 201 (6.0) 215 (4.3)
Srednostroumska Valley O6 193 (11.5) 515 (15.4) 708 (14.1)
Boboshevo-Simitli Valley O61 159 (9.5) 172 (5.1) 331 (6.6)
Kroupnik-Sandanski-Petrich Valley O62 140 (8.4) 432 (12.9) 572 (11.4)
Rila-Pirin group RP 525 (31.4) 1117 (33.4) 1642 (32.7)
Rila Mts. R1 333 (19.9) 716 (21.4) 1049 (20.9)
Pirin Mts. R2 233 (13.9) 608 (18.2) 841 (16.7)
Slavyanka Mt. R3 14 (0.8) 231 (6.9) 245 (4.9)
Sturgach Mt. R4 1 (0.06) 42 (1.2) 43 (0.8)
Mesta Valley R5 114 (6.8) 107 (3.2) 221 (4.4)
Rhodope Mts. RR 449 (26.8) 1184 (35.4) 1633 (32.5)
Western Rhodope Mts. RW 385 (23.0) 1018 (30.4) 1403 (27.9)
Eastern Rhodope Mts. RE 153 (9.1) 383 (11.4) 536 (10.7)
BLACK SEA COAST B 367 (21.9) 1025 (30.6) 1392 (27.7)
Northern Black Sea Coast BN 285 (17.0) 710 (21.2) 995 (19.8)
Southern Black Sea Coast BS 165 (9.9) 646 (19.3) 811 (16.2)
Fig. 1.

Natural geographical territorial units of Bulgaria Abbreviations used: B – Black Sea Coast; B1 – Western Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts.; B2 – Middle Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts.; B3 – Eastern Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts.; BN – Northern Black Sea Coast; BS – Southern Black Sea Coast; D – Danubian Plain; DM – Middle Danubian Plain; DW – Western Danubian Plain; E1 – Popovo-Provadiya district; E2 – Loudogorie-Dobroudzha district; P1 – Western Predbalkan; K1 – Rouy Mt.; K2 – Trun Basin (Znepole); K3 – Strazha-Cherna Gora-Rudini Mts.; K4 – Golo Burdo Mt.; K5 – Verila Mts.; K6 – Kraishte; K7 – Zemenska Planina Mt.; K8 – Konyavska Planina Mt.; K9 – Kyustendil Basin; O1 – Osogovska Planina Mts.; O2 – Vlahina Planina Mts.; O3 – Maleshevska Planina Mts.; O4 – Ograzhden Mts.; O5 – Belasitsa Mts.; O6 – Srednostroumska Valley; O61 – Boboshevo-Simitli Valley; O62 – Kroupnik-Sandanski-Petrich Valley; P2 – Middle Predbalkan; P3 – Eastern Predbalkan; R – Rila-Rhodope Massif; R1 – Rila Mts.; R2 – Pirin Mts.; R3 – Slavyanka Mt.; R4 – Sturgach Mt.; R5 – Mesta Valley; RE – Eastern Rhodope Mts.; RO – Osogovo-Belasitsa group; RP – Rila-Pirin group; RR – Rhodope Mts.; RW – Western Rhodope Mts.; S – Stara Planina Range System; S1 – Podbalkan Basins; S2 – Sredna Gora Mts.; S21 – Ihtimanska Sredna Gora Mts.; S211 – Lozenska Planina Mt.; S22 – Sushtinska Sredna Gora Mts.; S23 – Surnena Sredna Gora Mts.; SB – Stara Planina (Balkan) Mts.; SP – Predbalkan; T – Transitional Region; T1 – Sakar-Toundzha district; T11 – Sakar Mt.; T2 – Bakadzhik-Bourgas district; T3 – Strandzha-Dervent district; T31 – Strandzha Mts.; TK – Kraishte-Konyavo district; TL – Thracian Lowland; TS – Srednogorie-Podbalkan subregion; TT – Toundzha-Strandzha subregion; TV – Vitosha district; V1 – Sofia Basin; V2 – Zavalska-Viskyar Mts.; V3 – Lyulin Mt.; V4 – Vitosha Mt.; V5 – Plana Mts.

The vertical distribution is presented according to the vegetation belts. The vegetation of Bulgaria is differentiated in a system of six vegetation belts (Stojanov, 1966; Velchev et al., 1982, 1989; Velchev, Tonkov, 1986; Bondev, 1991, 1997, 2002; Velchev, 1997, 2002): 1) Xerothermic oak forests (sub-Mediterranean vegetation) – up to 600-700 m a.s.l.; 2) Mesophylic and xeromesophylic mixed (oak-hornbeam) forests – from 600-700 m to 900-1000 m a.s.l.; 3) Beech forests – from 900-1000 m to 1500-1600 m a.s.l. ; 4) Coniferous forests – from 1500 (1300)-1600 m to 2000-2200 m a.s.l.; 5) Subalpine vegetation – from 2000-2200 m to 2500 m a.s.l.; 6) Alpine vegetation – over 2400-2500 m a.s.l. The boundaries between the vegetation belts are not defined clearly and depending on the relief, climate, exposure and human activities there are mixed zones up to 200-300 m a.s.l.

The classification of the areas is based on the available literature and recent electronic issues. A zoogeographical analysis for the taxa categorization was used. This method allows obtaining data information about species complexes with different zoogeographical character based on the published data regarding species distribution and results of the faunistic research. These complexes contain zoogeographical information about the taxonomic groups which, combined with the origin of the ranges, determines the zoogeographical character of the fauna. The distribution of the species according to the zoogeographical categories in the different vegetation belts and the distribution of the zoogeographical categories in each belt are scrutinized. The classification of the areas is based on the works of Geptner (1936), Darlington (1957), Kryzhanovsky (1965, 1976, 2002), de Lattin (1967), Müller (1974, 1980), Udvardi (1975), Crosskey & White (1977), Malicky et al. (1983), Gorodkov (1984a), Grehan (1988, 1993), Vigna Taglianti et al. (1999), Procheş & Ramdhani (2012), Holt et al. (2013), Ficetola et al. (2017) and Emeljanov (2018). The traditional nomenclature of the areas and the border between the Western and Eastern Palaearctic along the Yenisei River is accepted. To compare the fauna, Czekanowski-Dice-Sørensen coefficient of similarity is used (Czekanowski 1909, Dice 1945, Sørensen 1948).

For each species are given: 1) a recent scientific name, synonyms and names under which it is reported from Bulgaria; 2) distribution in the Bulgarian territory; 3) altitude at which it is established; 4) vegetation belts which it inhabits; 5) aerographical characteristic (general distribution); 6) references. In various foreign publications species without localities, reported from Bulgaria, are included. In such cases, the sign „♠” (lack of data) is used. In some species more than one aerographical category is given. This is due to the differences in the taxa distribution, presented in the separated literature sources. In the introduced taxa, the natural range is indicated first and then is the secondary (anthropogenic) range. Unfortunately, in many publications recent ranges without information about the anthropogenic and natural ranges are given. The zoogeographical analysis includes only the first aerographical categories. Before the following categories, the question mark “?” is used (in case of differences between the literature sources) or the letter “i” (in case of data for introduction).

Abbreviations used

[] – names and synonyms under which the species are reported from Bulgaria; ● – species without precise locality; ♦ – species, presented everywhere, without precise locality; ▲ – species of human or veterinary medical significance; ■ – enemy for forestry or agriculture; ♠ – lack of data; ♣ – outdated information; +++ – species, reported for the first time and localities, from which species are reported for the first time.

Vegetation belts: 1 – Xerothermic oak forests, 2 – Mesophylic and xeromesophylic mixed (oak-hornbeam) forests, 3 – Beech forests, 4 – Coniferous forests, 5 – Subalpine vegetation, 6 – Alpine vegetation.

Range types: ? – probable category, aa – Arctoalpine, am – Arctomontane, atm – Afrotropical-Mediterranean, ba – Boreoalpine, ban – Balkan-Anatolian, bc – Balkan-Caucasian, bci – Balkan-Caucasian-Iranian, bct – Balkan-Caucasian-Тuranian, bm – Boreomontane, cee – Central and East European, ceean – Central and East European-Anatolian, ceet – Central and East European-Тuranian, cse – Central and South European, csean – Central and South European-Anatolian, ceet – Central and East European-Тuranian, cse – Central and South European, csean – Central and South European-Anatolian, cseanna – Central and South European-Anatolian-North African, csee – Central and Southeast European, cseean – Central and Southeast European-Anatolian, cseei – Central and Southeast European-Iranian, cseel – Central and Southeast European-Lebanonian, cseet – Central and Southeast European-Тuranian, csei – Central and South European-Iranian, cseit – Central and South European-Iran-Тuranian, csel – Central and South European-Lebanonian, csena – Central and South European-North African, csess – Central and South European and South Siberian, cset – Central (Middle) and South European-Тuranian, csewca – Central and South European-West Central Asian, des – Disjunct Eurosiberian, dp – Disjunct Palaearctic, dpat – Disjunct Palaearctic-Afrotropical, dpo – Disjunct Palaearctic-Oriental, e – European, ean – European-Anatolian, eanca – European-Anatolian-Central Asian, eani – European-Anatolian-Iranian, eanit – European-Anatolian-Iran-Тuranian, eanna – European-Anatolian-North African, eant – European-Anatolian-Turanian, Eb – Balkan endemic, Ebg – Bulgarian endemic, Ebs – Balkan subendemic, eca – European-Central Asian, ee – East European, eeca – East European-Central Asian, ees – East European-Siberian, eet – East European-Turanian, ei – European-Iranian, eit – European-Iran-Тuranian, em – East Mediterranean, emca – East Mediterranean-Central Asian, emi – East Mediterranean-Iranian, emit – East Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian, en – European-Neotropical, ena – European-North African, eno – European-Neotropical-Oriental, eo – European-Oriental, Er – Regional endemic, esan – Eurosiberian-Anatolian, esanca – Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Central Asian, esca – Eurosiberian-Central Asian, esit – Eurosiberian-Iran-Тuranian, ess – European and South Siberian, eswa – European-Southwest Asian, et – European-Turanian, ewca – European-West Central Asian, h – Holarctic, h* – species introduced in North America, ha – Holarctic-Australian, hat – Holarctic-Afrotropical, hata – Holarctic-Afrotropical-Australian, hn – Holarctic-Neotropical, hna – Holarctic-Neotropical-Australian, hnat – Holarctic-Neotropical-Afrotropical, hno – Holarctic-Neotropical-Oriental, ho – Holarctic-Oriental, hoa – Holarctic-Oriental-Australian, hoes – Holoeurosiberian, hom – Holomediterranean, hop – Holopalaearctic, hpt – Holarctic-Paleotropical, hpta – Holarctic-Paleotropical-Australian, hptn – Holarctic-Paleotropical-Neotropical, i – introduced species (immigrants), k – Cosmopolitan, m – montane, mca – Mediterranean-Central Asian, mfe – Mediterranean-Far East, mi – Mediterranean-Iranian, mit – Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian, mm – montane-Mediterranean, mss – Mediterranean and South Siberian, mt – Mediterranean-Turanian, mwca – Mediterranean-West Central Asian, nem – Northeast Mediterranean, nemi – Northeast Mediterranean-Iranian, nemit – Northeast Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian, nemwca – Northeast Mediterranean-West Central Asian; nm – North Mediterranean, nmca – North Мediterranean-Central Asian, nmi – North Мediterranean-Iranian, nmsfe – North Mediterranean and South Far East, nmsws – North Mediterranean and Southwest Siberian, nmwca – North Мediterranean-West Central Asian, oem – Oriental-East Mediterranean, om – Oriental-Mediterranean, pa – Palaearctic-Australian, pat – Palaearctic-Afrotropical, pata – Palaearctic-Afrotropical-Australian, patn – Palaearctic-Afrotropical-Neotropical, pn – Palaearctic-Neotropical, po – Palaearctic-Oriental, poa – Palaearctic-Oriental-Australian, ppt – Palaearctic-Paleotropical, ppta – Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Australian, pptn – Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Neotropical, ptm – Paleotropical-Mediterranean, se – South European, see – Southeast European, seean – Southeast European-Anatolian, seeani – Southeast European-Anatolian-Iranian, seeanna – Southeast European-Anatolian-North African, seeca – Southeast European-Central Asian, seei – Southeast European-Iranian, seem – Southeast European montane, seena – Southeast European-North African, seesfe – Southeast European and South Far East, seess – Southeast European and South Siberian, seet – Southeast European-Тuranian, seewca – Southeast European-West Central Asian, sena – South European-North African, sesfe – South European and South Far East, sess – South European and South Siberian, set – South European-Тuranian, sk – Semicosmopolitan, sk* – species introduced, sp – South Palaearctic, spat – South Palaearctic-Afrotropical, spo – South Palaearctic-Oriental, sppt – South Palaearctic-Paleotropical, sppta – South Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Australian, swp – Southwest Palaearctic, swpat – Southwest Palaearctic-Afrotropical, swpnata – Southwest Palaearctic-Neotropical-Afrotropical-Australian, swpo – Southwest Palaearctic-Oriental, swppt – Southwest Palaearctic-Paleotropical, tes – Transeurosiberian, tp – Transpalaearctic, wces – West and Central Eurosiberian, wcp – West and Central Palaearctic, wes – West Eurosiberian, wesan – West Eurosiberian-Anatolian, wesanca – West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Central Asian, wesani – West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Iranian, wesant – West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Тuranian, wesca – West Eurosiberian-Central Asian, wesit – West Eurosiberian-Iran-Тuranian, west – West Eurosiberian-Тuranian, weswca – West Eurosiberian-West Central Asian, wp – West Palaearctic, wpat – West Palaearctic-Afrotropical, wpn – West Palaearctic-Neotropical, wpo – West Palaearctic-Oriental, wppt – West Palaearctic-Paleotropical.

Results and Discussion

A total of 5038 species of Diptera – 26.3% of the European species (Nematocera – 1672 species, 22.4%; Brachycera – 3366 species, 28.8%) that belong to 110 families has been established in Bulgaria so far. The families Tachinidae (425 species), Chironomidae (327 species), Syrphidae (303 species), Muscidae (268 species), Mycetophilidae (263 species), Cecidomyiidae (262 species), Phoridae (229 species), Limoniidae (221 species) and Dolichopodidae (217 species) are the most numerous. The other families contain less than 200 species (Table 2).

Table 2.

The distribution of Diptera according to the vegetation belts of Bulgaria

Families Total number Vegetation belts of Bulgaria
Xerothermic oak forests – up to 500-700 m Mesophyllic and xeromesophyllic oak-hornbeam forests – from 600-700 m to 900-1000 m Beech forests - from 900-1000 to 1500-1600 m Coniferous forests – from 1500-1600 m to 2000-2200 m Subalpine vegetation – from 2000-2200 m to 2500 m Alpine vegetation – over 2400-2500 m
NEMATOCERA (7456) 1672 (22.4) 1087 (65.0) 932 (55.7) 756 (45.2) 314 (18.8) 84 (5.0) 14 (0.8)
Tipulomorpa (1146) 343 (29.9) 171 (15.7) 144 (15.4) 157 (20.8) 84 (26.7) 27 (32.1) 4 (28.6)
Tipulidae (470) 89 (18.9) 50 (4.6) 38 (4.1) 18 (2.4) 6 (1.9) 4 (4.8) 1 (7.1)
Limoniidae (560) 221 (39.5) 117 (10.8) 100 (10.7) 118 (15.6) 66 (21.0) 21 (25.0) 3 (21.4)
Pediciidae (60) 25 (41.7) 3 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 16 (2.1) 10 (3.2) 2 (2.4)
Cylindrotomidae (6) 1 (16.6) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3)
Trichoceridae (50) 7 (14.0) 1 (0.09) 3 (0.3) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Blephariceromorpha (38) 8 (21.0) 5 (0.5) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Blephariceridae (38) 8 (21.0) 5 (0.5) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Bibionomorpha (3409) 687 (20.1) 396 (36.4) 441 (47.3) 373 (49.3) 113 (36.0) 7 (8.3)
Bibionidae (47) 13 (27.6) 10 (0.9) 9 (1.0) 2 (0.3) 1 (0.3)
Hesperinidae (1) 1 (100.0) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Mycetophilidae (945) 263 (27.8) 135 (12.4) 192 (20.6) 172 (22.7) 58 (18.5) 3 (3.6)
Ditomyiidae (3) 3 (100.0) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 2 (0.3)
Bolitophilidae (36) 10 (27.8) 4 (0.4) 7 (0.7) 7 (0.9) 5 (1.6)
Diadocidiidae (5) 3 (60.0) 1 (0.09) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.4) 2 (0.6)
Keroplatidae (110) 48 (43.6) 38 (3.5) 31 (3.3) 23 (3.0) 16 (5.1)
Sciaridae (620) 84 (13.5) 38 (3.5) 52 (5.6) 40 (5.3) 3 (1.0)
Cecidomyiidae (1640) 262 (16.0) 168 (15.5) 145 (15.6) 123 (16.3) 28 (8.9) 4 (4.8)
Psychodomorpha (617) 109 (17.7) 75 (6.9) 48 (5.1) 35 (4.6) 14 (4.5) 1 (1.2)
Psychodidae (500) 102 (20.4) 71 (6.5) 45 (4.8) 33 (4.4) 14 (4.5) 1 (1.2)
Anisopodidae (10) 3 (30.0) 1 (0.09) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.1)
Scatopsidae (100) 4 (4.0) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.1)
Ptychopteromorpha (15) 5 (33.3) 3 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
Ptychopteridae (15) 5 (33.3) 3 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
Culicomorpha (2231) 521 (23.3) 442 (40.7) 292 (31.3) 188 (24.9) 101 (32.2) 49 (58.3) 10 (71.4)
Dixidae (32) 2 (6.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1)
Chaoboridae (9) 1 (11.1) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Culicidae (105) 47 (44.8) 46 (4.2) 22 (2.4) 15 (2.0) 3 (1.0) 1 (1.2)
Thaumaleidae (75) 4 (5.3) 1 (0.09) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.3)
Simuliidae (230) 74 32.2) 40 (3.7) 47 (5.0) 42 (5.5) 33 (10.5) 20 (23.8)
Ceratopogonidae (590) 66 (11.2) 61 (5.6) 35 (3.7) 7 (0.9) 3 (1.0) 2 (2.4) 1 (7.1)
Chironomidae (1190) 327 (27.5) 291 (26.8) 184 (19.7) 122 (16.1) 61 (19.4) 26 (31.0) 9 (64.3)
BRACHYCERA (11701) 3366 (28.7) 2275 (68.0) 1666 (49.8) 1516 (45.3) 809 (24.2) 264 (7.9) 43 (1.3)
Orthorrhapha (1552) 379 (24.4) 276 (12.1) 195 (11.7) 134 (8.8) 72 (8.9) 15 (5.7) 6 (13.9)
Xylophagomorpha (6) 2 (33.3) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.06)
Xylophagidae (5) 1 (20.0) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06)
Coenomyiidae (1) 1 (100.0) 1 (0.06)
Stratiomyomorpha (148) 51 (34.5) 43 (1.9) 23 (1.4) 12 (0.8) 3 (0.4)
Xylomyidae (8) 1 (12.5) 1 (0.04)
Stratiomyidae (140) 50 (35.7) 42 (1.8) 23 (1.4) 12 (0.8) 3 (0.4)
Tabanomorpha (1398) 326 (23.3) 232 (10.2) 171 (10.2) 121 (8.0) 69 (8.5) 15 (5.7) 6 (13.9)
Rhagionidae (85) 18 (21.2) 10 (0.4) 8 (0.5) 10 (0.6) 4 (0.5) 1 (0.4)
Athericidae (10) 2 (20.0) 2 (0.1)
Tabanidae (220) 85 (38.6) 73 (3.2) 59 (3.5) 44 (2.9) 31 (3.8) 6 (2.3) 4 (9.3)
Vermileonidae (9) 1 (11.1) 1 (0.04)
Nemestrinidae (13) 1 (7.7) 1 (0.04)
Acroceridae (35) 2 (5.7) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.4) 1 (2.3)
Bombyliidae (340) 89 (26.2) 48 (2.1) 34 (2.0) 9 (0.6) 4 (0.5)
Mythicomyiidae (30) 2 (6.7) 2 (0.09)
Therevidae (100) 10 (10.0) 6 (0.3) 4 (0.2) 5 (0.3)
Scenopinidae (16) 2 (12.5) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.06)
Asilidae (540) 114 (21.1) 88 (3.9) 63 (3.8) 53 (3.5) 29 (3.6) 7 (2.6) 1 (2.3)
Eremoneura (2045) 494 (24.1) 274 (12.0) 167 (10.0) 209 (13.8) 108 (13.3) 17 (6.4) 1 (2.3)
Empididae (810) 183 (22.6) 63 (2.8) 68 (4.1) 106 (7.0) 60 (7.4) 8 (3.0) 1 (2.3)
Hybotidae (440) 87 (19.8) 47 (2.1) 32 (1.9) 36 (2.4) 18 (2.2) 1 (0.4)
Atelestidae (4) 2 (50.0) 2 (0.1)
Microphoridae (16) 5 (31.2) 2 (0.09) 4 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
Dolichopodidae (775) 217 (27.0) 162 (7.1) 63 (3.8) 62 (4.1) 30 (3.7) 8 (3.0)
Cyclorrhapha (8104) 2490 (30.7) 1725 (75.8) 1304 (78.3) 1173 (77.4) 629 (77.7) 232 (87.9) 37 (86.0)
Aschiza (1693) 564 (33.3) 315 (13.8) 323 (19.4) 349 (23.0) 164 (20.3) 82 (31.1) 3 (7.0)
Platypezidae (45) 2 (4.4) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Lonchopteridae (13) 4 (30.8) 4 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
Phoridae (605) 229 (37.8) 87 (3.8) 123 (7.4) 160 (10.5) 92 (11.4) 64 (24.2)
Pipunculidae (200) 26 (13.0) 18 (0.8) 13 (0.8) 8 (0.5) 7 (0.9) 1 (0.4) 1 (2.3)
Syrphidae (830) 303 (36.5) 206 (9.0) 182 (10.9) 177 (11.7) 63 (7.8) 16 (6.1) 2 (4.6)
Schizophora (6411) 1925 (30.0) 1410 (62.0) 981 (58.9) 824 (54.3) 465 (57.5) 150 (56.8) 34 (79.1)
Acalyptratae (3696) 941 (25.5) 719 (31.6) 417 (25.0) 335 (22.1) 200 (24.7) 90 (34.1) 21 (48.8)
Micropezidae (22) 1 (4.5) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06)
Psilidae (50) 7 (14.0) 6 (0.3) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.1)
Diopsidae (1) 1 (100.0) 1 (0.04)
Conopidae (85) 41 (48.2) 33 (1.4) 26 (1.6) 21 (1.4) 7 (0.9) 1 (0.4)
Lonchaeidae (100) 5 (5.0) 4 (0.2) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.1)
Ulidiidae (29) 3 (10.3) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.1)
Otitidae (76) 13 (17.1) 10 (0.4) 1 (0.06)
Platystomatidae (20) 4 (20.0) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Tephritidae (270) 79 (29.2) 61 (2.7) 29 (1.7) 17 (1.1) 9 (1.1) 4 (1.5)
Pallopteridae (23) 1 (4.3) 1 (0.04)
Piophilidae (30) 3 (10.0) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.1)
Lauxaniidae (160) 21 (13.1) 9 (0.4) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Cremifaniidae (2) 1 (50.0) 1 (0.4)
Chamaemyiidae (110) 29 (26.4) 22 (1.0) 15 (0.9) 15 (1.0) 9 (1.1) 5 (1.9) 1 (2.3)
Coelopidae (3) 3 (100.0) 2 (0.09)
Dryomyzidae (4) 2 (50.0) 2 (0.09) 2 (0.1) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Sciomyzidae (140) 36 (25.7) 24 (1.0) 10 (0.6) 1 (0.06)
Phaeomyiidae (3) 1 (33.3) 1 (0.06)
Helcomyzidae (2) 1 (50.0) 1 (0.04)
Sepsidae (50) 11 (22.0) 7 (0.3) 3 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Acartophthalmidae (3) 2 (66.7) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.1)
Odiniidae (14) 2 (14.3) 2 (0.09)
Agromyzidae (910) 190 (20.9) 119 (5.2) 82 (4.9) 74 (4.9) 28 (2.5) 11 (4.2) 2 (4.6)
Opomyzidae (33) 7 (21.2) 6 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 6 (0.4) 4 (0.5) 3 (1.1) 1 (2.3)
Anthomyzidae (30) 5 (16.7) 3 (0.1)
Aulacigastridae (4) 1 (25.0) 1 (0.04)
Periscelididae (4) 1 (25.0) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06) 1 (0.06)
Asteiidae (18) 3 (16.7) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Braulidae (3) 3 (100.0) 1 (0.04)
Carnidae (40) 8 (20.0) 4 (0.2) 5 (0.3) 5 (0.3) 6 (0.7) 2 (0.7) 1 (2.3)
Tethinidae (35) 7 (20.0) 7 (0.3)
Canacidae (4) 1 (25.0) 1 (0.04)
Milichiidae (45) 8 (17.8) 7 (0.3) 4 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.4)
Chloropidae (395) 166 (42.0) 150 (6.6) 109 (6.5) 92 (6.1) 67 (8.3) 31 (11.7) 5 (11.6)
Siphonellopsidae (3) 2 (66.7) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.06)
Heleomyzidae (150) 51 (34.0) 32 (1.4) 26 (1.6) 25 (1.6) 15 (1.8) 7 (2.6)
Trixoscelididae (25) 1 (4.0) 1 (0.04)
Chyromyidae (60) 1 (1.7) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06)
Sphaeroceridae (260) 60 (23.1) 36 (1.6) 12 (0.7) 11 (0.7) 9 (1.1) 3 (1.1)
Curtonotidae (1) 1 (100.0) 1 (0.04)
Camillidae (8) 1 (12.5) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06)
Drosophilidae (120) 17 (14.2) 14 (0.6) 6 (0.4) 3 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.4) 1 (2.3)
Campichoetidae (7) 2 (28.6) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Diastatidae (9) 4 (44.4) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.1) 2 (0.1)
Ephydridae (335) 135 (40.3) 127 (5.6) 62 (3.7) 52 (3.4) 36 (4.4) 20 (7.6) 10 (23.2)
Calyptratae (2715) 985 (36.3) 691 (30.4) 564 (33.8) 489 (32.2) 265 (32.7) 60 (22.7) 13 (30.2)
Hippoboscidae (30) 12 (40.0) 10 (0.4) 6 (0.4) 4 (0.3) 3 (0.4) 3 (1.1)
Streblidae (1) 1 (100.0) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.06)
Nycteribiidae (15) 7 (46.7) 7 (0.3) 7 (0.4) 4 (0.3)
Scathophagidae (160) 11 (6.9) 4 (0.2) 3 (0.2) 5 (0.3) 1 (0.1) 1 (2.3)
Anthomyiidae (480) 53 (11.0) 34 (1.5) 25 (1.5) 22 (1.4) 13 (1.6)
Fanniidae (82) 27 (32.9) 22 (1.0) 18 (1.1) 18 (1.2) 8 (1.0) 2 (0.7) 1 (2.3)
Muscidae (575) 267 (46.4) 190 (8.3) 162 (9.7) 167 (11.0) 132 (16.3) 30 (11.4) 7 (16.3)
Calliphoridae (115) 41 (35.6) 36 (1.6) 20 (1.2) 14 (0.9) 9 (1.1) 1 (0.4)
Sarcophagidae (310) 122 (39.3) 107 (4.7) 47 (2.8) 39 (2.6) 32 (3.9) 9 (3.4)
Rhinophoridae (45) 8 (17.8) 6 (0.3) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Oestridae (8) 2 (25.0) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.06)
Hypodermatidae (8) 4 (50.0) 4 (0.2) 2 (0.1) 1 (0.06)
Gasterophilidae (6) 4 (66.7) 3 (0.1) 3 (0.2) 3 (0.2)
Tachinidae (880) 425 (48.3) 265 (11.6) 267 (16.0) 211 (13.9) 67 (8.3) 15 (5.7) 4 (9.3)
DIPTERA: 19157 5038 (26.3) 3362 (66.7) 2598 (51.6) 2272 (45.1) 1123 (22.3) 348 (6.9) 57 (1.1)

Of all 132 families known from Europe (Oosterbroek 2006), twenty-two families have not been found in Bulgaria. Of Nematocera (32 families), six families (Axymyiidae, Pachyneuridae, Pleciidae, Mycetobiidae, Synneuridae and Canthyloscelidae) have not been found and of Brachycera (100 families), sixteen families (Rachiceridae, Hilarimorphidae, Brachystomatidae, Mydidae, Opetiidae, Pseudopomyzidae, Tanypezidae, Strongylophthalmyiidae, Megamerinidae, Heterocheilidae, Pyrgotidae, Stenomicridae, Xenasteiidae, Cryptochetidae, Chiropteromyzidae and Cnemospathidae) have not been established. These families (with the exception of Mycetobiidae, Brachystomatidae and Mydidae – 4 to 13 species) are represented by 1 to 3 species in Europe.

Usually the families studied in Bulgaria include over 25% of the European species. Of the largest families (over 800 species in Europe) – Mycetophilidae (945 species), Cecidomyiidae (1640 species), Chironomidae (1190 species), Empididae (810 species), Syrphidae (830 species), Agromysidae (910 species) and Tachinidae (880 species), in Bulgaria are found 27.8%, 16.0%, 27.5%, 22.6%, 36.5%, 20.9% and 48.3% of the European species. The families Limoniidae, Tabanidae, Syrphidae, Conopidae, Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae are well represented – from 36.5% to 48.2% of the European taxa. In Bulgaria the families Culicidae, Chloropidae, Ephydridae and Muscidae have been studied for the longest time and most systematically, which includes from 40.3% to 46.4% of the European species. The families Scatopsidae, Thaumaleidae, Platypezidae, Micropezidae, Lonchaeidae, Pallopteridae, Trixoscelididae and Chyromyidae are the most poorly studied in Bulgaria. Of these families, from 1.7% to 5.3% of the European taxa are known. Of the larger families, Ceratopogonidae, Sciaridae and Anthomyiidae are poorly studied, of which from 11.0% to 13.5% of the European species are known in Bulgaria. Of the family Bombyliidae, a total of 89 species (26.2% of the European forms) has been established but thirty-two of them have been reported for Bulgaria based on their distribution in the neighboring countries. Actually, 57 species (16.8% of the European taxa) have been established in the territory of Bulgaria and the family can be considered poorly studied. Some old data about the Chironomidae family, collected in the hydrobiological studies, are problematic (in some cases incorrect identification is not excluded as an accurate determination of the larvae by species is not always possible). In the last 10 years, two new families have been found for the Bulgarian fauna – Cremifaniidae (Papp 2010) and Diopsidae (Kutsarov & Hubenov 2019).

The infraorders of Nematocera, represented in Bulgaria, include from 17.7% (Psychodomorpha) to 33.3% (Ptychopteromorpha) of the European taxa. Of the infraorders of Brachycera, Orthorrhapha includes 24.4%, Eremoneura – 24.0% and Cyclorrhapha – 30.7% of the European species (Acalyptratae – 25.4% and Calyptratae – 36.3%).

Of the established in Bulgaria species of the order Diptera, 75 species have a medical significance and 61 species are pests on the vegetation. Of the suborder Nematocera, 26 species have a human or veterinary medical significance and 40 species are pests on the forestry or agriculture. Most representatives of medical significance includes the family Culicidae (13), followed by Ceratopogonidae (7), Psychodidae (5) and Simuliidae (1). The main part of the vegetation pests belongs to the family Cecidomyiidae (35). Only 5 species are shared out among Tipulidae (2), Bibionidae (2) and Sciaridae (1). Of the suborder Brachycera, 49 species have a human or veterinary medical significance and 20 species are pests on the forestry or agriculture. Most representatives of medical significance include the families Muscidae (11) and Tabanidae (9), followed by Sarcophagidae (5), Calliphoridae (4), Hypodermatidae (4), Gastrophilidae (4), Fanniidae (3) Hippoboscidae (3), Oestridae (2), Piophilidae (2), Braulidae (1) and Anthomyiidae (1). The main part of the vegetation pests belongs to Anthomyiidae (6), Tephritidae (4) and Chloropidae (4). With one species each are presented Psilidae, Lonchaeidae, Agromyzidae, Opomyzidae, Heleomyzidae, Drosophilidae and Ephydridae. The medical significance of Culicidae, Ceratopogonidae, Oestridae, Hypodermatidae, Gasterophilidae and the separate species of Simuliidae, Tabanidae, Piophilidae, Hippoboscidae, Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae are connected with the predominant distribution in the first 2-3 vegetation belts where the main part of the population is concentrated.

The distribution of Diptera on the territory of Bulgaria (Table 1) is related to the specific natural conditions of the respective regions, the peculiarities of the families and their study. The wide distribution of Diptera assumes a similar fauna of the different regions after a good research. Most dipterans have vast ranges and the endemics are poorly represented [128 species – 2.5% (Nematocera – 3.6% and Brachycera – 2.0%)]. Often these are newly described taxa or rare species with unclear range. The taxa presence is connected with the exploration of the corresponding parts of the country. This is evident when comparing the established species with regard to the separate regions in Bulgaria. In Nematocera there are no data for the mountains Rouy, Vlahina, Maleshevska, Ograzhden and the Trun Basin. For the fifteen natural territories (1-29 species known) there are single reports (Eastern Predbalkan, Eastern Stara Planina Mts., the mountains of Kraishte, Viskyar and Zavalska, Sushtinska and Surnena Sredna Gora Mts., Sakar Mt., Bakadzhik-Bourgas district, Osogovska Planina Mts., Belasitsa Mts., Slavyanka Mt. and Sturgach Mt.). In Brachycera there are no data for Verila Mts. One-two species each are known from the mountains Rouy, Strazha, Cherna Gora, Rudini, Zemenska, Zavalska, Viskyar and Vlahina. For the five natural territories (below 30 species found) there are single reports (Eastern Predbalkan, Golo Burdo, Konyavska, Osogovska and Maleshevska Planina Mountains).

Several areas with better research of the Diptera fauna are outlined. These are natural areas located near research centers, included in the national and nature parks, or areas subject of dissertation works for separate families. Among the territories with better study of the fauna with respect to more systematic groups (represented by over 14-15% of the species found in Bulgaria) are the Western Predbalkan, Western Stara Planina Mts., Sofia Basin, Vitosha Mt., Thracian Lowland, Rila, Pirin and Western Rhodope Mts. and the Black Sea Coast (from 14.8% to 27.3% of Nematocera and 15.4% до 30.4% of Brachycera, established in Bulgaria). In the Western Stara Planina Mts., Vitosha Mt., Thracian Lowland, Srednostroumska Valley, Western Rhodope Mts. and the Black Sea Coast, dissertation works have been performed on the families Mycetophilidae, Cecidomyiidae, Tabanidae, Empididae, Dolichopodidae, Phoridae and Tachinidae. There is a decreasing tendency of the level of research from west to east and from north to south, which is followed in the Stara Planina Range system, the Rila-Rhodope massif and the Black Sea coast. An exception of this tendency are the mountains in the western part of the Transitional Region (west of Sofia) which are traditionally neglected by the most zoologists and are poorly studied. Investigations on the synbovil and synanthropic forms of the families Tabanidae, Fanniidae, Muscidae, Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae have enriched the faunistic composition of the Brachycera in the Eastern Danubian Plain, Sofia Basin, Surnena Sredna Gora Mts., Thracian Lowland and the Black Sea Coast.

Regarding to all Diptera it is impressive the close species diversity between the Transitional Region and the Rila-Rhodope massif (53.3-53.5% of all species established). There are small differences in the suborders. For Nematocera, the species diversity is closer between the Danubian Plain and the Black Sea coast (19.6-21.9% of the species established) on the one hand and the Stara Planina Range system, the Transitional Region and the Rila-Rhodope massif (43.0-48.6% of the species established) from another. For Brachycera, the species diversity is closer between the Transitional Region and the Rila-Rhodope massif (55.9-56.6% of the species established) on the one hand and the Stara Planina Range system and the Black Sea coast (30.6-30.7% of the species established) from another. The most visited and explored territories such as Sofia Basin, Vitosha Mt., Struma River Valley and the Rila, Pirin and Western Rhodope Mts. are in the Transitional Region and the Rila-Rhodope massif. For Sredna Gora Mts. it can be noted that almost half of the taxa (223 species – 49.2%) are found in the Lozenska Planina Mt. (a small part of the Ihtimanska Sredna Gora Mts., located near Sofia) and the Sushtinska (21.2% of the species) and Surnena Sredna Gora Mts. (22.7% of the species) are poorly studied. The situation is similar in the Toundzha-Strandzha subregion where the most species (74.9%) are found in the Strandzha Mts. (all species of the Strandzha-Dervent district). Of the mountains of the Osogovo-Belasitsa group most species are known from Belasitsa. The Rila-Pirin group is dominated by the taxa found in the Rila (63.9%) and Pirin (51.2%) Mts., while there are few reports for Slavyanka and Sturgach Mt. The difference in the number of species between the valleys of the rivers Struma (708 species – 14.1%) and Mesta (221 species – 4.4%) is determined both by the specific natural conditions and the many studies of the Sandanski-Petrich Valley and Kresna Gorge compared to the limited research in the valley of the Mesta River. The difference between the Western (1403 species – 27.9%) and Eastern Rhodope Mts. (536 species – 10.7%) is also related to the natural conditions and prevailing interest of the specialists in the Western Rhodope Mts. Vitosha Mt. is the most well-studied Bulgarian mountain with a taxonomic diversity (1301 species – 25.9%) comparable to that of the Stara Planina Mts., Rila and Western Rhodope Mts. despite its smaller area. In the better studied families (Limoniidae, Simuliidae and Tachinidae) the differences among the Vitosha, Rila and Pirin Mts. are not big (Hubenov 2019b). Further studies of the Pirin Mts. would like increase the number of the dipterans and it might exceed most of the Bulgarian mountains. This is related to the wide variety of natural habitats, as well as the geographical location which the mountain occupies in Southwest Bulgaria. The Sofia Basin is the best studied area (1079 species – 21.5% of the species established in Bulgaria). A comparison of Brachycera with Nematocera shows differences among the separate territorial units (Table 1) which reach to 12.3% in the Stara Planina Range System.

The greatest number of species (3362 – 66.7%) has been established in the xerothermic oak forests belt (Table 2). This is due to the specificity of the separate families and the position of the most localities below 1000 m a.s.l. In the next two belts – the mesophilic and xeromesophilic mixed forests (2598 species – 51.6%) and beech forests (2272 species – 45.1%), the number of species decreases with 15.2% and 21.7%. In the other vegetation belts the number of species decreases almost triple in the coniferous belt (1123 species – 22.4%) and sharply in the subalpine and alpine vegetation belts (348 species – 6.9% and 57 species – 1.1%). There is an exception in the families Limoniidae, Pediciidae, Trichoceridae, Mycetophilidae, Bolitophilidae, Sciaridae, Cecidomyiidae, Chironomidae, Simuliidae, Phoridae, Chloropidae, Ephydridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae and Tachinidae (well represented from the beech to the subalpine vegetation belts), which are studied and well represented in the mountainous areas. In Nematocera this explains the percentage increase of Tipulomorpha (20.8% – 32.1%) and Culicomorpha (24.9% – 58.3%) from the beech to the subalpine vegetation belts. In Bibionomorpha, the percentage increase is greatest in the beech forests belt (49.3%). This is related to the research of the superfamily Sciaroidea in the Vitosha and Western Stara Planina Mts. Most hydrobiological studies are concentrated in the first 2-3 vegetation belts (mainly below 1300 m a.s.l.) and are connected mainly with the families Tipulidae, Simuliidae and Chironomidae. In Brachycera, Tabanidae, Phoridae, Chloropidae, Ephydridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae and Tachinidae determine the increase of Tabanomorpha (8.5% – 13.9%), Aschiza (23.0% – 31.1%), Schizophora (54.3% – 79.1%), Acalyptratae (22.1% – 48.8%) and the strong presence of Calyptratae (22.7% – 32.7%) from the beech to the alpine vegetation belts. The infraorder Cyclorrhapha (from 75.8% to 87.9%) predominates in all belts and determines the faunistic diversity. Often there are open spaces in which species from the surrounding valleys penetrate and the fauna of the first two vegetation belts is similar. The families Cylindrotomidae, Blephariceridae, Hesperinidae, Coenomyiidae, Athericidae, Atelestidae and Platypezidae have not been established in the belt of the xerothermic oak forests. In Nematocera, most families (24 each) are represented in the belts of the mesophilic and xeromesophilic mixed forests and beech forests. In the coniferous belts (314 species – 18.8%), 20 families have been found and the species composition is determined by the larger ones – Limoniidae, Mycetophilidae, Keroplatidae, Cecidomyiidae, Simuliidae and Chironomidae. In Brachycera, most families (80 and 64) are represented in the belts of the xerothermic oak forests and the mesophilic and xeromesophilic mixed forests. In the next 3 belts the diversity decreases with 10 families each (from 50 in the beech belt to 30 in the subalpine belt) and the species composition is determined by the families Tabanidae, Asilidae, Empididae, Dolichopodidae, Phoridae, Syrphidae, Agromyzidae, Chloropidae, Ephydridae, Muscidae, Sarcophagidae and Tachinidae. The upper limit of the coniferous forests gradually passes into the subalpine vegetation with wide mixing zones. Thus, some of the species are common to both vegetation belts and the number of taxa established in the subalpine belt increases. Forty families are presented, of which Limoniidae, Simuliidae, Chironomidae, Phoridae, Syrphidae, Chloropidae, Ephydridae, Muscidae and Tachinidae determine the faunistic diversity. Of the species found in the alpine vegetation belt (14 species – 0.8% of Nematocera and 43 species – 1.3% of Brachycera), three species are typical only for it [Micropsectra radialis Goet. – Palaearctic-Oriental species of Chironomidae; Didea alneti (Fallén, 1817) – Holarctic species of Syrphidae; Eudorylas jenkinsoni Coe, 1966 – European species of Pipunculidae]. The other species have been established in the subalpine belt and most of them in other vegetation belts as well. Twenty-one families have been found in the alpine zone, as the families Chironomidae, Tabanidae, Chloropidae, Ephidridae, Muscidae and Tachinidae mainly determine the faunistic diversity.

When comparing the generalized data for the Vrachanska Planina Mts., Vitosha, Rila and Pirin Mts. (Hubenov 2019b) it is seen that the fauna of the subalpine belt of the Vitosha Mt. is richer than the fauna of the Rila and Pirin Mts. This is due to the lower height of the Vitosha Mt. and the lack of a clear coniferous belt in the southern parts of the mountain. With the exception of some families, the investigations in this part of the Rila and Pirin Mts. are insufficient and fragmentary. The degree of similarity between the vegetation belts of the Rila and Pirin Mts. is low. It is the largest (46.6%) in the second vegetation belt and is completely lacking in the alpine zone (Table 3).

Table 3.

Similarity of the Diptera fauna in percentages according to the vegetation belts of the Rila and Pirin mountains

Vegetation belts of the Pirin Mts. Vegetation belts of the Rila Mts.
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 40.8 (108)
2 46.6 (163)
3 40.9 (234)
4 30.7 (83)
5 25.7 (23)
6 0 (0)

Regarding to the hypsometric belts, there are significant variations in the maximum number of species among the families in the separate mountains. In the Vrachanska Planina Mts., the maximum number of species was recorded between 300 and 600 m a.s.l. In the Vitosha and Pirin Mts. this number is located between 900 and 1300 m a.s.l., and in the Rila Mts. – between 1000 and 1500 m a.s.l. In general, for the whole country maximum number of species was established between 400 and 1000 m a.s.l. as there are differences in the mountains of ±200 m (Hubenov 1993, 2019b). In some cases, the finding of species at certain altitude is accidental. The lack of systematic research on many families, the unclear boundaries among the vegetation belts and the fragmentary data for most dipterans do not allow explicit conclusions about the adherence of the taxa to one or another vegetation zone to be made. The distribution of species in groups according to their presence in the vegetation belts has a relative character and depends on the specific features of taxa and research areas, as well as on the duration of the research. There is a correlation between the horizontal and vertical distribution of Diptera. The species with wide vertical distribution usually comprise large areas of the European, Eurosiberian, Palaearctic, Super Palaearctic and Cosmopolitan type. The dipterans found in the subalpine and alpine zones of the Rila and Pirin Mts. have Holarctic-Oriental, Holarctic, Transpalaearctic, West and Central Palaearctic, West Palaearctic, European-North African, Holoeurosiberian, West and Central Eurosiberian, West Eurosiberian, Disjunct Eurosiberian and European ranges (Hubenov 2017, 2019b).

The zoogeographical categorization of the species was made on the basis of current data about their distribution. Thus, the dipterans are divided into 150 categories, combined into three main groups and six complexes (Table 4).

Table 4.

Zoogeographical characteristic of Diptera according to the vegetation belts in Bulgaria

Classification of the areas Total number Vegetation belts
Xerothermic oak forests – up to 600-700 m Mesophyllic and xeromesophyllic oak-hornbeam forests – from 600-700 m to 900-1000 m Beech forests – from 900-1000 to 1500-1600 m Coniferous forests – from 1300 (1500)-1600 m to 2000-2200 m Subalpine vegetation – from 2000-2200 m to 2500 m Alpine vegetation – over 2400-2500 m
Species distributed in Palaearctic and out of it 1199 (23.9) 911 (27.1) 700 (26.9) 587 (25.8) 301 (26.8) 101 (29.0) 25 (43.9)
North type 1141 (22.7) 863 (25.7) 680 (26.2) 577 (25.4) 299 (26.6) 101 (29.0) 25 (43.8)
Cosmopolitan 46 (0.9) 42 (1.2) 28 (1.1) 23 (1.0) 15 (1.3) 9 (2.6) 4 (7.0)
Semicosmopolitan 26 (0.5) 22 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 7 (0.6) 2 (0.6) 1 (1.7)
Holarctic-Paleotropical-Neotropical 5 (0.1) 3 (0.09) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
Holarctic-Paleotropical-Australian 10 (0.2) 10 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2)
Holarctic-Paleotropical 7 (0.1) 7 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
Holarctic-Neotropical-Afrotropical 3 (0.06) 10 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 7 (0.3) 4 (0.4) 2 (0.6) 1 (1.7)
Holarctic-Neotropical-Oriental 18 (0.4) 11 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 8 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
Holarctic-Neotropical-Australian 5 (0.1) 3 (0.09) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09)
Holarctic-Afrotropical-Australian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06)
Holarctic-Oriental-Australian 8 (0.2) 7 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 4 (0.2)
Holarctic-Afrotropical 12 (0.2) 8 (0.2) 8 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 2 (0.6) 1 (1.7)
Holarctic-Oriental 123 (2.4) 104 (3.1) 86 (3.3) 77 (3.4) 47 (4.2) 10 (2.9)
Holarctic-Neotropical 21 (0.4) 19 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 10 (0.4) 7 (0.6) 5 (1.4) 1 (1.7)
Holarctic-Australian 13 (0.3) 10 (0.3) 7 (0.3) 4 (0.2) 1 (0.09)
Holarctic 532 (10.6) 365 (10.8) 314 (12.1) 278 (12.2) 139 (12.4) 49 (14.1) 10 (17.5)
Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Neotropical 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Australian 12 (0.2) 1 (0.03) 6 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
Palaearctic-Afrotropical-Neotropical 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
Palaearctic-Afrotropical-Australian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06)
Palaearctic-Oriental-Australian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09)
Palaearctic-Paleotropical 42 (0.8) 38 (1.1) 19 (0.7) 15 (0.7) 6 (0.5) 4 (1.1) 1 (1.7)
Palaearctic-Afrotropical 19 (0.4) 16 (0.5) 11 (0.4) 8 (0.4) 3 (0.3) 3 (0.9) 1 (1.7)
Palaearctic-Oriental 155 (3.1) 132 (3.9) 92 (3.5) 81 (3.6) 44 (3.9) 9 (2.6) 3 (5.3)
Palaearctic-Neotropical 1 (0.02)
Palaearctic-Australian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
West Palaearctic-Paleotropical 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
West Palaearctic-Afrotropical 18 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 8 (0.3) 7 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
West Palaearctic-Oriental 25 (0.5) 20 (0.6) 15 (0.6) 10 (0.4) 1 (0.09)
West Palaearctic-Neotropical 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
Disjunct Palaearctic-Afrotropical 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Disjunct Palaearctic-Oriental 24 (0.5) 14 (0.4) 13 (0.5) 6 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
European-Oriental 4 (0.08) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.04)
South type 58 (1.2) 48 (1.4) 20 (0.8) 10 (0.4) 2 (0.2)
South Palaearctic-Paleotropical-Australian 4 ().08) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.09)
Southwest Palaearctic-Neotropical-Afrotropical-Australian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
South Palaearctic-Paleotropical 11 (0.2) 10 (0.3) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.09)
Southwest Palaearctic-Paleotropical 2 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
South Palaearctic-Afrotropical 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Southwest Palaearctic-Afrotropical 6 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 2 (0.08)
South Palaearctic-Oriental 11 (0.2) 9 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2)
Southwest Palaearctic-Oriental 3 (0.06) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Paleotropical-Mediterranean 3 (0.06) 1 (0.03)
Afrotropical-Mediterranean 11 (0.2) 9 (0.3) 3 (0.1)
Oriental-Mediterranean 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Oriental-East Mediterranean 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06)
European-Neotropical-Oriental 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Species with Palaearctic distribution 3821 (76.1) 2451 (72.9) 1898 (73.1) 1685 (74.2) 822 (73.2) 247 (71.0) 32 (56.1)
Palaearctic type 1200 (23.9) 954 (28.4) 714 (27.5) 545 (24.0) 261 (23.2) 86 (24.7) 11 (19.3)
Holopalaearctic 26 (0.5) 23 (0.7) 24 (0.9) 18 (0.8) 10 (0.9) 5 (1.4) 3 (5.3)
Transpalaearctic 234 (4.7) 192 (5.7) 154 (5.9) 119 (5.2) 57 (5.1) 14 (4.0) 2 (3.5)
West and Central Palaearctic 123 (2.4) 109 (3.2) 81 (3.1) 60 (2.6) 28 (2.5) 10 (2.9) 2 (3.5)
West Palaearctic 192 (3.8) 164 (4.9) 109 (4.2) 84 (3.7) 46 (4.1) 11 (3.2)
Disjunct Palaearctic 92 (1.8) 63 (1.9) 53 (2.0) 37 (1.6) 17 (1.5) 8 (2.3) 3 (5.3)
South Palaearctic 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 2 (0.08) 1 (0.04)
Southwest Palaearctic 14 (0.3) 10 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 4 (0.2)
Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Central Asian 15 (0.3) 12 (0.4) 9 (0.3) 7 (0.3) 4 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Eurosiberian-Central Asian 82 (1.6) 54 (1.6) 44 (1.7) 36 (1.6) 17 (1.5) 4 (1.1) 1 (1.7)
Eurosiberian-Anatolian (esan) 3 (0.06) 2 (0.06) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Central Asian 3 (0.06) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
West Eurosiberian-Central Asian 11 (0.2) 11 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 4 (0.4) 3 (0.9)
West Eurosiberian-West Central Asian 5 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08)
West Eurosiberian-Iran-Тuranian 3 (0.06) 2 (0.06) 2 (0.08) 5 (0.2) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Iranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
West Eurosiberian-Anatolian-Тuranian 3 (0.06) 3 (0.09) 2 (0.08) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
West Eurosiberian-Тuranian 5 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.09)
West Eurosiberian-Anatolian 9 (0.2) 7 (0.2) 4 (0.1) 4 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3)
European-Anatolian-North African 45 (0.9) 38 (1.1) 28 (1.1) 20 (0.9) 10 (0.9) 5 (1.4)
European-North African 156 (3.1) 116 (3.4) 82 (3.2) 68 (3.0) 32 (2.8) 12 (3.4)
European-Anatolian-Central Asian 14 (0.3) 11 (0.3) 7 (0.3) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.2)
European-Central Asian 22 (0.4) 17 (0.5) 8 (0.3) 8 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
European-West Central Asian 27 (0.5) 21 (0.6) 13 (0.5) 8 (0.3) 4 (0.4) 2 (0.6)
European-Southwest Asian 39 (0.8) 29 (0.9) 21 (0.8) 22 (1.0) 11 (1.0) 4 (1.1)
European-Anatolian-Iran-Тuranian 8 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
European-Iran-Тuranian 4 (0.08) 2 (0.06) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.04)
European-Anatolian-Iranian 19 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 8 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 2 (0.6)
European-Anatolian-Turanian 4 (0.08) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08)
European-Iranian 18 (0.4) 10 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 9 (0.4) 1 (0.09)
European-Turanian 17 (0.3) 16 (0.5) 14 (0.5) 7 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
East European-Central Asian 3 (0.06) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04)
East European-Turanian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Species distributed in one subregion 2621 (52.2) 1497 (44.5) 1184 (45.6) 1140 (50.2) 561 (49.9) 161 (46.3) 21 (36.8)
Eurosiberian type 2035 (40.5) 1101 (32.7) 1028 (39.6) 1015 (44.7) 496 (44.2) 144 (41.4) 18 (31.6)
Holoeurosiberian 104 (2.1) 60 (1.8) 70 (2.7) 75 (3.3) 36 (3.2) 12 (3.4) 2 (3.5)
Transeurosiberian 67 (1.3) 44 (1.3) 40 (1.5) 42 (1.8) 22 (2.0) 3 (0.9)
West and Central Eurosiberian 109 (2.2) 71 (2.1) 65 (2.5) 62 (2.7) 25 (2.2) 8 (2.3) 3 (5.3)
West Eurosiberian 118 (2.3) 65 (1.9) 71 (2.7) 61 (2.7) 33 (2.9) 5 (1.4) 1 (1.7)
Disjunct Eurosiberian 194 (3.9) 103 (3.1) 99 (3.8) 96 (4.2) 55 (4.9) 13 (3.7) 2 (3.5)
European and South Siberian 12 (0.2) 8 (0.2) 7 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3)
European-Anatolian 85 (1.7) 54 (1.6) 48 (1.8) 41 (1.8) 19 (1.7) 3 (0.9)
European 1117 (22.3) 572 (17.0) 519 (20.0) 546 (24.0) 254 (22.6) 81 (23.3) 5 (8.8)
East European-Siberian 8 (0.2) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.04) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
East European 21 (0.4) 16 (0.5) 9 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
Central and East European-Тuranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
Central and East European-Anatolian 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 2 (0.09)
Central and East European 13 (0.3) 8 (0.2) 8 (0.3) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.09)
Central and South European and South Siberian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Central and South European-Anatolian 14 (0.3) 12 (0.4) 11 (0.4) 8 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
Central and Southeast European-Anatolian 6 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
Central and South European 82 (1.6) 45 (1.3) 40 (1.5) 38 (1.7) 22 (2.0) 7 (2.0) 3 (5.3)
Central and Southeast European 81 (1.6) 33 (1.0) 33 (1.3) 24 (1.1) 19 (1.7) 7 (2.0)
Mediterranean type 458 (9.1) 324 (9.6) 133 (5.1) 93 (4.1) 34 (3.0) 12 (3.4) 2 (3.5)
Mediterranean and South Siberian 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03) 2 (0.08) 1 (0.04)
Mediterranean-Far East 1 (0.02)
North Mediterranean and South Far East 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04)
South European and South Far East 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04)
Southeast European and South Far East 1 (0.02)
Mediterranean-Central Asian 15 (0.3) 10 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
Mediterranean-West Central Asian 21 (0.4) 18 (0.5) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian 12 (0.2) 1 (0.03) 5 (0.2) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09)
Mediterranean-Iranian 19 (0.4) 14 (0.4) 7 (0.3) 1 (0.04)
Mediterranean-Turanian 8 (0.2) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.09)
East Mediterranean-Central Asian 3 (0.06) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04)
East Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
East Mediterranean-Iranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
North Мediterranean-Central Asian 3 (0.06) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
North Мediterranean-West Central Asian 9 (0.2) 8 (0.2) 4 (0.1)
North Мediterranean-Iranian 8 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 3 (0.1) 2 (0.09)
Northeast Mediterranean-West Central Asian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Northeast Mediterranean-Iran-Тuranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Northeast Mediterranean-Iranian 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
South European and South Siberian 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04)
Southeast European and South Siberian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Southeast European-Central Asian 5 (0.1) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.3)
Southeast European-West Central Asian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06)
Central and South European-West Central Asian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Central and South European-Iran-Тuranian 3 (0.06) 3 (0.09) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.09)
Central (Middle) and South European-Iranian 7 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 3 (0.1) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
Central and Southeast European-Iranian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Central (Middle) and South European-Тuranian 4 (0.08) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08)
Central and Southeast European-Тuranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Central and South European-Lebanonian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Central and Southeast European-Lebanonian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Central and South European-Anatolian-North African 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Central and South European-North African 14 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 4 (0.1) 4 (0.2) 4 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
South European-North African 37 (0.7) 29 (0.9) 9 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.7)
Southeast European-Anatolian-North African 2 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Southeast European-North African 2 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
Southeast European-Anatolian-Iranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04)
Southeast European-Iranian 3 (0.06) 2 (0.06)
South European-Тuranian 2 (0.04) 1 (0.03)
Southeast European-Тuranian 2 (0.04) 2 (0.06)
Holomediterranean 42 (0.8) 34 (1.0) 13 (0.5) 8 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
East Mediterranean 15 (0.3) 8 (0.2) 1 (0.04) 2 (0.09) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
North Mediterranean 26 (0.5) 18 (0.5) 13 (0.5) 5 (0.2) 1 (0.09)
South European 60 (1.2) 38 (1.1) 12 (0.5) 14 (0.6) 7 (0.6) 1 (0.3)
Northeast Mediterranean 4 (0.08) 4 (0.1) 2 (0.08)
Southeast European-Anatolian 18 (0.4) 12 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 8 (0.3)
Southeast European 57 (1.1) 42 (1.2) 12 (0.5) 13 (0.6) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.3)
Balkan-Caucasian-Iranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Balkan-Caucasian-Тuranian 1 (0.02) 1 (0.03)
Balkan-Caucasian 7 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09) 1 (0.3)
Balkan-Anatolian 20 (0.4) 15 (0.4) 5 (0.2) 7 (0.3) 5 (0.4) 2 (0.6)
Endemics 128 (2.5) 72 (2.1) 24 (0.9) 35 (1.5) 22 (2.0) 6 (1.7) 1 (1.7)
Balkan subendemic 4 (0.08) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.04) 1 (0.09)
Balkan endemic 39 (0.8) 25 (0.7) 5 (0.2) 8 (0.3) 3 (0.3)
Bulgarian endemic 64 (1.3| 34 (1.0) 12 (0.5) 19 (0.8) 15 (1.3) 4 (1.1) 1 (1.7)
Regional endemic 21 (0.4) 10 (0.3) 6 (0.2) 7 (0.3) 3 (0.3) 2 (0.6)
Total Diptera 5038 3362 (66.7) 2598 (51.6) 2272 (45.1) 1123 (22.3) 348 (6.9) 57 (1.1)

Species distributed in the Palaearctic and beyond it. This group (1199 species – 23.9%) includes 45 categories, of which 32 combine species of northern type (widely distributed in the Holarctic and Palaearctic) and 13 – species of southern type (distributed only in the southern parts of the Palaearctic). The difference between the separate vegetation belts reaches 18.1% and varies from 25.8% (beech forests) to 43.9% (alpine vegetation). Of the other areographical categories, this difference is the highest in the Cosmopolitan (6.0%) and the Holarctic (6.7%) species. The establishment of other species of the group of the northern type in the subalpine and the alpine vegetation belts is very likely, owing to their distribution and insufficient studies of the higher parts of the mountains. It is known that the species of the northern type have vast areas and ecological flexibility. In the Super-Palaearctic group, the Holarctic species prevail: [532 species – 10.6% (from 10.8% in the xerothermic oak forests to 17.5% in the alpine belt)]. Of the other areographical types, the Palaearctic-Oriental [155 species – 3.1% (from 3 to 132 species, 2.6% to 5.3% in the separate belts)] and the Holarctic-Oriental [123 species – 2.4% (from 10 to 104 species, 2.9% to 4.2%)] forms are better presented. The species of the southern type (58 species – 1.2%) are represented mainly in the first two (three) vegetation belts (two species are found in the coniferous forests belt). The group is not important for the zoogeographical characteristic because of the small number of species (2-48 species, 0.2-1.4%). Usually the Super-Palaearctic group is scantly presented and is not determinant for the zoogeographical characteristic of taxa in the Bulgarian terrestrial fauna (with the exception of the coastal fauna). Only in a highly mobile forms (such as Diptera), the complex is well presented and could reach 20% (Hubenov 2015a). It is best represented in percentages in the alpine belt and less in the other vegetation belts (Table 4). In the two-winged insects significant numbers of synanthropic and synbovil forms with cosmopolitan or subcosmopolitan distribution occur. They have anthropogenic areas, structured with the development of the human civilisation (before the contemporary studies).

Species distributed only in the Palaearctic but in more than one subregion (Palaearctic type). Taxa, whose areas include more than one Palaearctic subregion in latitudinal direction belong to this group. They are well represented in the high mobile groups and comprise about 20-25% of the species composition. A total of 32 areographical categories, including 1200 species (23.9%) of the Bulgarian Diptera fauna, has been registered (Table 4). The character of the Palaearctic complex is determined by the Transpalaearctic [234 species – 4.7% (3.5% to 5.9% in the separate vegetation belts)], West Palaearctic [192 species – 3.8% (3.2% to 4.9%)], European-North African [156 species – 3.1% (2.8% to 3.4%)] and West and Central Palaearctic [123 species – 2.4% (2.5% to 3.5%)] species. The Disjunct Palaearctic (92 species), Eurosiberian-Central Asian (67 species) and European-Anatolian-North-African (45 species) taxa are well presented. In Nematocera, the complex is represented only by Culicoides pictipennis (Staeger, 1839) in the alpine belt – a West and Central Palaearctic species of the family Ceratopogonidae, distributed in all vegetation belts. The correlation of the mentioned categories is kept in the separate vegetation belts and varies from 0.9% to 5.9% (2 to 192 species). Ninety-two species (1.8%) have a longitudinal disjunction of the areas with regard to Siberia and Central Asia – from 3 to 63 species in the separate vegetation belts. Probably some of these species are presented with sparse populations and will be studied in more detail as a result of further research. Most often a latitudinal disjunction of the areas of this complex is lacking (Gorodkov 1984, Josifov 1988, Hubenov 2015a). Rarely single boreomontane forms are presented. A significant part of the species with wide vertical distribution (above 23%) belong to the Palaearctic group. The difference between the separate vegetation belts (from 11 to 954 species) reaches 78.9% and varies from 0.9% (alpine vegetation) to 79.5% (xerothermic oak forests) of the species. For the different areographical categories this difference is the largest in the Holopalaearctic species (4.8%). The vast areas and wide vertical distribution of the taxa of this group are an indication of the greater ecological flexibility of its species. From the mountains for which there are generalized studies on Diptera, the Palaearctic group (like the Super Palaearctic one) is best represented in the Vrachanska Planina Mts. (where it comprises 30.4% of the established species) and poorly represented in the Vitosha, Rila and Pirin Mts. (where it comprises from 23.7% to 27.5% of the known species). This is probably related to the insufficient studies of the Vrachanska Planina Mts. Thus, owing to the lack of sufficient research and the non-systematic sampling, more common and widespread species have been collected (Hubenov 2019b).

Species distributed within one subregion of the Palaearctic. This group (2621 species – 52.2%) includes from 21 to 1497 species (36.8% to 50.2%) in the separate vegetation belts. The group combines species with Eurosiberian and Mediterranean type of distribution. Endemics are also included in this group (73 categories total). The Mediterranean-Central Asian species are also included here according to Kryzhanovsky (1965, 2002) and Lopatin (1989), who combine the Mediterranean and Central Asian subregions. The species with Mediterranean type of distribution are accepted in a general way and include Submediterranean, Subiranian and Pontian faunistic elements that could be also considered separately from the Mediterranean ones (Gruev & Kusmanov 1994, 1999; Gruev 1995; Gruev & Bechev 2000).

The Eurosiberian species include 18 areographical categories (2035 species or 40.5%). These are from 18 to 1101 (31.6% to 44.7%) species in the separate vegetation belts (Table 4). The European [1117 species (22.3%) – from 5 to 572 species (8.8% to 24.0%) in the separate belts], Disjunct Eurosiberian [194 species (3.9%) – from 2 to 103 species (3.1% to 4.9%)], West Eurosiberian [118 species (2.3%) – from 1 to 71 species (1.4% to 2.9%)], West and Central Eurosiberian [109 species (2.2%) – from 3 to 71 species (2.1% to 5.3%)] and Holoeurosiberian [104 species (2.1%) – from 2 to 75 species (1.8% to 3.5%)] taxa are the most numerous. The European-Anatolian, Central and South European, Central and Southeast European and Transeurosiberian species are well represented. The ratio of these categories is different for the separate families (the Holoeurosiberian, Disjunct Eurosiberian and European species are almost equal in number as the Eurosiberian forms are of about 50% in total, while in other families the Central and South European species are better represented). The number of taxa of these categories per vegetation belt varies from 0.03% to 24.0% (1-572 species) and increases in percentage with height to 2000 m a.s.l. For the different areographical categories this difference is the largest in the European species (15.2%). The greatest number of Eurosiberian species (as a percentage) are found in the beech forests belt (1015 species – 44.7%). In the the coniferous (496 species – 44.7%) and the subalpine (144 species – 41.4%) belts these species predominate over the other zoogeographical categories. In the alpine belt taxa with Super Palaearctic areas dominate (25 species – 43.8%). The Eurosiberian species are poorly represented (18 species – 31.6%) and include 9 areographical categories. When compared to the mountains, from which the data on Diptera are generalized, there is a small difference (Hubenov 2019b). In the subalpine belt of the Vitosha (57.3%) and Rila (40.4%) Mts., the Eurosiberian species predominate over the other zoogeographical categories while in the Pirin Mts. they are poorly represented (35.4%). In the alpine belt of the Rila Mts., the Eurosiberian species (42.%) are better represented than in the Pirin Mts. (31.0%). The Eurosiberian complex includes a number of disjunctive areas – a longitudinal disjunction for Siberia and Central Asia and latitudinal disjunction with boreomontane, boreoalpine and arctic-alpine distribution (Gorodkov 1984; Josifov 1988; Hubenov 2015a). Of interest is the significant presence of Eurosiberian species in the first two vegetation belts (32.7% and 39.6%). This could be explained in three ways: 1) it is possible a part of these species to have unclear Palaearctic distribution; 2) the humid mountain valleys characterised with cooler climate, have facilitated the migration of the above-mentioned forms to the lowlands; 3) predominant research of the lower parts of the mountain compared to the higher ones. Eurosiberian boreomontane forms at low altitudes have also been found for other groups as Heteroptera, Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) and Tachinidae (Diptera) (Josifov 1963, 1976; Georgiev & Hubenov 2006; Hubenov 2008b). For Cerambycide this fact is due to the large afforestations of conifers in the first two vegetation belts. Probably because of this, many boreomontane and montane species that feed on conifers, go down below 1000 m a.s.l. Probably, under further research of the Diptera fauna in the high parts of the mountains, the number of the Eurosiberian species will increase.

The Mediterranean species include 51 areographical categories (458 species or 9.1%). These are from 2 to 324 (3.0% to 9.1%) species in the separate vegetation belts (Table 4). They are presented mainly in the first two (three) vegetation belts and their number rapidly decreases with the altitude. The Mediterranean species, established in one or two vegetation belts, prevail. The significant percentage of these species in the lower vegetation belts (70.7% in the first and 29.0% in the second belt) and their relatively scarce populations are due to the lower ecological flexibility of the Mediterranean forms in comparison with the previous ones. Because of the big variety of these areas, the group is divided into many subgroups with different origin, distribution and ecological peculiarities of the taxa. This complexity contributes to establishing of various zoogeographical classifications for Bulgaria (Josifov, 1981, 1986, 1988, 1999; Gruev 1988, 1995, 2000a, 2000b, 2000c, 2002; Heiss & Josifov, 1990; Gruev & Kusmanov, 1994; Hubenov 1996, 2008a; Gruev & Bechev, 2000; Popov, 2002). For the different areographical categories the difference between the vegetation belts is the largest in the Mediterranean-Central Asian species (1.6%). The South European (60 species – 1.2%), Southeast European (57 species – 1.1%), Holomediterranean (42 species 0.8%) and South European-North African (37 species – 0.7%) %) taxa are the most numerous. In the subalpine belt twelve species have been found (3 of Nematocera and 9 of Brachycera), part of which could be Montane Mediterranean forms. In the alpine zone two species of Brachycera have been established. There are no significant differences in the distribution of the well presented aerographical categories in the Mediterranean species of the mountains. When comparing with the Vitosha, Rila and Pirin Mts., it makes an impression the higher percentage (3.6% – 4.4% – 5.5%) of the Mediterranean taxa southwards (Hubenov 2019b). This is related to the natural conditions and the geographical location of the mountains. This does not apply to the Vrachanska Planina Mts. (5.0%), which is connected with the karst terrain, xerothermic habitats and lower altitude of the mountain.

Endemics. This category includes taxa, which are not distributed outside the Balkan Peninsula. The percentage of endemism in Diptera is low (128 species or 2.5%). The endemism is differently presented in Nematocera (60 species or 3.6%) and Brachycera (68 species or 2.0%). The Bulgarian (64 species – 50.0%) and Balkan (39 species – 30.5%) endemic forms prevail. The main part of the endemic species is related to the xerothermic oak forests (72 species – 56.2%). In the next two vegetation belts their number significantly decreases (24 and 35 species – 18.7% and 27.3%). Some of the endemics in the coniferous forests (22 species) and the subalpine belt (6 species) are Eurosiberian forms and can be considered as postglacial neoendemics. The endemics established in the first vegetation belt of the Vrachanska Planina and Pirin Mts. probably do not belong to this category (Hubenov 2019b). In the alpine belt, one Bulgarian endemic (Molophilus lautereri Stary, 1974 of the family Limoniidae) has been reported from the Rila Mts. Local endemics have not been established among Diptera. The endemic Diptera are often newly described taxa or rare species with unclear range.

NEMATOCERA

Tipulomorpha

Tipulidae

Ctenophora (Cnemoncosis) fastuosa Loew, 1871 – BN; 0-50 m; 1; tp, ? h; Loew 1871; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ctenophora (Cnemoncosis) ornata Meigen, 1818 – S2; 1, 2, 3; wp; Nedelkov 1912; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ctenophora (Ctenophora) elegans Meigen, 1818 – B1; 350-370 m; 1; cse; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ctenophora (Ctenophora) flaveolata (Fabricius, 1794) – RW; 300-350 m; 1; e; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dictenidia bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1760) [Ctenophora] – B1, V1, S21; 300-700 m; 1, 2; tp, ? h; Meunier 1897; Nedelkov 1912; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dolichopeza (Dolichopeza) nitida Mik, 1874 [D. graeca Mannheims, 1954] – B1, R2, T31; 200-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; ean; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek & Lantsov 2011; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma aculeata (Loew, 1871) – T31; 10-30 m; 1; tp; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma analis (Schummel, 1833) – ♠; tp; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma appendiculata (Pierre, 1919) [N. maculata (Meigen, 1804); N. maculosa (Meigen, 1818)] – B1, V1, V4, T31; 10-880 m; 1, 2; wp; Nedelkov 1912; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma cornicina (Linnaeus, 1758) [Pachyrhina] – B1, V1, R1; 300-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; ho, ? hpt; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2009a, 2017.

Nephrotoma crocata (Linnaeus, 1758) – B1, V1, T31, RR; 10-600 m; 1, 2; tp; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Nephrotoma croceiventris lindneri (Mannheims, 1951) – V1; 600 m; 2; ean; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma dorsalis (Fabricius, 1781) – ♠; dp, ? des; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma flavescens (Linnaeus, 1758) – RW; 600 m; 1, 2; h; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma guestfalica (Westhoff, 1879) – ♠; ean; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma lunulicornis (Schummel, 1833) – ♠; esca, ? tp, ? h; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

? Nephrotoma pratensis (Linnaeus, 1758) [Pachyrhina] – E2, V1, V4, RR; 225-830 m; 1, 2; wes; ? Nedelkov 1912; Drensky 1955; ? Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017. [according to Oosterbroek (2017) need confirmation].

Nephrotoma quadrifaria (Meigen, 1804) [Pachyrhina] – B1, V1, RW; 500-600 m; 1, 2; eani, ? eswa; Nedelkov 1912; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma scalaris (Meigen, 1818) [Pachyrhina] – B1, DM, TL; 50-320 m; 1; wp, ? wpo; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma scurra (Meigen, 1818) – V1; 590 m; tp, ? po; Nedelkov 1912; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nephrotoma tenuipes (Riedel, 1910) – ♠; esca; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Nigrotipula nigra (Linnaeus, 1758) – TL, ♦; 206 m; 1; tp, ? h; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tanyptera (Tanyptera) atrata (Linnaeus, 1758) [Xiphura atrata L., Ctenophora] – B1, V1, R1; 300-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; tp; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1912; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Bechev 2009; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Acutipula) balcanica Vermoolen, 1983 [T. gigantea Schrank, 1776; T. maxima Poda, 1761; Acutipula maxima balcanica Vermoolen, 1983] – E2, B1, B2, V4, S2, R1; 200-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; cseean; Meunier 1897; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Drensky 1955; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Acutipula) bosnica Strobl, 1898 – T31; 10-30 m; 1; csee; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Acutipula) fulvipennis De Geer, 1776 [Acutipula] – ♠; esca; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Acutipula) latifurca Vermoolen, 1983 [T. transcaucasica Savchenko, 1961; Acutipula transcaucasica latifurca Vermoolen, 1983] – V1, R1, RW, T31; 100-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; ban, ? seean; Vermoolen, 1983; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Acutipula) tenuicornis Schummel, 1833 – B1; 500 m; 1; e; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Beringotipula) unca Wiedemann, 1817 [Beringotipula] – ♠; esca; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Dendrotipula) flavolineata Meigen, 1804 – B1, RW; 500-900 m; 1, 2; eanca; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Emodotipula) obscuriventris Strobl, 1900 [Emodotipula] – P1, 520-580 m; 1; wp; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Emodotipula) saginata Bergroth, 1891 [Emodotipula] – ♠; e; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999.

Tipula (Lunatipula) affinis Schummel, 1833 [Lunatipula] – V1, RW, TL; 220-600 m; 1, 2; west; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Popov 1999, Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) antichasia Theischinger, 1979 [Lunatipula] – ♠; Eb; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999.

Tipula (Lunatipula) bispina Loew, 1873 [Lunatipula] – ♠; see, ? Ebs; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) borysthenica Savchenko, 1954 [Lunatipula] – O61, O62; 130-400 m; cseean; Tomov 1975; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) cretis Mannheims, 1965 [Lunatipula] – ♠; ? se; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) fascingulata Mannheims, 1966 [Lunatipula] – ♠; cse; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) fascipennis Meigen, 1818 – B1, V1; 400-600 m; 1, 2; e; ? Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) furcula Mannheims, 1954 [Lunatipula] – R2; 600 m; ban; Tomov 1975; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) graecolivida Mannheims, 1954 [Lunatipula] – ♠; Eb; ? Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) helvola Loew, 1873 [Lunatipula] – K4, T11; 200-900 m; 1, 2; ean; Tomov 1975; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) hera Theischinger, 1979 [Lunatipula] – ♠; Ebs; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) heros Egger, 1863 [Lunatipula] – R1, RW; 885-2200 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; csee; ? Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) istriana Erhan and Theowald, 1961 [Lunatipula] – T11; 250-270 m; 1; seean; Tomov 1975; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) laetabilis Zetterstedt, 1838 [Lunatipula] – ♠; wces; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) limitata Schummel, 1833 [Lunatipula] – ♠; wces; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) lunata Linnaeus, 1758 [Lunatipula] – B1, V1, TL, R1, RE; 180-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; hoes; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) macropeliostigma Mannheims, 1954 [Lunatipula] – O62, R2; 130-600 m; 1; Eb; Tomov 1975; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) mellea Schummel, 1833 [Lunatipula] – SB, V1, V4, TL; 200-900 m; 1, 2; e; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma Schummel, 1833 [Lunatipula] – S2, S22; 550 m; 1, 2; wp; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) savtschenkoi Simova, 1960 [Lunatipula] – E1, B2; 250-400 m; Eb, ? ban; Tomov 1975; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) soosi Mannheims, 1954 [Lunatipula] – K4, O62, R2; 150-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ceean; Tomov 1975; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) tibonella Theischinger, 1977 – B1; 300 m; 1; ban; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) truncata Loew, 1873 [Lunatipula truncata truncata Loew, 1873] – B2, K4; 400-1000 m; 1, 2; cse, ? csean; Tomov 1975; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) tyche Mannheims, 1966 – T11; 350-400 m; 1; Eb; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) vernalis Meigen, 1804 [Lunatipula] – V1, V4, R1; 550-2100 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Lunatipula) verrucosa Pierre, 1919 [Tipula (Lunatipula) brunneinervis Pierre, 1921] – P2, B1, B3, V1, K4, O62, R2; 180-1000 m; 1, 2; e, ? csean; Tomov 1975; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Mediotipula) sarajevensis Strobl, 1898 [Mediotipula] – RW; 900 m; 2; e; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Mediotipula) stigmatella Schummel, 1833 [Mediotipula] – ♠; ean; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Platytipula) luteipennis Meigen, 1830 – R1; 800-1000 m; 2; esca; ? Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) glacialis (Pokorny, 1887) [Pterelachisus] – R1, RW; 900 m; 2; cse, m; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) irrorata Macquart, 1826 [Pterelachisus] – ♠; wces; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) pabulina Meigen, 1818 – B1, RW; 500-600 m; 1; e; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2009b, 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) plitviciensis Simova, 1962 [Pterelachisus] – ♠; csee; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) pseudovariipennis Czizek, 1912 [Pterelachisus] – RW; 900 m; 2; e, ? ean; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Pterelachisus) truncorum Meigen, 1830 [Oreomyza, Pterelachisus] – SB; wes; Szilady 1934; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Savtshenkia) alpium Bergroth, 1888 [Savtshenkia] – ♠; h; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Savtshenkia) cheethami Edwards, 1924 [Savtshenkia] – ♠; e, ? h; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Savtshenkia) rufina Meigen, 1818 [Savtshenkia] – V1; 550 m; wcp; Nedelkov 1912; Russev 1961; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Savtshenkia) subnodicornis Zetterstedt, 1838 [Savtshenkia] – RW; 1500 m; 3; wces; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Savtshenkia) subsignata Lackschewitz, 1933 [Savtshenkia] – RW; 1500 m; 3; e; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Schummelia) variicornis Schummel, 1833 [Schummelia] – ♠; tp, ? h; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Tipula) italica errans Theowald, 1984 – RW (Uhlovitsa cave); 885-1500 m; 2, 3; ? nm; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Tipula) oleracea Linnaeus, 1758 – ♦, ■; DE, V1, V4, TL; 150-1000 m; 1, 2; ena (hn, i); Malkov 1907; Nedelkov 1912; Tschorbadjiev 1932; Nikolova 1949a, 1962; Drensky 1955; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popov 1956; Popov & Nikolova 1958; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Tipula) orientalis Lackschewitz, 1930 – ♠; pat, ? wpat; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Tipula) paludosa Meigen, 1830 – ●, ■; E2, V1, B; 0-550 m; 1; wp, ? tp (h, i); Nikolova 1949, 1962; Drensky 1955; Popov & Nikolova 1958; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Vestiplex) excisa Schummel, 1833 [Vestiplex excisa excisa Schummel, 1833] – B2, T31, R1; 200-2900 m; 1, 4, 5, 6; hoes, m; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Vestiplex) montana Curtis, 1834 [Vestiplex] – ♠; e, m; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Vestiplex) nubeculosa Meigen, 1804 [Vestiplex] – B1, R1; 450-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; wces, ? esca; Nedelkov 1912; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Vestiplex) pallidicosta Pierre, 1924 [Vestiplex] – R2; 1200 m; 3; ean; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Vestiplex) scripta Meigen, 1830 [Vestiplex] – V1, V4, R1; 500-2100 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; eca, ? hes; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1912; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Yamatotipula) caesia Schummel, 1833 [Yamatotipula] – B1, V1, V4; 250-1000 m; 1, 2; ean; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2009, 2017.

Tipula (Yamatotipula) couckei Tonnoir, 1921 [Yamatotipula] – ♠; wces; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Yamatotipula) lateralis Meigen, 1804 [Yamatotipula] – B1, B3, V1, V4, T31, R1, RR; 80-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; wcp; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Theowald & Oosterbroek 1986; Beschovski 2006; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Yamatotipula) marginella Theowald, 1980 [Yamatotipula, T. marginata Meigen, 1818] – V1, V4; 600-1000 m; 1, 2; wes; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

? Tipula (Yamatotipula) montium Egger, 1863 [Yamatotipula] – ♣; V4, R1; 800-1300 m; 2, 3; wces; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999 [according to Oosterbroek (2017) need confirmation].

Tipula (Yamatotipula) pruinosa Wiedemann, 1817 [Yamatotipula] – V4; hoes; Nedelkov 1912; Popov 1999; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tipula (Yamatotipula) riedeli Mannheims, 1952 – ♠; csee; Oosterbroek & Theowald 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limoniidae

Phyllolabis alexanderi Lackschewitz, 1940 – RE; 300 m; 1; Eb; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Phyllolabis pubipennis Lackschewitz, 1940 – R1; 2389 m; 5; csee, ? cse; Lackschewitz, 1940b; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Paradelphomyia (Oxyrhiza) czizekiana Stary, 1971 – V5, S211; 710-730 m; 2; ei; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Paradelphomyia (Oxyrhiza) ecalcarata (Edwards, 1938) – P1; 525 m; e; Oosterbroek 2017.

Paradelphomyia (Oxyrhiza) fuscula (Loew, 1873) – R1; 1147; 3; ei, ? eit; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Paradelphomyia (Oxyrhiza) senilis (Haliday, 1833) – E1, B1, B2, T31, BN, BS; 100-700 m; 1, 2; eanca; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Austrolimnophila (Archilimnophila) unica (Osten Sacken, 1869) – R1, R2, RW; 1300-1850 m; 3, 4; h; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Austrolimnophila (Austrolimnophila) ochracea (Meigen, 1804) – E1, B2, V4, V5, S211, R2, BN, BS; 0-1250; 1, 2, 3; eani, ? eit; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dactylolabis (Dactylolabis) sexmaculata (Macquart, 1826) – V4; 1400-1420 m; 3; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dactylolabis (Dactylolabis) symplectoidea Egger, 1863 – V4; 890-950 m; 2; ? sena; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dactylolabis (Dactylolabis) transversa (Meigen, 1804) [D. tergestina Egger, 1863] – V1, V4, R2, B; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Epiphragma (Epiphragma) ocellare (Linnaeus, 1760) – V4, V5, S211, R1, R2, BN; 0-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2015, 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila apicata (Loew, 1871) – R2; 1000 m; eit; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila maculata (Meigen, 1804) – V4, V5, S211, R1, R2, T31, BN; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; et; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila miliaria (Egger, 1863) – B2; 700-800 m; 2; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila mundata (Loew, 1871) – R1, R2; 1230-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila sparsipunctum Starý, 2009 – V4, R1, R2; 500-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; Ebg; Starý 2009b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila submarmorata (Verrall, 1887) – V4; 2, 3; eani, ? eit; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila trimaculata (Zetterstedt, 1838) – R1; 2389 m; 5; e; Lackschewitz 1940b; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Eloeophila verralli (Bergroth, 1912) – B2, V5, S211, TL, RW, B; 0-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) aperta (Verrall, 1887) – B2; 650-750 m; 1, 2; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Euphylidorea (Euphylidorea) lineola (Meigen, 1804) [Limnophila, Phylidorea] – V4, R1, RW; 800-2389 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; wp; Nedelkov 1912; Lackschewitz 1940b; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Idioptera pulchella (Meigen, 1830) [Limnobia, Limnophila] – V1; 570-600 m; 1, 2; tes, ? hoes; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý 2007; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limnophila (Limnophila) pictipennis (Meigen, 1818) [Poecilostola] – V4; 750-850 m; 2; hoes, ? tes; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limnophila (Limnophila) schranki Oosterbroek, 1992 [L. punctata Schrank, 1781] – V4, TL, RW; 70-1000 m; 1, 2; eant, ? et; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranophragma (Brachylimnophila) nemorale (Meigen, 1818) [Limnophila leucophaea (Meigen, 1818), Brachylimnophila, Neolimnomyia, Pilaria] – B2, V1, V5, S211, T31, R1, R2, RW, BS; 0-2389 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; tp; Nedelkov 1912; Szilady 1934; Lackschewitz 1940b; Starý 1974b; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Starý & Reusch 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranophragma (Brachylimnophila) separatum (Walker, 1848) – R2; 2000 m; 4, 5; e; Starý & Reusch 2009; Oosterbroek 2017.

Neolimnomyia batava (Edwards, 1938) [Limnophila leucophaea (Meigen, 1818] – V1, T31; 100-700 m; 1, 2; e; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Phylidorea (Macrolabina) alexanderi (Stary, 1974) – R2, RW; 1200-1750 m; 3, 4; Eb; Starý 1974b; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Phylidorea (Paraphylidorea) fulvonervosa (Schummel, 1829) [Euphylidorea] – R1; 1876 m; 5; des; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Phylidorea (Phylidorea) ferruginea (Meigen, 1818) [Limnophila] – V1, V4, TL, R1, RE; 200-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ? wcp, ? esanca; Nedelkov 1912; Starý 1973a; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pilaria discicollis (Meigen, 1818) [Limnophila] – V1,V5, S211, T31, RE; 50-720 m; 1, 2; eani; Nedelkov 1912; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pilaria fuscipennis (Meigen, 1818) – B1, V5, S211, T31, R2, BS; 0-1914 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; des; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Prionolabis cognata (Lackschewitz, 1940) – R2; 1200-1700m; Eb; Starý & Krzemiński 1993; Oosterbroek 2017.

Prionolabis hospes (Egger, 1863) [Limnophila platyptera (Macquart, 1834)] – V4, R1, R2, RW; 1300-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; ean; Lackschewitz 1940b; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pseudolimnophila (Pseudolimnophila) lucorum (Meigen, 1818) [Lipsothrix] – B1, B2, V1, V5, S211, R1, B; 0-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; esca; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pseudolimnophila (Pseudolimnophila) sepium (Verrall, 1886) – B1, B2, V5, S211, T31, R1, R2, BS; 0-2100 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hexatoma (Cladolipes) simplex (Loew, 1865) – R5; 500 m; 1; ban; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hexatoma (Coreozelia) cimicoides (Scopoli, 1763) – B2; 700-1450m; cee; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b ; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hexatoma (Eriocera) chirothecata (Scopoli, 1763) [Penthoptera] – B1, B2, B3, T31, V1, V4, B; 0-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; csean; Nedelkov 2012; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hexatoma (Eriocera) grisea (Riedel, 1914) – T31; 200 m; 1; see; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hexatoma (Hexatoma) bicolor (Meigen, 1818) – B1, B2; R1; 300-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; eanna; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Chionea (Sphaeconophilus) lutescens Lundstrom, 1907 – R1; 2000 m; 4; e; Czerny 1930; Kantardzhieva-Minkova 1957; Burghele-Bălăcesko 1969; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Osterbroek & Reusch 2008; Oosterbroek 2017.

Crypteria (Crypteria) limnophiloides Bergroth, 1913 – V4, R1; 1230-1390 m; 3; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Neolimnophila carteri (Tonnoir, 1921) – V4, R1; 1400-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; e; Lackschewitz, 1940b; Starý 1973a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Arctoconopa melampodia (Loew, 1873) – R5; 500 m; 1; wces; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Osterbroek 2017.

Baeoura malickyi Mendl and Tjeder, 1976 – S23; 420 m; 1; see; Ujvárosi 2005b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) divisa (Walker, 1848) – R1; 1700-2389 m; 4, 5; e; Lackschewitz, 1940a; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) flavata (Westhoff, 1882) [E. gemina Tjeder, 1967] – V5, S211, T31, R1, BN; 200-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Starý 1973a; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) fusculenta Edwards, 1938 – V5, S211, TL, T31, R2, RW, RE; 200-1000 m; 1, 2; eant, ? wp; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) griseipennis Meigen, 1838 – R2; 1000 m; 1, 2; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) limbata Loew, 1873 – E2, BN; 300-350 m; 1; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) longicauda Loew, 1871 [E. flavissima Stary, 1972] – BS, 0-20 m; 1; e; Starý 1972a, 2006a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Erioptera) lutea Meigen, 1804 – B2, V4, R1, R2, RW; 650-1900 m; 2, 3, 4; wcp; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioptera (Mesocyphona) bivittata (Loew, 1873) [Molophilus, Ormosia] – DW, TL, R1; 30-2389 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; tp; Szilady 1934; Lackschewitz, 1940a; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonempeda flava (Schummel, 1829) – R2; 1000 m; 2, 3; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Scleroprocta balcanica Starý, 1976 – R1, R2, RW; 1147-1450 m; 3; ban; Starý 1976a; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Scleroprocta krzeminskii Stary, 2008 – R1, R2; 1150-1500 m; 3, 4; Ebg; Starý 2008; Oosterbroek 2017.

Scleroprocta pentagonalis (Loew, 1873) – V4; 800-1000 m; 2, 3; ewca; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Symplecta (Psiloconopa) pusilla (Schiner, 1865) [Psiliconopa] – T31; 60 m; 1; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Symplecta (Psiloconopa) stictica (Meigen, 1818) [Symplectomorpha] – V1, V4, T31, RW, BN, BS; 0-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; wp (? ho); Slípka 1959; Savchenko & Tomov, 1975; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Symplecta (Symplecta) hybrida (Meigen, 1804) [S. punctipennis (Meigen, 1818)] – B1, V1, V4, T31, O61, R1, R2, R5, RW, BS; 0-1800 m; ho; Nedelkov 1912; Starý 1973a; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cheilotrichia (Cheilotrichia) imbuta (Meigen, 1818) – V1; 580-600 m; 1, 2; des; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cheilotrichia (Cheilotrichia) meridiana Mendl, 1974 – O62; 200-600 m; 1; nm; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) cinerascens (Meigen, 1804) – O62; 230-300 m; 1; wp; Starý 1987; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) minima (Strobl, 1898) – O62; 230-300 m; 1; ? mwca; Starý 1987; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cheilotrichia (Empeda) staryi Mendl, 1973 – R1, R2; 1230-2300 m; 3, 4, 5; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioconopa diuturna (Walker, 1848) – TL, RE; 230-280 m; 1; eanna; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioconopa symplectoides (Kuntze, 1914) – V4, R2, RW; 1000-2100 m; 3, 4; ? hom; Starý 1976b; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Erioconopa trivialis (Meigen, 1818) [Erioptera] – R1, R2; 1700-2389 m; 4, 5; eani; Lackschewitz 1940a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2015, 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Eurasicesa) idiophallus (Savchenko, 1973) – O62; 230-300 m; 1; csee; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) longior Stary, 2006 – O62; 100-300 m; 1; em; Starý 2006f; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) obtusiapex (Savchenko, 1982) [Ilisia punctigera punctigera Lackschewitz, 1940] – TL, T31; 150-400 m; 1; csena; Starý 2006f; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) punctigera (Lackschewitz, 1940) – O62, TL, T31; 150-400 m; 1; mwca, ? mca; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) subalpina (Bangerter, 1947) [Ilisia] – O62, T31; 230-400 m; 1; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) vicina (Tonnoir, 1920) – E2, B2, R5, BN; 120-700 m; 1, 2; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Hoplolabis (Parilisia) yezoana (Alexander, 1924) – V5, S211, O62, R1; 230-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; esca; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ilisia maculata (Meigen, 1804) – B2, V5, S211, T31, R2, RW, BN; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; wp; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Hubenov 2015; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ilisia occoecata Edwards, 1936 – V5, S211; 700-750 m; 2; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) aduncus Starý, 1978 – R2; 900-1000 m; 2, 3; nmca; Starý 1978; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) appendiculatus (Staeger, 1840) – R1, R2; 1230-1950 m; 3, 4; wces; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) ater (Meigen, 1804) – V4; 1350-1400 m; 3; wces; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) balcanicus Kolcsár, 2015 – B1; 1100-1200 m; 3; Ebg; Kolcsár et al., 2015a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) bifidus Goetghebuer, 1920 – B1, R1; 350-1147 m; 1, 2; 3; ei; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) bihamatus de Meijere, 1918 – ●; ♠; e; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) brevihamatus Bangerter, 1947 – B2, V1, V4, R2; 700-1230 m; 2, 3; csee; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) cinereifrons de Meijere, 1920 – B2; 1468 m; 3; e; Kolcsár et al., 2015a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) corniger de Meijere, 1920 – V4, R2, RW; 1000-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) crassipygus de Meijere, 1918 – R1; 1147-1250 m; 3; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) curvatus Tonnoir, 1920 – B2, V4, R2; 700-1250 m; 2, 3; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) czizeki Lackschewitz, 1931 – V4; ♠; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) directidens Starý, 1976 – R1, R2, RW; 1147-2000 m; 3, 4; ban; Savchenko & Tomov 1975 ?; Starý 1976a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) flagellatus Starý, 1976 – R1, R2; 1230-2000 m; 3, 4; Er; Starý 1976; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) griseus (Meigen, 1804) – V5, S211, R2, RE; 400-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; eanna; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) lackschewitzianus Alexander, 1953 – R1; ♠; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) lanceolatus Starý, 1971 – R2; 1400 m; 3; Er; Starý 1971; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) lautereri Stary, 1974 – R1, RW; 1450-2666 m; 3, 4, 5, 6; Ebg; Starý 1974; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) medius de Meijere, 1918 – V5, S211, R1, R2; 720-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Starý 1973; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) obscurus (Meigen, 1818) – V5, S211, O62, R1, R2, RE, BS; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; eanna; Szilady 1934; Starý 1973; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) obsoletus Lackschewitz, 1940 – V4, R1, R2, RW; 1200-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; ban, ? seean; Lackschewitz 1940a; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) ochraceus (Meigen, 1818) – V4, R2; 1000 m; 2, 3; ean; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) priapoides Stary, 1971 – R2; 1000-1850 m; 3, 4; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) propinquus (Egger, 1863) [M. gladius de Meijere, 1920] – B1, B2, TL, T31, O62, R1, R2, RW; BS; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; tp; Szilady 1934; Starý 1973a; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) scutellatus Goetghebuer, 1929 – R1; 2389 m; 5; e, ? cse; Lackschewitz 1940; Starý 1970, 1973a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) spinifer Lackschewitz, 1940 – O1; 1600 m; 3, 4; see, ? Ebs; Szilady 1934; Lackschewitz, 1940a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) stroblianus Nielsen, 1953 – R2; 1000 m; 2, 3; csee, ? e; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Molophilus (Molophilus) tjederi Stary, 1968 – O62; 185-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; cse; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) albitibia Edwards, 1921 – R1; 1230-1390 m; 3; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) amicorum Savchenko et Tomov, 1975 – V4, RW; 1200-1400 m; 3; Ebg; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) bifida (Lackschewitz, 1940) – V4, R2; 1400-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) clavata (Tonnoir, 1920) – R1; 1230-1390 m; 3; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) fascipennis (Zetterstedt, 1838) – R1, R2; 1200-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; h; Lackschewitz, 1940a; Starý 1973; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) hederae (Curtis, 1835) – RW; 1200 m; 3; eanca; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) lineata (Meigen, 1804) – V4; ♠; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) microstyla Savchenko, 1973 – V4; 1400-1420 m; 3; see; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) pirinensis Stary, 1971 – R1, R2; 1000-1700 m; 3, 4; Ebg; Starý 1971a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ormosia (Ormosia) staegeriana Alexander, 1953 – R1, R2; 1230-1800 m; 3, 4; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhypholophus bifurcatus Goetghebuer, 1920 – R2; 2000 m; 4; ean; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhypholophus haemorrhoidalis (Zetterstedt, 1838) – R1, R2; 1147-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhypholophus obtusistyla (Stary, 1976) [Ormosia] – R1; 1147-1850 m; 3, 4; Er; Starý 1976a; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhypholophus phryganopterus Kolenati, 1860 – V4, R2; 1700-2400 m; 4, 5; e, ? cse; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) fuscescens (Lackschewitz, 1940) – R2; 1200-1250 m; 3; e; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) murina (Meigen, 1818) – V4; 900-1400; 2, 3; eanna; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tasiocera (Dasymolophilus) robusta (Bangerter, 1947) – T31, BS; 0-200 m; 1; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranoptycha cinerascens (Meigen, 1818) – V1, V4, R2; 600-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranoptycha fuscescens (Schummel, 1829) – E2, B1, B2, T31, R1, RW, BN, BS; 0-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; wcp; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranoptycha livescens Loew, 1871 [Dicranomyia] – R1, R2; 1147-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranoptycha paralivescens Stary, 1972 – V1, R1, R2; 500-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; e, ? cse; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ellipteroides (Ellipteroides) lateralis (Macquart, 1835) – B1, V5, S211; 380-750 m; 1, 2; eanna; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ellipteroides (Protogonomyia) alboscutellatus (von Roser, 1840) – P1, R2; 500-550 m; 1, 2; eanna; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý & Krzemiński 1993; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ellipteroides (Protogonomyia) limbatus (von Roser, 1840) – T31; 200-250 m; 1; ean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gnophomyia viridipennis (Gimmerthal, 1847) – R2; 300-400 m; 1; wes; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) abscondita Lackschewitz, 1935 – R2; 300-1000 m; 1, 2; ena; Starý 2011a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) conoviensis Barnes, 1924 – V5, S211, R2; 700-1350 m; 2, 3; eanit; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) hippocampi Stubbs and Geiger, 1993 [G. ingrica Lackschewitz, 1964] – B2; 700-750 m; 2; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) lucidula de Meijere, 1920 – B2, V5, S211, T31, R2; 200-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; ean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý 2011a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) recta Tonnoir, 1920 – B1, B2, V5, S211, T31; 200-750 m; 1, 2; ean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) securiformis Starý, 2011 – V4; ♠; ? e; Starý 2011a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) simplex Tonnoir, 1920 – V4; 1400-1420 m; 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Gonomyia) tenella (Meigen, 1818) – R2; 900-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; eanna; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Idiocerodes) concinna Lackschewitz, 1940 – O62; 95-130 m; 1; se; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Prolipophleps) abbreviata Loew, 1873 – O62, R2; 230-350 m; 1; ei; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Gonomyia (Teuchogonomyia) edwardsi Lackschewitz, 1925 – R2; 1200 m; 3; ess; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Idiocera (Idiocera) hasta Stary, 1982 – T31; 80-400 m; 1; Er; Starý 1982; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Idiocera (Idiocera) pulchripennis (Loew, 1856) – V1, R2; RW; 550-1000 m; 1, 2; wp; Starý 1974b; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Idiocera (Idiocera) punctata (Edwards, 1938) – B1, T31, BS; 35-380 m; 1; ? ewca, ? wp; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Idiocera (Idiocera) sziladyi (Lackschewitz, 1940) [Gonomyia, Ptilostena] – B1, T31; 50-450 m; 1; wpat, ? wp; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Lipsothrix errans (Walker, 1848) – R1, R2; 1147-1350 m; 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Lipsothrix nobilis Loew, 1873 – R2; 500-700 m; 1, 2; ean; Starý & Krzemiński 1993; Starý 2007; Oosterbroek 2017.

Lipsothrix remota (Walker, 1848) – SB, R1, R2; 1147-1350 m; 3; e; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Lurdia) falcata Starý, 2003 – R2; 1700-1900 m; e; 3, 4; Starý 2003b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Lurdia) lurida (Loew, 1873) – R2; 1200 m; 3; e; Starý 2003b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) corax Starý, 2004 – R2; 500-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; Eb; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) edwardsi Tjeder, 1967 – R2; 360-650 m; 1; e; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) eugeni Starý, 2004 – O62, R2, RW; 180-450 m; 1; e; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) filata Starý, 2004 – T31; 200-700 m; 1, 2; nem; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) hirticornis (Lackschewitz, 1940) – O62, R2; 150-450 m; 1; ena; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) japonica Alexander, 1924 [R. laeta (Loew, 1873)] – B2, T31, O62; 150-700 m; 1, 2; tp; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) laeta (Loew, 1873) – B2, T31, O62, R2; 150-700 m; 1, 2; wces; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) laetoidea Starý, 2004 – O62, R2, RW; 150-1000 m; 1, 2; csee; Starý 2004a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhabdomastix (Rhabdomastix) subparva Stary, 1971 [R. schistacea (Schummel, 1829)] – DW, B, T31, R2; 35-550 m; 1; e; Szilady 1934; Starý 2004a; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Helius (Helius) calviensis Edwards, 1928 – BS; 0-20 m; 1; hom; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Helius (Helius) flavus (Walker, 1856) – B1, B2, V5, S211; 350-700 m; 1, 2; des; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Helius (Helius) longirostris (Meigen, 1818) – V5, S211, T31, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; eanna; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Antocha (Antocha) vitripennis (Meigen, 1830) – B1, V5, S211, T31, R2; 350-1810 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wcp; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Antocha (Orimargula) alpigena (Mik, 1883) – R1, R2; 1147-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Elliptera hungarica Madarassy, 1881 – B1; 360 m;1; cse; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2015, 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Elliptera omissa Schiner, 1863 – RW; 800 m; 2; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Orimarga (Orimarga) attenuata (Walker, 1848) – B1, T31, R2; 0-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Orimarga (Orimarga) juvenilis (Zetterstedt, 1851) – R2; 1000 m; 2, 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Thaumastoptera (Thaumastoptera) calceata Mik, 1866 – B1, B2, V5, S211, T31, O62; 50-700 m; 1, 2; ? wp; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Achyrolimonia decemmaculata (Loew, 1873) – R2; 1200 m; 3; eani; Starý & Krzemiński, 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Achyrolimonia neonebulosa (Alexander, 1924) – R5; 500 m; 1; h; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Atypophthalmus (Atypophthalmus) inustus (Meigen, 1818) – T31, BS; 0-200 m; 1; des, ? hoes; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) autumnalis (Staeger, 1840) – V4; ♠; wpo; Starý & Krzemiński, 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) chorea (Meigen, 1818) – V1, T31, R2; 400-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) conchifera (Strobl, 1900) – B1, T31, R2, RW; 200-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) didyma (Meigen, 1804) – E1, B1, RE; 200-400 m; 1; wcp; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) fuscinota Starý, 2009 [D. luteipennis Goetghebuer, 1920] – R1, R2; 1147-2600 m; 3, 4, 5, 6; cse; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Starý 2009a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) imbecilla Lackschewitz, 1941 – E2; 117 m; 1; e; Starý et Stubbs 2015; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) kamakensis Starý, 1993 – RE; 200 m; 1; ban; Starý 1993; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) longipennis (Schummel, 1829) – E1, V1, RW; 10-800 m; 1, 2; ho; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) lucida de Meijere, 1918 – B1, V5, S211, T31; 200-700 m; 1, 2; ean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) mitis (Meigen, 1830) – B1, V4, O62, T31, R1, R2, RW; 350-1900 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp; Savchenko & Tomov, 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) modesta (Meigen, 1818) – E1, V1, V5, S211, T31, O62, RW; 10-720 m; 1, 2; h; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) ornata (Meigen, 1818) – R2; 350-1000 m; 1, 2; ean; Starý & Krzemiński 1993; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) pallidinota Starý, 2009 – BN; 0-20 m; 1; em; Starý 2009a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) patricia Starý, 1982 – BS; 0-15 m; 1; hom; Starý 1982; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) quadra (Meigen, 1838) – O62, RE; 200-400 m; 1; ena; Starý & Sttubbs 2015; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) sera (Walker, 1848) – BS; 0-10 m; 1; h; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) signatella Stary and Freidberg, 2007 [D. signata Lackschewitz, 1941] – V4, R2; 800-1000 m; 2, 3; em; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Dicranomyia) ventralis (Schummel, 1829) – T31; 100-200 m; 1; po; Mendl 1986; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Glochina) sericata (Meigen, 1830) – BS; 0-15 m; 1; eanna; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Glochina) transsilvanica Lackschewitz, 1928 – B1; 490-500 m; 1; ean; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Glochina) tristis (Schummel, 1829) – B1, V4; 400-900 m; 1, 2; hop, ? ho; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Idiopyga) nigristigma Nielsen, 1919 – V4; ♠; e; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) caledonica Edwards, 1926 – R2, RW; 1200-1800 m; 3, 4; hoes; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Melanolimonia) morio (Fabricius, 1787) – V1, R2; 350-550 m; 1, 2; wcp; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Numantia) fusca (Meigen, 1804) – R2; 1900-2000 m; 4; h; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranomyia (Sivalimnobia) aquosa Verrall, 1886 – R2; 1270 m; 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Discobola annulata (Linnaeus, 1758) – R1; 1147-1250 m; 3; hoa; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Geranomyia caloptera Mik, 1867 – B1, O62; 150-400 m; 1; eanna; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia flavipes (Fabricius, 1787) – B1, B2, V5, S211, R1, R2, RW, BS; 0-1810 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ena; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia hercegovinae (Strobl, 1898) – V4, R2, RW; 800-1200 m; 2, 3; ? wp; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Beschovski 2006; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia macrostigma (Schummel, 1829) – E2, B1, B2, V4, T31, RW, BS; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; po; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

? Limonia maculipennis (Meigen, 1818) – RW; 1200 m; 3; ? cse; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Beschovski 2006. [According to Oosterbroek (2017) the presence of the species needs confirmation. According to Krzemiński & Starý (1989) it is probably refers to L. splendens (Kuntze, 1920)].

Limonia nigropunctata (Schummel, 1829) – B2, V4, R2; 700-1800 m; 2, 3, 4; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia nubeculosa Meigen, 1804 – P2, B1, B3, V2, V4, T31, O62, R2, RW; 200-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; subtroglophile; Buresch 1926, 1936; Czerny 1930; Buresch et al. 1949; Guéorguiev & Beron 1962; Beron & Guéorguiev 1967; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beron 1994, 2015, 2016; Beschovski 2006; Beron et al. 2011; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia pannonica (Kowarz, 1868) – SB, V4, T31, O62, R2, RW, RE, BS; 0-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; csean; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia phragmitidis (Schrank, 1781) [L. tripunctata (Fabricius, 1781)] – E1, E2, SB, B2, V1, V4, V5, S211, T31, O62, R1, R2, RW, BN, BS; 0-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia splendens Kuntze, 1920 – O62, RE; 150-400 m; 1; csean; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia stigma (Meigen, 1818) – R2; 1000-2300 m; 3, 4, 5; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Hubenov 2015; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia sylvicola (Schummel, 1829) – R1, R2; 1147-1850 m; 3, 4; wces; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia taurica (Strobl, 1895) – R2, RW; 1200-1800 m; 3, 4; ean; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Limonia trivittata (Schummel, 1829) [Limnobia] – V1, R1, RW; 600-1390 m; 2, 3; des, ? esanca; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Metalimnobia (Metalimnobia) bifasciata (Schrank, 1781) [M. xanthoptera (Meigen, 1804)] – RR; ♠; tp; Nedelkov 1912; Krzemiński 1984; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Metalimnobia (Metalimnobia) zetterstedti (Tjeder, 1968) – V4, R1, R2, RW; 1200-1876 m; 3, 4; hoes; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Hubenov 2016; Oosterbroek 2017.

Neolimonia dumetorum (Meigen, 1804) – B2, V1, V4, S21, T31, R1, R2, BN, BS; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhipidia (Rhipidia) ctenophora Loew, 1871 – B2; 700 m; 2; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhipidia (Rhipidia) maculata Meigen, 1818 – R1, R2, T31; 200-1900 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Rhipidia (Rhipidia) uniseriata Schiner, 1864 – V1; O62; 160-800 m; 1, 2; hoes; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pediciidae

Ula (Ula) mollissima Haliday, 1833 – V4, R1, RW; 1200-1390 m; 3; ean; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Ula (Ula) sylvatica (Meigen, 1818) – V4; 1400 m; 3; h; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Dicranota) bimaculata (Schummel, 1829) – R1; 1876 m; 4; wes; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Ludicia) lucidipennis (Edwards, 1921) – V1, R1, R2; 550-1876 m; 2, 3, 4; ean; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý 2007; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) auripontium Stary and Krzeminski, 1993 – ♠; Ebg; Stary & Krzeminski, 1993a; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) brevicornis Bergroth, 1891 – R1; 1876 m; 4; cse, ? e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) candelisequa Stary, 1981 – V4; ♠; ena; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) cinerascens Lackschewitz, 1940 [D. pallens f. cinerascens Lackschewitz, 1940] – R2; 1200 m; 3; csee; Lackschewitz, 1940b; Starý 2004b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) flammatra Stary, 1981 – R1; 1147 m; 3; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) fuscipennis Lackschewitz, 1940 – V4; 800-1000 m; 2; csean; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) landrocki Czizek, 1931 [Dicranomyia] – O62, RW; 360-640 m; 1; wp; Szilady 1934; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) pallens Lackschewitz, 1940 – R1; 1876-2389 m; 4, 5; e, ? cse; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) schistacea Lackschewitz, 1940 – R2; 470-540 m; 1; cseean; Starý & Krzemiński 1993b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) simulans Lackschewitz, 1940 – R1; 1147 m; 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Starý 2004b; Oosterbroek 2017.

Dicranota (Paradicranota) subtilis Loew, 1871 – V4, R2; 1200-1400 m; 3; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Amalopis) fusca Ujvárosi and Bálint, 2012 – R1; 1890 m; 4; csee; Ujvárosi & Bálint 2012; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Amalopis) occulta (Meigen, 1830) – R1, R2, R4, RW; 1147-2389 m; 3, 4, 5; ean; Lackschewitz, 1940b; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Ujvárosi et al. 2009; Ujvárosi et al. 2010; Ujvárosi & Bálint 2012; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Crunobia) littoralis (Meigen, 1804) – R1; 1147 m; 3; ean; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Crunobia) nielseni (Slipka, 1955) [P. riedeli nielseni (Slipka, 1955)] – R1; 1250 m; 3; e; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Crunobia) spinifera Starý, 1974 – T31, R1, RW; 200-1876 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; Ebs; Starý, 1974b; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Kolcsar et al. 2012; Oosterbroek 2017.

Pedicia (Pedicia) rivosa (Linnaeus, 1758) – R1, R2; 1230-1750 m; 3, 4; wes; Starý, 1973; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) immaculata (Meigen, 1804) – V4, R2, RW; 1200-2200 m; 3,4; wp; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Mendl 1986; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) livida Madarassy, 1881 – R1, R2; 12330-2000 m; 3, 4; e; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) schummeli Edwards, 1921 – RW; 1200 m; 3; e; Savchenko & Tomov 1975; Krzemiński 1984; Krzemiński & Starý 1989; Savchenko et al. 1992; Beschovski 2006; Oosterbroek 2017.

Tricyphona (Tricyphona) zwicki Mendl, 1973 – R2; 1200 m; 3; nmi; Starý 2007; Oosterbroek 2017.

Cylindrotomidae

Cylindrotoma distinctissima (Meigen, 1818) [C. d. distinctissima (Meigen, 1818)] – R1, RW; 1320-1860 m; 3, 4; hoes; Ujvárosi et al. 2011; Oosterbroek 2017.

Blephariceromorpha

Blephariceridae

Blepharicera fasciata (Westwood, 1842) – V4, R1, R5, RW, RE; 750-1400 m; 2, 3; eani; Komárek & Vimmer 1921, 1922, 1934; Arndt 1943; Buresch 1953a; Russev 1961, 1964; Gulička 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975; Zwick 1992; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Liponeura bilobata Loew, 1869 – ♠; Eb; Zwick 1992.

Liponeura bischoffi Edwards, 1928 [L. minor Bischoff, 1925] – RR; se; Gulička 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975.

Liponeura brevirostris Loew, 1877 – R5; 500-900 m; 2; e; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Liponeura cinerascens Loew, 1844 [L. cinerascens subsp. jugoslavica Komarek & Vimmer, 1934; L. cinerascens subsp. komareki Bischoff, 1925; ? L. komareki Vimmer, 1916] – V4, R1, R5, RW; 800-1100 m (? 2000 m); 2, 3, ? 4; ean; Komárek & Vimmer 1934; Buresch 1953a; Zwick 1992; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Liponeura cordata Vimmer, 1916 – B2, RW; 700-1150 m; 2, 3; e; Vimmer 1916; Buresch 1953a; Gulička 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975; Russev et al. 1984b; Zwick 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Liponeura klapaleki Vimmer, 1916 [L. vimmeri Mannheims, 1954] – V4, RW; 750-1000 m; 2; csee; Vimmer 1916; Komárek & Vimmer 1921, 1934; Buresch 1953a; Gulička 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975; Zwick 1992, 2007.

Liponeura komareki Vimmer, 1916 – V4; 750-850 m; 2; Er; Vimmer 1916; Komárek & Vimmer 1922, 1934; Buresch 1953a; Zwick 1992.

Bibionomorpha

Bibionidae 1

Bibio clavipes Meigen, 1818 – V1; 550 m; 1; hoes, ? tes; Nedelkov 1912; Krivosheina 1986.

Bibio consanguineus Loew, 1869 [B. pomonae var. consanguineus Loew, 1869] – B2; ♣; ♠; ees; Szilády 1934.

Bibio fulviventris Meigen, 1818 – V1, P1, P2; 120-600 m; 1, 2; ? e; Nedelkov 1912; Nikolova & Natskova 1965.

Bibio graecus Duda, 1930 [B. hortulanus var. graecus Duda, 1930] – ♠; ? ■; Eb; Nikolova & Natskova 1965.

Bibio hortulanus (Linnaeus, 1758) – ■; ♦; DW, E1, E2, V1, TL, R1; 20-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Meunier 1897; Joakimoff 1899; Kovachev 1905; Nedelkov 1912; Szilády 1934 ; Drensky 1955; Popov & Nikolova 1958; Grigorov 1972.

Bibio johannis (Linnaeus, 1767) – BN; ♣; 0-30 m; 1; h, ? ho; Loew 1862.

Bibio lanigerus Meigen, 1818 – R1; 550-2100 m; 2, 3, 4; e, ? des; Joakimoff 1899.

Bibio marci (Linnaeus, 1758) – DM, E1, E2, V1, K9, R1, TL; 25-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Meunier 1897; Kovachev 1905; Nedelkov 1912; Drensky 1928; Popov & Nikolova 1958; Nikolova & Natskova 1965; Tsolova & Koleva 2018.

Bibio pomonae (Fabricius, 1775) – P1, P2, SB, V1, O1, R1, RR; 150-1000 m; 1, 2; des, ? dp; Meunier 1897; Nedelkov 1912; Drenowsky 1936; Nikolova & Natskova 1965.

Bibio reticulatus Loew, 1846 – V1; 550-600 m; 1, 2; e; Nedelkov 1912.

Bibio varipes Meigen, 1830 – V1; 550-600 m; 1, 2; wces; Nedelkov 1912.

Dilophus febrilis (Linnaeus, 1758) [D. vulgaris Meigen, 1818] – V1, S1, S23; 550-800 m; 1, 2; ewca; Meunier 1897; Nedelkov 1912; Nikolova & Natskova 1965.

Dilophus femoratus Meigen, 1804 – K9; 520-550 m; 1, 2; wcp, ? h; Nedelkov 1912.

Hesperinidae

Hesperinus imbecillus (Loew, 1858) – B1, RW; 500-1266 m; 2, 3; seean, ? csean, m; Bechev 1991b; Popova 2006.

Mycetophilidae (Fungivoridae) 2

Mycomya (Cymomya) circumdata (Stæger, 1840) – P1, B1, B2, T31; 200-1600 m; 1, 2, 3; hoes; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycomya (Mycomya) bicolor (Dziedzicki, 1885) – B1; 1700 m; 4; h; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) cinerascens (Macquart, 1826) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R1, R2, RW; 170-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomya) denmax Vaisanen, 1979 – B1; 775 m; 2; h; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) digitifera Edwards, 1925 – B1; 775 m; 2; e; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) disa Vaisanen, 1984 – R1, R2; 1450-1740 m; 3, 4; e; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) flavicollis (Zetterstedt, 1852) – P1, B1, B2, T31, R2; 100-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) griseovittata (Zetterstedt, 1852) [M. fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838] – B2; 700-800 m; 2; h; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) marginata (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2, RW; 146-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; dp; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016 Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomya) neohyalinata Väisänen, 1984 [M. hyalinata (Meigen, 1830)] – B1, R2; 440-600 m; 1, 2; h; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomya) occultans (Winnertz, 1863) – B1; 350 m; 1; po; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycomya (Mycomya) parva (Dziedzicki, 1885) – B1; 800-1250 m; 2, 3; des; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycomya (Mycomya) prominens (Lundstrom, 1913) – O62, R2, RW; 146-950 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? wes; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomya) ruficollis (Zetterstedt, 1852) – R1; 1450 m; 3; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) sigma Johannsen, 1910 – B1, B2; 700-800 m; 2; h; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) tenuis (Walker, 1856) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R1, R2, RW; 170-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ? wes, ? h; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomya) tridens (Lundstrom, 1911) – B1, B2; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycomya (Mycomya) vittiventris (Zetterstedt, 1852) – B1; 1700 m; 4; des; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) wankowiczii (Dziedzicki, 1885) – B1, B2; 775-1100 m; 2, 3; h; Väisänen 1984; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomya) winnertzi (Dziedzicki, 1885) – B1, RW; 350-900 m; 1, 2; dpo; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycomya (Mycomyopsis) penicillata (Dziedzicki, 1885) – BN; 20 m; 1; wes, ? e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Mycomya (Mycomyopsis) trilineata (Zetterstedt, 1838) [M. neolittoralis Väisänen, 1984] – B1, B2, O62, R2; 203-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycomya (Neomycomya) fimbriata (Meigen, 1818) – T31; 5-100 m; 1; ho; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Neoempheria bimaculata (von Roser, 1840) – B1, B2; 200-900 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Neoempheria lineola (Meigen, 1818) – B1, O62, R2; 146-770 m; 1, 2; des; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Neoempheria pictipennis (Haliday, 1833) – P1; 550 m; 1; des; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Neoempheria proxima (Winnertz, 1863) – B1; 350-900 m; 1, 2; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Neoempheria striata (Meigen, 1818) – B1, V1, TL, O62, RE; 150-775 m; 1, 2; hoes; Nedelkov 1912; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Apolephthisa subincana (Curtis, 1837) – RW; 1185-1300 m; 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Boletina anderschi Stannius, 1881 – P1, B1, RW; 380-800 m; 1, 2; csee; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Boletina basalis (Meigen, 1818) – B1; 1250 m; 3; e, ? po; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Boletina gripha Dziedzicki, 1885 [B. dispecta Dziedzicki, 1885] – P1, B1, B2, O62, R1, R2, RE; 146-2390 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; hoes; Bechev 1986a, 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Boletina lundstroemi Landrock, 1912 – B1, RW; 775-1500 m; 2, 3; wes; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Boletina nigricoxa Stæger, 1840 – P1, B1, O62, R2, RW, RE; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des; Bechev 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Boletina nitida Grzegorzek, 1885 – P1, B1, R2; 250-700 m; 1, 2; des; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Boletina pallidula Edwards, 1925 – B2, RW; 800-1500 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Boletina plana Walker, 1856 – R2, RW; 500-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Boletina sciarina Stæger, 1840 – P1, B1, B2, O62, R1, R2, RW, RE; 170-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Boletina trispinosa Edwards, 1913 – B1; 775 m; 2; ? dpo, ? e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2010.

Boletina trivittata (Meigen, 1818) – B1, B2, RW; 900-1700 m; 3, 4; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Coelosia flava (Stæger, 1840) – B1, O62, R2; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Coelosia fusca Bezzi, 1892 – O62, R2, RW; 146-510 m; 1; eswa; Pavlova, 2020a, 2020b.

Ectrepesthoneura ledenikiensis Bechev, 1988 – B1, O62; 170-800 m; 1, 2, 3; Eb; Bechev 1988a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b, 2020c.

Grzegorzekia collaris (Meigen, 1818) – B1; 203-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; ? e, ? wes; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Palaeodocosia vittata (Coquillett, 1901) [P. janickii Diziedzicki, 1923] – B1; 1250 m; 3; h; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Saigusaia flaviventris (Strobl, 1894) – B2; 1000 m; 3; des; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Synapha fasciata Meigen, 1818 – RW, RE, BN; 10-500 m; 1; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004, 2006b, 2010.

Synapha vitripennis (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, B2; 350-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Tetragoneura ambigua (Grzegorzek, 1885) – B1, B2; 700-1300 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1986b, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Tetragoneura sylvatica (Curtis, 1837) – B1, RW; 600-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Acnemia amoena Winnertz, 1863 – T31, O62; 146-550 m; 1; des; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Acnemia angusta Zaitzev, 1982 – P1; 200 m; 1; e; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2010.

Acnemia falcata Zaitzev, 1982 – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; e, ? wes; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Acnemia longipes Winnertz, 1863 – P1, B1; 350-550 m; 1; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Acnemia nitidicollis (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, R2, BS; 40-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Acnemia vratzatica Bechev, 1985 – B1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; Er; Bechev 1985b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Anaclileia beshovskii Bechev, 1990 – B1, B2, V4; 775-1600 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1990b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Azana (Azana) anomala (Stæger, 1840) – T3, T31, O62, R2, RW; 203-1185 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Azana (Azana) flavohalterata Strobl in Czerny & Strobl, 1909 [A. bulgarense Coher, 1995] – T3, O62; 146-270 m; 1; nm, ? hom; Coher 1995; Bechev 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b, 2020c.

Azana (Jugazana) nigricoxa Strobl, 1898 – E1, BN; 50-220 m; 1; Eb; Bechev 2003, 2010.

Megalopelma nigroclavatum (Strobl, 1910) – B1; 320-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Monoclona rufilatera (Walker, 1837) – B1, R2, RW; 350-700 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Neuratelia minor (Lundström, 1912) – P1, B1, T31, RE; 100-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; et; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Neuratelia nemoralis (Meigen, 1818) – B1, B2, RW; 775-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Paratinia sciarina Mik, 1874 – RW; 1185 m; 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Phthinia humilis Winnertz, 1863 – B1, B2; 400-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Phthinia winnertzi Mik, 1869 – B1, T31; 180-600 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Polylepta guttiventris (Zetterstedt, 1852) – B1, B2, R2, RW; 775-1740 m; 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1985a, 1990c, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Polylepta zonata Zetterstedt, 1852 [P. meridionalis Bechev, 1990] – T31, R3; 200-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1990c, 1997, 2002a, 2003, 2010; Kurina 2003.

Sciophila baltica Zaitzev, 1982 – P1, B1; 550-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Sciophila fenestella Curtis, 1837 – RW; 400 m; 1; h; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Sciophila hirta Meigen, 1818 – B1, O62, R2; 203-775 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Sciophila lutea Macquart, 1826 – B1, B2, O62, R2; 146-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; tp; Bechev 1986a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Sciophila nonnisilva Hutson, 1979 – B1; 350 m; 1; h; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Sciophila rufa Meigen, 1830 – B1, O62, R2; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; esca; Bechev 1986b, 1986c, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Kolarov & Bechev 1995; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Sciophila thoracica Stæger, 1840 – P1, B1; 250-550 m; 1; e; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2003, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Sciophila zaitzevi Bechev, 1988 – B1; 775; 2; Er; Bechev 1988b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Speolepta leptogaster (Winnertz, 1863) – P1, B1, B2, RW; 400-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? ho; troglophile; Burghele-Bălăcesko 1966; Beron & Guéorguiev 1967; Hazelton 1970; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Beron et al. 2011; Beron 2015; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Clastobasis alternans (Winnertz, 1863) – BN; 10-20 m; 1; eca ?; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Docosia gilvipes (Walker, 1856) – P1, B1, O62, R2, RW, RE; 146-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; tp; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Docosia lastovkai Chandler, 1994 – B1, O62, R2; 146-800 m; 1, 2, 3; eswa; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Docosia moravica Landrock, 1916 – P1, B1, B2, RW, RE; 380-900 m; 1, 2; e ?; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Docosia muranica Kurina & Ševčik, 2011 – B1, O62, R2; 203-800 m; 2, 3; csee; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Docosia nigra Landrock, 1928 – B1; 600-650 m; 1, 2; csee; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Docosia rohaceki Sevcik, 2006 – O62, R2, RW; 203-510 m; 1; csee; Pavlova 2020b, 2020c.

Greenomyia mongolica Laštovka et Matile, 1974 – P1, O62; 170-550 m; 1; esca; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Greenomyia tomovi Bechev & Pavlova, 2012 – RE; 150-200 m; 1; Er; Bechev & Pavlova 2012.

Leia bimaculata (Meigen, 1804) [Neoglaphyroptera fasciola Meigen, 1818] – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2, RW, RE; 146-510 m; 1, 2; wcp; Nedelkov 1912; Bechev 1985a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Leia cylindrica (Winnertz, 1863) – P1, B1, RW, RE; 250-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Leia graeca Bechev, 1997 – O62, R2; 170-510 m; 1; Eb; Pavlova 2020b, 2020c.

Leia picta Meigen, 1818 – RW; 1500 m; 3; e; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Leia winthemii Lehmann, 1822 – B1, O62, R1, R2; 146-1300 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Megophthalmidia crassicornis (Curtis, 1837) – O62, BS; 20-200 m; 1; e; Bechev 2003, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Novakia scatopsiformis Strobl, 1893 – B1, R1, RW; 800-1500 m; 2, 3, 4; ena; Bechev 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Rondaniella dimidiata (Meigen, 1804) – B1, RW; 600-1500 m; 2, 3, 4; h, ? hn; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Allodia) anglofennica Edwards, 1921 – B1; 1700 m; 4; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Allodia (Allodia) lugens (Wiedemann, 1817) – P1, B1, B2, O62; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020.

Allodia (Allodia) ornaticollis (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2, BN; 10-800 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Allodia (Allodia) truncata Edwards, 1921 – B1, B2; 700-1300 m; 2, 3; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Allodia (Brachycampta) alternans (Zetterstedt, 1838) – P1, B1, O62; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Allodia (Brachycampta) barbata (Lundstrom, 1909) – B1; 350 m; 1; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) foliifera (Strobl, 1910) [A. triangularis (Strobl, 1895)] – B1; 350-700 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2003, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) grata (Meigen, 1830) – P1, B1, B2; 350-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) neglecta Edwards, 1925 – B1; 350-600 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) pistillata (Lundstrom, 1911) – B1, O62; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Allodia (Brachycampta) silvatica (Landrock, 1912) – B1; 350 m; 1; dp; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) triangularis (Strobl, 1895) [A. retracta (Plassmann, 1977)] – B1; 350 m; 1; tes; Bechev 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002a, 2003, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodia (Brachycampta) westerholti Caspers, 1980 – P1, B1; 550-800 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 2003, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Allodiopsis domestica (Meigen, 1830) – B1, B2, O62, R2; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Allodiopsis pseudodomestica (Lackschewitz, 1937) – B2; 1000 m; 2, 3; tes, ? des; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Allodiopsis rustica (Edwards, 1941) – B1, B2, T31, RW; 100-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; tp; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Anatella ciliata Winnertz, 1863 – B1, RW; 1185-1700 m; 3, 4; h; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Anatella lenis Dziedzicki, 1923 – B2; 1000 m; 3; des; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Anatella minuta (Stæger, 1840) – B1, B2; 700-1200 m; 2, 3; h; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Anatella novata Dziedzicki, 1923 – B1; 1700 m; 4; des; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Anatella simpatica Dziedzicki, 1923 – B1; 600 m; 2; h; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Anatella turi Dziedzicki, 1923 – B2, O62; 203-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Brevicornu fissicauda (Lundstrom, 1911) – B1, B2, O62, R2; 146-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Brevicornu griseicolle (Stæger, 1840) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Brevicornu ruficorne (Meigen, 1838) – B1; 600-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Brevicornu sericoma (Meigen, 1830) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2, RW; 170-1750 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Brevicornu spathulatum (Lundström, 1911) – B1; 600 m; 2; csee; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Brevicornu verralli (Edwards, 1925) – O62, R2; 170-510 m; 1; wp; Pavlova 2020b.

Stigmatomeria crassicornis (Stannius, 1831) – O62; 170-240 m; 1; h; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020.

Cordyla brevicornis (Stæger, 1840) – B1, V1, O62, R2, RW; 170-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wces; Nedelkov 2012; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Cordyla crassicornis Meigen, 1818 – P1, B1, T31, O62, BN, BS; 5-600 m; 1, 2; des; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Cordyla fasciata Meigen, 1830 – RW; 1500 m; 3, 4; des; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Cordyla fissa Edwards, 1925 – P1, B1, O62, R2, RW, BS; 5-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Cordyla flaviceps (Stæger, 1840) – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; wes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Cordyla fusca Meigen, 1804 – B1, O62, R2; 146-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; wces; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Cordyla murina Winnertz, 1863 – B1, T31, R1, R2, R3; 350-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; hoes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Cordyla nitens Winnertz, 1863 – B1, O62; 170-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; wces; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Cordyla nitidula Edwards, 1925 – B1, O62, R2, RW; 146-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Cordyla semiflava (Stæger, 1840) – B1; 800 m; 2; tes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechia bicincta (Stæger, 1840) – P1, B1, B2, RE; 250-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1989a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechia dizona Edwards, 1924 – P1; 320 m; 1; tes, ? hoes; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechia dorsalis (Stæger, 1840) – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2; 170-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; hoes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Exechia exigua Lundström, 1909 – B1, B2, RE; 300-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; tes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechia festiva Winnertz, 1863 – B2, R2; 440-900 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Exechia fulva Santos Abreu, 1920 [E. peyerimhoffi Burghele-Balacesco, 1966] – B1, B2, RW; 700-1750 m; 2, 3, 4; ena; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechia fusca (Meigen, 1804) [E. lateralis Meigen, 1818] – P1, B1, B2, T31, O62, R1, R2, RW, RE; 100-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Joakimov 1899; Bechev 1985a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Exechia lundstroemi Landrock, 1923 – B1, RW; 800-1700 m; 3, 4; hoes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechia macula Chandler, 2001 [E. maculipennis Stannius, 1831] – P1; 550 m; 1; esca; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2003, 2010.

Exechia parva Lundstrom, 1909 – P1, B1, B2, R2, RE; 150-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; hoes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Exechia pseudocincta Strobl, 1910 – B1, B2; 600-1750 m; 2, 3, 4; hoes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechia separata Lundstrom, 1912 – B1, RE; 300-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; tp; Bechev 1989a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechia seriata (Meigen, 1830) – P1, B1, B2, R2, RE; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; hoes, ? h; Bechev 1986a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) clypeata (Lundstrom, 1911) – B2, R1; 1000-2390 m; 3, 4, 5; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) dumitrescae (Burghele-Balacesco, 1972) – B2; 1000 m; 3; wces; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) furcata (Lundstrom, 1911) [Exechia] – B1; 800-1250 m; 2, 3; e; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) indecisa (Walker, 1856) [Exechia] – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; hoes; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) intersecta (Meigen, 1818) [Exechia] – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; e; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) lackschewitziana (Stackelberg, 1948) – RW; 1500 m; 3, 4; wes; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) magnicauda (Lundstrom, 1911) – B1, O62; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) subulata (Winnertz, 1863) – B2; 700-1000 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) unguiculata (Lundstrom, 1911) – B1; 1700 m; 4; e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Exechiopsis) vizzavonensis (Edwards, 1928) [Exechia] – B1, B2, RW; 800-1350 m; 2, 3; ena; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Exechiopsis (Xenexechia) crucigera (Lundstrom, 1909) – P1, B1, RE; 300-700 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Xenexechia) davatchii (Matile, 1969) – B1, 800 m; 2; dp; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Exechiopsis (Xenexechia) leptura (Meigen, 1830) – B2; 1000 m; 3; des; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Notolopha cristata (Stæger, 1840) [Allodiopsis] – B1, B2, O62; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020.

Pseudexechia trisignata (Edwards, 1913) – B1; 1700 m; 4; dp; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Pseudobrachypeza helvetica (Walker, 1856) – B1, B2; 600-1200 m; 2, 3; ei; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Pseudorymosia fovea (Dziedzicki, 1910) – B1, B2; 700-1200 m; 2, 3; wes; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Rymosia affinis Winnertz, 1863 [R. gracilipes Dziedzicki, 1910] – P1, B1, B2, RE; 150-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Beron 2015; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Rymosia fasciata (Meigen, 1804) [R. festiva Winnertz, 1863] – P1, B1, B2, T31, RE; 100-1000 m; 1, 2; e, ? pn; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Rymosia placida Winnertz, 1863 – B2; 700-1000 m; 2; des; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Rymosia setiger Dziedzicki, 1910 – B1; 650 m; 2; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Rymosia spinipes Winnertz, 1863 – P1, B1, RE; 150-800 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Rymosia virens Dziedzicki, 1910 – B1, B2, O62, R2; 203-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Stigmatomeria crassicornis (Stannius, 1931) – O62, R2, RW; 146-510 m; 1; h; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Synplasta exclusa (Dziedzicki, 1910) – B1; 600-650 m; 2; cee; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Synplasta gracilis (Winnertz, 1863) [Allodiopsis excogitata (Dziedzicki, 1910), S. exogitata (Dziedzicki, 1910)] – B1, B2, O62; 170-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? des; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2003, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Synplasta sintenisi (Lackschewitz, 1937) [Allodiopsis] – B1; 600-650 m; 2; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Tarnania dziedzickii (Edwards, 1941) [Rhymosia] – P1, T31, RE; 180-300 m; 1; ena; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016.

Tarnania fenestralis (Meigen, 1838) [Rhymosia] – P1, B1, B3, T31, O62, RW, RE; 100-1250 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e, ? pn; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Tarnania nemoralis (Edwards, 1941) – B1, O62; 146-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Dynatosoma fuscicorne (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, O62, RE; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Dynatosoma majus Landrock, 1912 – B1, B2, R3, RW, RE; 350-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; hoes; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Dynatosoma nigromaculatum Lundstrom, 1913 – BN; 10 m; 1; tes; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Epicypta torquata Matile, 1977 – B1, O62, RW; 170-500 m; 1; csei; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila abiecta (Laštovka, 1963) – B1; 600-800 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila adumbrata Mik, 1884 – B2; 1000 m; 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila alea Laffoon, 1965 – P1, B1, B2, RW, RE, BN; 10-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1989b, 1991a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila bialorussica Dziedzicki, 1884 – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; dp, ? tp; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila blanda Winnertz, 1863 – B1, R2, RW, RE; 150-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; esca; Bechev 1989b, 1991a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Мycetophila britannica Lastovka & Kidd, 1975 – O62; 203-400 m; 1; ? e, ? ena; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila caudata Stæger, 1840 – RW, RE; 650-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Mycetophila confluens Dziedzicki, 1884 – P1, B1, B2, R2, RW; 550-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; po; Bechev 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila czizekii Landrock, 1911 – P1, B1, R2, RE; 300-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila devioides Bechev, 1988 – B1 ; 775 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1988a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila distigma Meigen, 1830 – B1; 350-775 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Mycetophila edwardsi Lundstrom, 1913 – B1, B2, O62, R2; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Мycetophila evanida Lastovka, 1972 – O62, R2; 146-510 m; 1; ? wces; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila formosa Lundstrom, 1911 – B2; 1000 m; 3; wesit; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila fraterna Winnertz, 1863 – B1; 775-1250 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila fungorum (De Geer, 1776) [M. punctata (Meigen, 18004)] – P1, B1, B2, O62, R2, RW, RE; 150-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; hno, ? ho; Nedelkov 1912; Bechev 1985a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila gibbula Edwards, 1925 – B2; 1000 m; 3; dp; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila hyrcania Laštovka & Matile, 1964 – B1, BN; 10-700 m; 1, 2; ei; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila lamellata Lundstrom, 1911 – B1; 775 m; 2; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila lastovkai Caspers, 1984 – B1, B2; 800-1000 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila luctuosa Meigen, 1830 – B1, RW, RE; 150-1600 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho, ? h; Bechev 1989b, 1991a, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila lunata Meigen, 1804 – BN; 10 m; 1; tes; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila marginata Winnertz, 1863 – B1, B2, O62, R2, R3, RW, RE; 170-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila mitis (Johannsen, 1912) – DW; 60 m; 1; h; Bechev 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila morosa Winnertz, 1863 – B1; 775-1250 m; 2, 3; h; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila occultans Lundström, 1913 – B1; 775 m; 2 ; e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila ocellus Walker, 1848 – B1, B2, O62, R2, RW, RE; 170-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho, ? h ; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila ornata Stephens, 1846 – B1, B2, R3, RW, RE; 350-1400 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Beron 2015, 2016; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila pumila Winnertz, 1863 – P1, B1, B2; 350-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila scotica Edwards, 1941 – B1; 700 m; 2; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila sigillata Dziedzicki, 1884 – B2, RW; 1000-1500 m; 3; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Mycetophila signata Meigen, 1830 [Fungivora] – P1, B1, B2, V1, O62, RW; 170-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Nedelkov 2012; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Mycetophila signatoides Dziedzicki, 1884 – B1; 550-775 m; 2; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Mycetophila spectabilis Winnertz, 1863 – P1, B1, B2, R3, RW, RE; 300-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Mycetophila stolida Walker, 1856 – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Mycetophila stylata (Dziedzicki, 1884) – B1, R2; 650-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; tes; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila tridentata Lundstrom, 1911 – B2; 1000 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila trinotata Stæger, 1840 – B1; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Mycetophila unguiculata Lundstrom, 1913 – B1; 600-775 m; 2; wes; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila vittipes Zetterstedt, 1852 – B2; 1000 m; 3; hoes; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Mycetophila v-nigrum Lundstrom, 1913 – B1, B2; 775-1000 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Phronia basalis Winnertz, 1863 – T31, O62, R2; 100-510 m; 1; ena; Bechev 1999b, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Phronia biarcuata (Becker, 1908) [Ph. nitidiventris van der Wulp, 1859] – B1, B2, O62, R2; 146-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; dp, ? tp; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Phronia cinerascens Winnertz, 1863 – B1, T31; 150-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Phronia conformis (Walker, 1856) – B1, T31; 100-700 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Phronia egregia Dziedzicki, 1889 – B1, B2; 400-900 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Phronia forcipata Winnertz, 1863 – B1, B2; 700-900 m; 2, 3; wces; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Phronia mutabilis Dziedzicki, 1889 – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; h; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Phronia nitidiventris (van der Wulp, 1859) [Ph. vitiosa Winnertz, 1863] – B1, B2; 550-900 m; 2, 3; hoes; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Phronia notata Dziedzicki, 1889 – B1, T31; 150-900 m; 1, 2; wes; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Phronia obtusa Winnertz, 1863 – B1; 350-800 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Phronia signata Winnertz, 1863 [Ph. austriaca Winnertz, 1863] – B1; 550-800 m; 2, 3; hoes; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Phronia strenua Winnertz, 1863 [Ph. flavicollis Winnertz, 1863] – B1; 550 m; 2; h; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Phronia tenuis Winnertz, 1863 – B1, B2; 300-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; ho; Bechev 1999b, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Platurocypta punctum (Stannius, 1831) – DW, B1, B2, RW; 60-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Sceptonia cryptocauda Chandler, 1991 – P1, B1, O62; 170-850 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Sceptonia flavipuncta Edwards, 1925 – P1, B1, B2, K7, T31, O62, BS; 10-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Sceptonia humerella Edwards, 1925 – P1, B1; 300-900 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Sceptonia membranacea Edwards, 1925 – P1, B1, T31, O62, R1, RW, BN; 10-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Sceptonia nigra (Meigen, 1804) – B1; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Sceptonia pilosa Bukowski, 1934 – B1, R1; 350-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Sceptonia pughi Chandler, 1991 – B1; 700 m; 2; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Sceptonia tenuis Edwards, 1925 – P1, B1; 250-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Trichonta apicalis Strobl, 1898 – P1, R2; 280-510 m; 1; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Trichonta beata Gagne, 1981 – B1; 600 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Trichonta clavigera Lundström, 1913 – O62, RW; 146-1185 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Trichonta conjungens Lundström, 1909 – B1; 1700 m; 4; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Trichonta falcata Lundström, 1911 – B1, B2; 350-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Trichonta fragilis Gagne, 1981 – B1; 350-650 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Trichonta fusca Landrock, 1918 – B1; 775 m; 2, 3; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Trichonta girschneri Landrock, 1912 – P1, B1; 550-775 m; 2; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Trichonta melanura (Stæger, 1840) – B1, T31; 100-800 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010.

Trichonta subfusca Lundström, 1909 – B1, RW; 775-1500 m; 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Trichonta submaculata (Stæger, 1840) – B1; 400-800 m; 2, 3; hoes; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Trichonta terminalis (Walker, 1856) – P1, B1, B2, RW; 350-1450 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Trichonta venosa (Stæger, 1840) – B2, O62, R2; 170-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Trichonta vitta (Meigen, 1830) – P1, B1, B2, T31, O62, R2; 100-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova & Stojanova 2020; Pavlova 2020b.

Trichonta vulgaris Loew, 1869 – B1, B2, R2; 440-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Zygomyia humeralis (Wiedemann, 1817) – B1; 1250 m; 3; e (? i New Zealand); Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2010; Bechev & Pavlova, 2016.

Zygomyia pseudohumeralis Caspers, 1980 – P1, O62, R2, RW; 170-510 m; 1; e; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Zygomyia semifusca (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B2, R2, RW; 440-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2010; Pavlova 2020b.

Zygomyia valida Winnertz, 1863 – RW; 1350 m; 3; wes; Bechev 1994, 1997, 2002a, 2006b, 2010.

Ditomyiidae

Ditomyia fasciata (Meigen, 1818) – P1, B1, RW, RE; 200-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; csei, ? ei; Bechev 1985a, 1989b, 1997, 1999a, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Ditomyia macroptera (Winnertz, 1852) – O61; 350-400 m; 1; des; Kurina & Chandler 2018.

Symmerus annulatus (Meigen, 1830) – P1, B2, T31, BN; 10-900 m; 1, 2, 3; wes; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c.

Bolitophilidae

Bolitophila (Bolitophila) basicornis (Mayer, 1951) – B1, B2; 770-1000 m; 2, 3; des, ? tes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Bolitophila (Bolitophila) cinerea Meigen, 1818 – P1, B1, B2, R1, R2, R3, RW, RE; 300-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Bolitophila (Bolitophila) saundersii (Curtis, 1836) [Messala] – B1, B2, B3, R1, R2, RW; 400-1800 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; tp; subtroglophile; Burghele-Balacesco 1966; Beron & Gueoruiev 1967; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Plassmann 1988; Bechev & Chandler 2011; Beron 2015; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Bolitophila (Bolitophila) tenella Winnertz, 1863 – R1, RW; 1500-1700 m; 4; des; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) fumida Edwards, 1941 [B. glabrata Loew, 1869] – B1; 350-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; tes; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) hybrida (Meigen, 1804) [B. fusca Meigen, 1818; Macrocera] – B2, R1; 900 m; 2, 3; h; Nedelkov 1012; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) maculipennis Walker, 1836 – B2; 700-1000 m; 2,3; tp; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) occlusa Edwards, 1913 – R2; 1740 m; 4; des; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) pseudohybrida Landrock, 1912 – P1, B1, R2, RW, RE, BS; 20-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; tes; Bechev 1989a, 2000, 1997, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Bolitophila (Cliopisa) rossica Landrock, 1912 – R2; 2000 m; 4; tes; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Diadocidiidae

Diadocidia (Adidocidia) valida Mik, 1874 – B1, RW; 770-1600 m; 2,3,4; wes; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Diadocidia (Diadocidia) ferruginosa (Meigen, 1830) – B1, B2, O5, RW, RE, BN; 5-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bechev 1986a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Diadocidia (Diadocidia) spinosula Tollet, 1948 – B2, R1, R2, RW; 900-1740 m; 3, 4; des; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Chandler 2011.

Keroplatidae (+ Macroceridae)

Cerotelion racovitzai Matile & Burghele-Balacesco, 1969 – B1, BS; 50-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; cseei; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Cerotelion striatum (Gmelin, 1790) [Ceroplatus lineatus Fabricius, 1775] – B1, B2, V1, R3; 350-800 m; 1, 2; ei; Nedelkov 1012; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Keroplatus reaumurii Dufour, 1839 – B1, BN; 20-400 m; 1; csena; Bechev 2000, 2001, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Keroplatus testaceus Dalman, 1818 – B1; 350-775 m; 1, 2; dp; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Keroplatus tipuloides Bosc, 1792 – O5; 700 m; 2; dp, ? tp; Bechev 1999a, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c.

Antlemon (Antlemonopsis) brevimanum (Loew, 1871) – B2, R1, RW; 1300-1900 m; 3, 4; csee; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Isoneuromyia semirufa (Meigen, 1818) [Orfelia] – P1, B1, O5, BN; 100-770 m; 1, 2; des; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrorrhyncha collarti (Tollet, 1955) [Asindulum exemplum Plassmann, 1978] – B2, RW; 800-1500 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Plassmann 1978; Bechev 1985a, 1992a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrorrhyncha flava Winnertz, 1846 – B1, O62, BN, BS; 10-700 m; 1, 2; e; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Pavlova 2020b.

Macrorrhyncha veleka Bechev, 1992 – BS; 20 m; 1; Er; Bechev 1992b, 1997, 2002a, 2006c.

Monocentrota matilei Bechev, 1989 – B1, O62; 170-700 m; 1, 2; seena; Bechev 1989c, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Neoplatyura modesta (Winnertz, 1863) – R2, BN; 5-510 m; 1; e; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006c; Pavlova 2020b.

Neoplatyura nigricauda (Strobl, 1893) – P1, B1, T31, RE; 200-350 m; 1; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Orfelia bezzii (Strobl, 1910) – P2, B1, B2, O5; 350-850 m; 1, 2; e; Janeva & Russev 1997; Bechev 2006a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Orfelia bicolor (Macquart, 1826) – BN; 10 m; 1; e; Bechev 2006a, 2006c.

Orfelia discoloria (Meigen, 1818) – B1, T31; 200-770 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1985a, 2001, 2002a, 2006c.

Orfelia fasciata (Meigen, 1804) – B1, O62, RW; 300-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ho; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Orfelia gruevi Bechev, 2002 – BN; 10-20 m; 1; csee; Bechev 2002b, 2006c.

Orfelia lugubris (Zetterstedt, 1851) [O. tristis (Lundström, 1911)] – B1, R2, RW; 350-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Orfelia nemoralis (Meigen, 1818) – DW, E1, E2, TL, O62, RW, BN, BS; 10-1400 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h, ? e; Bechev 1986b, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Orfelia nigricornis (Fabricius, 1805) – B1; 350 m; 1; h, ? esca; Bechev 1990a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Orfelia ochracea (Meigen, 1818) – B1; 350 m; 1; po, ? des; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Orfelia unicolor (Staeger, 1840) [O. discoloria (Meigen, 1818), Platyura] – P1, B1, V1, TL, O5, R1, RW, BS; 10-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des, ? hoes; Nedelkov 1912; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Platyura marginata Meigen, 1804 – B1, R1, R3, RW; 600-1820 m; 2, 3, 4; des; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Pyratula oracula Chandler, 1994 – RE; 450 m; 1; cseel; Bechev 2004a, 2006c.

Pyratula perpusilla (Edwards, 1913) [Orfelia] – B1; 370-750 m; 1, 2; wces; Bechev 1985a, 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Pyratula subcanariae Chandler, 2001 – E1; 200 m; 1; csee; Bechev 2006a, 2006c.

Pyratula zonata (Zetterstedt, 1855) [Orfelia] – B1, K7, O5, O62, R2, R3, RW, RE; 146-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020a, 2020b.

Urytalpa ochraceae (Meigen, 1918) – RW; 1620 m; 4; e; Bechev 2001, 2006b, 2006c.

Urytalpa rhapsodica Chandler, 1995 – RW; 2000 m; 4; csee; Bechev 2001, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera anglica Edwards, 1925 – B1, B2, RW; 350-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera angulata Meigen, 1818 – B1; 350 m; 1; e; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera centralis Meigen, 1818 – B1, B2, R1, R2, RW, RE, BN; 150-1820 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera crassicornis Schiner, 1863 – B1; 350 m; 1; wp; Bechev 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera fasciata Meigen, 1804 – P1, B1, T31, O5, O62, R3, RW, RE; 180-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; dp; Bechev 1989a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera fastuosa Loew, 1869 – B1, RW; 700-1100 m; 2, 3; des; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera gemagea Bechev, 1991 – P1, BN; 20-550 m; 1; see; Bechev 1991b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006a, 2006c.

Macrocera grandis Lundström, 1912 – R1; 1150 m; 3; wes; Bechev 2006a, 2006c.

Macrocera inversa Loew, 1869 – E1, B1, O5, R1, RW, RE; 150-1740 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wces; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera kerteszi Lundström, 1911 – B1, O5, RW; 350-720 m; 1, 2; see; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera lutea Meigen, 1804 – P1, B1, T31, O5, RW, RE, BN, BS; 10-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera nigricoxa Schiner, 1863 [M. tusca Loew, 1869] – B1, RW; 350-900 m; 1, 2, 3; wcp; Bechev 1989a, 1992a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera parva Lundström, 1914 – B1, B2, R2; 600-1740 m; 2, 3, 4; wces; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera phalerata Wiedemann in Meigen, 1818 – E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, T31, O5, R2, R3, RW, RE, BN, BS; 5-1450 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wcp; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Macrocera pilosa Landrock, 1917b – B1; 800 m; 2, 3; wcp, ? h; Bechev 1991a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Macrocera stigma Curtis, 1831 – B1, O62, R2, R3, RW; 170-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wces; Bechev 1986b, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016; Pavlova 2020b.

Macrocera stigmoides Edwards, 1925 – P1, R1, R2, RW, RE, BS; 5-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Bechev 1996a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2004a, 2006b, 2006c.

Macrocera vittata Meigen, 1830 – P1, B1, O5, R3, RW; 550-1700 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; dp; Bechev 1985a, 1997, 2000, 2002a, 2004b, 2006b, 2006c; Bechev & Pavlova 2016.

Sciaridae

Bradysia albanensis (Lengersdorf, 1926) – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Bradysia alpicola (Winnertz, 1867) [B. forcipata (Fabricius, 1775); B. morio (Fabricius, 1794); Sciara] – V1, BN; 20-650 m; 1, 2; e, ? po; Loew 1862; Nedelkov 1912.

Bradysia alutacea Dimitrova & Mohrig, 1993 – BN; 10-20 m; 1; se; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia angustipennis Winnertz, 1867 [B. campestris Mohrig & Mamaev 1970] – V4; 1550 m; 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia bicolor (Meigen, 1818) – V4; 1550 m; 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia breviallata Mohrig & Menzel, 1992 – V3, R2; 800-950 m; 2; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia brevispina Tuomikoski, 1960 – V4, BN; 200-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia conspersa Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1993 – BN; 5-20 m; 1; Eb; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia fenestralis (Zetterstedt, 1838) [Sciara, Neosciara] – ■; ●; ♠; 1, 2; ? e; Choleva 1964; Grigorov 1972.

Bradysia hirsutiseta Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1989 – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; sesfe; Morhing et al. 1992.

Bradysia lobulifera Frey, 1948 – V4, BN; 20-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

B. nitidicollis (Meigen, 1818) [Sciara] – V1; 550-650 m; 2; e, ? h; Nedelkov 1912.

Bradysia ocellaris (Comstock, 1882) [B. tritici (Coquillett, 1895)] – V4, BN; 200-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; sk; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia pallidiventris (Winnertz, 1867) – BN; 20 m; 1; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia pectoralis (Staeger, 1840) [B. castanea Mohrig & Menzel, 1990] – V4; 650 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia placida (Winnertz, 1867) [B. fimbricauda Tuomikoski, 1960] – V3, V4, BN; 20-950 m; 1, 2; et; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia polonica (Lengersdorf, 1929) – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Bradysia praecox (Meigen, 1818) [Sciara] – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; e, ? h; Nedelkov 1912; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Bradysia regularis (Lengersdorf, 1934) – V4; 1100 m; 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia rufescens (Zetterstedt, 1852) – V1, V5; 550-1200 m; 2, 3; e, ? poa; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia santorina Mohrig & Menzel, 1992 – BN; 20 m; 1; Eb; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia scabricornis Tuomikoski, 1960 – BN; 20 m; 1; des; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia splendida Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1989 – V1, BN; 20-650 m; 1, 2; et; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia submoesta Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1989 – V4; 1550 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia tilicola (Loew, 1850) [Sciara amoena Winnertz, 1871] – V1, V4; 550-1550 m; 2, 3; des, ? pa, ? i; Nedelkov 2012; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia trivittata (Staeger, 1840) – V4, BN; 20-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; west; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Bradysia vagans (Winnertz, 1868) [B. callicera Frey, 1948] – V3; 950 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Camptochaeta bournei (Shaw, 1941) [Corynoptera subvivax Mohrig, 1985] – V4; 1100 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Claustropyga abblanda (Freeman, 1983) [Corynoptera] – V4; 900-1000 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera acerrima Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992 – V4; 1000-1200 m; 3; csee; Mohrig & Dimitrova 1992.

Corynoptera acuminata Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992 – BN; 20 m; 1; Ebg; Mohrig & Dimitrova 1992.

Corynoptera alticola (Kieffer, 1919) [C. praepiniphila Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992; C. postpiniphila Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992] – V1, V4; 550-1200 m; 2, 3; ena; Mohrig & Dimitrova 1992; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera applanata Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992 – V4; 800 m; 2; se; Mohrig & Dimitrova 1992.

Corynoptera bispinulosa Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992 – BN; 20 m; 1; cse, ? e; Mohrig & Dimitrova 1992.

Corynoptera bistrispina (Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936) – V4; 800 m; 2; ? e, ? des; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera blanda (Winnertz, 1867) – V4; 1450 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera bulgarica Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992 – V1; 550-650 m; 2; csee; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera deserta Heller & Menzel, 2006 [C. minutula Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936] – BN; 20 m; 1; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera dubitata Tuomikoski, 1960 – BN; 120 m; 1; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera flavicoxa Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992 – V1; 550-650 m; 2; Ebg; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera forcipata (Winnertz, 1867) – V4; 650 m; 1, 2; ena; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera furcifera Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1987 – V1, BN; 200-650 m; 1, 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera hemiacantha Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992 – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; cse; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera hypopygialis (Lengersdorf, 1926) [C. piniphila (Lengersdorf, 1940)] – V1, V3; 550-950 m; 2, 3; e; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera irmgardis (Lengersdorf, 1930) – V1, V3, V4; 550-1100 m; 2, 3; wes; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera luteofusca (Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936) – V4; 800 m; 2; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera magica Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992 – V3, V4; 900-1550 m; 2, 3; Ebg; Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1992.

Corynoptera melanochaeta Mohrig & Menzel, 1992 – V1; 550-650 m; 2; h; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera obscuripila Tuomikoski, 1960 – V4; 1000-1200 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera praeparvula Mohrig & Krivosheina, 1983 – BN; 150 m; 1; et; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera subparvula Tuomikoski, 1960 – V1, V4, BN; 20-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; et; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera subpiniphila Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992 – V1; 550-650 m; 2; ban; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Corynoptera subtilis (Lengersdorf, 1929) [C. longicornis (Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936)] – V4; 1100 m; 3; wes; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Corynoptera trepida (Winnertz, 1867) [C. clinochaeta Tuomikoski, 1960] – V4; 1100 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Cratyna (Cratyna) ambigua (Lengersdorf, 1934) [Plastosciara latiforceps (Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1934)] – V4, BN; 200-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? h, ? i; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Cratyna (Cratyna) betulae (Mohrig & Mamaev, 1992) [Plastosciara] – V1; 550-650 m; 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Cratyna (Spathobdella) falcifera (Lengersdorf, 1933) [Plastosciara] – V1; 550-650 m; 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Ctenosciara hyalipennis (Meigen, 1804) – V1, V4; 550-800 m; 1, 2; hpta, ? i; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Ctenosciara lutea (Meigen, 1804) – V1; 550-650 m; 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Epidapus (Pseudoaptanogyna) anomalus Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1993 – BN; 200 m; 1; csee; Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) antegracilis Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1993 – V4; 1450-1550 m; 3; see; Mohrig & Dimitrova, 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) atomarius (De Geer, 1778) – V1; 550-650 m; 2; wpo; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Epidapus (Epidapus) bipalpatus Mohrig, 1982 – V3, V4; 800-1500 m; 2, 3; cse; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) detriticola (Kratochvil, 1936) – V4; 800-1050 m; 2, 3; e, ? cse; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) gracilis (Walker, 1848) – V1, V3, V4; 550-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; wes; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) macrohalteratus Mohrig & Menzel, 1992 – V3; 950 m; 2, 3; cse; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) microthorax (Börner, 1903) [E. gracilicornis (Lengersdorf, 1926)] – V1, BN; 20-650 m; 1, 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Epidapus) schillei (Börner, 1903) [E. titan Frey, 1948] – V3, V4, BN; 20-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Epidapus (Pseudoaptanogyna) carpaticus (Mohrig & Mamaev, 1985) – V4; 1450-1550 m; 3; csee; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Leptosciarella (Leptosciarella) coarctata (Winnertz, 1867) [Trichosia] – V4; 1000-1550 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Leptosciarella (Leptosciarella) scutellata (Staeger, 1840) [Trichosia] – V4; 1000-1200 m; 3; des; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Leptosciarella (Leptosciarella) viatica (Winnertz, 1867) [Trichosia] – V4; 850 m; 2; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Lycoriella (Lycoriella) castanescens (Lengersdorf, 1940) [L. fulcorum (Frey, 1948)] – V4, BN; 150-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; ha, ? i; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Lycoriella (Lycoriella) ingenua (Dufour, 1839) [L. mali (Fitch, 1856); L. solani (Winnertz, 1871)] – BN; 50 m; 1; ha; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Peyerimhoffia vagabunda (Winnertz, 1867) [Plastosciara brachyptera (Kieffer, 1903)] – V1; 550-650 m; 2; e; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Phytosciara (Phytosciara) halterata (Lengersdorf, 1926) [Lycoria] – R1; 1150-1200 m; 3; e; Buhr 1941.

Phytosciara (Phytosciara) macrotricha (Lengersdorf, 1926) [Psilomegalosphys] – R1; 1150-1200 m; 3; e; Buhr 1941.

Scatopsciara (Scatopsciara) atomaria (Zetterstedt, 1851) [S. vivida (Winnertz, 1867)] – V3, V4, BN; 20-1650 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; hno; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Scatopsciara (Scatopsciara) edwardsi Freeman, 1983 – V4; 1100 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Scatopsciara (Scatopsciara) multispina (Bukowski & Lengersdorf, 1936) – V1; 550-650 m; 2; wes; Mohrig et al. 1992.

Sciara analis Schiner, 1864 – V1, V4, R1; 550-2100 m; 2, 3, 4; e, ? wes; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1912.

Sciara helvola Winnertz, 1867 – BN; 20 m; 1; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Sciara hemerobioides (Scopoli, 1763) [S. thomae (Linnaeus, 1767)] – B1, V1, V4, R1; 220-1150 m; 1, 2, 3; po; Joakimoff 1899; Nedelkov 1912.

Xylosciara (Xylosciara) misella (Frey, 1948) – BN; 150 m; 1; e; Dimitrova & Mohrig 1993.

Cecidomyiidae

Anaretella defecta (Winnertz, 1870) [A. spiraeina (Felt, 1907)] – V4; 1100 m; 3; ? k; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Aprionus bidentatus (Kieffer, 1894) – V4; 1100 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Lestremia cinerea Macquart, 1826 – V4; 800 m; 2; hna; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Polyardis adela Pritchard, 1947 [Monardia edwardsi (Kleesattel 1979)] – V4; 1000-1100m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Monardia (Xylopriona) atra (Meigen, 1804) [Xylopriona] – V4; 1050-1500 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Campylomyza flavipes Meigen, 1818 [C. pumila Winnertz 1870; C. strobli (Kieffer 1901)] – V4; 1400 m; 3; ha; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Neurolyga verna (Mamaev, 1963) [Cordylomyia] – V4; 1150 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Peromyia ramosa (Edwards, 1938) – V4; 1100 m; 3; tes; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Monepidosis bulgarica Mamaev & Dimitrova 1992 – V4; 1550 m; 3; e; Mamaev & Dimitrova 1992.

Neocolpodia paradoxa Mamaev, 1964 – V4; 1000 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Porricondyla armata Spungis, 1981 – V4; 1400 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Porricondyla aurantiaca Panelius, 1965 – V4; 1500 m; 3; des; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Porricondyla modesta Spungis, 1981 – V4; 1100 m; 3; des; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Spungisomyia media (Spungis, 1981) [Porricondyla] – V4; 1100 m; 3; des; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Porricondyla modesta Spungis, 1981 – V4; 1100 m; 3; e; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Porricondyla nigripennis (Meigen, 1830) – V4; 1550 m; 3; h; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Winnertzia curvata Panelius, 1965 – V4; 800 m; 2; e; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Hilversidia autumnalis Mamaev, 1966 – V4; 1600 m; 4; ee; Dimitrova & Mamaev 1993.

Hybolasioptera fasciata (Kieffer, 1904) [H. cerealis (Lindeman, 1880)] – ■; V1; 510 m; 1; e; Popoff 1939a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Lasioptera arundinis Schiner, 1854 – V4, BN; 10-730 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Lasioptera carophila F. Löw, 1874 – TL, BN; 50-180 m; 1; wp; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Lasioptera eryngii (Vallot, 1829) – V1, R1, R2, BN; 50-850 m; 1, 2; wp; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Lasioptera rubi (Schrank, 1803) – ■; B1, B2, V1, V4, S1, S21, R1, TL, BN; 5-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Nikolova 1950; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Lazarov et al. 1960; Grigorov 1962, 1972, 1976; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Ozirhincus anthemidis (Rübsaamen, 1916) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; hom; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Apiomyia bergenstammi (Wachtl, 1882) – ■; ♦; P2, V3, V4, TK, K4, K5, BN; 50-1000 m; 1, 2; wcp, ? eswa; Tschorbadjiew 1925a, 1925b, 1925c, 1926a, 1926b, 1927, 1928a, 1928b, 1932, 1933; Lazarov 1949a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Arnoldiola gemmae (Giraud, 1868) – B1, V4; 600-1080 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Arnoldiola libera (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V4, BN; 40-750 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Spurgia euphorbiae (Vallot, 1827) [Bayeria capitigena (Bremi, 1847); Dasineura subpatula (Bremi, 1847)] – B1, V1, V4, R1, R2, RW, BN; 20-2108 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; ena, i, h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Bayeriola salicariae (Kieffer, 1888) – BN; 10-30 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Bayeriola thymicola (Kieffer, 1888) [Bayeria] – R1, R2, RW; 10-900 m; 1, 2; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Bremiola onobrychidis (Bremi, 1847) – ■; ♠; ewca; Donchev 1978; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Coniophora nijveldti Dimitrova, 1992 – V4; 1150 m; 3; Er; Dimitrova 1989, 1992.

Craneiobia corni (Giraud, 1863) – V4, K8, TL, BN; 50-800 m; 1, 2; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Cystiphora taraxaci (Kieffer, 1888) – V4, R2; 900-1050 m; 2, 3; wpo, i, ho; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura acrophila (Winnertz, 1853) – R1, BN; 5-850 m; 1, 2; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura affinis (Kieffer, 1886) – V1, BN; 50-650 m; 1; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura airae (Kieffer, 1897) – V4; 750 m; 2; ? e; Dimitrova 1989.

Dasineura alopecuri (Reuter, 1895) – ●; ♠; e, i, ha; Lyubenov 1957; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura aparines (Kieffer, 1889) – B1, BN; 5-650 m; 1, 2; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura asperulae (F. Löw, 1875) – V1, V4, R2, RW; 700-1550 m; 2, 3; cse; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura auritae Rübsaamen, 1916 – V4; 1000-1150 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura axillaris Kieffer, 1896 – BN; 50 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura bayeri Rübsaamen, 1914 – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura capsulae Kieffer, 1901 – BN; 10-100 m; 1; ena; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura corylina (Kieffer, 1913) – V4; 1200 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1989.

Dasineura crataegi (Winnertz, 1853) [Cecidomyia] – ■; DW, E2, P1, B1, B3, S1, S211, V1, V4, O61, O62, T1, TL, R1, R2, RW, RE, BN; 0-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Malkov 1904a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura dryophila Rübsaamen, 1917 – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura filipendulae (Kieffer, 1909) – V4; 1200 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1989.

Dasineura fraxinea Kieffer, 1907 – B1, V1, V4, R1, BN; 5-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura fraxini (Bremi, 1847) – V4, BN; 0-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura galiicola (F. Löw, 1880) – TL, R2; 160-1150 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura glechomae (Kieffer, 1889) – B1, TL, BN; 10-650 m; 1; e, i, h; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura gleditchiae (Osten Sacken, 1866) – V1, TL; 150-550 m; 1; h, i; Dimitrova & Pencheva 2004; Tomov et al. 2009.

Dasineura harrisoni (Bagnall, 1922) – V4; 750-1250 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura helianthemi (Hardy, 1850) [Contarinia] – B1, V4; 750-1200 m; 2, 3; ena; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura hyperici (Bremi, 1847) – B1, V1, V4, S21, TL, R1, R2, BN; 50-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura irregularis (Bremi, 1847) [D. acercrispans Kieffer, 1888] – V4, R1; 830-1200 m; 2, 3; e, ? wpo; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura kellneri (Henschel, 1875) [D. laricis Löw, 1878] – V1, V4; 700-1430 m; 2, 3; wes; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura lamii (Kieffer, 1909) – V1; 650 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura lathyri (Kieffer, 1909) – S21, BN; 10-900 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura lathyricola (Rübsaamen, 1890) – TL; 160 m; 1; wes; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura leguminicola (Lintner, 1879) – V4; 750-1100 m; 2, 3; ena, i, h; Dimitrova 1989.

Dasineura lithospermi (Loew, 1850) – BN; 30-40 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura lupulinae (Kieffer, 1891) – BN, 50 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura mali (Kieffer, 1904) – ■; ♦; B1, V1, K9, TL, BN; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; hoes, i, hna; Grigorov 1962, 1972; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura medicaginis (Bremi, 1847) – B1, TL, R1, RW, BN; 50-900 m; 1, 2; wes; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura napi (Loew, 1850) [D. brassicae (Winnertz, 1853)] – ■; ♦; DM; 100-150 m; 1; e; Malkov 1903; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Kircheva 1991; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura oxyacanthae Rübsaamen, 1914 – V4; 750 m; 2; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura papaveris (Winnertz, 1890) – B1, O61, R1, RW, BN; 10-850 m; 1, 2; eswa; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura plicatrix (Loew, 1850) – B1, V4, TL, O61, R1, R2; 10-1430 m; 1, 2, 3; ena, i, h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura populeti (Rübsaamen, 1889) – BN; 40 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura potentillae (Wachtl, 1885) – R2; 1300 m; 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura pteridicola (Kieffer, 1901) – V4, R1; 850-880 m; 2; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura pteridis (Müller, 1871) [D. filicina (Kieffer, 1889)] – B1, K8, V4, R2; 550-1800 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des, ? dp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura pustulans (Rübsaamen, 1889) – V4; 750-1430 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura pyri (Bouché, 1847) [Perrisia] – ■; ♦; E1, E2, P1, V1, K9, TL, O61, R1, RW, BN, BS; 10-1000 m; 1, 2; e, i, ha; Malkov 1902; Tschorbadjiew 1939a; Lazarov 1949a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Naidenov 1962; Harizanov 1964; Grigorov 1972; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura ranunculi (Bremi, 1847) – V4; 750-800 m; 2; des; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura ribis Barnes, 1940 – ■; ♠; e; Grigorov 1972; Ivanov 1981; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura rosae (Bremi, 1847) [Wachtliella rosarium (Hardy, 1850)] – B1, V4, S21, TL, O61, R1, R2, RW; 10-1770 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des, ? h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura rossi Rübsaamen, 1914 – R1; 850 m; 2; wes; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura rubella Kieffer, 1896 – B1, V1, V4, BN; 10-850 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura ruebsaameni (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V4, S21, BN; 10-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura schulzei Rübsaamen, 1917 – B1, V4, R1, R2; 500-1600 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura serotina (Winnertz, 1853) – BN; 5-50 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura sisymbrii (Schrank, 1803) – B1, V1, V4, TL, R2, RW, BN; 5-1000 m; 1, 2; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura spadicea Rübsaamen, 1917 – TL; 160 m; 1; wes; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura symphyti (Rübsaamen, 1892) – BN; 30-40 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura szepligetii (Kieffer, 1909) [Oligitrophus] – P1, V1, V4, BN; 50-1000 m; 1, 2; csee; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura tetensi (Rübsaamen, 1892) – ♠; e; Gospodinov 1968; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura thomasiana (Kieffer, 1888) – B1, R2, BN; 10-980 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura tiliae (Schrank, 1803) [D. tiliamvolvens (Rübsaamen 1889)] – V4, BN; 50-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; des, ? dp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura tortilis (Bremi, 1847) [D. alni (F. Löw, 1877)] – B1, R2; 550-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura tortrix (F. Löw, 1877) – B1, K4, V1, V4, O61, R1, R2, RW, BN; 5-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura trifolii (F. Löw, 1874) – B1, V1, V4, TL, R2, RW, BN; 50-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; wp, i, h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dasineura tubularis (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V4, BN; 30-1030 m; 1, 2, 3; cse; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura tympani (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V4, S21, BN; 10-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura ulmaria (Bremi, 1847) – V4, R2; 1000-1430 m; 3; des; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura urticae (Perris, 1840) – B1, V1, V4, S21, TL, R1, R2, RW, BN; 10-1650 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dasineura viciae (Kieffer, 1888) – B1, V1, V4, S21, TL, O61, R1, RW, BN; 5-1650 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; des, ? dp, tp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Rabdophaga clavifex (Kieffer, 1891) [Dasineura] – B1, V4; 950-1400 m; 2, 3; dp; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Georgiev et al. 2004.

Rabdophaga heterobia (Loew, 1850) [Dasineura] – B1, V4, R1, R2; 550-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga jaapi Rübsaamen, 1916 [Dasineura repentis Skuhravá, 1986] – V4, R1; 1400 m; 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga marginemtorquens (Bremi, 1847) [Dasineura] – V1, TL; 150-550 m; 1; dp, ? des; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga pierrei (Kieffer, 1896) [Dasineura] – V1; 550 m; 1; e; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga rosaria (Loew, 1850) [Dasineura] – V4, S1, TL, BN; 10-1810 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e, ? tp, h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga salicis (Schrank, 1803) [Dasineura; R. karschi (Kieffer, 1891)] – V1, V4, TL, R2; 150-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rabdophaga saliciperda (Dufour, 1841) [Dasineura] – ■; B1, V1, V4, TK, TL, R2; 150-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; dp, ? tp; Malkov 1904b, 1906, 1907; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Georgiev & Stojanova 2003.

Rabdophaga terminalis (Loew, 1850) [Dasineura] – B1, V4, R2, RW, BN; 10-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; dp, ? tp; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Didymomyia tiliacea (Bremi, 1847) [D. reaumuriana (Löw, 1878)] – V4, TL, RW, BN; 10-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; des, ? dp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Dryomyia circinans (Giraud, 1861) – ■; ♦; DW, E2, B3, K9, V4, V5, S211, T31, R2, BN, BS; 10-1000 m; 1, 2; nmsfe, dp; Drensky 1955; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Zlatanov 1971; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Dryomyia lichtensteinii (F. Löw, 1878) – ■; ♦; ♠; 10-1000 m; 1, 2; sena; Zlatanov 1971; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Euphorbomyia loewii (Mik, 1882) – E2, TL, O61, R1; 100-400 m; 1; cset; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Geocrypta braueri (Handlirsch, 1884) – BN; 40-50 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Geocrypta galii (Loew, 1850) – B1, K8, V1, V4, TL, R1, R2, BN; 10-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; dp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Gephyraulus raphanistri (Kieffer, 1886) – R1; 800 m; 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Giraudiella inclusa (Frauenfeld, 1862) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; ? wcp; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Acericecis vitrina (Kieffer, 1909) [Harrisomyia] – B1, V4; 550-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? cse; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Hartigiola annulipes (Hartig, 1839) [Phegobia tornatella (Bremi, 1847)] – E1, B3, V1, V4, K4, S211, R1, RW; 250-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; ean, ? dp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Iteomyia capreae (Winnertz, 1853) – B1, V1, V4, R2; 550-1650 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; tp; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella bryoniae (Bouché, 1847) – V1, R2, RW; 650-1000 m; 1, 2; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella cirsiicola Rübsaamen, 1916 – BN; 10-30 m; 1; ewca; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella cucubali (Kieffer, 1909) – TL, R2, BN; 10-850 m; 1, 2; cse; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella floriperda (F. Löw, 1888) – B1, V4, BN; 50-1080 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? ewca; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella genisticola (F. Löw, 1877) – ♠; wes; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella hedickei Rübsaamen, 1921 – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella jaapiana (Rübsaamen, 1914) – O61, R1; 350-400 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella moraviae (Wachtl, 1883) – E2; 100 m; 1; csee; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella rubicundula (Rübsaamen, 1891) – V4; 1150 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella schmidti (Rübsaamen, 1912) – B1, BN; 10-500 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella veronicae (Vallot, 1827) – B1, V1, V4, S21, TL, R1, R2; 160-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Jaapiella viscariae (Kieffer, 1886) – E2; 100 m; 1; ? csee; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Fabomyia medicaginis (Rübsaamen, 1912) [Jaapiella] – ■; ♦; V1, V4, TL, R2; 150-1120 m; 1, 2, 3; west, ? wes; Naidenov 1962; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetia cerris (Kollar, 1850) [Arnoldia] – DW, B1, V1, V4, RW; BN; 10-1030 m; 1, 2; dp; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Zlatanov 1971; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Janetia homocera (F. Löw, 1877) – DW, B1, BN, BS; 5-1050 m; 1, 2; cse; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetia nervicola (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V4, BN; 100-750 m; 1, 2; csee; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetia pustularis (Kieffer, 1909) – V1, BN; 10-550 m; 1; csee; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetia szepligetii Kieffer, 1896 – B1, V4, BN; 10-850 m; 1, 2; csean; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetiella fallax Kieffer, 1904 – E1, R1; 100-850 m; 1, 2; csee, ? e; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetiella lemeei (Kieffer, 1904) – B1, R1, RW, BN; 10-600 m; 1; ean; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Janetiella oenephila (Haimhoffen, 1875) [Cecidomyia, Vitisiella] – ■; ♠; dp; Dospevski 1908a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Janetiella thymi (Kieffer, 1888) – V4, R2; 1100-1550 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Kaltenbachiola strobi (Winnertz, 1853) – ■; RW; 1450-1900 m; 3, 4; e, ? bm; Tschorbadjiew 1928a, 1928b; Drensky 1928; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Lathyromyza schlechtendali (Kieffer, 1886) – TL; 150-170; 1; ewca; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis heraclei Kaltenbach, 1862 – R1, R2, BN; 5-1140 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis hieracii Rübsaamen, 1917 – B1, BN; 50-550 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis lamii Rubsaamen, 1916 – B1, R2, BN; 10-980 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis podagrariae (Loew, 1850) – V4; 750-950 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis rhodophila (Hardy, 1850) [M. luceti Kieffer, 1898] – V4; 800-1810 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis ruebsaameni Hedicke, 1938 – V1; 550-650 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrolabis stellariae (Liebel, 1889) – R2; 890 m; 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Obolodiplosis robiniae (Haldeman, 1847) – ♦; 0-1000 m, 1, 2; h, i; Tomov & Dimitrov 2009.

Mayetiola destructor (Say, 1817) – ■; ♦; DW, DM, E1, P1, V1, S1, T2, TL, BN; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; wp, i, ha; Malkov 1902b; Hitilov 1912a, 1912b; Drenowsky 1922a; Drenowsky & Enderlein 1923; Tschorbadjiew 1925a, 1925c, 1926b, 1927, 1929a, 1932 1939a; Petkoff 1939; Lazarov 1935a, 1939, Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Lyubenov 1956, 1960; Popoff 1956; Zamfirov 1958, 1961a; 1962a, 1962b, 1962c, 1963a; Makarov 1959; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Naidenov 1963; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Kontev et al. 1991; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Harizanov et al. 1996.

Mayetiola lanceolatae (Rübsaamen, 1895) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Mayetiola graminis (Fourcroy, 1785) [M. poae (Bosc, 1817); Poomyia] – B1, V4, R1, RW; 600-1520 m; 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1963; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Mikomya coryli (Kieffer, 1901) – B1, V1, V4, S21, R1, BN; 10-1680 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ean; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Neomikiella beckiana (Mik, 1885) – BN; 5-30 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Oligotrophus juniperinus (Linnaeus, 1758) – V4, R1, R2, RW; 750-2500 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Oligotrophus panteli Kieffer, 1898 – V4, R1, R2, RW; 350-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Phegomyia fagicola (Kieffer, 1901) – V1, V4, R2; 650-1200 m; 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Physemocecis hartigi (Liebel, 1892) – V4, TL, BN; 180-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; ean; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Physemocecis ulmi (Kieffer, 1909) – B1, V1, V4, TL, R1, BN; 0-1150 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rhopalomyia artemisiae (Bouché, 1834) – B1; 450-650 m; 1, 2; des; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Rhopalomyia foliorum (Loew, 1850) – RW; 900 m; 2; des; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Rondaniola bursaria (Bremi, 1847) – B1, V1, TL, BN; 10-700 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Sackenomyia reaumurii (Bremi, 1847) – K8, K9, V4, BN; 10-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Semudobia betulae (Winnertz, 1853) – B1, V1, V4, TL, R2, BN; 10-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; tp, i, h; Minchev & Mincheva 1967; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Pelov 1999.

Semudobia skuhravae Roskam, 1977 – B1, V1, V4, R2; 500-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Semudobia tarda Roskam, 1977 – V4; 830-1550 m; 2, 3; dp, i, h; Dimitrova 1989.

Wachtliella ericina (F. Löw, 1885) – B1; 600-650 m; 1, 2; ena; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Wachtliella niebleri Rübsaamen, 1916 – V4, BN; 10-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Wachtliella persicariae (Linnaeus, 1767) – TL; 150-170 m; 1; wp; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Wachtliella stachydis (Bremi, 1847) – R1, R2; 1100-1150 m; 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Zygiobia carpini (F. Löw, 1874) – B1, V4, S21, R1, R2, BN; 10-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Mikiola fagi (Hartig, 1839) [Cecidimyia] – ■; ♦; SB, V4, S2, R1, R2, RR; 750-1900 m; 3; e, ? des; Drensky 1928; Russkoff 1928; Dimitrov 1934; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Mikiola orientalis Kieffer, 1908 – V4, T31, R1, RW; 100-200 m, 800-1400 m; 1, 3; ban; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Kiefferia pericarpiicola (Bremi, 1847) [K. pimpinellae (F. Löw, 1874)] – V4, S21, TL; 160-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia baudysi Vimmer, 1937 – V4, BN; 10-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia calaminthae Kieffer, 1909 – B1; 600 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia cytisi Frauenfeld, 1873 – R2, BN; 10-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; wes; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia dorycnii (Müller, 1870) – B1, BN; 10-600 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia echii (Loew, 1850) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; cse; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia genistae (Loew, 1850) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia hornigi Wachtl, 1880 – R1, RW; 370-800 m; 1, 2; cee; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Asphondylia massalongoi Rübsaamen, 1893 – B1; 600 m; 1; cse; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia melanopus Kieffer, 1890 – ■; ♠; e; Donchev 1969; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia menthae Kieffer, 1902 – B1, V1, TL; 160-600 m; 1; cse, ? e; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia miki Wachtl, 1880 – ■; DM, V4; 150-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; wes; Donchev 1968; Grigorov 1972; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia ononidis F. Löw, 1873 – B1, V4; 600-800 m; 1, 2; ena; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia pruniperda Rondani, 1867 [A. prunorum Wachtl, 1880; Ischnonyx] – ■; ♦; V1, BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Malkov 1906; Lazarov 1949a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Nachev 1964; Grigorov 1972; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia scrophulariae Schiner, 1856 – B1, V4; 600-1020 m; 1, 2, 3; cse; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Asphondylia verbasci (Vallot, 1827) – E2, B1, V4, BN; 10-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; ena; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Placochela nigripes (F. Löw, 1877) [P. ligustri (Rübsaamen, 1899)] – B1, V1, V4, BN; 5-980 m; 1, 2; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Schizomyia galiorum Kieffer, 1889 – V4, BN; 5-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Kochiomyia kochiae (Kieffer, 1909) – ♠; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Feltiella acarisuga (Vallot, 1827) [Acaroletes tetranychi Kieffer 1908; Arthrocnodax] – TL; 160-180 m; 1; hoa; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Acodiplodis inulae (Loew, 1847) – B1, S21; 600-900 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Ametrodiplosis auripes (H. Löw, 1888) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Anabremia bellevoyei (Kieffer, 1896) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani, 1847) – V4; 1280 m; 3; hna; Grigorov 1982; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991.

Aschistonyx carpinicolus Rübsaamen, 1917 – B1, V4, R1, R2, BN; 5-1140 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Clinodiplosis cilicrus (Kieffer, 1889) – V1, V4, BN; 10-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia anthobia (F. Löw, 1877) – R2; 1300 m; 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia baeri (Prell, 1931) – R2; 850-1300 m; 2, 3; des, i, h; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia barbichei (Kieffer, 1890) [C. barbichi Kieffer 1890] – B1, V4; 500-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia carpini Kieffer, 1897 – B1, V4, R1, BN; 10-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia coryli (Kaltenbach, 1859) [C. corylina Löw 1878] – ♦; V1, V4, S21, R1; 500-1350 m; 1, 2, 3; des, ? esca; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia craccae Loew, 1850 – TL, R1; 160-420 m; 1; wes; Naidenov 1962; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia fagi Rubsaamen, 1921 – B1, V4, R1, R2; 600-1350 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia festucae Jones, 1940 – ■; ♠; e; Lyubenov 1957; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia floriperda Rübsaamen, 1917 – V4; 1150-1650 m; 3, 4; e; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia gei Kieffer, 1909 [C. geicola Rübsaamen, 1917] – V1, V4, R1, BN; 5-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia hypochoeridis (Rübsaamen, 1891) – V4, RW; 850-1350 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Contarinia jacobaeae (Loew, 1850) – BN; 5-30 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia lamii Kieffer, 1909 – V1, V4, R1; 600-1580 m; 2, 3, 4; cse; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia lentis Aczél, 1944 [Diplosis pisi (Winnertz, 1854)] – ■; ♠; ? e; Malkov 1906; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia loti (De Geer, 1776) – V4; 1500-1520 m; 4; e; Dimitrova 1987; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia medicaginis Kieffer, 1895 – ■; ♦; V1, TL, BN; 10-600 m; 1, 2; ? h; Hristova, 1954; Popoff 1956; Hristova 1959; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Naidenov 1962; Donchev 1968; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Harizanov et al. 1996.

Contarinia merceri Barnes, 1930 – ■; ♠; e; Lyubenov 1957; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia nasturtii (Kieffer, 1888) [C. torquens Meijere 1906] – ■; ♦; DW, DM, P1, P2, B1, V1, V4, TL, R1, R2, RW; 100-1550 m; 1, 2, 3; ean, i, h; Nikolova 1943; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Popoff & Nikolova 1958; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Naidenov 1963; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Contarinia nicolayi (Rübsaamen, 1895) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia onobrychidis Kieffer, 1895 – ■; ♠; wes; Donchev 1978; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia petioli (Kieffer, 1898) – V4; 770-1650 m; 2, 3, 4; des; Naidenov 1962, 1963; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia pisi (Loew, 1850) [Diplosis] – ■; ♦; E1, TL; 50-180 m; 1; wes; Malkov 1907; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Popoff & Nikolova 1958; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Harizanov et al. 1996.

Contarinia pyrivora (Riley, 1886) [Diplosis] – ■; ♦; V1, TL, RE; 150-650 m; 1, 2; e, i, ha; Malkov 1902c, 1906b; Vasilev 1931; Zhelev 1948b; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Lazarov 1949a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Naidenov 1962; Sengalevich 1964; Grigorov 1972, 1976; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia quercicola (Rübsaamen, 1899) – B1, V4, BN; 10-850 m; 1, 2; cse; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia quercina (Rübsaamen, 1890) – B1, S21, BN; 5-900 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia quinquenotata (F. Löw, 1888) – R2; 980 m; 2; e, i, ha; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia scrophulariae Kieffer, 1896 – B1; 550 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia solani (Rübsaamen, 1892) – TL, BN; 10-180 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia steini (Karsch, 1881) – R1; 1140 m; 3; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia subulifex Kieffer, 1897 – B1, BN; 20-700 m; 1, 2; cse; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia tiliarum (Kieffer, 1890) – B1, V4; 650-1550 m; 2, 3; des, ? dp, ? h; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia tragopogonis Kieffer, 1909 – BN; 30-40 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia tritici (Kirby, 1798) – ■; DW, E2, P3, V1; 100-150 m; 1; ? h; Hitilov 1912b; Drenowsky 1922a; Tschorbadjiew 1939a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Popoff 1956; Zamfirov 1961a; Grigorov 1972; Kontev et al. 1991; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Contarinia vincetoxici Kieffer, 1909 – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Stenodiplosis geniculati Reuter, 1895 [Contarinia] – ■; ♠; e, i, ha; Lyubenov 1957; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Stenodiplosis panici Plotnikov, 1926 [Contarinia] – DM; 120-200 m; 1; eet; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Diodaulus linariae (Winnertz, 1853) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Drisina glutinosa Giard, 1893 – V1, V4, R1; 650-1450 m; 2, 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser, 1840) [H. equestris Wagner, 1871] – ■; ♦; DW, E2, P1, V1; 50-650 m; 1, 2; e; Popoff 1956; Makarov 1959; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Zamfirov 1961a; Grigorov 1972; Kontev et al. 1991; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Harizanov et al. 1996.

Harmandiola cavernosa (Rübsaamen, 1899) [Harmandia, Diplosis] – B1, V4, R1, RW; 600-1650 m; 2, 3, 4; ? wes, weswca; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Harmandiola globuli (Rübsaamen, 1889) [Harmandia, Diplosis] – V4, R1; 770-1650 m; 2, 3, 4; ? wes, weswca; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Harmandiola tremulae (Winnertz, 1853) – V4, R1, RW; 770-2650 m; 2, 3, 4; wes, ? esca; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Hygrodiplosis vaccinii (Kieffer, 1897) – V4; 1630-2290 m; 4, 5; e, bm; Dimitrova 1987, 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrodiplosis pustularis (Bremi, 1847) [M. dryobia Löw 1877] – B1, V1, V4, BN; 5-1000 m; 1, 2; ? et; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Macrodiplosis roboris (Hardy, 1854) [M. volvens Kieffer 1895] – B1, V1, TL, R1, BN; 5-1000 m; 1, 2; wesant; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989, 1990; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Monarthropalpus flavus (Schrank, 1776) [buxi Laboulbène 1873] – BN; 10-100 m; 1; ean, i, h; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Monodiplosis liebeli (Kieffer, 1889) – BN; 10-100 m; 1; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Mycodiplosis coniophaga (Winnertz, 1853) – R1, R2; 1140-1300 m; 3; h; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Mycodiplosis gymnosporangii Kieffer, 1904 – V4; 980-1080 m; 2, 3; se; Dimitrova 1989.

Mycodiplosis melampsorae (Rübsaamen, 1889) – V4; 1400 m; 3; e; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Mycodiplosis saundersi Barnes, 1927 – R2, BN; 10-1000 m; 1, 2; e; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Pterepidosis varimezovi Mamaev & Dimitrova, 1998 – V4; 1600 m; 4; Ebg; Mamaev & Dimitrova 1998.

Parallelodiplosis galliperda (F. Löw, 1889) – V4; 950; 2; e; Dimitrova 1989.

Putoniella pruni (Kaltenbach, 1872) [P. marsupialis Löw 1889] – ■; E1, P1, B1, B2, V1, V4, K9, S1, R1, R2, RW; 50-1320 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Tschorbadjiew 1924a, 1925a, 1925b, 1925c, 1925d, 1926b, 1927, 1929a, 1930a, 1933; Lazarov 1949a; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Kovachevski et al. 1959; Lazarov et al. 1960, 1965; Grigorov 1972; Dimitrova 1987, 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Resseliella ribis (Marikovskij, 1956) – ♠; e; Ivanov 1981; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes, 1927) [Thomasiniana] – ■; B2, S21; ♠; e; Lazarov et al. 1965; Stoyanov 1957; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Sitodiplosis mosellana (Gehin, 1857) [Stenodiplosis] – ■; ♦; DW, E2; 100-225 m; 1, 2; tp, i, h; Popoff 1956; Makarov 1959; Zamfirov 1961a; Grigorov 1972; Kontev et al. 1991; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Thecodiplosis brachyntera (Schwägrichen, 1835) [Cecidomyia] – ■; V1, V4, S21, RW; 600-1215 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Dimitrov 1935; Buresch & Lazarov 1956; Naidenov 1962; Ganchev 1981; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Mirchev 1993; Beschovski 2006.

Tricholaba trifolii Rübsaamen, 1917 – B1, V4; 600-1450 m; 2, 3; wes; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992.

Zeuxidiplosis giardi (Kieffer, 1896) – B1, V4, RW; 400-1550 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e, i, hata; Naidenov 1962; Dimitrova 1989; Skuhravá et al. 1991, 1992; Beschovski 2006.

Psychodidae

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) papatasi (Scopoli, 1786) – ▲; DM, E1, E2, S1, TL,T1, O5, O62, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; ppt; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drensky 1926, 1931, 1942, 1955; Drensky & Drensky 1928; Kitanov 1943; Ganov 1949; Boychev 1950; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2020.

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) alexandri Sinton, 1928 – ♠; sppt; Ježek et al. 2018.

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) caucasicus Marzinovsky, 1917 – ♠; seeca; Ježek et al. 2018.

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti Parrot, 1917 [Ph. sergenti simils Perfil’ev, 1963] – ▲; BS; 0-30 m; 1; sppt; Drensky & Drensky 1928; Boychev 1950; Ježek et al. 2018, 2020.

Phlebotomus (Larroussius) perniciosus Newstead, 1911 – ▲; BS; 0-30 m; 1; cseanna; Drensky & Drensky 1928; Boychev 1950; Ježek et al. 2018, 2020.

Phlebotomus (Adlerius) balcanicus Theodor, 1958 [Ph. chinensis Newstead, 1916] – ▲; DW; 30-40 m; 1; seei; Boychev 1950; Wagner 1990; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2020.

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia) minuta (Rondani, 1843) [Phlebotomus] – ▲; S1, TL, BS; 0-350 m; 1; sena, ? om; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Drensky & Drensky 1928; Boychev 1950; Ježek et al. 2020.

Sycorax bicornua Krek, 1970 – P2, B1; 500-732 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Sycorax popovi Ježek 1990 – O62; 250-350 m; 1; csee; Ježek 1990b; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Ježek et al. 2020.

Sycorax silacea Haliday in Curtis, 1839 – B1; 710 m; 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Sycorax tonnoiri Jung, 1954 – P2, B1; 710-827 m; 2; csee; Ježek 2004; Ježek et al. 2020.

Sycorax trifida Krek, 1970 – B3; 614 m; 1; Eb; Ježek et al. 2020.

Trichomyia kostovi Ježek, 1990 – O62; 250-350 m; 1; Ebg; Ježek 1990b; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2020.

Berdeniella illiesi (Wagner, 1973) – B2, R1; 830-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; e, ? csee; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al 2019, 2020.

Berdeniella kocii Ježek, 2006 – R1, R2, RW; 587-1800 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Berdeniella manicata (Tonnoir, 1919) [Pericoma] – V4, T31, R1, R2, RW; 150-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; cse; Arndt 1943; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al 2019, 2020.

Berdeniella unispinosa (Tonnoir, 1919) – P1, B1, B2, B3, V4, S22, O62, R1, R2, RW; 200-2460 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Berdeniella vimmeri Jezek, 1995 – RW; 1134 m; 3; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Saraiella carpatica Vaillant, 1981 – RW; 1300-1550 m; 3, 4; see; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Saraiella rotunda (Krek, 1970) – R1, R2; 900-1800 m; 2, 3, 4; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Ulomyia bulgarica Wagner & Joost, 1988 – B1, RW; 710-1300 m; 2, 3, 4; Ebg; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013.

Ulomyia fuliginosa (Meigen, 1818) – V1; 580-600 m; 1, 2; e; Nedelkov 1912.

Satchelliella canescens (Meigen, 1818) [Pneumia] – P2, B2, B3, R1, RW; 300-1134 m; 1, 2, 3; esanca; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella crispi (Freeman, 1953) [Pneumia] – R1, R2, RW; 900-1060 m; 2, 3; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella gracilis (Eaton, 1893) [Pneumia] – R1, RW; 590-980 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella mladeni (Ježek1 & Oboňa, 2019) [Pneumia] – V4, R1, R2; 1800-2430 m; 4, 5; Ebg; Ježek1 & Oboňa 2019; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella nubila (Meigen, 1818) [Pneumia] – P2, B1, B2, B3, S1, S22, T31, O62, R1, R2, RW; 200-2045 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020.

Satchelliella palustris (Meigen, 1818) [Pneumia] – B1; 710 m; 2; ean; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella pilularia (Tonnoir, 1940) [Pneumia] – S22, R1; 390-650 m; 1; ena, ? wp; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella stammeri (Jung, 1954) [Pneumia] – P2, B2; 550 m; 1; des; Ježek et al. 2020.

Satchelliella trivialis (Eaton, 1893) [Pneumia] – P2, B1, B2; 550-810 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) bosnica Krek, 1967 – T31, RW; 200-1060 m; 1, 2, 3; bc; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2018, 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) bunae Krek, 1979 – RW; 1054 m; 3; bc; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) exquisita Eaton, 1893 – P2, B1, B2, B3, K9, T31, O62; 100-830 m; 1, 2; ena; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) kariana Vaillant, 1978 – R2; 582 m; 1; ban; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) motasi Vaillant, 1978 – T31, R1, RW; 200-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; see; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 1990, 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) pannonica Szabó, 1960 – B3; 490 m; 1; cse; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) pingarestica Vaillant, 1978 – T31; 200 m; 1; see; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pericoma) pseudoexquisita Tonnoir, 1940 – V4, T11, T31, RW; 200-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; ena; Arndt 1943; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2019, 2020.

Pericoma (Pachypericoma) blandula Eaton, 1893 – P1, P2, B1, B2, B3, T31, O62, R1, RW; 150-1130 m; 1, 2, 3; eanna; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020.

Pericoma (Pachypericoma) fallax Eaton, 1893 – P2, B2, O62, R1, R2; 200-590 m; 1; wes; Ježek et al. 2020.

Pericoma (Pachypericoma) nielseni Kvifte 2010 – P2, B1, R2, RW; 450-980 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Clytocerus (Boreoclytocerus) longicorniculatus Krek, 1987 – P2, B2, R1; 460-960 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Clytocerus (Boreoclytocerus) ocellaris (Meigen, 1818) – P2, B2, R1, R2; 460-1600 m; 3, 4; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013; Ježek & et al. 2017, 2019, 2020.

Clytocerus (Boreoclytocerus) thracicus (Wagner & Koç, 2013) – B1, B3; 290-710 m; 1, 2; ban; Ježek et al. 2020.

Tonnoiriella pulchra (Eaton, 1893) – B1; 500-600 m; 1, 2; ena, ? e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al 2019, 2020.

Tonnoiriella sieberti Wagner, 1993 – P1, P2, B1, B2, B3, S1, O62, R1, R2, RW; 200-1060 m; 1, 2, 3; eswa; Ježek et al. 2020.

Bazarella subneglecta (Tonnoir, 1922) [Parabazarella] – R1, RW; 980-1270 m; 2, 3; ceean; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Tinearia alternata (Say, 1824) [Psychoda] – DM, E1, E2, P2, B3, K3, V1, S1, O61, R1, R2, R5, RW BN; 30-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; k; Nedelkov 1912; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1987; Wagner & Joost 1988; Janeva 1989; Janeva & Russev 1989, 1997; Soufi & Uzunov 2008; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2019; Ježek et al. 2020.

Tinearia lativentris (Berden, 1952) – B3, R2; 290-830 m; 1, 2; hn; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda albipennis Zetterstedt, 1850 [Logima] – DM, P2, B1, B2, B3, V1, V4, O62, R1, RW; 20-1710 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; k; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2018, 2019, 2020.

Psychoda brevicornis Tonnoir, 1940 [Copropsychoda] – P2, B1; 420-809 m; 1, 2; wes; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda cinerea Banks, 1894 [Psychodocha] – V4, R1, RW; 500-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; sk; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2018, 2019; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda erminea Eaton, 1898 [Logima] – P2, B2; 420-800 m; 1, 2; dpo; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda gemina (Eaton, 1904) [Psychodocha] – P2, B1, B2, B3, RW; 420-1140 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda grisescens Tonnoir, 1922 [Psycha] – B3, R1; 300-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; eanna; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda lobata Tonnoir, 1940 [Chodopsycha] – P2, B1, B2, B3, V4, O62, R1, R2, RW; 200-1400 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek 1990a; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2019, 2020.

Psychoda minuta Banks, 1894 [Psychodula] – B3; 292 m; 1; h; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2019; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda parthenogenetica Tonnoir, 1940 – T31, RW; 200-1600 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; ? k; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018.

Psychoda phalaenoides Linnaeus, 1758 – B2, R1; 800-1330 m; 2, 3; ha; Wagner 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda satchelli Quate, 1955 [Logima] – P2, B1, B2, B3, S1, R1, R2; 420-2050 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda trinodulosa Tonnoir, 1922 [Psychomora] – P2, B1, B3, T11, R1; 200-830 m; 1, 2; h, ? k; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2017, 2019, 2020.

Psychoda uniformata Haseman, 1907 – P2, B2, B3; 300-800 m; 1, 2; h; Ježek et al. 2020.

Psychoda zetterstedti (Jezek, 1983) [P. albipennis Zetterstedt, 1850; Logima] – P2, B1, B2, B3, RW; 420-1140 m; 1, 2, 3; dp; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Ježek et al. 2020.

Paramormia (Duckhousiella) ustulata (Walker, 1856) – P2, B2, B3, O62, R2, RW; 100-1054 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2018, 2019, 2020.

Paramormia (Paramormia) polyascoidea (Krek, 1971) – P1, B2, B3; 380-809 m; 1, 2; wes; Ježek et al. 2020.

Paramormia (Phyllotelmatoscopus) acuta (Krek, 1971) – B2; 827 m; 2; e; ? cse; Ježek et al. 2020.

Panimerus denticulatus Krek, 1972 – P2, B2, B3, O62; 200-827 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2019, 2020.

Panimerus elongatus Wagner, 1981 – B3, T11; 200-400 m; 1; Eb; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2019, 2020.

Panimerus kreki Vaillant, 1972 – ♠; cse; Ježek 2004; Ježek et al. 2019, 2020.

Lepimormia josanicana (Krek, 1972) – R2; 712 m; 2; Eb; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Mormia) curvistylis (Krek, 1971) – B1, V4, RW; 710-1200 m; 2, 3; Eb; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Mormia) revisenda (Eaton, 1893) – RW; 1054 m; 3; ean; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Hemimormia) eatoni (Tonnoir, 1940) [Promormia] – P2, B1, RW; 419-900 m; 1, 2; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Promormia) silesiensis (Jezek, 1983) – B1; 620-732 m; 1, 2; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Yomormia) furva (Tonnoir, 1940) – R1; 587 m; 1; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Mormia (Yomormia) petrovi (Jezek, 1985) – ♠; bc; Wagner 2013; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Parajungiella) bohdanecensis (Jezek & Hájek, 2007) – P2; 457 m; 1; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Parajungiella) consors (Eaton, 1893) – B3; 292 m; 1; des; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Parajungiella) longicornis (Tonnoir, 1919) – R1; 587 m; 1; wes; Ježek 2004; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Parajungiella) serbica (Krek, 1985) – B3, O62; 200-300 m; 1; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Jungiella) bohemica Jezek, 1979 – O62, R1, R2; 200-712 m; 1, 2; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Jungiella) hygrophila Jezek, 1983 – P2, B1; 620-1687 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Jungiella) soleata (Walker, 1856) – B1; 620-1295 m; 1, 2, 3; ei; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Jungiella) valachica (Vaillant, 1963) – B1, B2; 600-1687 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e; Vaillant & Joost 1983; Wagner 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) acuminata (Szabó, 1960) – P2, B2, T31; 200-827 m; 1, 2; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) furcillata Krek, 1979 – T11; 200-400 m; 1; Eb, ? see; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) laminata (Szabó, 1960) – P2, B2, B3; 457-827 m; 1, 2; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) monikae Wagner & Joost, 1986 – ♠; Ebg; Wagner 2013; 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) procera Krek, 1971 – P2, B2, B3; 489-827 m; 1, 2; csee; Ježek et al. 2020.

Jungiella (Psychocha) stranzica Wagner & Joost, 1988 [J. (Psychocha) ripicola (Bellier, 1967)] – P2, B1, B2, B3, T11, T31, O62, R1, R2, RW; 200-983 m; 1, 2; Ebg; Ježek 2004; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Lepiseodina rothschildi (Eaton, 1912) – P2; 457 m; 1; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Seoda britteni (Tonnoir, 1940) – P2, B1; 620-827 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Seoda morula (Eaton, 1893) – B2; 828 m; 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Telmatoscopus bosnicus (Krek, 1977) – R1, RW; 1050-1270 m; 3; Eb, ? see; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013.

Peripsychoda auriculata (Curtis, 1839) – P2, T31; 200-457 m; 1; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Peripsychoda fusca (Macquart, 1826) – P2, B1, B2, B3, O62; 200-827 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Threticus incurvus Krek, 1972 – RW; 1270 m; 3; e; Wagner & Joost 1988; Wagner 2013, 2018; Ježek et al. 2020.

Threticus optabilis Krek, 1971 – R1; 1327 m; 3; Eb; Ježek et al. 2020.

Trichopsychoda hirtella (Tonnoir, 1919) – P2, B1, B2; 500-797 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Feuerborniella obscura (Tonnoir, 1919) – B1, B2; 620-827 m; 1, 2; e; Ježek et al. 2020.

Philosepedon (Philosepedon humerale (Meigen, 1818) – V1; 580-600 m; 1, 2; ena; Nedelkov 1912; Ježek & Goutner 1995; Ježek et al. 2020.

Trichoceridae (Petauristidae)

Trichocera (Metatrichocera) forcipula Nielsen, 1920 – B2; 1230 m; 3; e; Dahl 1992; Kolcsár et al. 2017.

Trichocera (Metatrichocera) unica Kolcsár, 1917 – B2, S23; 620-900 m; 2; Ebg; Kolcsár et al. 2017.

Trichocera (Trichocera) hiemalis (De Geer, 1776) [Petaurista] – V1, V4, R1; 650-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; h; Czerný 1930; Hubenov 2018.

? Trichocera (Trichocera) japonica Matsumura, 1915 – ♠; h, ? bm; Dahl 1992.

Trichocera (Saltrichocera) parva Meigen, 1804 – ♠; e, ? h; Dahl 1992.

Trichocera (Saltrichocera) regelationis (Linnaeus, 1758) – V1, S21, RW, BS; 0-1330 m; 1, 2, 3; des, i, h; trogloxene; Manolov 1907; Nedelkov 1912; Czerný 1930; Guéorguiev & Beron 1962; Beron 2015.

Trichocera (Saltrichocera) saltator (Harris, 1776) – ♠; des, ? h; Dahl 1992.

Anisopodidae (Rhyphidae, Phryneidae)

Sylvicola (Sylvicola) cinctus (Fabricius, 1787) – S23, WR; 292-1185 m; 1, 2, 3; ena, ? wp, ? h; Popova 2006; Dvořák et al. 2019.

Sylvicola (Sylvicola) fenestralis (Scopoli, 1763) – V1; 600-650 m; 2; e, ? ho; Nedelkov 1912.

Sylvicola (Anisopus) punctatus (Fabricius, 1787) – V1; 600-650 m; 2; e, ? h; Nedelkov 1912.

Scatopsidae

Colobostema nigripenne (Meigen, 1830) [Scatopse bureschiana (Enderlein, 1926)] – R1; 1500 m; 3; ena; Enderlein 1926; Buresch 1928, 1930; Josifov 1957.

Reichertella pulicaria (Loew, 1846) [Scatopse] – V1; 550-600 m; 1; e; Nedelkov 1912.

Scatopse notata (Linnaeus, 1758) – V1, TL; 250-600 m; 1; ha, ? k; Nedelkov 1912.

Coboldia fuscipes (Meigen, 1830) – DW; 30-40 m; 1; hpta, sk; Szilády 1934.

Ptychopteridae (Liriopidae)

Ptychoptera (Ptychoptera) albimana (Fabricius, 1787) – R2, 500 m; 1; h; Bechev 1991b.

Ptychoptera (Ptychoptera) contaminata (Linnaeus, 1758) – TL, RW; 190-950 m; 1, 2; h; Bechev 1991b; Popova 2006.

Ptychoptera (Paraptychoptera) lacustris Meigen, 1830 – B1; 770; 2; e, ? h; Bechev 1991b.

Ptychoptera (Paraptychoptera) longicauda (Tonnoir, 1919) – T31; 300 m; 1; e; Bechev 1991b.

Ptychoptera (Ptychoptera) scutellaris Meigen, 1818 – R1; 2100 m; 4; h; Bechev 1991b.

Culicomorpha

Dixidae

Dixa maculata Meigen, 1818 – B2; 390-500 m; 1; e, ? ena; Arndt 1943.

Dixa submaculata Edwards, 1920 – R5; 500-800 m; 1, 2; e, ? ean; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Chaoboridae

Chaoborus (Chaoborus) crystallinus (De Geer, 1776) [Corethra plumicornis (Fabricius, 1787)] – DW, E1, E2, V1, RW, BN; 0-1423 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Kovachev & Stoichev 1996; Stoichev 1998; Kovachev et al. 1999; Uzunov et al. 2001; Varadinova et al. 2011, 2012; Pavlova et al. 2012; Trichkova et al. 2013.

Culicidae

Anopheles (Anopheles) algeriensis Theobald, 1903 – P1, B1, O62, BN; 80-350 m; 1; mwca, ? wp; ? Drenowsky 1929; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Dimchev et al. 1962; Avlavidov 1970; Christova 1980; Minář 1990; Bozhkov 1991; Mikov 2005.

Anopheles (Anopheles) atroparvus van Thiel, 1927 [A. maculipennis var. atroparvus van Thiel, 1927] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, BN; 0-200 m; 1; ewca; Markov 1937; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Slivenski 1946; Avlavidov 1947, 1970; Boychev 1950b; Dimtchev et al. 1960, 1962; Bozhkov 1966a, 1991; Christova 1980; Minář 1990; Mikov 2005; Kutsarov 2006.

Anopheles (Anopheles) claviger (Meigen, 1804) [A. bifurcatus Linnaeus, 1758] – DM, P3, B1, B2, B3, V1, V4, K9, TL, O61, O62; T2; T31, R5, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; wcp; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Konsuloff 1921, 1922a, 1922b; Markov 1925a, 1925b, 1929, 1937; Drenowsky 1929; Drensky 1931a, 1931b, 1932a; Slivenski 1935, 1956; Avlavidov 1947, 1959; Kozarov 1949; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Paspalev 1950, 1951; Bozhkov 1961, 1967, 1974, 1991; Dimtchev et al. 1962; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova & Todorova 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Russev & Janeva 1975; Beron 2004; Mikov 2005, 2008a, 2008b; Beschovski 2006; Agushev 2014, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Anopheles (Anopheles) hyrcanus (Pallas, 1771) [A. hyrcanus var. pseudopictus Grassi, 1900; Myzorhynchus sinensis Wiedemann, 1828; M. pseudopictus (Grassi, 1900)] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, O62, TL; 10-200 m; 1; spo; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Konsuloff 1921a, 1921b, 1922a, 1922c; Markov 1925a, 1929, 1937; Drenowsky 1929; Drensky 1931a; Slivenski 1935, 1946; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Boychev 1950b; Dimtchev et al. 1962; Dorovski 1976; Bozhkov 1991; Mikov 2005; Kutsarov 2006; Agushev 2014, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

? Anopheles (Anopheles) labranchiae Falleroni, 1926 [A. maculipennis var. labranchiae Falleroni, 1926] – O62; 65-150 m; 1; hom; Markov 1937; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Schaffner et al. 2001.

Anopheles (Anopheles) maculipennis Meigen, 1818 – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, B1, B2, B3, K9, V1, V4, S1, TL, T1, T2, T3, O62, T31, R1, R5, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-2190 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wcp; Manolov 1907, 1909a, 1909b; Theobald 1910; Nedelkov 1912; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Konsuloff 1921a, 1922a, 1922b, 1922c, 1923a; Markov 1925a, 1925b, 1929, 1937; Drenowsky 1929; Markov & Morov 1929; Drensky 1931a; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Arndt 1943; Slivenski 1946; Avlavidov 1947, 1948, 1958, 1959, 1961; Kozarov 1949; Boychev 1950b; Paspalev 1950, 1951; Bozhkov 1953, 1957, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966b, 1991; Kozarov & Bozhkov 1953; Stefanov 1955, 1956; Dimov 1957; Marinov 1957; Kovchazov 1958, 1961, 1976; Atanassov & Christova 1960; Atanassov & Petrov 1961; Dimtchev et al. 1962; Atanassov et al. 1962; Russev & Janeva 1975; Mikov 2005, 2008a, 2011; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov et al. 2011; Agushev 2012, 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Anopheles (Anopheles) marteri Senevet & Prunelle, 1927 – O62, O5; 100-200 m; 1; mwca, ? mit; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Christova 1980; Minář 1990; Bozhkov 1991; Mikov 2005.

Anopheles (Anopheles) melanoon Hackett, 1934 [A. maculipennis var. melanoon Hackett, 1934] – DM, E1, E2, O62, RE, BS; 20-250 m; 1; nmi; Markov 1937; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Paspalev 1950, 1951; Dimchev et al. 1962; Dorovski 1976; Christova 1980; Mikov 2005, 2008a.

Anopheles (Anopheles) messeae Falleroni, 1926 [A. maculipennis var. messeae Falleroni, 1926] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, V1, TL, T2, O62, RW, RE, BS; 0-800 m; 1, 2; esanca; Konsuloff 1921b; Markov 1937; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Slivenski 1946; Boychev 1950b; Paspalev 1950, 1951; Bozhkov 1953, 1961, 1991; Stefanov 1956; Dimchev et al. 1962; Mikov 2005, 2008; Kutsarov 2006; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Anopheles (Anopheles) plumbeus Stephens, 1828 – DM, P2, B1, B2, B3, V4, O62, BN, BS; 0-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; ? Drenowsky 1929; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Dimchev et al. 1962; Bozhkov 1966a, 1967, 1974, 1991; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Christova & Bozhkov 1977; Mikov 2005.

Anopheles (Anopheles) sacharovi Favre, 1903 [A. maculipennis var. sacharovi Favre, 1903] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE, BN, BS; 0-500 m; 1; mwca; Markov 1929, 1937; Markov & Morov 1929; Slivenski 1935, 1946; Drensky 1939a, 1949, 1950, 1958; Avlavidov 1947, 1948, 1959, 1961; Bozhkov 1961, 1991; Atanassov & Christova 1960; Atanassov et al. 1962; Mikov 2005, 2008.

Anopheles (Cellia) superpictus Grassi, 1899 [A. (Myzomyia) superpictus Grassi, 1899] – ▲; DW, P1, B3, S1, TL, T1, T2, T3, O61, O62, R5, RE; 100-500 m; 1; swpo; Konsuloff 1921a, 1922a, 1923a; Markov 1925a, 1925b, 1929, 1937, 1950; Drenowsky 1929; Markov & Morov 1929; Slivenski 1935, 1940, 1946; Avlavidov 1947, 1948; Paspalev 1950, 1951; Drensky 1949, 1950, 1958; Kozarov 1949; Boychev 1950b; Mondchadskiy 1951; Stefanov 1955; Bozhkov 1961, 1991; Russev & Janeva 1975; Christova 1980; Minář 1990; Beron 2004; Mikov 2005; Beschovski 2006; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Uranotaenia (Pseudoficalbia) unguiculata Edwards, 1913 – DM, V1, TL, O62, BS; 0-600 m; 1; swpo; Drenowsky 1929; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Bozhkov 1991; Christova et al. 1971; Dorovski 1976; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Orthopodomyia pulcripalpis (Rondani, 1872) – O62, BN, BS; 0-300 m; 1; eanna; Dimov 1959; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Christova & Bozhkov 1977; Bozhkov 1991.

Culiseta (Culiseta) alaskaensis (Ludlow, 1906) – TL; 150-160 m; 1; h; Christova et al. 2000; Agushev 2012.

Culiseta (Culiseta) annulata (Schrank, 1776) [Theobaldia] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, B1, V1, S22, TL, O62, R1, R5, RW, BN, BS; 0-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Theobald 1910; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Konsuloff 1922b; Drenowsky 1929a, 1929b; Bozhkov 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1991; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova & Todorova 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Christova & Dorovski 1972; Russev & Janeva 1975; Dorovski 1976; Beschovski 2006; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov 2011; Agushev 2012, 2015, 2018.

Culiseta (Culiseta) glaphyroptera (Schiner, 1864) [Theobaldia] – TL, R1; 150-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Bozhkov 1958, 1959, 1991; Beron 1969; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Culiseta (Culicella) fumipennis (Stephens, 1825) [Theobaldia; C. setivalva Maslov, 1936] – O62, BS; 0-150 m; 1; wp; Drenowsky 1929a; Christova & Bozhkov 1966; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991.

Culiseta (Culicella) morsitans (Theobald, 1901) [Theobaldia] – TL, BN, BS; 0-160 m; 1; h; Christova & Bozhkov 1966; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991; Agushev 2014, 2015; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Culiseta (Allotheobaldia) longiareolata (Macquart, 1838) [Theobaldia] – V1, S23, TL, O62, BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; ppt; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1958, 1962, 1965, 1991; Agushev 2012, 2014, 2015; Agushev & Bileva 2014, 2018.

Coquillettidia (Coquillettidia) richiardii (Ficalbi, 1889) [Mansonia] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, BN, BS; 0-250 m; 1; wp; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Mondchadskiy 1951; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Dorovski 1976; Bozhkov 1991; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov et al. 2011.

Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) – ▲; P1, TL, O61, BN, BS; 0-400 m; 1; sk, i; Mikov et al. 2013; Agushev 2015, 2018; Medlock et al. 2015.

Aedes (Aedes) cinereus Meigen, 1818 – DW, DM, E1, E2, TL, BS; 0-160 m; 1; h; Theobald 1907, 1910; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Manolov 1907; Bozhkov 1961, 1991; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Christova & Dorovski 1972; Dorovski 1976; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov 2011; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans (Meigen, 1830) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, B1, V1, TL, O62, BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; hpta; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1962, 1965, 1967, 1991; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Christova & Todorova 1969; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Dorovski 1976; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov et al. 2011; Agushev & Bileva 2014; Agushev 2015, 2018.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) annulipes (Meigen, 1830) [Ochlerotatus] – DW, DM, E1, E2, V1, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; ean; Nedelkov 1912; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991; Kutsarov 2006.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) cantans (Meigen, 1818) [Ochlerotatus] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, O62, BN, BS; 0-150 m; 1; h; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991; Cutsarov 2006; Mikov 2011.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) caspius (Pallas, 1771) [Ochlerotatus] – ▲; DM, P2, V1, TL, O62, RW, BN, BS; 0-750 m; 1, 2; hop, ? h; Caspers 1951; Bozhkov 1961, 1962, 1965, 1974a, 1974b, 1991; Christova & Todorova 1969; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Dorovski 1976; Beschovski 2006; Mikov 2011; Agushev & Bileva 2014; Agushev 2015, 2018.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) cataphylla (Dyar, 1916) – B1, TL; 150-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bozhkov 1967, 1991; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) communis (De Geer, 1776) – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, V4, R1, BS; 0-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Theobald 1907, 1910; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Bozhkov 1959, 1961, 1966b, 1991; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Cutsarov 2006.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) detritus (Haliday, 1833) – BN, BS; 0-50 m; 1; tp; Christova & Bozhkov 1966; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) dorsalis (Meigen, 1830) – DM, E1, E2, K9, V1, O62, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; h, ? ho; Manolov 1907; Theobald 1907, 1910; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; Mondchadskiy 1951; Bozhkov 1961, 1991; Dorovski 1976.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) excrucians (Walker, 1856) – O62; 150 m; 1; h; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1991.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) pulcritarsis (Rondani, 1872) – B1, B2, BN, BS; 0-1200 m; 1, 2, 3; mwca, ? mit; Dimov 1959; Bozhkov 1967, 1974a, 1991; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) pullatus (Coquillett, 1904) – V4, R1, RW; 1000-2390 m; 3, 4, 5; h, m; Bozhkov 1959, 1966b, 1991; Kalaydzhiev et al. 1960; Beron 1969; Russev & Janeva 1975; Beschovski 2006.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) punctor (Kirby, 1837) – DW, DM, E1, E2, V4, R1; 20-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Bozhkov 1959, 1991; Minarzh & Christova 1971; Kutsarov 2006.

Aedes (Ochlerotatus) sticticus (Meigen, 1838) – DM, V1, S22, O62, BN; 0-1243 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1962, 1991; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova & Todorova 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Dorovski 1976.

Aedes (Rusticoidus) rusticus (Rossi, 1790) [A. maculatus (Meigem, 1804)] – V1, S21, TL, O62, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; eanna; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1962, 1991; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Agushev & Bileva 2014; Agushev 2015, 2018.

Aedes (Finlaya) echinus Edwards, 1920 – BN, BS; 0-20 m; 1; hom; Dimov 1959; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Bozhkov 1991.

Aedes (Finlaya) geniculatus (Olivier, 1791) – DM, B1, B2, B3, V1, V4, TL, T1, T31, O62, R1, RW, BN, BS; 0-1700 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1959, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966b, 1967, 1974a, 1974b, 1991; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971; Christova & Dorovski 1972; Dorovski 1976; Christova & Bozhkov 1977; Beschovski 2006.

Culex (Culex) mimeticus Noè, 1899 – O62; 150-160 m; 1; spo; Drenowsky 1929a, 1929b; Markov & Morov 1929; Bozhkov 1991.

Culex (Culex) perexiguus Theobald, 1903 [? Culex univittatus Theobald, 1901] – O62; 100-150 m; 1; atm; Drenowsky 1929a; Bozhkov 1991.

Culex (Culex) pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 [C. pipiens var. ciliaris Linnaeus, 1758; C. pipiens var. molestus Forskål, 1775] – ▲; ♦; DW, DM, E1, E2, P2, B1, B2, B3, V1, V4, S22, S23, TL, T1, T31, O62, R1, RW, BN, BS; 0-2100 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; sk; trogloxene; Meunier 1897; Joakimoff 1899; Kovachev 1905; Manolov 1907; Nedelkov 1909, 1912; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Konsuloff 1922b; Drenowsky 1929a; 1929b; Markov & Morov 1929; Czerný 1930; Slivenski 1935, 1946; Drensky 1942; Caspers 1951; Bozhkov 1959, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966b, 1991; Kalaydzhiev et al. 1960; Guéorguiev & Beron 1962; Bozhkov & Christova 1965; Russev 1966; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova & Todorova 1969; Dorovski 1976; Beron 1994, 2015; Janeva & Russev 1997; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov 2011; Agushev 2012, 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Culex (Culex) theileri Theobald, 1903 – DM, B1, V1, V4, S23, TL, O62, BS; 0-1450 m; 1, 2, 3; sppt; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; 1929b; Bozhkov 1961, 1965, 1966b, 1967, 1991; Russev 1966; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova & Todorova 1969; Christova et al. 1971, 1972; Christova & Dorovski 1972; Dorovski 1976; Christova & Bozhkov 1977; Agushev 2015.

Culex (Culex) torrentium Martini, 1925 – TL; 150-160 m; 1; eswa; Agushev & Bileva 2014; Agushev 2015, 2018.

Culex (Barraudius) modestus Ficalbi, 1890 – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, V1, TL; BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1; tp, ? wcp; Christova & Todorova 1969; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971, 1972; Christova & Dorovski 1972; Dorovski 1976; Bozhkov 1991; Kutsarov 2006; Mikov 2011.

Culex (Neoculex) territans Walker, 1856 [C. sergentii Theobald, 1903; C. apicalis Adams, 1903] – DW, DM, E2, P1, V1, TL; T3, T31, O62, R5, BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; h; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; 1929b; Arndt 1943; Bozhkov 1961, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1991; Russev 1966; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971, 1972; Dorovski 1976; Beschovski 2006; Kutsarov 2006; Agushev 2014, 2015, 2018; Agushev & Bileva 2014.

Culex (Maillotia) hortensis Ficalbi, 1889 – DW, E1, E2, V1, S23, T31, O62, R1, RW, BN, BS; 0-1390 m; 1, 2, 3; swpo; Chichkoff & Konsuloff 1914; Drenowsky 1929a; 1929b; Bozhkov 1959, 1961, 1965, 1966b, 1967, 1991; Christova & Todorova 1969; Bozhkov et al. 1969; Christova et al. 1971, 1972; Russev & Janeva 1975; Dorovski 1976; Beschovski 2006; Kutsarov 2006.

Thaumaleidae

Thaumalea bezzii Edwards, 1929 – R1; 660 m; 1, 2; e; Joost 1978.

Thaumalea popovi Joost, 1978 – B2; 1600 m; 3; Ebg; Joost 1978.

Thaumalea testacea Ruthe, 1831 [Orphnephila] – V4; 700-1350 m; 2, 3; e; Arndt 1943.

Androprosopa larvata (Mik, 1888) – R1; 4; e; Joost 1978.

Simuliidae

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) fulvipes (Edwards, 1921) [P. rufipes var. fulvipes (Edwards, 1921)] – V4, R1, RW; 920-2400 m; 2, 3, 4; 5; cseean, ? des; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1938, 1953a; Russev et al. 1994; Kovachev 1976, 1985c, 2000; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) hirtipes (Fries, 1824) – DM, P2, B1, B2, V4, R1, RW; 430-2450 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; tes; Nedelkov 1912; Russev 1961; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a, 1985c, 2000; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Janeva 1987, 1989; Russev et al. 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997; Beschovski 2006; Sakelarieva et al. 2008; Moskova & Uzunov 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) latimucro (Enderlein, 1925) – B1, V4, R1, RW; 620-2400 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; ena, ? e; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) petrosum Rubtsov, 1955 – V4, R1; 1100-2235 m; 3, 4, 5; em, mm; Kovachev 1973, 1990, 2000; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) rachiliense Djafarov, 1954 – B1; 1200-1400 m; 3; seeanna; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) rufipes (Meigen, 1830) [P. conistylum Rubtsov, 1956; P. fuscipes Knoz, 1965] – B2, V4, O1, O6, R1, R2; RW; 650-2300 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; eanna; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1938; Russev 1961; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Russev et al. 1984b, 1994; Islam et al. 1986; Beschovski 2006; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Prosimulium (Prosimulium) tomosvaryi (Enderlein, 1921) [P. arvernense (Grenier, 1947); P. duodecimfiliatum Rubtsov, 1955; P. nigripes (Enderlein, 1925); P. balcanicum Enderlein, 1929] – DM, P2, B1, V1, V3, V4, V5, S211, O62, R1, RW; 50-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; des, ? dp; Enderlein 1930; Rubtsov 1956; Russev 1961, 1977; Kovachev 1969, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Janeva & Russev 1985; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1989; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Stegopterna trigonium (Lundström, 1911) [S. freyi (Enderlein, 1929)] – RE; 170 m; 1; h; Kovachev 1969.

Metacnephia lyra (Lundstrom, 1911) [M. trigonia Rubtsov, 1956] – ♠; wces; Russev et al. 1976.

Metacnephia uzunovi Kovachev, 1985 – T31; 60-200 m; 1; Er; Kovachev 1985b; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) angustatum (Rubtsov, 1956) [Cnetha] – ♠; des; Russev et al. 1976, 1994.

Simulium (Nevermannia) angustitarse (Lundström, 1911) [Chelocnetha; Eusimulium] – V4, TV, R1, RW; 750-1700 m; 2, 3, 4; wcp; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Islam et al. 1986; Beschovski 2006.

Simulium (Nevermannia) beltukovae (Rubtsov, 1956) [S. carpathicum (Knoz, 1961); Cnetha; Eusimulus] – B1, B2, V4, R, R2, RW; 400-2000 m; 2, 3, 4; wces; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Beschovski 2006.

Simulium (Nevermannia) bertrandi Grenier & Dorier, 1959 [Cnetha] – R1, R2; 620-2300 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; e; Kovachev 1976, 1985a, 2000; Russev et al. 1976; Uzunov et al. 1981; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) brevidens (Rubtsov, 1956) [Cnetha; Eusimulium] – DM, P2, B1, B2, V4, R1, RW; 450-2350 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; ena; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1994; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Nevermannia) carthusiense Grenier & Dorier, 1959 [Cnetha; Eusimulum] – V4, R1, RW; 620-2300 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; ena; Kovachev 1975, 1979, 1985a, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Beschovski 2006.

Simulium (Nevermannia) codreanui (Sherban, 1958) [Cnetha; Eusimulum] – DM, P2, B1, B2; V4, R1, R2, RW; 890-2150 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; ean; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1085c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Janeva & Russev 1997; Beschovski 2006; Sakelarieva et al. 2008; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) costatum Friederichs, 1920 [Cnetha] – V4, R1; 780-2300 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; eanna; Kovachev 1976, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) crenobium (Knoz, 1961) [Cnetha] – R1; 1400-2200 m; 3, 4, 5; csee; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994.

Simulium (Nevermannia) cryophilum (Rubtsov, 1959) [Cnetha; Eusimulium couverti Rubtsov, 1964] – P2, B1, B2, V4, O1, R1, R2, RW; 620-2200 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; eanna; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 2000; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) curvans (Rubtsov & Carlsson, 1965) [Eusimulium pygmaeum pungens: Rubtsov, 1956, not Meigen; Cnetha] – R1; 1200-2100 m; 3, 4, 5; hoes, bm; Kovachev 1969, 1973, 1976, 2000.

? Simulium (Nevermannia) delizhanensis (Rubzov, 1955) [Chelocnetha] – ♠; ? see; Russev et al. 1976.

Simulium (Nevermannia) lundstromi (Enderlein, 1921) [Chelocnetha latigonium (Rubtsov, 1956); Eusimulium] – P1, P2, B1, V4, O62, R1, RW; 70-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a, 1990, 2000; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Nevermannia) vernum Macquart, 1826 – V5, R1; 620-890 m; 2; tp; Russev et al. 1976; Uzunov et al. 1981; Kovachev 1985a; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Hellichiella) latipes (Meigen, 1804) [Cnetha; C. verna (Macquart, 1826); Eusimulium] – V1, V4, R1, R2, RW; 600-2070 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; tp; Nedelkov 2012; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1994; Beschovski 2006; Moskova & Uzunov 2011; Uzunov et al. 2011; Stoyanova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Byssodon) maculatum (Meigen, 1804) [Prosimulium vigintiquaterni (Enderlein, 1929); Titanopteryx) – V1, V4; 600-700 m; 2; h; Nedelkov 2012; Russev 1961.

Simulium (Simulium) alajense Rubtsov, 1938 [Tetisimulium] – B1, B2, V1, V3; 400-700 m; 1, 2; emca; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) argenteostriatum Strobl, 1898 [Cleitosimulium; S. alternans Enderlein, 1921; S. schoenbaueri Enderlein, 1921] – DW, P1, P2, B1, B2, V1, V4, O61, R1, R2, R5, RW; 50-2100 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; csena; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1969, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1994; Beschovski 2006; Sakelarieva et al. 2008; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) argyreatum Meigen, 1838 [Odagmia rheophilum (Knoz, 1961); S. obreptans Edwards, 1920] – DM, P1, P2, B1, B2, V4, TL, O62, R1, R5, RW, RE; 150-2400 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; e; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987; Janeva & Russev 1997; Janeva et al. 2001; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) baracorne Smart, 1944 – P1, P2, B2, V4; 400-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; cseet; Kovachev 1969, 1990; Russev et al. 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914) [Cnetha; Odagmia; Friesia tristrigata (Enderlein, 1921); F. tristrigata obscura (Enderlein, 1924); Tetisimulium kondici (Baranov, 1926); T. crinitum (Rubtsov, 1956)] – DW, P1, P2, B1, B2, K7, K8, K9, V3, O61, O62, R1, R5, RW, RE; 100-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp, ? mvca; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1926, 1938; Kovachev 1969, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Russev 1977; Islam et al. 1986; Rubtsov & Yankovsky 1988; Janeva 1989; Janeva et al. 2001; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) bukovskii Rubtsov, 1940 [Gnus] – RW; 1200 m; 3; seean; Kovachev 1975; Russev et al. 1976; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) colombaschense (Scopoli, 1780) – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, B1, V1, R1; 30-900 m; 1, 2; cee; Nedelkov 1912; Konsuloff 1923b; Markov 1923; Buresch 1924; Enderlein 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1924; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1938; Russev 1966b; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) debacli Terteryan, 1952 [Odagmia] – P1; 120-150 m; 1; seean; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) degrangei Dorier & Grenier, 1960 [Gnus; Paragnus] – P1, P2, B1, B2, K8, K9, V4, R1, R2, RW; 430-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; csee, ? cse; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 2000; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987, 1991; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) deserticola Rubtsov, 1940 [Odagmia] – ♠; seeca; Russev et al. 1994.

Simulium (Simulium) desertorum Rubtsov, 1938 [Tetisimulium] – RE; 180-220 m; 1; seeca; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) fontanum Terteryan, 1952 [Odagmia] – ♠; nemi; Russev et al. 1994.

Simulium (Simulium) frigidum Rubtsov, 1940 [Odagmia] – ♠; P1, P2; 1; wces; Russev et al. 1976, 1994.

Simulium (Simulium) ibariense Zivkovitch & Grenier, 1959 [Gnus] – R1, R5, RW; 460-850 m; 1, 2; cee; Kovachev 1976, 1985c; Russev et al. 1076; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) intermedium Roubaud, 1906 [Odagmia ornata var. nitidifrons Edwards, 1920] – DW, DM, P1, P2, B1, V1; 50-600 m; 1, 2; ena; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1938; Russev et al. 1987, 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997; Uzunov et al. 2011; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) kerisorum (Rubtsov, 1956) [Tetisimulium] – RE; 180-220 m; 1; nemwca; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium kurense Rubtsov & Dzhafarov, 1951 – O62, R5; 80-500 m; 1; bct; Kovachev 1976, 1985c; Russev et al. 1976; Islam et al. 1986.

Simulium (Simulium) kiritshenkoi Rubtsov, 1940 [S. caucasicum Rubtsov, 1940; Odagmia] – P1, P2, S21, S22, RW, RE; 300-1030 m; 1, 2, 3; nemwca; Kovachev 1969, 1975; Russev et al. 1994; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) latimentum (Rubtsov, 1956) [Tetisimulium] – RE; 200-300 m; 1; esca; Kovachev 1975; Beron 2004.

Simulium (Simulium) maximum (Knoz, 1961) [Odagmia] – P1, P2, B1, V4, R1, R2, RW; 400-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; e, cse; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Janeva 1987; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) monticola Friederichs, 1920 [Odagmia] – B1, B2, V4, R1, R2, R5; 600-2200 m; 2, 3, 4, 5; ena; Enderlein 1924; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997; Uzunov et al. 2011; Stoyanova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) monticoloides (Rubtsov, 1956) [Odagmia] – ♠; seean; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) morsitans Edwards, 1915 – DW, P1, R1, R5, RW, RE; 100-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; tes; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Kovachev 1975, 2000; Russev & Janeva 1986; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Simulium) noelleri Friederichs, 1920 [S. argyreatum: authors (incl. Rothfels, 1979), not Meigen] – B1, B2, K3, V4, O62, R1, R5, RW; 180-1800 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; h; Kovachev 1985c, 1990, 2000; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Simulium) ornatum Meigen, 1818 [Odagmia konsuloffi (Enderlein, 1924); S. pratorum Friederichs, 1920] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, P3, B1, B2, K3, K7, K8, V1, V4, V5, S1, S21, S22, S211, O61, O62, R1, R2, R5, RW, RE; 50-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; hop; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1926, 1938; Rubtsov 1956; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a, 1985c, 1990; Russev et al. 1976, 1984b, 1987, 1994; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1989, 1997; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987, 1989, 1991; Rubtsov & Yankovsky 1988; Janeva et al. 2001; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Beschovski 2006; Kenderov et al. 2008; Sakelarieva et al. 2008; Moskova & Uzunov 2011; Borisova et al. 2013; Stoyanova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) paramorsitans Rubtsov, 1956 – ♠; tes; Rubtsov & Yankovsky 1988; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758) [S. galeratum Edwards, 1920; S. latimanus Enderlein, 1921; S. reptans var. galeratum Edwards, 1920] – P1, B1, V1, K3, K7, K8, V4, O62, R1, R5, RW; 400-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wcp, ? h, hoes; Nedelkov 1912; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1973, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Islam et al. 1986; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) rotundatum (Rubtsov, 1956) [Odagmia] – RE; 170-220 m; 1; e; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) simoffi (Enderlein, 1924) – DW, P1, B1, V1; 50-600 m; 1, 2; Ebg; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1926, 1938; Rubtsov 1956; Russev et al. 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) trifasciatum Curtis, 1839 [S. spinosum Doby & Deblock, 1957; Odagmia; Wilhelmia] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, P3, V4, S1, R1, R2, R5, RW, RE; 100-950 m; 1, 2, 3; eanna; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a, 1985c, 1990; Russev et al. 1976, 1987, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva et al. 2001; Beschovski 2006; Uzunov et al. 2011; Borisova et al. 2013; Stoyanova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Simulium) tuberosum (Lundstrom, 1911) – DM, P2, B2, V4, R1; 300-2300 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; h; Kovachev 1969, 1976, 1985a, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Janeva & Russev 1997; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Simulium) variegatum Meigen, 1818 [Friesia bulgarica (Enderlein, 1921); Odagmia] – DW, DM, P1, P2, V4, S1, O61, R1, R2, R5, RW, RE; 300-2300 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; wp; Enderlein, 1921; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Janeva 1987; Janeva & Russev 1997; Janeva et al. 2001; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Sakelarieva et al. 2008; Moskova & Uzunov 2011; Stoyanova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

? Simulium (Simulium) verecundum Stone & Jamnback, 1955 – B2, V4, R1, R5; 600-2000 m; 3, 4; ? h, bm; Kovachev 1976, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva & Russev 1997; [according to Adler & Crosskey (2018) not Old World (misidentified)].

Simulium (Eusimulium) aureum Fries, 1824 – DW, DM, P1, P2, V3, V4, V5, S1, S211, O62, R1, RW; 10-2000 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wes, ? po; Kovachev 1969, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Russev 1977; Islam et al. 1986; Russev & Janeva 1986; Janeva 1987, 1991; Janeva & Russev 1989, 1997; Janeva et al. 2001; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Eusimulium) krymense (Rubtsov, 1956) – ♠; see; Rubtsov & Yankovsky 1988; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Eusimulium) rubzovianum (Sherban, 1961) [S. velutinum (Santos Abreu, 1922; S. serbicum Baranov, 1925; E. latinum (Rubtsov, 1962)] – DW, DM, P1, P2, K8, K9, V4, S1, O62, R1, R5, RW; 80-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; wp; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1985a, 1985c, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987, 1991; Janeva & Russev 1997; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Simulium (Eusimulium) angustipes Edwards, 1915 [E. latizonum (Rubtsov, 1956); E. securiforme (Rubtsov, 1956)] – DW, DM, E2, P1, P2, O62, R1, R2, RW; 20-2240 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; wcp; Russev 1962, 1977; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1985c, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Simulium (Schoenbaueria) nigrum (Meigen, 1804) [S. behningi Enderlein, 1926] – P2, 140-357 m; 1; eca; Russev et al. 1976; Russev 1977.

Simulium (Schoenbaueria) pusillum Fries, 1824 [Eusimulium pygmaeum (Zetterstedt, 1838); ? E. pygmaeum: Rubtsov, 1956 (part); ? Simulium (Nevermannia) meigeni (Rubtsov & Carlsson, 1965)] – RW; 1100 m; 3; tes; Kovachev 1975; Beschovski 2006.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) angustifurca (Rubtsov, 1956) – P2, K4, K5; 450-900 m; 1, 2; ees; Kovachev 1969; Russev et al. 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) balcanicum (Enderlein, 1924) [W. balcanica severinense (Dinulescu, 1966)] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, P3, B1, B2, K3, K7, K8, K9, V1, V4, S1, TL, T1, O61, O62, R1, R5, RR; 20-700 m; 1, 2; ean, ? eant; Enderlein, 1924; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1926b, 1938; Rubtsov 1956; Russev 1962, 1966b; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a, 1985c, 1990; Russev et al. 1976, 1987, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Borisova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013; Adler & Crosskey 2018; Đuknić et al. 2019.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) equinum (Linnaeus, 1758) [W. secundum (Baranov, 1926); W. equina ivashentzovi Rubtsov, 1940] – DW, DM, P1, P2, B1, V1, V5, O62; 20-820 m; 1, 2; tp, ? po; Enderlein, 1924; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1938; Russev 1962, 1977; Kovachev 1969; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Kenderov et al. 2008; Adler & Crosskey 2018; Đuknić et al. 2019.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) lineatum (Meigen, 1804) [W. equina falcula Enderlein, 1921] – DW, DM, P1, P2, B1, B2, K7, V1, S1, S21, TL, R1, RE; 50-950 m; 1, 2; e; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Tschorbadjiew 1925e; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1975, 1976, 1985a; Russev et al. 1976, 1984b, 1994; Russev 1977; Beron 2004; Beschovski 2006; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) paraequinum Puri, 1933 – DW, DM, P1, P2; 20-400 m; 1; oem, ? emit; Russev et al. 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Wilhelmia) pseudequinum Seguy, 1921 [W. fluminicola (Rivosecchi, 1972); W. stylatum (Baranov, 1926); S. mediterraneum Puri, 1925] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, P3, K3, K7, K8, V4, S1, S21, S22, TL, Tl, O61, O62, R1, R5, RW, RE; 100-900 m; 1, 2; spo; Kovachev 1976, 1985a, 1985c, 1990; Russev et al. 1976, 1984b, 1987, 1994; Russev 1977; Uzunov et al. 1981, 2011; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1987, 1989, 1991; Rubtsov & Yankovsky 1988; Janeva et al. 2001; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Borisova et al. 2013; Varadinova et al. 2013; Đuknić et al. 2019.

Simulium (Boophthora) erythrocephalum (De Geer, 1776) – P1, B1, V1, V4, S1, R1; 200-1000 m; 1, 2, 3; tp; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Uzunov et al. 1981; Kovachev 1985a, 1990; Borisova et al. 2013; Georgieva et al. 2017.

Simulium (Trichodagmia) auricoma Meigen, 1818 [Obuchovia] – B1, B2, V4, R1; 1000-2400 m; 3, 4, 5; eanna; Enderlein, 1924; Konsuloff & Paspalev 1925; Buresch 1938; Kovachev 1976, 1979, 1990, 2000; Russev et al. 1976, 1994; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Simulium (Trichodagmia) popowae Rubtsov, 1940 [Obuchovia] – V3; 700-800 m; 2; see; Kovachev 1969; Adler & Crosskey 2018.

Ceratopogonidae (Heleidae)

Mallochohelea remota (Kieffer, 1919) [Sphaeromias nitida var. bulgarica (Zilahi-Sebess, 1934)] – E1; 250-300 m; 1; ? e; Zilahi 1934.

Palpomyia flavipes (Meigen, 1804) – V4; 700-800 m; 2; ? wp; Zilahi 1934.

Palpomyia nana Zilahi-Sebess, 1934 – B1; 400-450 m; 1; Ebg; Zilahi 1934.

Ceratopogon niveipennis Meigen, 1818 [Psilohelea] – V1; 550 m; 1, 2; e; Nedelkov 1912.

Dasyhelea (Sebessia) acuminata Kieffer, 1919 [D. verticillata Kieffer, 1925] – B1; 400-450 m; 1; e; Zilahi 1934; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Prokempia) flaviventris (Goetghebuer, 1910) – R1, R2; 400-1400 m; 1, 2. 3; dp; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Dasyhelea) bilineata Goetghebuer, 1920 [D. geleiana Zilahi-Sebess, 1930] – V4, R1, R2, RW; 400-2200 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; eanna; Valkanov 1941; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Dasyhelea) flavifrons (Guérin, 1833) – R1, R2; 400-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Dasyhelea) halophila Kieffer, 1911 – BS; 0-20 m; 1; see, ? se; Valkanov 1954.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) abhazica Remm, 1967 – R2; 400 m; 1; bc, m, ? see; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) arenivaga Macfie, 1943 – R2; 400 m; 1; ena; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) bicrenata Kieffer, 1923 – ♠; ena; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) calycata Remm, 1972 – BS; 0-10 m; 1; eca; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) communis Kieffer, 1918 – BN; 0-50 m; 1; hom; Zilahi 1934.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) fasciigera Kieffer, 1925 – R2; 400 m; 1; h; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Pseudoculicoides) sericata (Winnertz, 1852) – V4; 700 m; 2; ewca; Zilahi 1934.

Dasyhelea (Dicryptoscena) modesta (Winnertz, 1852) – R1; 1580 m; 3, 4; tp; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Dasyhelea (Dicryptoscena) thienemanni Spataru & Damian-Georgescu, 1970 – ♠; ee, ? e; Dominiak & Szadziewski 2010.

Atrichopogon (Atrichopogon) fuscus (Meigen, 1804) [Kempia] – B1, BN; 0-400 m; 1; wp, ? ena; Zilahi 1934.

Atrichopogon (Atrichopogon) minutus (Meigen, 1830) – TL, RW; 180-380 m; 1; h; Zilahi 1934.

Atrichopogon (Atrichopogon) psilopterus Kieffer, 1919 – TL, RW; 220-380 m; 1; e; Zilahi 1934.

Atrichopogon (Atrichopogon) tritomus Kieffer, 1919 – RW; 380 m; 1; see; Zilahi 1934.

Atrichopogon (Lophomyidium) rostratus (Winnertz, 1852) [A. transversalis Kieffer, 1918] – B1, RW; 350-450 m; 1; eanna; Zilahi 1934.

Atrichopogon (Psammopogon) flavolineatus (Strobl, 1880) [A. trifasciatus Kieffer, 1918] – B1, RW; 370-380 m; 1; ? hom, ? csena; Zilahi 1934.

Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) velox (Winnertz, 1852) – B1; 400-450 m; 1; wp; Zilahi 1934.

Forcipomyia (Euprojoannisia) bureschi (Zilahi-Sebess, 1934) – RW; 370-400 m; 1; Ebg; Zilahi 1934; Josifov 1957.

Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1767) – DW, V4, RW; 50-800 m; 1, 2; h; Zilahi 1934.

Forcipomyia (Forcipomyia) pallidipes Santos Abreu, 1918 [F. rustica (Kieffer, 1919)] – V1, TL, R1; 150-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Zilahi 1934.

Culicoides (Beltranmyia) circumscriptus Kieffer, 1918 [C. pulcher Zilahi-Sebess, 1934] – DW, E2, P2, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE; 20-370 m; 1; ppt; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013, 2014; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Beltranmyia) salinarius Kieffer, 1914 – DW, DM, E2, P1, P2, K9, TV, V1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; tp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) deltus Edwards, 1939 – E2, S1, TL, T1, T2, RW, BS ; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; des; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) fagineus Edwards, 1939 – DW, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, TV, V1, T1, T2, O61, RW, RE, BS; 20-1000 m; 1, 2; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) flavipulicaris Dhafarov, 1964 – E2, K9, TV, V1; 20-700 m; 1, 2; dp, ? nmca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) grisescens Edwards, 1939 – E2, P2, TV, V1, T1, T2, RE, BS; 0-600 m, 1, 2; tp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) impunctatus Goetghebuer, 1920 – DW, E2, P1, B1, TV, V1, O61, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; wces; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) newsteadi Austen, 1921 [C. halophilus Kieffer, 1924] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, TV, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; wp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) pulicaris (Linnaeus, 1758) [Ceratopogon] – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, TV, V1, S1, T1, T2, TL, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; pat; Nedelkov 1912; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Culicoides) punctatus (Meigen, 1804) – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, TV, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE, RW, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; pat; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Avaritia) dewulfi Goetghebuer, 1936 – E2, P2; 20-250 m; 1; dp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Avaritia) obsoletus (Meigen, 1818) – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, V1, S1, TV, TL, T1, T2, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; h; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Avaritia) scoticus Downes & Kettle, 1952 – E2, RE; 20-250 m; 1; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Silvaticulicoides) fascipennis (Staeger, 1839) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, B2, K9, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; tp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Silvaticulicoides) ostroushkoae Glukhova, 1989 – K9, TV, V1, O61; 300-700 m; 1; et, ? ewca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Silvaticulicoides) pallidicornis Kieffer, 1919 [C. pallidicornis var. bruneoscutellatus Zilahi-Sebess, 1934] – E1, E2, P2, K9, TV, V1, TL, T1, T2, O61, R1, RE, BN, BS; 0-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; h; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Silvaticulicoides) subfasciipennis Kieffer, 1919 – DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, TV, V1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) alazanicus Dzhafarov, 1961 – E2; 20 m; 1; ean; Bobeva 2014; Bobeva et al. 2014, 2015; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) festivipennis Kieffer, 1914 – DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, V1, TL, T1, T2, O61, R1, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; hop; Bobeva et al. 2013, 2014; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) gejgelensis Dzhafarov, 1964 – E2, K9, TV, V1, S1, O61, RW, RE, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; mca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) griseidorsum Kieffer, 1918 – E2; 20 m; 1; ena; Bobeva 2014; Szadziewski et al. 2016.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) kurensis Dzhafarov, 1960 – DW, P1, E1, E2, B1, V1, RW, RE; 30-1000 m; 1, 2; hom; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) odiatus Austen, 1921 – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, V1, T1, T2, O61, RE, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) pictipennis (Staeger, 1839) [C. arcuatus (Winnertz, 1852)] – DW, E2, P1, P2, B1, TV, V1, T1, T2, O61, R1, RW, RE; 30-2900 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; wcp; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) shaklawensis Khalaf, 1957 – E2; 20 m; 1; mwca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Sensiculicoides) simulator Edwards, 1939 – DM, E1, E2, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Oecacta) longipennis Khalaf, 1957 – E2, K9, V1, TV, S1, O61, RW, RE; 20-1000 nm; 1, 2; mwca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Oecacta) vexans (Staeger, 1839) – E1, E2, P2, TV, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, RE, BN, BS; 0-700 m; 1, 2; esca; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Monoculicoides) nubeculosus (Meigen, 1830) – ▲; DW, E1, E2, P1, P2, K9, V1, S1, O61, RE, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; des, ? tes; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Monoculicoides) parroti Kieffer, 1922 – DM, E2, P1, P2, TL, RE, BN, BS; 0-300 m; 1; wp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Monoculicoides) puncticollis (Becker, 1903) [C. impressus Kieffer, 1918] – ▲; DW, E1, E2, P1, K9, TV, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; sp; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Monoculicoides) riethi Kieffer, 1914 – DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, K9, V1, S1, TL, T1, T2, O61, RE, BN, BS; 0-600 m; 1, 2; po, ? ho; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Bobeva 2014; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Monoculicoides) stigma (Meigen, 1818) – E2, P1, P2, B1, V1, TL, T1, T2, RW, RE, BS; 0-1000 m; 1, 2; wp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Wirthomyia) reconditus Campbell & Pelham-Clinton, 1960 – DW, E2, P1, P2, B1, S1, TL, RE, BS; 0-450 m; 1; e; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Pontoculicoides) saevus Kieffer, 1922 [C. drenskii Zilahi-Sebess, 1934] – E2, B1, V1; 20-600 m; 1, 2; wcp; Zilahi 1934; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018; Darlenski et al. 2020.

Culicoides (Pontoculicoides) sejfadinei Dzhafarov, 1958 – E2, K9, TV, V1, S1, T1, T2, O61, RE, RW; 20-1000 m; 1, 2; wcp; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Pontoculicoides) tauricus Gutsevich, 1959 – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, B1; 20-400 m; 1; ? cset; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Culicoides (Remmia) schultzei (Enderlein), 1908 – ▲; DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, TL, T1, T2; 20-450 m; 1; ppta; Bobeva et al. 2013; Nedelchev 2013; Pudar et al. 2018.

Chironomidae

Paraboreochlus minutissimus (Strobl, 1895) [Ablabesmyia pecteniphora Goetghebuer, 1934] – RW; 1100 m; 3; wp; Dimitrov 1962a, 1963a.

Clinotanypus nervosus (Meigen, 1818) – DM, E1, E2, P2, S1, T1, O61; 30-500 m; 1; ? tp, ? dp; Dimitrov 1957, 1963a; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Tanypus (Tanypus) kraatzi (Kieffer, 1912) [Pelopia] – E1, P2, TL, BS; 0-300 m; 1; tp; Mihailova-Neikova 1961; Dimitrov 1962b, 1963a; Cvetkov 1962; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Tanypus (Tanypus) punctipennis Meigen, 1818 [Pelopia; Protenthes punctipennis var. ferrugineus Kieffer, 1918] – ♦; DW, DM, E1, E2, P2, V1, V5, S211, S1, TL, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-900 m; 1, 2; hno; Zilahi 1934; Cvetkov 1955a, 1955b, 1957, 1962; Valkanov 1957; Dimitrov 1957, 1960a, 1960b, 1962a, 1962b, 1962c, 1962d, 1963a, 1966, 1970, 1972, 1982; Mihailova-Neikova 1961; Russev 1966a, 1966b; Janeva 1987, 1991; Janeva & Russev 1989; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Procladius (Holotanypus) choreus (Meigen, 1804) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, K3, TL, T1, RW; 20-1500 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; po, ? ho; Michailova 1982, 2006; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Janeva 1991.

Procladius (Holotanypus) ferrugineus (Kieffer, 1918) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, V4, T1; 20-800 m; 1, 2; tes, ? dp; Islam et al. 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1985, 1997; Janeva 1991; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Procladius (Psilotanypus) imicola Kieffer, 1922 [P. nigriventris Kieffer, 1922] – DW, DM, T1; 132 m; 1; wces, ? wes; Janeva & Russev 1985; Stoichev 1994, 1996.

Anatopynia plumipes (Fries, 1823) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P2, P3, S1, T1, R1, RW, RE, BN, BS; 0-2340 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; dp, ? tp; Michailova 1982, 2006; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996, 2000a, 2002; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Apsectrotanypus trifascipennis (Zetterstedt, 1838) [Anatopynia] – DW, E1, E2, B2, V5, R1; 20-1150 m; 1, 2, 3; ? wes; Dimitrov 1963a; Russev et al. 1987, 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Dashinov 2017.

Macropelopia nebulosa (Meigen, 1804) – DW, DM, E1, V1, RW; 50-790 m; 1, 2; dpo; Janeva 1989; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1996; Janeva & Russev 1997; Michailova et al. 2014.

Psectrotanypus (Psectrotanypus) varius (Fabricius, 1787) [Anatopynia, Tanypus] – DW, V1, S22, TL, O61, RW; 30-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; po, ? ho; Nedelkov 1912; Dimitrov 1963a; Michailova 1982; Islam et al. 1986; Russev & Janeva 1986; Russev et al. 1994.

Derotanypus sibiricus (Kruglova & Chernovskij, 1940) [Anatopynia, Psectrotanypus] – S22; 350 m; 1; tes; Dimitrov 1963a.

Natarsia punctata (Fabricius, 1805) [Ablabesmyia fulva (Kieffer, 1918)] – DW, DM, E1, P2, TL, O61; 50-380 m; 1, des; Dimitrov 1969; Nachev 1983; Russev et al. 1984, 1991, 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Ablabesmyia (Ablabesmyia) longistyla Fittkau, 1962 – DW; 30-50 m; 1; dp, ? pat; Stoichev 1994, 1996.

Ablabesmyia (Ablabesmyia) monilis (Linnaeus, 1758) – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, V1, S1, TL, R1, RW, RE, BN; 0-1500 m; 1, 2, 3; hno; Cvetkov 1955a, 1962; Valkanov 1957a; Russev 1959, 1962, 1966a, 1966b; Dimitrov 1962b, 1963a, 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975; Michailova 1982; Russev et al. 1984b, 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996; Janeva & Russev 1997; Soufi & Uzunov 2008; Vidinova et al. 2008.

Conchapelopia intermedia Fittkau, 1962 – K9, O61; 315-385 m; 1; e; Islam et al. 1986.

Conchapelopia melanops (Meigen, 1818) – DW, DM, P1, P2, K7, K8, O61, O62; 20-450 m; 1, 2; dpo; Islam et al. 1986; Islam et al. 1986; Russev & Janeva 1986; Russev et al. 1994; Janeva & Russev 1997.

Conchapelopia pallidula (Meigen, 1818) – R5; 400-800 m; 1, 2; dp; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Guttipelopia guttipennis (van der Wulp, 1861) [Ablabesmyia zavreli (Kieffer, 1918)] – R1; 2250-2324 m; 5; h; Stoichev 2000a.

Krenopelopia binotata (Wiedemann, 1817) [Ablabesmyia] – DM, P2, V5, S211, O61; 50-700 m; 1, 2; dp; Dimitrov 1963a; Nachev 1983; Russev et al. 1984, 1994; Islam et al. 1986.

Labrundinia longipalpis (Goetghebuer, 1921) – DW, DM, P1, P2; 670 m; 1, 2; e, ? h; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1994.

Larsia atrocincta (Goetghebuer, 1942) – R5; 1, 2; ena; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Larsia curticalcar (Kieffer, 1918) [Ablabesmyia] – DW, DM, E1, E2, P1, P2, B1, V1, V5, S1, S21, S22, S211, T1, R1, R2, R5, RW, RE, BN, BS; 20-2440 m; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; wp; Russev 1959, 1962, 1966a, 1966b; Dimitrov 1962a, 1962d, 1963a, 1966; Russev & Janeva 1975; Russev et al. 1984b, 1994; Janeva 1991; Stoichev 1994, 1996, 2002; Janeva & Russev 1997; Janeva et al. 2001; Janeva & Bancheva 2002; Moskova & Uzunov 2011; Uzunov et al. 2011; Kenderov et al. 2012.

Monopelopia tenuicalcar (Kieffer, 1918) [Ablabesmyia] – V5, S211; 700 m; 2; h; Dimitrov 1962d; Russev et al. 1994.

Nilotanypus dubius (Meigen, 1804) – DW, P1, R1; 100-1960 m; 1, 2, 3, 4; dpo; Russev et al. 1994; Dashinov 2017.

Rheopelopia maculipennis (Zetterstedt, 1838) – DW, P1; 210 m; 1; dp; Janeva 1991; Russev et al. 1994.

Telmatopelopia nemorum (Goetghebuer, 1921) – R5; 500-800 m; 1, 2; dp; Uzunov et al. 2011; Varadinova et al. 2013.

Thienemannimyia lentiginosa (Fries, 1823) – DW, P1, P2, B2, BN; 0-660 m; 1, 2; dp; Cvetkov 1955a; Valkanov 1957; Dimitrov 1963a; Russev 1966b; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1991, 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996.

Trissopelopia flavida Kieffer, 1923 [Ablabesmyia] – V5, S211, TL, T1, RW, RE; 88-1000 m; 1, 2; et; Dimitrov 1962a, 1962c, 1962d, 1963a, 1966; Russev 1966a; Russev et al. 1984b, 1994.

Xenopelopia falcigera (Kieffer, 1911) [Ablabesmyia] – S1, O61, RW; 350-1100 m; 1, 2, 3; des; Dimitrov 1960a, 1962a, 1963a; Nachev 1983; Islam et al. 1986; Janeva 1989.

Zavrelimyia melanura (Meigen, 1804) [Ablabesmyia tretrastictus Kieffer, 1918] – DM, P1, P2, R1, RW; 40-1400 m; 1, 2, 3; wp; Dimitrov 1962d, 1963a; Janeva 1987; Russev et al. 1994; Stoichev 1994, 1996.

Zavrelimyia signatipennis (Kieffer, 1924) – DM, P2; ♠; e, ? cse; Russev et al. 1994.

Boreoheptagyia cinctipes (Edwards, 1928) – ♠; ? se; Russev et al. 1994.

Boreoheptagyia legeri (Goetghebuer, 1933) [Heptagyia punctulata Goetghebuer, 1934] – O61, RW; 316-1260 m; 1, 2, 3; csena, ? ena; Russev & Janeva 1975; Nachev 1983; Ashe & Cranston 1990; Russev et al. 1994.

Diamesa (Diamesa) aberrata Lundbeck, 1898 – RW; 800 m; 2; ho; Michailova 1989, 2006.

? Diamesa (Diamesa) carpatica Botnariuc & Cindea-Cure, 1954 [? Nomen dubium] – P2, RW; 40-1250 m; 1, 2, 3; see; Janeva 1987, 1989; Michailova 1989, 2006.

Diamesa (Diamesa) cinerella Meigen, 1835 – RW; 400-1300 m; 1, 2, 3; e; Michailova 1989.

Diamesa (Diamesa) insignipes Kieffer, 1908 [