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ACARORUM CATALOGUS VII. Trombidiformes, Prostigmata, Raphignathoidea (Fam. Barbutiidae, Caligonellidae, Camerobiidae, Cryptognathidae, Dasythyreidae, Dytiscacaridae, Eupalopsellidae, Homocaligidae, Mecognathidae, Raphignathidae, Stigmaeidae, Xenocaligonellididae)
expand article infoPetar Beron
‡ Unaffiliated, Sofia, Bulgaria
Open Access

Introduction

The 7th volume of my series “Acarorum Catalogus” concerns the mite superfamily Raphignathoidea. The 12 families of this superfamily consist of 69 genera and some 1087 species and are being studied intensely, particularly by acarologists from China, South Africa, Turkey, Iran, Crimea and other countries or areas. Some members of the Raphignathoidea are suitable for biological pest control (Gerson & Smiley 1990, Gerson, Smiley & Ochoa, 2003).

The Mite Superfamily Raphignathoidea

Raphignathoidea Kramer, 1877; Grandjean, 1944: 104

The superfamily Raphignathoidea contains many predators of small invertebrates. Some are herbivores and others parasites. Some of the predatory Raphignathoidea are suitable for biological pest control. They are bred and released to control such plant pests as gall mites (Eriophyidae), spider mites (Tetranychidae) or scale insects (Coccoidea) in agriculture and forestry.

This is a diverse and widespread group of mites, containing about 69 genera and some 1087 species in 12 families: Barbutiidae, Caligonellidae, Camerobiidae, Cryptognathidae, Dasythyreidae, Dytiscacaridae, Eupalopsellidae, Homocaligidae, Mecognathidae, Raphignathidae, Stigmaeidae, and Xenocaligonellididae. Nine of them have been described after 1944. Half of all genera and most of all species of the superfamily (636 species) form the biggest family Stigmaeidae, several other families consisting of few and rarely found species (Barbutiidae, Dasythyreidae, Homocaligidae, Mecognathidae and Xenocaligonellidae contain less than ten known species). The recently described family Dytiscacaridae contains so far only three species.

Until the end of 19th Century have been described only two valid genera (Raphignathus Dugès, 1834 and Stigmaeus Koch, 1836) and several valid species by Dugès, C.L. Koch, Kramer, Berlese and Canestrini. By 1944 only three families (Raphignathidae Kramer, 1877, Cryptognathidae Oudemans, 1902 and Stigmaeidae Oudemans, 1931) were in scientific use, with 9 valid genera. Starting with the description of Caligonellidae Grandjean, 1944, a real revolution took place in the system of Raphignathoidea, with the description of Eupalopsellidae Willmann, 1952, Camerobiidae Southcott, 1957, Homocaligidae Wood, 1970, Barbutiidae Robaux, 1975, Xenocaligonellidae Gonzalez, 1978, Dasythyreidae Walter et Gerson, 1998 and Mecognathidae Gerson et Walter, 1898, of many new genera and species by acarologists from South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, Brazil, Turkey, Iran, India, China (incl. Taiwan), Japan, USA, Israel, Holland, France, Germany, Ireland, Pakistan, Egypt, Russia, Ukraine, the Philippines, and other countries. In some countries (New Zealand, China, Turkey, Iran) the research has bein particularly intensive, resulting of long lists of genera and species, only to indicate the minimal knowledge we have about the Raphignathoid mites of most other countries.

Some revisions and surveys took place. We shall mark here only the ones on Camerobiidae (Bolland, 1986, 1991), Caligonellidae (Summers & Schlinger, 1955), Eupalopsellidae (Meyer (Smith) & Ueckermann, 1984), Stigmaeidae, Barbutiidae (Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003), The lists of Raphignathoidea of Turkey (Doğan, 2007, 2019), Pakistan (Halliday, Kamran & Bashir, 2018), China (Cheng & Fan, 2008, 2010), Hawaii (Swift, 1996), South Africa (Meyer-Smith & Ueckermann, 1989), Iran (Beyzavi et al., 2013) and especially the modern fauna of New Zealand (Fan & Zhang, 2005) should also be noted. A modern annotated catalogue of the largest family (Stigmaeidae) is due to Fan, Flechtmann & de Moraes (2016, 2019).

Some General Reference

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The Mite Family Barbutiidae Robaux

Barbutiidae Robaux, 1975: 480

Small family, known from Europe, Asia (Turkey, Iran), Australia and North America. To its study contributed mostly Oudemans (1927) who described the genus Barbutia, Robaux (1975) who raised it to family rank and described two more species from North America, the Iranian and Turkish acarologists and Fan, Walter & Proctor (2003) who added two more species from Australia.

Composition of Barbutiidae

Fam. Barbutiidae Robaux, 1975 – 1 gen., 5 sp.

Barbutia Oudemans, 1927 – 5 sp.

Catalogue of Barbutiidae

Fam. Barbutiidae Robaux, 1975: 487

Type genus: Barbutia Oudemans, 1927

Genus Barbutia Oudemans

Barbutia Oudemans, 1927: 262

Type species: Stigmaeus anguineus Berlese, 1910

Barbutia anguineus (Berlese)

Stigmaeus anguineus Berlese, 1910: 204

Stigmaeus (Macrostigmaeus) anguineus Berlese, 1910: 208

Barbutia anguineus (Berlese): Oudemans, 1927: 262; Summers, 1964: 191; Wood, 1973: 89; Robaux, 1975: 480; Smith, 1987: 41; Lafontain et al., 1987: 44; Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003: 110; Doğan & Dönel, 2009; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 364; Doğan et al., 2014: 6; Doğan, 2019: 131.

Type locality: S. Vicenzo, Pisa (Italy)

Distribution: Canada, Crimea, Italy, Poland, Turkey, USA

Barbutia australia Fan, Walter et Proctor

Barbutia australia Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003: 112; Navaei-Bonab et al., 2010; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 390

Type locality: Queensland, Toohey Forest, Nathan

Distribution: Australia, Iran

Barbutia iranensis Bagheri, Navaei & Ueckermann

Barbutia iranensis Bagheri, Navaei & Ueckermann, 2010: 252; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 73; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 390; Doğan, 2019: 131

Type locality: Marand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Barbutia longinqua Fan, Walter et Proctor

Barbutia longinqua Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003: 125

Type locality: New South Wales, northern sites

Distribution: Australia

Barbutia perretae Robaux

Barbutia perretae Robaux, 1975: 484; Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003: 111

Type locality: California, Point Lobos State Reserve Park (Monterey Co.)

Distribution: USA (California)

Distribution of Barbutiidae

EUROPE

Italy (contin.)(Berlese, 1910) – Barbutia anguineus

Poland (Doğan et al., 2014) – Barbutia anguineus

Crimea (Wainstein & Kuznetsov, 1978; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014) – Barbutia anguineus

Turkey (all)(Doğan & Dönel, 2009; Doğan Sibel et al., 2016) – Barbutia anguineus, B. iranensis

ASIA

Iran (Bagheri et al., 2010; Navaei-Bonab et al., 2010, 2012; Beyzavi et al., 2013) – Barbutia australia, B. iranensis

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Smith, 1987; Lafontain et al., 1987; Beaulieu et al., 2019) – Barbutia anguineus

USA (Summers, 1964; Robaux, 1975) – Barbutia anguineus, B. perretae

OCEANIA

Australia (mainland)(Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003) – Barbutia australia, B. longinqua

Bibliography of Barbutiidae

  • André H.M. 1996. Two new mites of the rare families Barbutiidae and Linotetranidae (Acari), from the Namib desert. – Acarologia, 37(2): 97–106.
  • Bagheri M., R. Navaei Bonab, H. Ghorbani, A. Mehrvar, M. Saber, E. A. Ueckermann. 2010. The first occurrence of the family Barbutiidae (Acari: Prostigmata: Raphignathoidea) in Iran: Barbutia iranensis Bagheri, Navaei & Ueckermann sp. nov. – Systematic & Applied Acarology, 15: 251–256.
  • Bagheri M., F.R. Varandi, S.P. Saeej, Yazdanian, S.S. Mohajer. 2014. Redescription of adult females of Barbutia iranensis Bagheri, Navaei & Ueckermann and deutonymphs of Barbutia anguineus (Berlese)(Acari: Trombidiformes: Barbutiidae). – Intern. J. Acarol., 40(8): 582–587.
  • Berlese A. 1910. Acari nuovi. Manipulus V, VI. – Redia, 6: 199–214.
  • Doğan S., G. Dönel. 2009. The first occurrence of the uncommon Family Barbutiidae (Acari: Actinedida) in Turkey: Barbutia anguineus (Berlese). – Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33(2): 231–235.
  • Doğan S., S. Sevsay, J. Mąkol, E. Zeytun, E. Buğa. 2014. Five new records of Raphignathoid mites (Acari: Raphignathoidea) from Poland. – Zoologica Poloniae, 59(1–4): 5–10.
  • Doğan Sibel, S. Doğan, O. Erman, S. Sevsay, S. Adil. 2016. Redescription of the Female Specimens of Barbutia iranensis (Acari: Barbutiidae) from Turkey. – Journal of Science and Technology, 9(3): 172–177.
  • Fan Q.-H., D.E. Walter, H.C. Proctor. 2003. A review of the family Barbutiidae (Acari: Raphignathoidea), with the description of two new species from Australia. – Systematic and Applied Acarology, 8: 107–130.
  • Khaustov O.O., L. Sergeyenko. 2014. Raphignathid mites (Acari: Raphignathoidea) of the Cape Martyan Nature Reserve, Crimea. – Syst. Appl. Acarology, 19(3): 363–372.
  • Navaei-Bonab R., M. Bagheri, M. Saber, A. Mehrvar, H. Ghorbani. 2010. The first record of the mite family Barbutiidae (Trombidiformes: Raphignathoidea) from Iran. – 19th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Tehran, Iran, p.366.
  • Navaei-Bonab R., M. Bagheri, E. Zarei. 2012. Raphignathoid mite fauna of fields and orchards of Marand (Northwestern Iran) with two new records from Iran and six new records for East Azerbaijan province. – Persian Journal of Acarology, 1(2): 57–76.
  • Robaux P. 1975. Observations sur quelques Actinedida (= Prostigmates) du sol d’Amérique du Nord. V. Barbutiidae, une nouvelle famille d’Acariens (Acari: Raphignathoidea) et description d’une nouvelle espèce appartenant au genre Barbutia. – Acarologia, 17(3): 480–488
  • Summers F.M. 1964. Three uncommon genera of the mite family Stigmaeidae (Acarina). – Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 60(3): 184–192.
  • Vainshtein (= Wainstein) B. A., N.N. Kuznetsov. 1978. In: [Identification key of soil inhabiting mites, Trombidiformes. Moskow: Nauka](in Russian).
  • Wood T.G. 1973. Revision of Stigmaeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) in the Berlese collection. – Acarologia, 15(1): 76–95.

The Mite Family Caligonellidae Grandjean

Caligonellidae Grandjean, 1944: 105

The Caligonellidae include five genera and ca. 60 species (plus many other undescribed species of Neognathus from dry soils in western North America and Australia). They are small, mostly soft bodied orange to red mites associated with dry soils, but are also found on bark, in bird nests, on low growing plants, and occasionally in litter overlying wet soil (Walter, Lindquist, Smith, Cook & Krantz, 2009). The family was studied mainly by Berlese (the first described genus Caligonella in 1910, after the species Stigmaeus humilis C.L. Koch), Grandjean, who raised this only known genus in 1944 as a separate family. Followed the article of Willmann (1952), the revision of Summers & Schlinger (1955), the phylogenetic analysis of Fan (2000) and the many contributions of acarologists from China, USA (incl. Hawaii), Iran, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Pakistan, and other countries.

Composition of Caligonellidae

Fam. Caligonellidae Grandjean, 1944 – 5 gen., 61 sp.

Caligonella Berlese, 1910 – 10 sp.

Coptocheles Summers et Schlinger, 1955 – 9 sp.

Molothrognathus Summers et Schlinger, 1955 – 26 sp.

Neognathus Willmann, 1952 – 11 sp.

Paraneognathus Fan, 2000 – 5 sp.

Catalogue of Caligonellidae

Fam. Caligonellidae Grandjean

Caligonellidae Grandjean, 1944: 105

Type genus: Caligonella Berlese, 1910

Genus Caligonella Berlese

Caligonella Berlese, 1910: 203

Type species: Stigmaeus humilis C.L. Koch, 1838

Caligonella afroensis Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Caligonella afroensis Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 20; Haddad Irani-Nejad et al., 1999; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 390

Type locality: Edenville, Orange Free State

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Caligonella claviparma Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Caligonella claviparma Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 20

Type locality: Edenville, Orange Free State

Distribution: South Africa

Caligonella geonoma Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Caligonella geonoma Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 23

Type locality: Transvaal, Dendron

Distribution: South Africa

Caligonella haddadi Bagheri, Maleki et Changizi

Caligonella haddadi Bagheri, Maleki & Changizi, 2013: 632; Yamaç et al., 2019; Doğan, 2019: 131

Type locality: Chors village, Chaypareh, West Azerbaijan, Iran

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Caligonella humilis (C.L. Koch)

Stigmaeus humilis C.L. Koch, 1838: Fasc. 17; 1842: 54

Caligonus humilis (C.L. Koch): Berlese, 1886: Fasc. XXII, No 5

Caligonella humilis (C.L. Koch): Berlese, 1910: 203; Grandjean, 1944: 105; 1946: 82; Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 542; Schweizer & Bader, 1963: 254; Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984: 97; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 83; Kazmierski, 2000; Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003: 292; Doğan, 2003: 64; 2007: 2; 2019: 131; Ripka et al., 2005: 165; Bagheri et al., 2011; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 72; Vrabec, Fenďa & Kalúz, 2012: 331; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 390; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 364; Alizade, 2019: 157

Type locality: Germany

Distribution: Azerbaidjan, Crimea, Germany, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Latvia, Lituania, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, USA (California)

Caligonella saboorii Hoseini, Khanjani et Javadi Khaderi

Caligonella saboorii Hoseini, Khanjani & Javadi Khaderi, 2014: 474

Type locality: Khorramabad, Lorestan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Caligonella scutovata Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Caligonella scutovata Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 18

Type locality: Transvaal, Nwanezi River, Kruger Nat. Park

Distribution: South Africa

Caligonella tunica Fan

Caligonella tunica Fan, 2000: 423; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Pucheng; Fujian

Distribution: China

Caligonella tunxiensis Hu et Hu

Caligonella tunxiensis Hu & Hu, 1997: 35; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Huangshan, Tunxi; Anhui

Distribution: China

Caligonella urhani Akyol

Caligonella urhani Akyol, 2018: 2339; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Turkey

Distribution: Turkey

Genus Coptocheles Summers et Schlinger

Coptocheles Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 548

Type species: Coptocheles triscutatus Summers et Schlinger, 1955

Coptocheles boharti Summers et Schlinger

Coptocheles boharti Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 549

Type locality: Florida, Punta Rassa

Distribution: Mexico, USA (Florida)

Coptocheles farsiensis Ueckermann, Khademi et Saboori

Coptocheles farsiensis Ueckermann, Khademi & Saboori, 2010: 243; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 390

Type locality: Jahrom, Fars Province

Distribution: Iran

Coptocheles grandjeani Robaux

Coptocheles grandjeani Robaux, 1975: 236

Type locality: California, Lexington Reservoir nr. San Jose (Sta Clara County)

Distribution: USA

Coptocheles kalapanaensis Swift

Coptocheles kalapanaensis Swift, 1996: 315

Type locality: Hawaii

Distribution: Hawaii

Coptocheles nakaharai Swift

Coptocheles nakaharai Swift, 1996: 314

Type locality: Hawaii

Distribution: Hawaii

Coptocheles peltatus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Coptocheles peltatus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 15

Type locality: Orange Free State

Distribution: South Africa

Coptocheles shaowuensis Fan

Coptocheles shaowuensis Fan, 2000: 425; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Shaowu; Fujian

Distribution: China

Coptocheles solanii Swift

Coptocheles solanii Swift, 1996: 316

Type locality: Hawaii

Distribution: Hawaii

Coptocheles triscutatus Summers et Schlinger

Coptocheles triscutatus Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 548

Type locality: Walker Pass, Kern Co., California

Distribution: USA (California)

Coptocheles nr. boharti and C. nr. triscutatus (Hawaii, Goff, 1987: 25)

Genus Molothrognathus Summers et Schlinger

Molothrognathus Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 543

Namibarbutia André, 1996: 99; Type species: Namibarbutia seelyae André, 1996 from Namibia; Syn. by Qing-Hai Fan, Walter & Proctor (2003)

Type species of Molothrognathus: Molothrognathus leptostylus Summers et Schlinger, 1955

Molothrognathus azizi Ueckermann et Khanjani

Molothrognathus azizi Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003: 295; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: Hamedan

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus bahariensis Ueckermann et Khanjani

Molothrognathus bahariensis Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003: 293; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 71; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: Hamedan

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus brasiliensis Silva, Brentino et Ferla

Molothrognathus brasiliensis Silva, Brentino & Ferla, in Silva et al., 2017: 479

Type locality: Brazil

Distribution: Brazil

Molothrognathus citrivallis Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus citrivallis Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 26

Type locality: Cape Province, Citrusdal

Distribution: South Africa

Molothrognathus colei Swift

Molothrognathus colei Swift, 1996: 319

Type locality: Hawaii

Distribution: Hawaii

Molothrognathus conantae Swift

Molothrognathus conantae Swift, 1996: 320

Type locality: Hawaii

Distribution: Hawaii

Molothrognathus crucis Summers et Schlinger

Molothrognathus crucis Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 545; Charlet & McMurtry, 1977: 197; Doğan, 2003: 69, 2007, 2019: 132; Erman et al., 2007

Type locality: California, Tahoe Valley, El Dorado Co.

Distribution: Turkey, USA (California)

Molothrognathus dilucidus Kuznetsov

Molothrognathus dilucidus Kuznetsov, 1978: 53

Type locality: Crimea

Distribution: Crimea

Molothrognathus flatichelus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus flatichelus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 24

Type locality: Transvaal, Dendron

Distribution: South Africa

Molothrognathus fulgidus Summers et Schlinger

Molothrognathus fulgidus Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 544; Dosse, 1967: 45; Gerson, 1968: 429; Chaudhri et al., 1974: 184; Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003; Khanjani & Mirab-Balou, 2004; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: California, Woodland

Distribution: Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Pakistan, USA

Molothrognathus kamili Doğan

Molothrognathus kamili Doğan, 2003: 72; 2007: 2; Doğan, 2003c, 2007, 2019: 132; Erman et al., 2007; Akyol, 2017; Akyol & Gül, 2018b

Type locality: Akveren Village, Hınıs, Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Molothrognathus kurdistaniensis Amini, Khanjani et Khanjani

Molothrognathus kurdistaniensis Amini, Khanjani & Khanjani, 2018: 875

Type locality: Qorveh

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus leptostylus Summers et Schlinger

Molothrognathus leptostylus Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 543; Chaudhri et al., 1974: 184; Smith, 1987: 41; Lafontain et al., 1987: 44; Gupta, 2002: 36

Type locality: Winters, California

Distribution: Canada, India, Pakistan, USA (California)

Molothrognathus mehrnejadi Liang et Zhang

Molothrognathus mehrnejadi Liang & Zhang, 1997: 22; Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003: 293; Ueckermann & Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 72; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: Rafsanjan

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus mikaeeli Bagheri et Ahaniazad

Molothrognathus mikaeeli Bagheri & Ahaniazad, 2012: 373; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: Danalo Village, Ajabshir, East Azarbaidjan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus minutus Soliman

Molothrognathus minutus Soliman, 1972: 96; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 26; Khanjani & Kamali, 1993; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt, Iran

Molothrognathus paratumipapus Bagheri, Maleki et Changizi

Molothrognathus paratumipapus Bagheri, Maleki & Changizi, 2013: 634

Type locality: Chors village, Chaypareh, West Azerbaijan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus parmatus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus parmatus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 28

Type locality: 21 km south of Spingbok, Cape Province

Distribution: South Africa

Molothrognathus phytocolus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus phytocolus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 26; Soroosh & Kamali, 2002; Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006: 263; Akyol & Koç, 2012: 42; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 391; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Messina, Transvaal

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Turkey, Yemen

Molothrognathus rosei Smiley et Moser

Molothrognathus rosei Smiley & Moser, 1968: 309

Type locality: Puebla

Distribution: Mexico

Molothrognathus seelyae (André)

Namibarbutia seelyae André, 1996: 99

Molothrognathus seelyae (André): Qing-Hai Fan, Walter & Proctor, 2003: 107

Type locality: Namibia, Namib desert, gravel plain near Mirabeb

Distribution: Namibia

Molothrognathus seusius Soliman et Gomaa

Molothrognathus seusius Soliman & Gomaa, 1980: 22

Type locality: Rafsanjan

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus shirazicus Khanjani, Bakhshi et Khanjani

Molothrognathus shirazicus Khanjani, Bakhshi & Khanjani, 2016: 291

Type locality: Shiraz

Distribution: Iran

Molothrognathus terrulentus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus terrulentus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 24; Khanjani & Kamali, 2000; Akyol & Koç, 2012: 43; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Bingül et al., 2016; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Orange-Free-State, Edenville

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Turkey

Molothrognathus tumipalpus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Molothrognathus tumipalpus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 26; Changizi et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392

Type locality: Dendron, Transvaal

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Molothrognathus venusta (Khaustov et Kuznetzov)

Caligonella venusta Khaustov & Kuznetzov, 1997: 80

Molothrognathus artvinensis Koç & Ayyıldız, 1997: 47 – type from Artvin, Savsat, Rabat – syn. by Doğan, 2003: 69

Molothrognathus venusta (Khaustov et Kuznetzov): Koç & Ayyıldız, 1997a; Doğan, 2003: 69; 2007: 2; 2019: 132; Erman et al., 2007; Doğan et al., 2015d

Type locality: Ukraine, Kharkovskaia oblast, Zimovkiy rayon, v. Andreevka

Distribution: Turkey, Ukraine

Molothrognathus washingtonia McGregor

Molothrognathus washingtonia McGregor, 1959: 112

Type locality: California

Distribution: USA

Molothrognathus sp. – Negm, 2014: 114

Distribution: United Arab Emirates

Genus Neognathus Willmann

Neognathus Willmann, 1952: 163

Stigmagnathus Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 546. Type species: Stigmagnathus terrestris Summers et Schlinger, 1955; Syn. by Summers (1957).

Type species: Neognathus insolitus Willmann, 1952

Neognathus cinis Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool

Neognathus cinis Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979: 143

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Neognathus davei Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Neognathus davei Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 18

Type locality: Transvaal, Pongola

Distribution: South Africa

Neognathus eupalopus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Neognathus eupalopus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 17; Changizi et al., 2011; Doğan & Doğan, 2019; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Edenville, Orange Free State

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Turkey

Neognathus harteni Ueckermann

Neognathus harteni Ueckermann, 2008: 33

Type locality: Shardjah Desert Park, UAE

Distribution: United Arab Emirates

Neognathus insolitus Willmann

Neognathus insolitus Willmann, 1952: 163

Type locality: Wangerooge Island

Distribution: Germany

Neognathus jieliui Hu et Yu

Neognathus jieliui Hu & Yu, 1995: 96; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: China

Distribution: China

Neognathus linanensis Hu

Neognathus linanensis Hu, 1995: 11; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: China

Distribution: China

Neognathus orientalis Soliman

Neognathus orientalis Soliman, 1972: 102; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 18

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Neognathus ozkani Akyol et Koç

Neognathus ozkani Akyol & Koç, 2012: 40; Akyol, 2017; Koç & Poyraz Tınartaş, 2017a; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Ablak Village, Emirdag District

Distribution: Turkey

Neognathus pusillus Doğan et Doğan

Neognathus pusillus Doğan & Doğan, 2019b; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Turkey

Distribution: Turkey

Neognathus rijabicus Nazari, Khanjani et Kamali

Neognathus rijabicus Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013: 476

Type locality: Dalahoo, Rijab, Kermanshah Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Neognathus sinaei Samadpour, Khanjani et Azalifayaz

Neognathus sinaei Samadpour, Khanjani & Azalifayaz, 2014: 146

Type locality: Mallayer vic., Hamedan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Neognathus spectabilis (Summers et Schlinger)

Stigmagnathus spectabilis Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 546

Neognathus spectabilis (Summers & Schlinger): Summers, 1957: 55; Gerson, 1968: 429; Kuznetzov & Petrov, 1984: 97; Swift, 1996: 322; Khaustov & Kuznetzov, 1997: 83; Ripka et al., 2005: 166; Doğan, 2003: 66; 2007: 2; 2015d, 2017e, 2018d, 2019: 132; Zarei et al., 2011; Erman et al., 2007; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Bingül et al., 2016

Type locality: California

Distribution: Hungary, Iran, Israel, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine, USA (California and Hawaii)

Neognathus terrestris (Summers et Schlinger)

Stigmagnathus terrestris Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 547

Neognathus terrestris (Summers & Schlinger): Summers, 1957; Smith, 1987; Lafontain et al., 1987; Doğan, 2003: 65; 2007: 3; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 178; Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003: 292; Ripka et al., 2005: 166; Erman et al., 2007; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 72; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 365; Dönel & Doğan, 2012a,c; Dönel et al., 2012a; Doğan et al., 2015d, 2017e, 2018d,h,j, 2019: 132; Bingül et al., 2016; Akyol, 2017

Type locality: Glendale, California

Distribution: Canada, Crimea, Hungary, Iran, Turkey, USA (California)

Neognathus ueckermanni Bagheri, Doğan et Haddad Irani-Nejad

Neognathus ueckermanni Bagheri, Doğan & Haddad Irani-Nejad, 2010: 66; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Dilkaraoğlu et al., 2014; 2015e; Doğan et al., 2018d; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Lahijan Village, Osku, East Azerbaijan (Iran)

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Genus Paraneognathus Fan

Paraneognathus Fan, 2000: 423

Sinognathus Fan & Li, 1995: 323 [praeocc. Young 1959]

Type species: Sinognathus wangae Fan et Li, 1995

Paraneognathus afrasiaticus (Soliman)

Neognathus afrasiaticus Soliman, 1972: 97; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 17

Paraneognathus afrasiaticus (Soliman): Fan, 2000: 423

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Paraneognathus oblongus (Soliman)

Neognathus oblongus Soliman, 1972: 100; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 17

Paraneognathus oblongus (Soliman): Fan, 2000: 423; Noei et al., 2008; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt, Iran

Paraneognathus summersi (Gerson)

Neognathus summersi Gerson, 1968: 429

Paraneognathus summersi (Gerson): Fan, 2000: 423

Type locality: Rehovot

Distribution: Israel

Paraneognathus vulsus (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool)

Neognathus vulsus Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979: 141

Paraneognathus vulsus (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool): Fan, 2000: 423

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Paraneognathus wangae (Fan et Li)

Sinognathus wangae Fan & Li, 1995: 323

Paraneognathus wangae (Fan et Li): Fan, 2000; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126; Ardeshir & Bagheri, 2012: 418; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 392; Ardeshir, Bagheri & Paktinat Saeej, 2014: 145; Silva et al., 2017: 477

Type locality: China

Distribution: Brazil, China, Iran

Distribution of Caligonellidae

EUROPE

Germany (C.L. Koch, 1838, 1842; Willmann, 1952) – Caligonella humilis, Neognathus insolitus

Hungary (Ripka et al., 2005) – Caligonella humilis, Neognathus spectabilis, N. terrestris

Italy (Castagnoli & Nannelli, 1995) – Caligonella humilis

Sicily (Castagnoli & Nannelli, 1995) – Molothrognathus fulgidus

Latvia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Caligonella humilis, Neognathus spectabilis

Lituania (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Caligonella humilis

Poland (Kazmierski, 2000, 2008) – Caligonella humilis

Crimea (Kuznetsov, 1978, Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014) – Caligonella humilis, Neognathus terrestris

Slovakia (Kalúz, 2009; Vrabec, Fenďa & Kalúz, 2012) – Caligonella humilis

Switzerland (Schweizer & Bader, 1963) – Caligonella humilis

Turkey (all)(Koç & Ayyıldız, 1996, 1997; Doğan, 2003, 2019; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003; Akyol & Koç, 2012; Akyol, 2019) – Caligonella haddadi, C. humilis, C. urhani, Molothrognathus crucis, M. kamili, M. phytocolus, M. terrulentus, M. venusta (= artvinensis), Neognathus eupalopus, N. ozkani, N. pusillus, N. spectabilis, N. terrestris, N. ueckermanni

Ukraine (Kuznetsov, 1978; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997) – Caligonella humilis, Molothrognathus dilucidus, Molothrognathus [Caligonella] venusta, Neognathus spectabilis

AFRICA

Algeria (Athias-Hentiot, 1959) – Caligonellidae

Egypt (Soliman, 1972; Soliman & Gomaa, 1980; Zaher et al., 1980) – Molothrognathus minutus, M. seusius, Neognathus orientalis, Paraneognathus afrasiaticus, P. oblongus

Namibia (André, 1996) – Molothrognathus [Namibarbutia] seelyae

South Africa (Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989) – Caligonella afroensis, C. claviparma, C. geonoma, C. scutovata, Coptocheles peltatus, Molothrognathus citrivallis, M. parmatus, M. phytocolus, M. terrulentus, M. tumipalpus, Neognathus davei, N. eupalopus

ASIA

China (Fan & Li, 1995; Hu & Yu, 1995; Hu, 1995; Hu & Hu, 1997; Fan, 2000; Fan & Chen, 2010) – Caligonella tunica, C. tunxiensis, Coptocheles shaowuensis, Molothrognathus terrulentus, Neognathus linanensis, Neognathus jieliui, Paraneognathus wangae

India (Gupta, 2002) – Molothrognathus leptostylus

Iran (Soliman & Gomaa, 1980; Liang & Zhang, 1997; Ueckermann & Khanjani, 2003; Bagheri, Doğan, Haddad Irani-Nejad, Kamali, Khanjani & Saboori, 2010; Zarei et al., 2011; Rahmdeli et al., 2011; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012; Ahaniazad & Bagheri, 2012; Beyzavi et al., 2013; Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013; Bagheri, Maleki & Changizi, 2013; Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013; Ardeshir, Bagheri & Paktinat Saeej, 2014; Hoseini, Khanjani & Javadi Khaderi, 2014; Khanjani, Bakhshi & Khanjani, 2016; Amini, Khanjani & Khanjani, 2018) – Caligonella afroensis, C. haddadi, C. humilis, C. saboorii, Coptocheles farsiensis, Molothrognathus azizi, M. bahariensis, M. fulgidus, M. kurdistaniensis, M. mehrnejadi, M. mikaeeli, M. minutus, M. paratumipapus, M. phytocolus, M. seusius, M. shirazicus, M. terrulentus, M. tumipalpus, Neognathus eupalopus, N. spectabilis, N. terrestris, N. ueckermanni, Paraneognathus oblongus, P. wangae

Israel and Palestina (Gerson, 1968) – Molothrognathus fulgidus, Neognathus spectabilis, N. summersi, Paraneognathus summersi

Lebanon (Dosse, 1967) – Molothrognathus fulgidus

Pakistan (Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1974, 1979) – Molothrognathus fulgidus, M. leptostylus, Neognathus cinis, Paraneognathus vulsus

United Arab Emirates (Ueckermann, 2008; Negm, 2014) – Molothrognathus sp., Neognathus harteni

Yemen (Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006) – Molothrognathus phytocolus

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Lafontain et al., 1987; Beaulieu et al., 2019) – Molothrognathus leptostylus, Neognathus terrestris

Mexico (Smiley & Moser, 1968) – Coptocheles boharti, Molothrognathus rosei

USA (Summers & Schlinger, 1955; McGregor, 1959; Robaux, 1975) – Coptocheles botarti, C. grandjeani, Molothrognathus fulgidus, M. latichelus, M. washingtonia, Neognathus spectabilis, N. terrestris

Hawaii (Goff, 1987; Swift, 1996) – Coptocheles kalapanaensis, C. nakaharai, C. solanii, Coptocheles nr. boharti, C. nr. triscutatus, Molothrognathus colei, M. conantae, Neognathus spectabilis

SOUTH AMERICA

Brazil (Silva et al., 2017) – Molothrognathus brasiliensis, Paraneognathus wangae

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The Mite Family Camerobiidae Southcott

Camerobiidae Southcott, 1957: 311

Seven genera and almost 170 species of stilt legged mites form this family. Camerobiids are found in leaf mold, on or under tree bark, or on vegetation or epiphytes in temperate and tropical realms. They feed on plant pests such as scale insects and plant parasitic mites (Walter et al., 2009).

The first description of a member of this family is due to Berlese (1886) – Neophyllobius elegans from Italy. One century after Berlese Bolland (1986, 1991) provided revision of the group and described the new genera Decaphyllobius, Tillandsobius and Tycherobius. During this century have been described only 26 species (by Berlese, Canestrini, Banks, McGregor, Gerson, Soliman & Zaher, Zaher & Gomaa, Bolland, Meyer, de Leon, Indira, Rao & Thakur, Smiley & Moser, Meyer & Ryke, Kuznetzov & Livshitz, Womersley, Oudemans, Summers & Schlinger. After 1983 Bolland described (alone or with co-authors) also 65 of the 169 accepted species in the family. The family Camerobiidae and the type genus Camerobia have been described by Southcott (1957). After the revision of Bolland only two new genera have been added (Bisetulobius du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann, 1998 and Acamerobia Fan et Walter, 2011), but many more species have been decribed mostly from USA (26, without Hawaii), South Africa (22), Turkey (15), Iran (4), Israel (8), China and other countries by the researchers du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann (1998), Doğan & Ayyıldız (2003), Khanjani & Ueckermann (2002), Koç & Madanlar (2002), Bolland & Swift (2000), Fan (2001), Bolland & Mehrnejad (2001), Akyol & Koç (2006). Now the bulk of the family is contained in the genus Neophyllobius, until 1983 considered to represent a separate family Neophyllobiidae.

Composition of Camerobiidae

Fam. Camerobiidae Southcott, 1957 – 7 gen., 169 sp.

Acamerobia Fan et Walter, 2011 – 1 sp.

Bisetulobius du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann, 1998 – 1 sp.

Camerobia Southcott, 1957 – 6 sp.

Decaphyllobius Bolland, 1986 – 4 sp.

Neophyllobius Berlese, 1886 – 131 sp.

Tillandsobius Bolland, 1986 – 1 sp.

Tycherobius Bolland, 1986 – 25 sp.

Catalogue of Camerobiidae

Fam. Camerobiidae Southcott

Camerobiidae Southcott, 1957: 311

Neophyllobiidae Southcott, 1957: 311; syn. by Gerson, 1972: 507

Type genus: Camerobia Southcott, 1957

Genus Acamerobia Fan et Walter

Acamerobia Fan & Walter, 2011: 45

Type species: Acamerobia inflatus Fan et Walter, 2011

Acamerobia inflatus Fan et Walter

Acamerobia inflatus Fan & Walter, 2011: 45

Type locality: Brisbane, Queensland

Distribution: Australia

Genus Bisetulobius du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann

Bisetulobius du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998: 4

Type species: Bisetulobius varius du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann, 1998

Bisetulobius varius du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann

Bisetulobius varius du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998: 4

Type locality: Weber, 90 km from Pofadder to Kakamas, Prov. of Northern Cape

Distribution: South Africa

Genus Camerobia Southcott

Camerobia Southcott, 1957: 306

Type species: Camerobia australis Southcott, 1957

Camerobia australis Southcott

Camerobia australis Southcott, 1957: 306; Fan & Walter, 2006: 3

Type locality: Kaban, Atherton Tableland, Queensland

Distribution: Australia

Camerobia monspeliensis Bolland

Camerobia monspeliensis Bolland, 1986: 199

Type locality: Montpellier

Distribution: France

Camerobia pistaciae Bolland, 1986

Camerobia pistaciae Bolland, 1986: 195; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 365

Type locality: Zikhron Yaakov (Israel)

Distribution: Crimea, Hungary, Israel

Camerobia rugulosa Fan et Chen

Camerobia rugulosa Fan & Chen, 1997: 42; 2010: 126

Type locality: China

Distribution: China

Camerobia southcotti Gerson

Camerobia southcotti Gerson, 1972: 502

Type locality: Montfort

Distribution: Israel

Camerobia turcica Koç

Camerobia turcicus Koç & Kara, 2005: 201; Doğan, 2007, 2019: 132; Erman et al., 2007

Type locality: Izmir

Distribution: Turkey

Genus Decaphyllobius Bolland

Decaphyllobius Bolland, 1986: 201

Type species: Decaphyllobius gersoni Bolland, 1986

Decaphyllobius agrifoliae (McGregor)

Neophyllobius agrifoliae McGregor, 1950: 56

Decaphyllobius agrifoliae (McGregor): Bolland 1986: 201

Type locality: California, South Pasadena

Distribution: USA

Decaphyllobius citri (Soliman et Zaher)

Neophyllobius citri Soliman & Zaher, 1967: 27

Decaphyllobius citri (Soliman et Zaher): Bolland 1986: 201

Type locality: Upper Egypt, Kom Omdo

Distribution: Egypt

Decaphyllobius gersoni Bolland

Decaphyllobius gersoni Bolland, 1986: 201

Type locality: Elat, on Tamaryx aphylla

Distribution: Israel

Decaphyllobius hadros (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool)

Neophyllobius hadros Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1974: 188

Decaphyllobius hadros (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool): Bolland, 1986: 202

Type locality: Univ. Agric. Lyallpur Campus

Distribution: Pakistan

Genus Neophyllobius Berlese

Neophyllobius Berlese, 1886: 19

Type species: Neophyllobius elegans Berlese, 1886

Neophyllobius abiegnus Khaustov et Abramov

Neophyllobius abiegnus Khaustov & Abramov, 2017: 1385

Type locality: European Russia, in the galleries of Pityophthorus micrographus (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)

Distribution: Russia

Neophyllobius acaciae Bolland

Neophyllobius acaciae Bolland, 1991: 167

Type locality: Nelspruit

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius aegyptium Soliman et Zaher

Neophyllobius aegyptium Soliman & Zaher, 1967: 28; Soliman, Zaher & Ibrahim, 1973: 49; Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 125; Bolland, 1991: 209

Type locality: Giza, Wadi El-Natroun

Distribution: Egypt

Neophyllobius aesculi Bolland

Neophyllobius aesculi Bolland, 1983: 42; 1991: 157

Type locality: Amsterdam, on Aesculus hippocastanum

Distribution: Belgium, France, Holland

Neophyllobius afyonensis Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius afyonensis Akyol & Koç, 2006: 66; Erman et al., 2007; Doğan, 2007; 2019: 131

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius ambulans Meyer

Neophyllobius ambulans Meyer, 1962: 411; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54; Bolland, 1991: 177

Type locality: Leteba, Northern Transvaal

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius americanus Banks

Neophyllobius americanus Banks, 1904: 27; 1905: 133; 1907: 599; 1915: 153; McGregor, 1950: 58; Bolland, 1991: 201

Type locality: USA

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius arenarius Bolland

Neophyllobius arenarius Bolland, 1991: 143

Type locality: Florida, Winter Haven

Distribution: USA (Florida)

Neophyllobius armeniaca Bolland

Neophyllobius armeniaca Bolland, 1991: 181

Type locality: Hawaii, from apricot “New Zealand”

Distribution: Hawaii

Neophyllobius asalii Khanjani et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius asalii Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2006: 280; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013: 210; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Khorramabad, Lorestan Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius askalensis Doğan et Ayyildız

Neophyllobius askalensis Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 129; Erman et al., 2007; Doğan, 2007: 3; 2019: 131

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius astragalusi Khanjani et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius astragalusi Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2002: 162; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013: 210; Yazdanpanah et al., 2012; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Azad-Abad, Hamedan Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius atriplicis Bolland

Neophyllobius atriplicis Bolland, 1991: 173; Koç, 2001: 258; Bolland & Koç, 2001: 258; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 131

Type locality: Colorado, El Passo Co., host Atriplex canescens (plant)

Distribution: Turkey, USA (Colorado)

Neophyllobius ayvalikensis Akyol

Neophyllobius ayvalikensis Akyol, 2013: 543; Doğan, 2007; 2019: 131

Type locality: Prov. of Balikesir, Ayvalik Distr., Altinova town

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius ayyildizi Koç et Madanlar

Neophyllobius ayyildizi Koç & Madanlar, 2002: 61; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 132

Type locality: Izmir

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius bamiensis Khanjani, Asadabadi, Izadi et Doğan

Neophyllobius bamiensis Khanjani, Asadabadi, Izadi & Doğan, 2012: 68; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013: 210; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Bam city, Kerman province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius bequartiodendri Bolland

Neophyllobius bequartiodendri Bolland, 1991: 95

Type locality: Blijderivierpoort; host Bequartiodendron (plant)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius bialagorensis Bolland

Neophyllobius bialagorensis Bolland, 1991: 80; Ripka et al., 2005: 166

Type locality: Sztum, “Biala Gora” Reserve

Distribution: Hungary, Poland

Neophyllobius binisetosus Bolland

Neophyllobius binisetosus Bolland, 1991: 173

Type locality: Oregon, Benton Co., 3.5 mi N.E.Summit

Distribution: USA (Oregon)

Neophyllobius bisetalis Bolland et Swift

Neophyllobius bisetalis Bolland & Swift, 2001: 351

Type locality: Hawaii I., South Kona

Distribution: Hawaii (Hawaii and Oahu Isl.)

Neophyllobius bolvadinensis Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius bolvadinensis Akyol & Koç, 2006b: 131; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyon, Emirdağı mountains

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius burrellis McGregor

Neophyllobius burrellis McGregor, 1950: 59; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 151

Type locality: Washington, Yakima

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius camelli Khanjani et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius camelli Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2002: 164; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013: 210; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Lahijan, Guilan Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius capparidis Bolland

Neophyllobius capparidis Bolland, 1991: 92

Type locality: Addo Nat. Park, host Capparis ciltifolia (plant)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius cavumarboris Meyer et Ryke

Neophyllobius cavumarboris Meyer & Ryke, 1959: 213; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54; Bolland 1991: 181

Type locality: Potchefstroom

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius ceratoniae Bolland

Neophyllobius ceratoniae Bolland, 1991: 170

Type locality: Valencia, host Ceratonia siliqua (plant)

Distribution: Spain

Neophyllobius coloradensis Bolland

Neophyllobius coloradensis Bolland, 1991: 147

Type locality: Colorado, Nunn

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius combreticola Bolland

Neophyllobius combreticola Bolland, 1991: 196; Soroosh & Kamali, 2002; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Tshipise pad, 5 km outside Messina (South Africa), host Combretum apiculatum (plant)

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Neophyllobius communis Gerson

Neophyllobius communis Gerson, 1968: 432; Bolland, 1991: 133; Koç, 1999: 123; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 132

Type locality: Israel, Misgav Am

Distribution: Israel, Italy (Sicily), Turkey

Neophyllobius conocarpi Bolland

Neophyllobius conocarpi Bolland, 1991: 163

Type locality: Florida, on orange

Distribution: USA (Florida)

Neophyllobius consobrinus de Leon

Neophyllobius consobrinus de Leon, 1958: 177; Bolland, 1991: 207; Bolland & Swift, 2001: 347

Type locality: Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas

Distribution: Mexico, Hawaii (Oahu I.)

Neophyllobius coxalis Bolland

Neophyllobius coxalis Bolland, 1991: 141

Type locality: Colorado, El Passo County, host Atriplex canescens (plant)

Distribution: USA (Colorado)

Neophyllobius crinitus du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius crinitus du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998: 11

Type locality: Eastern Cape, 100 km from Beaufort West to Aberdeen

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius curtipilis de Leon

Neophyllobius curtipilis de Leon, 1958: 180; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 196

Type locality: Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius danthoniae Bolland

Neophyllobius danthoniae Bolland, 1991: 143

Type locality: Missouri, North of Vichy, host Danthonia spicata (plant)

Distribution: USA (Missouri)

Neophyllobius deleoni Bolland

Neophyllobius horridus de Leon, 1958: 178 [praeocc. from Berlese 1886]

Neophyllobius deleoni Bolland, 1991: 132

Type locality: Route 35, 18 miles southwest of Guadalajara, Jal.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius demirsoyi Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius demirsoyi Akyol & Koç, 2006a: 125; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyon, Tasköprü place, Sultandağı district

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius dichantii Bolland

Neophyllobius dichantii Bolland, 1991: 65

Type locality: Chakari pad 15 miles from Gatooma

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius sp. near dichantii Boland

Hungary (Ripka et al., 2005: 166)

Neophyllobius dickansoni Bolland

Neophyllobius dickansoni Bolland, 1991: 154

Type locality: Oregon, Klamath Co., 1 mi sw. Chiloquin

Distribution: USA (Oregon)

Neophyllobius dogani Khanjani et Hoseini

Neophyllobius dogani Khanjani & Hoseini, 2013a: 518; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 210

Type locality: Chaghlvandy, Khorramabad, Lorestan Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius edwardi Khanjani et Hoseini

Neophyllobius edwardi Khanjani & Hoseini, 2013a: 511; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 210

Type locality: Sorkhi region, Fars Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius elegans Berlese

Neophyllobius elegans Berlese, 1886: 19; 1887: fasc. 34, No 2 and 5; 1900: 288; Canestrini, 1890: 457; Bolland, 1991: 212

Type locality: Padova

Distribution: Italy

Neophyllobius equalis de Leon

Neophyllobius equalis de Leon, 1958: 177; Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 84; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 186

Type locality: Navarette, Nay. (Mexico)

Distribution: Crimea, Mexico

Neophyllobius euonymi Bolland et Ripka

Neophyllobius euonymi Bolland & Ripka, 2000: 357; Ripka et al., 2005: 166

Type locality: Budapest

Distribution: Hungary

Neophyllobius fani Doğan et Ayyıldız

Neophyllobius fani Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 123; Doğan, 2007: 4; 2019: 132

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius farrieri de Leon

Neophyllobius farrieri de Leon, 1958: 176; Robaux, 1975: 248 (misidentification); Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 83; Bolland, 1991: 204. See the critical notes of Bolland, 1991.

Type locality: Puenta de Nejapa, Oaxaca

Distribution: Crimea (?), Mexico

Neophyllobius femoralis Bolland

Neophyllobius femoralis Bolland, 1991:121; Diagnostic, Koç & Ayyıldız 1996: 291

Type locality: Fayoum, from palm tree

Distribution: Egypt

Neophyllobius ferrugineus Fan

Neophyllobius ferrugineus Fan, 2001: 140; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Fuzhou City; Fujian

Distribution: China

Neophyllobius fissus de Leon

Neophyllobius fissus de Leon, 1967: 31; Bolland, 1991: 212

Type locality: St. Augustinae

Distribution: Trinidad

Neophyllobius foliosetosus Fan

Neophyllobius foliosetosus Fan, 2001: 138; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Gutian; Fujian

Distribution: China

Neophyllobius gigantorum Bolland

Neophyllobius gigantorum Bolland, 1991: 97

Type locality: Giants-Castle

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius gonzali Zaher et Gomaa

Neophyllobius gonzali Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 124; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54; Bolland, 1991: 190

Type locality: Fayoum

Distribution: Egypt

Neophyllobius graminicola Bolland

Neophyllobius graminicola Bolland, 1991:77

Type locality: Springfield

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius graminum Bolland

Neophyllobius graminum Bolland, 1991: 92

Type locality: Die Kelders, host Phylica nigrita (plant)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius guajavae Chatterjee et Gupta

Neophyllobius guajavae Chatterjee et Gupta, in Gupta, 2002: 38

Type locality: West Bengal, Kalyani

Distribution: India

Neophyllobius helichrysi du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius helichrysi du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998: 15

Type locality: Western Cape, George to Oudtshoorn, Prov. of the Western Cape

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius hispanicus Bolland

Neophyllobius hispanicus Bolland, 1991: 132

Type locality: Spain, from orange leaves

Distribution: Spain

Neophyllobius hyderabadensis Indira, Rao et Thakur

Neophyllobius hyderabadensis Indira, Rao & Thakur, 1980: 121

Type locality: Hyderabad, host Caryota urens (plant)

Distribution: India

Neophyllobius hypoleanae Bolland

Neophyllobius hypoleanae Bolland, 1991: 97

Type locality: Kaappunt; host Hypoleana digitata (plant)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius inequalis de Leon

Neophyllobius inequalis de Leon, 1958: 176; Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 85; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 207

Type locality: Veracruz, Ver.

Distribution: Crimea, Mexico

Neophyllobius interruptus Bolland

Neophyllobius interruptus Bolland, 1991: 65

Type locality: Florida, 3 mi S.Sevilla, host Citrus

Distribution: USA (Florida)

Neophyllobius iramus de Leon

Neophyllobius iramus de Leon, 1967: 30; Bolland, 1991: 184

Type locality: Trinidad, Arima, (Cleaver Reserve)

Distribution: Trinidad

Neophyllobius izmirensis Akyol

Neophyllobius izmirensis Akyol, 2013: 544; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Prov. of Izmir, Cigli Distr., Camaltı Tuzlası place

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius kamalii Khanjani, Asali Fayaz et Ghanbalani

Neophyllobius kamalii Khanjani, Asali Fayaz & Ghanbalani, 2010: 58; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Dalahoo, Rijab, Kermanshah Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius karabagiensis Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius karabagiensis Akyol & Koç, 2006c: 489; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: B. Karabag, Afyonkarahisar

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius lachishensis Bolland

Neophyllobius lachishensis Bolland, 1998: 136; Akyol & Koç, 2006b: 126; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Lachis (Israel)

Distribution: Israel, Turkey

Neophyllobius lalbaghensis Zeity et Gowda

Neophyllobius lalbaghensis Zeity & Gowda, 2013: 547

Type locality: Bangalore

Distribution: India

Neophyllobius lamimani McGregor

Neophyllobius lamimani McGregor, 1950: 62; Bolland, 1991: 139; Akyol, 2012a, 2012b, 2013b, 2017, 2018b

Type locality: Fresno, California

Distribution: Turkey, USA

Neophyllobius lanceolatus Bolland

Neophyllobius lanceolatus Bolland, 1991: 173

Type locality: Montpellier, host Platanus acerifolia (plant)

Distribution: France

Neophyllobius levanticola Bolland

Neophyllobius levanticola Bolland, 1991: 136

Type locality: Arad

Distribution: Israel

Neophyllobius lobatus de Leon

Neophyllobius lobatus de Leon, 1958: 177; Bolland, 1991: 167

Type locality: San Blas, Nay.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius longulus de Leon

Neophyllobius longulus de Leon, 1958: 180; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 129

Type locality: Matias Romero, Oax.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius lorestanicus Khanjani, Hoseini, Yazdanpanah et Masoudian

Neophyllobius lorestanicus Khanjani, Hoseini, Yazdanpanah & Masoudian, 2014: 441; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013: 211

Type locality: Sarcheshmahe village, Mahallat, Markazi province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius lorioi Smiley et Moser

Neophyllobius lorioi Smiley & Moser, 1968: 309; Bolland, 1991: 164

Type locality: Pineville, Louisiana

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius mamaneae Bolland et Swift

Neophyllobius mamaneae Bolland & Swift, 2001: 352

Type locality: Hawaii I., Mauna Kea (2438 – 2590 m)

Distribution: Hawaii

Neophyllobius mangiferus Zaher et Gomaa

Neophyllobius mangiferus Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 128; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 121; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54

Type locality: Giza

Distribution: Egypt

Neophyllobius marginatus de Leon

Neophyllobius marginatus de Leon, 1958: 178; Vacante, 1984: 296; Bolland, 1991: 128

Type locality: Ixtlan del Rio, Nay. (Mexico)

Distribution: Italy, Mexico

Neophyllobius mexicanus McGregor

Neophyllobius mexicanus McGregor, 1950: 49; De Leon, 1958: 181; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 218

Type locality: intercepted at Brownsville, Texas on avocado budwood from “Mexico”

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius meyerae Bolland

Neophyllobius meyerae Bolland, 1991: 63

Type locality: Jozini

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius mitrae Khanjani, Molavi et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius mitrae Khanjani, Molavi & Ueckermann, 2011: 130; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Ahwas, Khuzestan Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius mkuzensis du Toit, Theron et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius mkuzensis du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998: 15

Type locality: Mkuze Game Reserve, Prov. of Kwazulu/Natal

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius montanus Bolland

Neophyllobius montanus Bolland, 1991: 88

Type locality: Giants-Castle

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius muscantribii Bolland

Neophyllobius muscantribii Bolland, 1991: 73

Neophyllobius eragrostidis Bolland, 1991: 73 – Type locality: Roodeplaat, South Africa, Eragrostis (plant); syn. by du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998.

Type locality: Oribi Gorge, host Muscantribium sorghium (plant)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius natalensis Meyer et Ryke

Neophyllobius natalensis Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 211; Bolland, 1991: 102; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54

Type locality: Munster, Natal

Distribution: South Arica

Neophyllobius nemoralis Kuznetsov et Livshits

Neophyllobius nemoralis Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 83; Bolland, 1991: 107

Type locality: Crimea, Yalta

Distribution: Crimea

Neophyllobius niloticus Bolland

Neophyllobius niloticus Bolland, 1991: 210; Dehghan-Dolati et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Beni-Suif, on palmtrees

Distribution: Egypt, Iran

Neophyllobius olurensis Doğan et Ayyıldız

Neophyllobius olurensis Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 129; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius oregonensis Bolland

Neophyllobius oregonensis Bolland, 1991: 143

Type locality: Oregon, Criterion Pass 3000, Wasco Co., from grass

Distribution: USA (Oregon)

Neophyllobius orhani Doğan et Ayyıldız

Neophyllobius orhani Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 126; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius ornatus Womersley

Neophyllobius ornatus Womersley, 1940: 248; Bolland, 1991: 219; Fan & Walter, 2006: 7

Type locality: New South Wales, Boomi

Distribution: Australia

Neophyllobius ostovani Khanjani et Hoseini

Neophyllobius ostovani Khanjani & Hoseini, 2013: 443; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211

Type locality: Koohmare Region, Fars Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius panici Bolland

Neophyllobius panici Bolland, 1991: 69

Type locality: nr. St-Luciameer

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius parisianus Bolland

Neophyllobius parisianus Bolland, 1991: 149

Type locality: Versailles, host Platanus (plant)

Distribution: France

Neophyllobius parthenocissi Bolland

Neophyllobius parthenocissi Bolland, 1991: 113; Akyol, 2012a, 2012b, 2017, 2018b; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Washington, District-of-Columbia, host Parthenocissus (plant)

Distribution: Turkey, USA

Neophyllobius persiaensis Khanjani et Ueckermann

Neophyllobius persiaensis Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2002: 160; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 71; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393; Çobanoğlu & Yeşilayer, 2016; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Asad-Abad region, Hamedan Prov.

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Neophyllobius piniphilus Bolland

Neophyllobius piniphilus Bolland, 2001: 129

Type locality: Santpoort

Distribution: Holland

Neophyllobius pistaciae Bolland et Mehrnejad

Neophyllobius pistaciae Bolland & Mehrnejad, 2001: 49; Mehrnejad & Ueckermann, 2001; Khademi et al., 2006; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 393

Type locality: Sirjan, Kerman Province

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius platanobius Bolland

Neophyllobius platanobius Bolland, 1991: 108

Type locality: Montpellier, host Platanus acerifolia (plant)

Distribution: France

Neophyllobius plumifer Bolland

Neophyllobius plumifer Bolland, 1991: 100

Type locality: Warszawa, Kampinoski Nat. Park; host Pinus sylvestris (plant)

Distribution: Poland

Neophyllobius podocarpi Bolland

Neophyllobius podocarpi Bolland, 1991: 107; Koç, 2005: 264; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Florida, Gainsville, host Podocarpus (plant)

Distribution: Turkey, USA (Florida)

Neophyllobius ponderosus Bolland

Neophyllobius ponderosus Bolland, 1991: 151

Type locality: Oregon, Harney Co., Poison Creek Rd., 13 mi n. of Burns 5300

Distribution: USA (Oregon)

Neophyllobius populus Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius populus Akyol & Koç, 2006c: 487; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyonkarahisar, Sultandağı District

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius pruni Bolland

Neophyllobius pruni Bolland, 1991: 190

Type locality: Mo., Boone country S. of Columbia, host apple

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius punctulatus Fan

Neophyllobius punctulatus Fan, 2001: 142; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Shanghai City

Distribution: China

Neophyllobius quadrisetosus de Leon

Neophyllobius quadrisetosus de Leon, 1958: 175; Bolland, 1991: 83

Type locality: Guaymas, Son.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius quercus Uluçay et Koç

Neophyllobius quercus Uluçay & Koç, 2014: 15; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Kütahya Prov.

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius quinquepilis Bolland

Neophyllobius quinquepilis Bolland, 1991: 77

Type locality: USA, Lancaster, host Danthonia spicata (plant)

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius saberi Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharekhani et Maleki

Neophyllobius saberi Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharekhani & Maleki, 2013: 341

Type locality: Northest Azerbaijan

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius sanctaeluciae Bolland

Neophyllobius sanctaeluciae Bolland, 1991: 85

Type locality: St. Luciameer

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius saxatilis Halbert

Neophyllobius saxatilis Halbert, 1923: 384; v. Eyndhoven, 1938: 25; Bolland, 1991: 214

Type locality: Co.Dublin

Distribution: Ireland

Neophyllobius seemani Khanjani et Hoseini

Neophyllobius seemani Khanjani & Hoseini, 2013a: 514; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211

Type locality: Nahavad, Hamedan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius setosus Bolland

Neophyllobius setosus Bolland, 1991: 186

Type locality: Rehovot, host Myrtus (plant)

Distribution: Israel

Neophyllobius sierrae McGregor

Neophyllobius sierrae McGregor, 1950: 64; Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 84; Bolland, 1991: 201

Type locality: Camp Nelson, California

Distribution: Crimea, USA

Neophyllobius spatulus de Leon

Neophyllobius spatulus de Leon, 1958: 181; Bolland, 1991: 201

Type locality: Route 15, nine miles west of Tepic, Nay.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius sturmerwoodi Bolland

Neophyllobius sturmerwoodi Bolland, 1991: 157; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 23

Type locality: Woolstone Church, Davis Gelatine Orchard

Distribution: New Zealand

Neophyllobius succineus Bolland et Magowski

Neophyllobius succineus Bolland & Magowski, 1990: 17

Type locality: in amber; upper Eocene Fossil

Distribution: Poland

.

Neophyllobius sultanensis Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius sultanensis Akyol & Koç, 2006b: 64; Doğan, 2007: 5; 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius summersi McGregor

Neophyllobius summersi McGregor, 1950: 67; Bolland, 1991: 104

Type locality: Davis, California

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius sycomorus Zaher et Gomaa

Neophyllobius sycomorus Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 126; Redescription: Bolland, 1991: 104; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 54

Type locality: Dakahli, Manzala

Distribution: Egypt

Neophyllobius tamarindi Bolland

Neophyllobius tamarindi Bolland, 1991: 161

Type locality: Florida, on big Pine Key, host Tamarindus indica (plant)

Distribution: USA (Florida)

Neophyllobius tenuipilis Bolland

Neophyllobius tenuipilis Bolland, 1991: 113

Type locality: Rehovot

Distribution: Israel

Neophyllobius texanus McGregor

Neophyllobius texanus McGregor, 1950: 66; Bolland, 1991: 71

Type locality: Tyler, Texas

Distribution: USA

Neophyllobius theobromae Bolland

Neophyllobius theobromae Bolland, 1991: 124

Type locality: Nandaime, on cacao

Distribution: Nicaragua

Neophyllobius trisetosus de Leon

Neophyllobius trisetosus de Leon, 1958: 175; Bolland, 1991: 88

Type locality: Oxaca, Oax.

Distribution: Mexico

Neophyllobius turcicus Koç et Ayyıldız

Neophyllobius turcicus Koç & Ayyıldız, 1996: 291; Doğan, 2007: 6; 2019: 132

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius ueckermanni Bolland

Neophyllobius ueckermanni Bolland, 1991: 85

Type locality: 25 km from Badplaas (Chrissiemeer-pad)

Distribution: South Africa

Neophyllobius vandebundi Bolland

Neophyllobius vandebundi Bolland, 1991: 80

Type locality: Ouddorp, Westduinen

Distribution: Holland

Neophyllobius vanderwieli Oudemans

Neophyllobius vanderwieli Oudemans, 1926: 121; Corporal, 1928: 129; Bolland, 1991: 219

Type locality: Naardemeer

Distribution: Holland

Neophyllobius variegata Fan et Walter

Neophyllobius variegata Fan & Walter, 2006: 8

Type locality: Gubara Walk, Baroalba Gorge, Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory

Distribution: Australia

Neophyllobius viticola Bolland

Neophyllobius viticola Bolland, 1991: 193

Type locality: Valras (Herault – 34), host Vitis vinifera (plant)

Distribution: France

Neophyllobius womersleyi Fan et Walter

Neophyllobius womersleyi Fan et Walter, 2006: 14

Type locality: Waywood ph, Adelaide

Distribution: Australia

Neophyllobius yunusi Akyol et Koç

Neophyllobius yunusi Akyol & Koç, 2006a: 129; Uluçay & Koç, 2014: 15; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyon, Çay district, Sultandağı district

Distribution: Turkey

Neophyllobius zolfigolii Khanjani, Asali Fayaz et Ghanbalani

Neophyllobius zolfigolii Khanjani, Asali Fayaz & Ghanbalani, 2010: 54; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 211; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Nahavad, Hamedan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Neophyllobius sp

Yemen (Ueckermann et al., 2006: 263)

Genus Tillandsobius Bolland, 1986

Tillandsobius Bolland, 1986: 205

Type species: Neophyllobius floridensis McGregor, 1950

Tillandsobius floridensis (McGregor)

Neophyllobius floridensis McGregor, 1950: 61

Tillandsobius floridensis (McGregor): Bolland, 1986: 205

Type locality: Florida, Duval County, Dupont Road

Distribution: USA (Florida)

Genus Tycherobius Bolland

Tycherobius Bolland, 1986: 205

Type species: Neophyllobius lombardinii Summers et Schlinger, 1955

Tycherobius acicula Fan et Walter

Tycherobius acicula Fan & Walter, 2006a: 40

Type locality: North Queensland

Distribution: Australia

Tycherobius anatolicus Uluçay, Koç et Akyol

Tycherobius anatolicus Uluçay, Koç et Akyol, in Uluçay et al., 2016c; Doğan, 2019:132

Type locality: Turkey

Distribution: Turkey

Tycherobius aotearoa Fan et Zhang

Tycherobius aotearoa Fan & Zhang, 2005: 25; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 11

Type locality: Nelson, Boulder Bank

Distrubution: New Zealand

Tycherobius australis Fan et Walter

Tycherobius australis Fan & Walter, 2006a: 23

Type locality: Brisbane

Distrubution: Australia

Tycherobius banehiensis Nasrollahi, Khanjani et Mirfakhraee

Tycherobius banehiensis Nasrollahi, Khanjani & Mirfakhraee, 2019: 2231

Type locality: Baneh City, Kurdistan Prov.

Distrubution: Iran

Tycherobius bollandi Ayyıldız et Doğan

Tycherobius bollandi Ayyıldız & Doğan, 2003: 884; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 11;

Erman et al., 2007; Doğan, 2007: 6; 2019: 132

Type locality: Dagtarlalari District, Olur, Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Tycherobius dazkiriensis Akyol et Koç

Tycherobius dazkiriensis Akyol & Koç, 2006: 491; Doğan, 2007: 6; 2019: 132

Type locality: Afyonkarahisar, Dazkiri District

Distribution: Turkey

Tycherobius edaphon Flechtmann

Tycherobius edaphon Flechtmann, 2001: 41; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 10

Type locality: Sao Paulo, Itirapina

Distrubution: Brazil

Tycherobius elongata Fan et Walter

Tycherobius elongata Fan & Walter, 2006a: 45

Type locality: Brisbane

Distribution: Australia

Tycherobius emadi Khanjani, Hajizadeh, Ostovan et Asali Fayaz

Tycherobius emadi Khanjani, Hajizadeh, Ostovan & Asali Fayaz, 2013: 134; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 212

Type locality: Saravan forest, Rasht, Guilan Province

Distrubution: Iran

Tycherobius farsiensis Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan et Asali Fayaz

Tycherobius farsiensis Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan & Asali Fayaz, 2012: 36; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 212; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394; Akyol & Koç, 2017: 21; Doğan, 2019:132

Type locality: Koohmare Sorkhi region, Fars Province, Iran

Distrubution: Iran, Turkey

Tycherobius iranensis Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan et Asali Fayaz

Tycherobius iranensis Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan & Asali Fayaz, 2012: 25; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 212; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394; Uluçay et al., 2016c; Doğan, 2019:132

Type locality: Koohmare Sorkhi region, Fars Province

Distrubution: Iran

Tycherobius izmirensis Akyol et Koç

Tycherobius izmirensis Akyol & Koç, 2017: 22; Akyol & Gül, 2018c; Doğan, 2019:132

Type locality: Izmir

Distribution: Turkey

Tycherobius hawaiiensis Bolland et Swift

Tycherobius hawaiiensis Bolland & Swift, 2001: 347; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 9

Type locality: Hawaii, Nihoa

Distrubution: Hawaii

Tycherobius lombardinii (Summers et Schlinger)

Neophyllobius lombardinii Summers & Schlinger, 1955: 550

Tycherobius lombardinii (Summers et Schlinger): Fan & Walter, 2006a: 8

Type locality: California, Glendale

Distrubution: USA (California)

Tycherobius polonicus Bolland

Tycherobius polonicus Bolland, 1986: 208; Koç, 2005: 264; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 9; Erman et al., 2007; Doğan, 2007: 6; 2019: 132

Type locality: Poland

Distrubution: Poland, Turkey, Ukraine

Tycherobius quercus Bolland et Koç

Tycherobius quercus Bolland & Koç, 2001: 135; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 10; Erman et al., 2007; Doğan, 2007: 6; 2019: 132

Type locality: Artvin

Distrubution: Turkey

Tycherobius rhytis (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool)

Neophyllobius rhytis Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1974: 190

Tycherobius rhytis (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool): Fan & Walter, 2006a: 8

Type locality: 3 mi. W Hyderabad

Distrubution: Pakistan

Tycherobius sahragardi Khanjani, Hadjizadeh, Hoseini et Jalili

Tycherobius sahragardi Khanjani, Hadjizadeh, Hoseini & Jalili, 2013: 131; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 213; Uluçay et al., 2016c; Doğan, 2019:132

Type locality: Parashkoh village, Langarud vic., Guilan Province (Iran)

Distrubution: Iran, Turkey

Tycherobius stipula Fan et Walter

Tycherobius stipula Fan & Walter, 2006a: 14

Type locality: Brisbane

Distrubution: Australia

Tycherobius stramenticola Bolland

Tycherobius stramenticola Bolland, 1986: 207; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1998: 45; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 9; Doğan, 2007: 7; 2019: 132

Type locality: Israel, Mount Carmel

Distrubution: Israel, Turkey

Tycherobius superbus (Canestrini)

Neophyllobius superbus Canestrini, 1889: 523; Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979: 82

Tycherobius superbus (Canestrini): Bolland, 1986: 206; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 5

Type locality: Padovano, Trentino

Distrubution: Crimea, Italy

Tycherobius turcicus Ayyıldız et Doğan

Tycherobius turcicus Ayyıldız & Doğan, 2003: 884; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 11; Doğan, 2007: 7; 2019: 132

Type locality: Dikyarkapi District, Uzundere, Erzurum

Distrubution: Turkey

Tycherobius ueckermanni Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan et Asali Fayaz

Tycherobius ueckermanni Khanjani, Yazyanpenah, Ostovan & Asali Fayaz, 2012: 30; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013b: 213; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Koohmare Sorkhi region, Fars Province

Distrubution: Iran

Tycherobius virginiensis (McGregor)

Neophyllobius virginiensis McGregor, 1950: 69

Tycherobius virginiensis (McGregor): Bolland, 1986: 208; Fan & Walter, 2006a: 5

Type locality: Virginia, Arlington

Distrubution: USA

Distribution of Camerobiidae

EUROPE

Belgium (Bolland, 1991) – Neophyllobius aesculi

France (contin.) (Bolland, 1986, 1991) – Camerobia monspeliensis, Neophyllobius aesculi, N. lanceolatus, N. parisianus, N. platanobius, N. viticola

Holland (Oudemans, 1926; Corporaal, 1928; Eyndhoven, 1938; Bolland, 1983, 1991, 2001) – Neophyllobius aesculi, N. piniphilus, N. saxatilis, N. vandebundi, N. vanerwieli

Hungary (Bolland, 1986; Ripka, Fain & Bolland, 1999; Bolland & Ripka, 2000) – Camerobia pistaciae, Neophyllobius euonymi, Neophyllobius sp. nr. sturmerwoodi

Ireland (Halbert, 1923) – Neophyllobius saxatilis

Italy (contin.)(Berlese, 1886; Canestrini, 1889; Bolland, 1986) – Neophyllobius communis, N. elegans, N. marginatus, Tycherobius superbus

Poland (Bolland, 1986; Kazmierski, 2000, 2008) – Neophyllobius bialagorensis, Tycherobius polonicus

Russia (contin.)(Khaustov & Abramov, 2017) – Neophyllobius abiegnus Crimea (Kuznetsov & Livshits, 1979; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014) – Camerobia pistaciae, Neophyllobius equalis, N. farrieri, N. inequalis, N. nemoralis, N. sierrae, Tycherobius superbus

Turkey (all)(Koç, 1999, 2001, 2005; Bolland & Koç, 2001; Koç & Madanlar, 1998; 2002; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1996, 1998; Ayyıldız & Doğan, 2003; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003; Koç & Kara, 2005; Akyol & Koç, 2006a, 2006b, 2006c; Akyol, 2013; Uluçay & Koç, 2014; Uluçay, Koç & Akyol, 2016; Akyol & Koç, 2017; Doğan, 2019) – Camerobia turcica, Neophyllobius afyonensis, N. askalensis, N. atriplicis, N. ayvalikensis, N. ayyildizi, N. bolvadinensis, N. communis, N. demirsoyi, N. fani, N. izmirensis, N. karabagiensis, N. lachishensis, N. lamimami, N. olurensis, N. orhani, N. parthenocissi, N. parsiaensis, N. podocarpi, N. populus, N. quercus, N. sultanensis, N. turcicus, N. yunusi, Tycherobius anatolicus, T. bollandi, T. dazkiriensis, T. farsiensis, T. iranensis, T. izmirensis, T. polonicus, T. quercus, T. sahragardi, T. stramenticola, T. turcicus

AFRICA

Egypt (Soliman, 1969; Zaher et al., 1971; Rasmy, Zaher & Abou-Awad, 1971; Rasmy, Zaher & Albagoury, 1972; Zaher & Gomaa, 1979; Bolland, 1991) – Decaphyllobius citri, Neophyllobius aegyptium, N. femoralis, N. gonzali, N. mangiferus, N. niloticus

South Africa (Meyer & Ryke, 1960; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989; Bolland, 1991; Du Toit, Theron & Ueckermann, 1998) – Bisetulobius varius, Neophyllobius acacia, N. ambulans, N. bequartiodendri, N. capporidis, N. cavumarboris, N. combreticola, N. crinitus, N. dichantii, N. gigantorum, N. graminum, N. helichrysi, N. hypoleanae, N. mkuzensis, N. montanus, N. muscantribii (= eragrostidis), N. natalensis, N. panici, N. sanctaeluciae, N. ueckermanni

ASIA

China (Fan & Chen, 1997, 2010; Fan, 2001; Cheng & Fan, 2008) – Camerobia rugulosa, Neophyllobius ferrugineus, N. foliosetosus, N. guajavae, N. punctulatus

India (Indira, Rao & Thakur, 1980; Gupta, 2002; Zeity & Gowda, 2013) – Neophyllobius hyderabadensis, N. lalbaghensis

Iran (Bolland & Mehrnejad, 2001; Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2002, 2006; Khanjani, Fayaz & Ghanbalani, 2010; Khanjani, Yazyanpanah, Ostovan & Asali Fayaz, 2012; Khanjani & Hoseini, 2013; Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharekhani & Maleki, 2013; Hoseini & Khanjani, 2013; Beyzavi et al., 2013; Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013; Maleki, Bagheri, Gharekhani & Alami, 2013; Khanjani, Hoseini, Yazdanpanah & Masoudian, 2014; Nasrollahi, Khanjani & Mirfakhraee, 2019) – Neophyllobius asalii, N. astragalusi, N. bamiensis, N. camelli, N. combreticola, N. dogani, N. edwardsi, N. kamalii, N. lorestanicus, N. mitrae, N. niloticus, N. ostovani, N. persiaensis, N. pistaciae, N. saberi, N. seemani, N. zolfigolii, Tycherobius emadi, T. banehiensis, T. farsiensis, T. iranensis, T. sahragardi, T. ueckermanni

Israel and Palestina (Gerson, 1972; Bolland, 1986, 1991) – Camerobia southcotti, C. pistaciae, Decaphyllobius gersoni, Neophyllobius communis, N. levanticola, Tycherobius stramenticola

Pakistan (Chaudhri, 1974; Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979) – Decaphyllobius hadros, Tycherobius rhytis

Yemen (Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006) – Neophyllobius sp.

NORTH AMERICA

Mexico (McGregor, 1950; de Leon, 1958) – Neophyllobius consobrinus, N. curtipilus, N. deleoni [= horridus De Leon, praeoccup.], N. equalis, N. farrieri, N. inequalis, N. lobatus, N. longulus, N. marginatus, N. mexicanus, N. spatulus, N. trisetosus

USA (Banks, 1904; McGregor, 1950; Summers & Schlinger, 1955; Robaux, 1975;

Bolland, 1991) – Decaphyllobius agrifoliae, Neophyllobius americanus, N. arenarius, N. atriplicis, N. binisetosus, N. burrellis, N. coloradensis, N. conocarpi, N. coxalis, N. danthoniae, N. dickansoni, N. farrieri, N. graminicola, N. interruptus, N. lamimani, N. lombardinii, N. lorioi, N. oregonensis, N. parthenocissi, N. podocarpi, N. ponderosus, N. pruni, N. quinquepilis, N. sierrae, N. tamarindi, N. texanus, Tillandsobius floridensis, Tycherobius virginiensis

Hawaii (Swift, 1996; Bolland & Swift, 2001) – Neophyllobius bisetalis, N. consobrinus, N. mamaneae, Tycherobius hawaiiensis

SOUTH and CENTRAL AMERICA

Brazil (Flechtmann, 2001) – Tycherobius edaphon

Nicaragua (Boland, 1991) – Neophyllobius theobromae

Trinidad (De Leon, 1967) – Neophyllobius fissus

OCEANIA

Australia (continent) (Womersley, 1940; Southcott, 1957; Fan & Walter, 2006a, 2006b; 2011) – Acamerobia inflatus, Camerobia australis, Neophylobius elongata, N. ornatus, N. variegata, N. womersleyi, Tycherobius acicula, T. australis, T. elongata, T. stipula

New Zealand (Fan & Zhang, 2005) – Neophyllobius sturmerwoodi, Tycherobius aotearoa

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The Mite Family Cryptognathidae Oudemans

Cryptognathidae Oudemans, 1902: 59

Tiny (300–400 µm) red mites, living in moss, leaf litter, on plants, under stones. Predaceous, feed on small arthropods. Three genera with ca. 66 valid species. After the description of Cryptognathus Kramer, 1879 was needed almost a century for the next genus Favognathus Luxton, 1973 and the major contributions were made by Ayyıldız, Chaudhri, Doğan, Dönel, Fan, Hirst, Koç, Krantz, Kuznetsov, Livshitz, Luxton, McDaniel, Moser, Robaux, Smiley, Smith Meyer, Summers, Swift, Ueckermann, Zhang and others. Summers & Chaudhri (1965) described 10 species, before this publication have been described only five sp. (by Kramer, 1879, Berlese, 1916, Hirst, 1926, Krantz, 1958, Meyer & Ryke, 1960) and after it – another 41 species and two of the three genera in the family.

Composition of Cryptognathidae

Fam. Cryptognathidae Oudemans, 1902 – 3 gen., 66 sp.

Cryptofavognathus Doğan et Dönel, 2010 – 2 sp.

Cryptognathus Kramer, 1879 – 22 sp.

Favognathus Luxton, 1973 – 42 sp.

Catalogue of Cryptognathidae

Fam. Cryptognathidae Oudemans

Cryptognathidae Oudemans, 1902: 59

Type genus: Cryptognathus Kramer, 1879

Genus Cryptofavognathus Doğan et Dönel

Cryptofavognathus Doğan & Dönel, 2010: 36

Type species: Favognathus afyonensis Koç et Akyol, 2004

Cryptofavognathus afyonensis (Koç et Akyol)

Favognathus afyonensis Koç & Akyol, 2004: 475; Doğan, 2008: 1674

Cryptofavognathus afyonensis (Koç et Akyol): Doğan & Dönel, 2010: 37; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Cryptofavognathus anatolicus Doğan et Dönel

Cryptofavognathus anatolicus Doğan & Dönel, 2010: 37; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Ağcaalan Village, Erbaa District, Tokat Province

Distribution: Turkey

Genus Cryptognathus Kramer

Cryptognathus Kramer, 1879: 154

Type species: Cryptognathus lagena Kramer, 1879

Cryptognathus attenuatus Luxton

Cryptognathus attenuatus Luxton, 1993: 1216; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1666

Type locality: Israel

Distribution: Israel

Cryptognathus aureatus Summers et Chaudhri

Cryptognathus aureatus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 325; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1666

Type locality: California, Quincy

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus australiensis Hirst

Cryptognathus australiensis Hirst, 1926: 614; Luxton, 1973: 73; 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668

Cryptognathus (C.) australiensis Hirst: Luxton, 1973: 73

Type locality: South Australia, Kuitpo Forest, ca. 30 miles from Adelaide

Distribution: Australia

Cryptognathus ayyildizi Akyol et Koç

Cryptognathus ayyildizi Akyol & Koç, 2010: 160; Uluçay and Koç, 2013a; Doğan, 2019: 132; Doustaresharaf, Bagheri & Saber, 2019: 1693

Type locality: Afyonkarahisar, Çakırköy town, Kestanelik (Turkey)

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Cryptognathus cucullus Summers et Chaudhri

Cryptognathus cucullus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 324; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668

Type locality: California

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus eurytopus Luxton

Cryptognathus eurytopus Luxton, 1973: 66; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1666

Type locality: summit of Mt Kosciusko, NSW, 7300 ft.

Distribution: Australia (NSW, SA)

Cryptognathus imbricatus Summers et Chaudhri

Cryptognathus imbricatus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 321; Luxton, 1973: 66; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668

Type locality: California, Altadena

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus incertus Robaux

Cryptognathus incertus Robaux, 1975: 264; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668

Type locality: California, Cowell, Park (Sta Cruz Co)

Distribution: USA (California)

Cryptognathus khaustovi Doustaresharaf, Bagheri et Saber

Cryptognathus khaustovi Doustaresharaf, Bagheri & Saber, 2019:

Type locality: Mahabad

Distribution: Iran

Cryptognathus lagena Kramer

Cryptognathus lagena Kramer, 1879: 154; Halbert, 1915: 114; Hull, 1918: 30; Dudich, Kolosváry & Szalay, 1940; Luxton, 1972: 591; Schmölzer, 1993: 59; Fan, 1997: 133; Kazmierski et al., 1997; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1998: 385; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668; 2019: 132; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 365; Khanjani et al., 2014: 371

Cryptognathus corrugis Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 323; Kuznetzov & Livshitz, 1974: 1721; Wainstein & Kuznetzov, 1978: 151; Kuznetzov & Petrov, 1984: 93 – Type: Franklin, Idaho, USA

Distribution: Austria, China, Crimea, England, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lituania, Norway, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, USA, Wales

Type locality of C. lagena Kramer: Germany

Distribution: Austria, Canada, China, England, Estonia, France, Germany, Holland, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Scotland, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, USA, Wales

Cryptognathus lateropunctatus Luxton

Cryptognathus lateropunctatus Luxton, 1973: 68; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Longstaff et al., 1999: 61; Doğan, 2008: 1669

Type locality: nr. Coonalpyn, South Australia

Distribution: Australia (SA)

Cryptognathus luteolus Summers et Chaudhri

Cryptognathus luteolus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 324; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1998: 387; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1670; 2019: 132

Type locality: California, Walker Pass, Kern Co.

Distribution: Turkey, USA

Cryptognathus kutahyaensis Uluçay et Koç

Cryptognathus kutahyaensis Uluçay & Koç, 2013a; Doğan, 2019: 132

Type locality: Kutahya

Distribution: Turkey

Cryptognathus ozkani Doğan et Ayyıldız

Cryptognathus ozkani Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2001: 217; 2003: 130; Doğan, 2008: 1671; 2019: 132

Type locality: Turkey

Distribution: Turkey

Cryptognathus scutellatus Summers et Chaudhri

Cryptognathus scutellatus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 321; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1671

Type locality: California, Green Valley, Solano Co.

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus sternalis Krantz

Cryptognathus sternalis Krantz, 1958: 82; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1668; Luxton (1972) synonymized this species with C. lagena, but Khanjani et al. (2014) restaured it as valid species.

Type locality: Oregon, USA

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus striatus Luxton

Cryptognathus (C.) striatus Luxton, 1973: 71; 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 26; Doğan, 2008: 1671

Type locality: Waitangi

Distribution: New Zealand

Cryptognathus summersi Robaux

Cryptognathus summersi Robaux, 1975: 257; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1671

Type locality: California, Cowell, Park (Sta Cruz Co)

Distribution: USA (California)

Cryptognathus tenuis Luxton

Cryptognathus (C.) tenuis Luxton, 1973: 70; 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1672

Type locality: Wilson’s Valley, Mt Kosciusko Road (NSW)

Distribution: Australia

Cryptognathus ultrarostratus Summers et Chaudri

Cryptognathus ultrarostratus Summers & Chaudri, 1965: 322; Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1672

Type locality: California, Mix Canyon, Solano Co.

Distribution: USA

Cryptognathus vulgaris Luxton

Cryptognathus (C.) vulgaris Luxton, 1973: 72; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 27

Type locality: Kaiteriteri, Nelson

Distribution: New Zealand

Cryptognathus woodi Luxton

Cryptognathus woodi Luxton, 1973: 68; 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1672

Type locality: Australia

Distribution: Australia

Genus Favognathus Luxton

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) Luxton, 1973: 62 (subgenus)

Favognathus Luxton, 1987: 113 (genus)

Type species: Cryptognathus (Favognathus) magnus Luxton, 1973

Favognathus acaciae Doğan et Ayyıldız

Favognathus acaciae Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 127; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1673; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus agapictus (Flechtmann)

Cryptognathus agapictus Flechtmann, 1971: 47

Favognathus agapictus (Flechtmann): Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1674

Type locality: Piracicaba

Distribution: Brazil

Favognathus alvandii Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi et Seeman

Favognathus alvandii Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi & Seeman, 2014: 376

Type locality: Hamedan Prov., Simin Village, 2260 m

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus amygdalus Doğan et Ayyıldız

Favognathus amygdalus Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 125; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1675; 2019: 133; Rahmati et al., 2015: 414

Type locality: Erzurum (Turkey)

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Favognathus bafranus Doğan

Favognathus bafranus Doğan, 2008: 1681; 2019: 133

Type locality: Bafra, Samsun

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus barrasi (Smiley et Moser)

Cryptognsthus barrasi Smiley & Moser, 1968: 313

Favognathus barrasi (Smiley et Moser): Doğan, 2008: 1675; Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2008: 184

Type locality: Louisiana

Distribution: USA

Favognathus cordylus Luxton

Favognathus cordylus Luxton, 1993: 1215; Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan, 2008: 1675; Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2008: 181; Barbar, 2018: 922

Type locality: Israel

Distribution: Iran, Israel, Syria

Favognathus cucurbita (Berlese)

Cryptognathus cucurbita Berlese, 1916: 132; Thor, 1931: 81; Womersley, 1935: 151; Luxton & Lee, 1969: 223; Meyer et al, 1973: 14; Bernini et al., 1995: 55

Cryptognathus orbiculatus Livshits, 1974; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 81

Favognathus cucurbita (Berlese): Luxton, 1987: 114; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 81; Fan, 1997: 132; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 200; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 124; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1675; 2019: 133; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126; Doğan et al., 2014: 7; Alizade, 2019: 157

Type locality: Bosa (Sardinia)

Distribution: Australia, Azarbaidjan, China, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Sardinia, Turkey, Ukraine

Favognathus cucurbita var. subnitidus (Berlese)

Cryptognathus cucurbita var. subnitidus Berlese, 1916: 133

Favognathus cucurbita var. subnitidus (Berlese)

Type locality: “ad fauces Jubae, Somalia italiana”

Distribution: Italy, Sardinia, Somalia

Favognathus cucurbitellus (Meyer et Ryke)

Cryptognathus cucurbita cucurbitella Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 233

Cryptognathus cucurbitellus Meyer & Ryke: Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 320

Favognathus cucurbitellus (Meyer et Ryke): Luxton, 1987: 113; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 4

Type locality: Bathurst

Distribution: South Africa

Favognathus cypselus Fan

Favognathus cypselus Fan, 1997: 131; Doğan, 2008: 1676; Fan & Chen, 2010: 126

Type locality: Fuzhou City, Fujian

Distribution: China

Favognathus dakotaensis (McDaniel et Bolen)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) dakotaensis McDaniel & Bolen, 1979: 97

Favognathus dakotaensis (McDaniel et Bolen): Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1676

Type locality: South Dakota, Corson Co.

Distribution: USA

Favognathus dama (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool)

Cryptognathus dama Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979: 169

Favognathus dama (Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool): Doğan, 2008: 1676

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Favognathus denticulatus (Luxton)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) denticulatus Luxton, 1973: 62

Favognathus denticulatus (Luxton): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1676

Type locality: New South Wales, between Sawpit and Wilson’s Valley, Mt Kosciusko Road

Distribution: Australia

Favognathus distinctus Swift

Favognathus distinctus Swift, 1996: 90; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Swift & Goff, 2001: 28; Doğan, 2008: 1676

Type locality: Kauai Island, Kuia Natural Area Reserve, Nualolo Trail, 1000 m

Distribution: Hawaii

Favognathus distortus (Kuznetzov)

Cryptognathus distortus : Kuznetzov & Livshitz, 1974: 1724; Wainstein & Kuznetsov, 1978: 151

Favognathus distortus (Kuznetzov): Luxton, 1987: 113; Fan, 1997: 133; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 81; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1677; 2019: 133; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Crimea

Distribution: China, Crimea, Iran, Turkey, Ukraine

Favognathus erzurumensis Doğan et Ayyıldız

Favognathus erzurumensis Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 371; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1677

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus esfahaniensis Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi et Seeman

Favognathus esfahaniensis Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi & Seeman, 2014: 374

Type locality: Esfahan Prov., Najaf-Abad, Mohammad Abad

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus farshchiani Saboori, Jafari et Bagheri

Favognathus farshchiani Saboori, Jafari & Bagheri, 2014: 354

Type locality: Isfahan, Iran

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus favus (Summers et Chaudhri)

Cryptognathus favus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 317

Favognathus favus (Summers et Chaudhri): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201

Type locality: California, Mix Canyon, Solano Co.

Distribution: USA

Favognathus gersoni Luxton

Favognathus gersoni Luxton, 1993: 1213; Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2008: 181

Type locality: Rami

Distribution: Israel

Favognathus goffi Swift

Favognathus goffi Swift, 1996: 88; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Nishida & Beardsley, 2002: 62

Cryptognathus flavus [sic] (Summers et Chaudhri): Goff, 1987: 28

Type locality: Oahu Island, Mt. Kaala, 500 m

Distribution: Hawaii

Favognathus guilanicus Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi et Seeman

Favognathus guilanicus Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi & Seeman, 2014: 380

Type locality: Guilan, Langarud

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus hyrcanensis Shirinbeik Mohajer et Bagheri

Favognathus hyrcanensis Shirinbeik Mohajer & Bagheri, 2014: 194

Type locality: Gorgan City (Golestan Province)

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus insularis (Luxton)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) insularis Luxton, 1973: 64

Favognathus insularis (Luxton): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201

Type locality: Niue Island

Distribution: Niue

Favognathus izmirensis Akyol

Favognathus izmirensis Akyol, 2011: 207; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Izmir

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus kamali Dönel et Doğan

Favognathus kamali Dönel & Doğan, 2011: 375

Cryptognathus orbiculatus Livshitz, in Kuznetsov & Livshitz, 1974: 1726; Wainstein & Kuznetsov, 1978: 151; Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984: 93; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 81

Favognathus orbiculatus (Livshitz): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1999: 626; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 123; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1678; Doğan, 2019: 133; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 366. Type locality: Crimea.

Type locality of F. kamali: Turkey

Distribution: Turkey (Latvia, Crimea, as F. orbiculatus)

Favognathus kazemii Doustaresharaf, Bagheri et Saber

Favognathus kazemii Doustaresharaf, Bagheri & Saber, 2019:

Type locality: Urmia

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus latibarrus Smith Meyer et Ueckermann

Favognathus latibarrus Smith Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 4; Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201

Type locality: Cape Prov., Addo Elephant Nat. Park

Distribution: South Africa

Favognathus leopardus (Luxton)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) leopardus Luxton, 1973: 65

Favognathus leopardus (Luxton): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 28

Type locality: Balloon Hill, nr. Mt Arthur, West Nelson, NZ

Distribution: New Zealand

Favognathus luxtoni Koç et Ayyıldız

Favognathus luxtoni Koç & Ayyıldız, 1999: 622; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004: 125; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1678; 2019: 133; Gheblealivand et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Artvin

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Favognathus magnus (Luxton)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) magnus Luxton, 1973: 62

Favognathus magnus (Luxton): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1678

Type locality: Queensland, Chinchilla, Darling Downs

Distribution: Australia

Favognathus manisaensis Akyol et Koç

Favognathus manisaensis Akyol & Koç, 2017a: 287; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Spil Mt., Manisa Prov., Gölcük, Ödemiş, Izmir Prov., Gölet, Kula Prov.

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus maritimus (Shiba)

Cryptognathus maritimus Shiba, 1969: 171

Favognathus maritimus (Shiba) – Doğan, 2008; Kontschán et al., 2014: 67

Type locality: Japan

Distribution: Japan, Korea (North)

Favognathus mirazii Khanjani et Ueckermann

Favognathus mirazii Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2008: 179; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Baneh Kurdistan Province

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus naghii Hassanzadeh, Khanjani, SafarAlizadeh et Mirfakhraee

Favognathus naghii Hassanzadeh, Khanjani, SafarAlizadeh & Mirfakhraee, 2014: 314

Type locality: Sardasht, Western Azerbaijan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Favognathus observabilis (Kuznetzov)

Cryptognathus observabilis Kuznetzov, 1974: 1724

Favognathus observabilis (Kuznetzov): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1678; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 366

Type locality: Crimea, Nikitskiy Botanical Garden

Distribution: Crimea

Favognathus ochraceus (Summers et Chaudhri)

Cryptognathus ochraceus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 318; Gerson, 1968: 431

Favognathus ochraceus (Summers et Chaudhri): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1678

Type locality: Santa Cruz Island, Old Bella Vista Trail

Distribution: Galapagos, Israel

Favognathus pictus (Summers et Chaudhri)

Cryptognathus pictus Summers & Chaudhri, 1965: 319

Favognathus pictus (Summers et Chaudhri): Luxton, 1987: 113; Swift, 1996: 95; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Swift & Goff, 2001: 28; Doğan, 2008: 1679

Type locality: Santa Cruz Island, Horneman Farm

Distribution: Galapagos and Hawaiian Islands

Favognathus pongolensis Smith Meyer et Ueckermann

Favognathus pongolensis Smith Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 2; Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1679

Type locality: Transvaal, Pongola

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Favognathus rugosus (Kuznetsov et Livshitz)

Cryptognathus rugosus Kuznetsov & Livshitz, 1974: 1722; Wainstein & Kuznetsov, 1978: 150

Favognathus rugosus (Livshitz): Luxton, 1987: 113; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1678; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 366; Alizade, 2019: 157

Type locality: Crimea

Distribution: Azarbaidjan, Crimea

Favognathus texasensis (McDaniel et Bolen)

Cryptognathus (Favognathus) texasensis McDaniel & Bolen, 1979: 93

Favognathus texasensis (McDaniel et Bolen): Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Doğan, 2008: 1679

Type locality: Texas, San Patricio Co., Sinton

Distribution: USA

Favognathus turcicus Koç et Ayyıldız

Favognathus turcicus Koç & Ayyıldız, 1999: 624; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2008: 1679; 2019: 133

Type locality: Artvin

Distribution: Turkey

Favognathus variabilis Swift

Favognathus variabilis Swift, 1996: 86; Krisper & Schneider, 1998: 201; Nishida & Beardsley, 2002: 62; Doğan, 2008: 1679

Type locality: Oahu I., Mt. Kaala, 500 m, Hawaii State

Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu, Molokai)

Distribution of Cryptognathidae

EUROPE

Austria (Schmölzer, 1962, 1993; Krisper & Schneider, 1998) – Cryptognathus lagena

Estonia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Cryptognathus lagena

France (contin.)(Baker & Wharton, 1952) – Cryptognathus lagena

Germany (Kramer, 1879) – Cryptognathus lagena

Great Britain (Hull, 1918; Luxton, 1987) – Cryptognathus lagena

Greece (Lekkas, Panou & Emmanouil, 2019) – ? Cryptognathus sp.

Holland (Baker & Wharton, 1952) – Cryptognathus lagena

Hungary (Dudich, Kolosváry & Szalay, 1940) – Cryptognathus lagena

Ireland (Halbert, 1915, Hull, 1918) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus cucurbita

Italy (contin.)(Berlese, 1916) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus cucurbita (var. subnitidus)

Sardinia (Berlese, 1916) – Favognathus cucurbita

Latvia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus kamali (= orbiculatus)

Lithuania (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Cryptognathus lagena

Norway (Baker & Wharton, 1952) – Cryptognathus lagena

Poland (Kazmierski, Bloszyk & Michocka, 1997; Doğan et al., 2014) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus cucurbita

Crimea (Kuznetsov & Livshitz, 1974; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014) – Cryptognathus lagena (?= corrugis), Favognathus distortus, F. observabilis, F. kamali (= orbiculatus), F. rugosus

Slovenia (Krisper & Schneider, 1998) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus cucurbita

Spain (cont.) (Mihelčič, 1958) – Cryptognathus lagena

Switzerland (Baker & Wharton, 1952) – Cryptognathus lagena

Turkey (all)(Doğan and Ayyıldız, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1998, 1999; Koç & Akyol, 2004; Doğan, 2007, 2008, 2019; Doğan & Dönel, 2010; Akyol, 2010; Dönel & Doğan, 2011; Uluçay & Koç, 2013) – Cryptofavognathus afyonensis, C. anatolicus, Cryptognathus ayyildizi, C. kutahyaensis, C. lagena, C. luteolus, C. ozkani, C. stramenticola, Favognathus acaciae, F. amygdalus, F. bafranus, F. cucurbita, F. distortus, F. erzurumensis, F. izmirensis, F. kamili (= orbiculatus), F. luxtoni, F. manisaensis, F. turcicus

Ukraine (Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997) – Favognathus cucurbita, F. distortus

AFRICA

Somalia (Berlese, 1916) – Favognathus cucurbita (var. subnitidus)

South Africa (Meyer & Ryke, 1960; Smith Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989) – Favognathus cucurbitellus, F. latibarrus, F. pongolensis

ASIA

China (Fan Q.-H., 1997; Cheng Hong, Q.-H. Fan, 2008; Fan & Chen, 2010) – Cryptognathus lagena, Favognathus cucurbita, F. cypselus, F. distortus

Iran (Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2008; Gheblealivand et al., 2011; Gheblealivand et al., 2011; Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013; Beyzavi et al., 2013; Bagheri, Paktinat Saeej & Shirinbeik Mohajer, 2013; Bagheri, Maleki, Gharekhani & Ahaniazad, 2013; Shirinbeik Mohajer, Bagheri, Yazdanian, Saboori & Paktinat Saeej, 2014; Saboori, Jafari & Bagheri, 2014; Khanjani, Khanjani, Najaf-Abadi & Seeman, 2014; Hassanzadeh, Khanjani, SafarAlizadeh & Mirfakhraee, 2014; Rahmati, Kheradmand, Jafari & Bagheri, 2015; Doustaresharaf, Bagheri & Saber, 2019) – Cryptognathus ayyildizi, C. khaustovi, C. lagena, Favognathus alvandii, F. amygdalus, F. cordylus, F. distortus, F. esfahaniensis, F. farshchiani, F. guilanicus, F. hyrcanensis, F. kazemii, F. luxtoni, F. mirazii, F. naghii, F. pongolensis

Israel and Palestina (Gerson, 1968; Luxton, 1993) – Cryptognathus attenuates, C. ochraceus, Favognathus cordylus, F. gersoni

Japan (Shiba, 1969) – Favognathus

Korea (North) (Kontschán et al., 2014) – Favognathus maritimus

Malaysia (Shiba, 1976; Ehara, 1993) – Cryptognathidae

Pakistan (Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979) – Favognathus dama

Syria (Barbar, 2018) – Favognathus cordylus

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Smith, 1987; Lafontain et al., 1987; Beaulieu et al., 2019) – Cryptognathus lagena (= corrugis)

USA (Krantz, 1958; Summers & Chaudhri, 1965; Smiley & Moser, 1968; Luxton, 1972: 593; Robaux, 1975; McDaniel & Bolen, 1979) – Cryptognathus aureatus, C. corrugis, C. cucullus, C. imbricatus, C. incertus, C. luteolus, C. scutellatus, C. sternalis, C. summersi, C. ultrarostratus, Favognathus barrasi, F. dakotaensis, F. favus, F. texasensis

Hawaii (Swift, 1987, 1996; Swift & Goff, 2001) – Favognathus distinctus, F. goffi, F. pictus, F. variabilis

SOUTH and CENTRAL AMERICA

Brazil (Flechtmann, 1971) – Favognathus agapictus

Ecuador (contin.)

Galapagos (Summers & Chaudhri, 1965) – Favognathus ochraceus, F. pictus

OCEANIA

Australia (continent)(Hirst, 1926; Womersley, 1935; Luxton, 1973) – Cryptognathus australiensis, C. eurytopus, C. lateropunctatus, C. tenuis, Favognathus denticulatus, F. magnus

New Zealand (Wood, 1964; Luxton, 1973; Fan, Q.-H.& Zhang Z.-Q., 2005) – Cryptognathus striatus, C. vulgaris, Favognathus leopardus

Niue (Luxton, 1973) – Favognathus insularis

Bibliography of Cryptognathidae

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  • Barbar Z. 2018. New mite records (Acari: Mesostigmata, Trombidiformes) from soil and vegetation of some Syrian citrus agrosystems. – Acarologia, 58(4): 919–227.
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  • Chaudhri W.M., S. Akbar, A. Rasool. 1979. Studies on the predatory leaf infabiting mites of Pakistan. USA and Pakistan Agric. Res. Council, PL 480 Programme, Project No. PK-ARS-30: 167–170.
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  • Doğan S., G. Dönel. 2010. Cryptofavognathus, a new genus of the family Cryptognathidae Oudemans (Acari: Raphignathoidea), with the description of a new species from Turkey. – Zootaxa, 2533: 36–42.
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  • Doğan S., N. Ayyıldız. 2002. A new species of Favognathus Luxton, 1973 (Acari: Actinedida: Cryptognathidae) from Turkey. – Acarologia (Paris), 42: 371–374.
  • Doğan S., N. Ayyıldız . 2003. New species of Neophyllobius (Acari, Camerobiidae) and description of Cryptognathus ozkani (Acari, Cryptognathidae) male from Turkey – Biologia (Bratislava), 58: 121–132.
  • Doğan S., N. Ayyıldız . 2004. Mites of the genus Favognathus (Acari: Cryptognathidae) from Erzurum Province, Turkey. – International Journal of Acarology, 30: 123–130.
  • Doğan S., S. Sevsay, J. Mąkol, E. Zeytun, E. Buğa. 2014. Five new records of Raphignathoid mites (Acari: Raphignathoidea) from Poland. – Zoologica Poloniae, 59(1–4): 5–10.
  • Doustaresharaf M.M., M. Bagheri, M. Saber. 2019. Two new species of Cryptognathidae (Acari: Prostigmata) from north-western Iran. – Systematic and Applied Acarology, 24(9): 1693–1710.
  • Fan Q.-H. 1997. A new species and three new records of the family Cryptognathidae from China (Acari: Raphignathoidea). – Acta Arachnologica Sinica, 6(2): 130–136 (in Chinese with English abstract)
  • Fan Q.-H., Zhang, Z.-Q. 2005. Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). Fauna of New Zealand, 52, 400 pp.
  • Flechtmann C.H.W. 1971. Alguns Trombidiformes do Brasil e do Paraguai (Acari). Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São Paolo, Piracicaba, Brasil, 63 pp.
  • Gerson U. 1968. Some raphignathognathid mites from Israel. – J. nat. Hist., 2: 429–437.
  • Goff M.L. 1987. A catalog of Acari of the Hawaiian Islands. – University of Hawaii (Res. Extension Series, RES – 075), 78 pp.
  • Halbert J.N. 1915. Clare Island Survey. Part 39 Acarinida. Section II. Terrestrial and marine Acarina. – Proc. R. Irish Acad., 39(2): 45–136.
  • Hassanzadeh M., M. Khanjani, M.H. SafarAlizadeh, Sh. Mirfakhraee. 2014. A new species of the genus Favognathus Luxton (Acari: Cryptognathidae) from western Azerbaijani, Iran. – Persian Journal of Acarology, 3(4): 311–320.
  • Hull J.E. 1918. Terrestrial Acari of Tyne Province. – Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Northumb. (N.S.): 5(1): 13–88.
  • Jafari S., M. Bagheri, A. Saboori. 2014. A new species of the genus Favognathus from Iran and re-description of Eryngiopus affinis Barilo (Acari: Cryptognathidae, Stigmaeidae). – Systematic & Applied Acarology, 19(3): 353–362.
  • Kazmierski A., J. Bloszyk, S. Michocka. 1997. Stigmaeidae and Cryptognathidae. In: Rawowski J. (Ed.). Checklist of Animals of Poland. Krakow (Poland): PAN, 219 pp.
  • Khanjani M., M. Khanjani, P.R. Najaf-Abadi, O. Seeman. 2014. Three new species of the genus Favognathus Luxton (Acari: Cryptognathidae) and re-description of Cryptognathus lagena Kramer from Iran. – Internat. J. of Acarology, 40(5): 370–383.
  • Khanjani M., E.A. Ueckermann. 2008. New species of the genus Favognathus Luxton (Acari: Cryptognathidae) from Iran. – Acarologia, 48(3–4): 177–186.
  • Khaustov A.A., N.N. Kuznetsov. 1997. Raphignathoid mites (Acariformes, Raphignathoidea) of North-Eastern Ukraine, with the description of a new species of the genus Caligonella. – Vestnik Zoologii, 31: 80–83.
  • Khaustov O.O., L. Sergeyenko. 2014. Raphignathid mites (Acari: Raphignathoidea) of the Cape Martyan Nature Reserve, Crimea. – Syst. Appl. Acarology, 19(3): 363–372.
  • Koç K., M. Akyol. 2004. Favognathus afyonensis sp.nov. with notes on Raphignathus collegiatus Atyeo, Baker et Crossley, 1961 (Acari: Raphignathoidea) from Turkey – Annales Zoologici (Warsaw), 54: 475–479.
  • Koç K., N. Ayyıldız. 1998. Türkiye faunası için yeni iki Cryptognathus Kramer (Acari: Actinedida: Cryptognathidae) türü. – II. Uluslararasi Kızılırmak Fen Bilimleri Kongresi, 383–390, Kırıkkale.
  • Koç K., N. Ayyıldız. 1999. Some species of Favognathus Luxton, 1973 (Acari: Actinedida: Cryptognathidae) from Turkey. – Journal of Natural History, 33(4): 621–628.
  • Kontschán J., Sun Jae Park, Jae Won Lim, Jeong Mi Huang, Hong Yul Seo. 2014. Contribution to the mite (Acari) fauna of the Korean Peninsula. – Journal of Species Research, 3(1): 63–78.
  • Kramer P. 1879. Ueber die Milbengattungen Leptognathus Hodge; Raphignathus Dug.; Caligonus Koch; und die neue Gattung Cryptognathus. – Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Neue Folge, 45(1): 142–157.
  • Krantz G.W. 1958. Cryptognathus sternalis, a new species of prostigmatid mite from Oregon. – Pan-Pacific Entomol., 34: 81–85.
  • Krisper G., T. Schneider. 1998. Erstnachweis und Verbreitung der Milbenfamilie Cryptognathidae (Acari, Actinedida, Raphignathoidea) in Österreich und Slowenien. – Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftliche Vereins für Steiermark, 128: 193–202.
  • Kuznetsov N.N., I.Z. Livshitz. 1974. Raphygnathoid mites of Crimea. I. The family Cryptognathidae Oudemans. – Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 53(11): 1721–1726 (in Russian with English summary)
  • Kuznetsov N.N., I.Z. Livshitz. 1978. [Family Cryptognathidae]. In: M.S. Gilarov (Ed.). Opredelitel pochvoobitayushchikh kleshchey. Trombidiformes, 150–153. [in Russian]
  • Kuznetsov N.N., V.M. Petrov. 1984. Predacious mites of the Baltic region (Parasitiformes: Phytoseiidae, Acariformes: Prostigmata). – Zinatne, Riga, 142 pp.(in Russian).
  • Luxton M. 1972. A re-description of Cryptognathus lagena Kramer 1879 (Acari: Prostigmata: Cryptognathidae). – Acarologia, 14(4): 591–594.
  • Luxton M. 1973. Mites of the genus Cryptognathus from Australia, New Zealand, and Niue Island. – Acarologia, 15(1): 53–75
  • Luxton M. 1987. Mites of the family Cryptognathidae Oudemans, 1902 (Prostigmata) in the British Isles. – Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 123: 113–116.
  • Luxton M. 1993. New species of cryptognathid mites from Israel (Acari: Prostigmata: Cryptognathidae). – Journal of Natural History, 27: 1213–1217.
  • Luxton M., D.C. Lee. 1969. A re-description of Cryptognathus cucurbita Berlese 1916 (Acari, Prostigmata, Cryptognathidae). – Acarologia, 11: 222–226.
  • McDaniel B., E. Bolen. 1979. Two new species of the genus Cryptognathus Kramer from South Dakota and Texas (Acari: Cryptognathidae). – Intl. J. Acarol., 5(2): 93–102.
  • Meyer M.K.P., P.A.J. Ryke. 1960. Mites of the superfamily Raphignathoidea (Acarina: Prostigmata) associated with South African plants. – Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist., 13: 209–234.
  • Mihelčič F. 1958. Zoologisch-systematische Ergebnisse der Studienreise von H. Janetschek und W. Steiner in die spanische Sierra Nevada 1954. IX. Milben (Acarina). – S.B. Ost. Akad. Wiss., I, 167(1–2): 35–57.
  • Mohajer S.S., M. Bagheri, M.Yazdanian, A. Saboori, S.P. Saeej. 2014. Favognathus hyrcanensis n. sp., a new species of the genus Favognathus (Acari: Trombidiformes: Cryptognathidae) from North of Iran. – Acarologia, 54(2): 193–199.
  • Nishida G.M., J.W. Beardsley. 2002. A review of the insects and related arthropods of Midway Atoll. – Bishop Museum Occasional Papers No. 68: 25–69.
  • Oudemans A.C. 1902. Acari, neue Arten, Klassification. – Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 45: 50–64.
  • Rahmati M., K. Kheradmand, S. Jafari, M.Bagheri. 2015. Fauna of Stigmaeidae and Cryptognathidae (Acari: Trombidiformes) of Lorestan province, with two new records for Iran fauna. – Journal of Crop Protection, 4(3): 409–418.
  • Robaux P. 1975. Observations sur quelques Actinedida (= Prostigmates) du sol d’Amérique du Nord. III. Description de deux nouvelles espèces de Cryptognathus (Acari – RaphignathoideaCryptognathidae). – Acarologia, 17(2): 257–269.
  • Schmölzer K. 1993. Die hochalpinen Landmilben der östlichen Brennerberge (Acarina terrestria). – Ver. des Museum Ferdinandeum, 73: 47–67.
  • Shiba M. 1969. A new species of the genus Cryptognathus (Acarina: Prostigmata) from Japan. – Matsuyama Shinonome Junior College, 4(1): 171–173.
  • Shiba M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. – Nature and Life in South-east Asia, 7: 83–229.
  • Shirinbeik Mohajer Sh., M. Bagheri, M. Yazdanian, A. Saboori, S. Paktinat Saeej. 2014. Favognathus hyrcanensis n.sp., a new species of the genus Favognathus (Acari: Trombidiformes: Cryptognathidae) from Northern Iran. – Acarologia, 54(2): 193–199.
  • Smiley R.L., J.C. Moser. 1968. New species of mites from pine (Acarina: Tarsocheylidae, Eupalopsellidae, Caligonellidae, Cryptognathidae, Raphignathidae, and Neophyllobiidae). – Proc. Ent. Soc. of Washington, 70(4): 307–317.
  • Smith-Meyer M.K.P., E.A. Ueckermann. 1989. African Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). – Entomology memoirs, 74: 1–58.
  • Summers F.M., W.M. Chaudhri. 1965. New species of the genus Cryptognathus Kramer (Acarina: Cryptognathidae). – Hilgardia, 36(7): 313–326.
  • Swift S.F. 1996. Hawaiian Raphignathoidea: family Cryptognathidae (Acariformes: Prostigmata), with descriptions of three new species of the genus Favognathus. – International Journal of Acarology, 22(2): 83–99.
  • Swift S.F., M.L. Goff. 2001. Mite (Acari) communities associated with ‘Ohi’a, Metrosideros polymorpha (Myrtaceae, at Hono O Nã Pali and Kui’a Natural Area Reserves on Kaua’I Island, Hawaiian Islands. – Pacific Sci., 55: 23–40.
  • Thor S. 1931b. Bdellidae, Nicoletiellidae, Cryptognathidae. – Das Tierreich ed. Walter de Gruyter et Co., Berlin und Leipzig, 56.
  • Uluçay İ., K. Koç. 2013a. Some cryptognathid mites (Acari: Cryptognathidae) from Kütahya Province (Turkey). – Persian Journal of Acarology, 2(3): 487–502. doi: 10.22073/pja.v2i3.10045
  • Vainstein (= Wainstein) B. A., N.N. Kuznetsov. 1978. In: [Identification key of soil inhabiting mites, Trombidiformes. Moskow: Nauka](in Russian).
  • Womersley H. 1935. On some Cryptognathid and Nicoletiellid Acarina from Australia and New Zealand. – Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 10(16): 151–154.
  • Wood T.G. 1964. New records of terrestrial Prostigmata from New Zealand. – New Zealand entomologist, 3(3): 39–40.

The Mite Family Dasythyreidae Walter et Gerson

Dasythyreidae Walter & Gerson, 1998: 196

Small family of three known species, living in soil or litter or under tree bark, known from North America, Europe and Australia. Undescribed species of Dasythyreus have been found on logs in boreal forest in Alberta, Canada, phoretic as adult females on click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae)(after E. E. Lindquist, unpublished).

Composition of Dasythyreidae

Fam. Dasythyreidae Walter et Gerson, 1998 – 2 gen., 3 sp.

Dasythyreus Atyeo, 1961 – 2 sp.

Xanthodasythyreus Walter et Gerson, 1998 – 1 sp.

Catalogue of Dasythyreidae

Fam. Dasythyreidae Walter et Gerson

Dasythyreidae Walter & Gerson, 1998: 196

Type genus: Dasythyreus Atyeo, 1961

Genus Dasythyreus Atyeo

Dasythyreus Atyeo, 1961: 155

Type species: Dasythyreus hirsutus Atyeo, 1961

Dasythyreus hirsutus Atyeo

Dasythyreus hirsutus Atyeo, 1961: 155; Skvarla et al., 2013: 401

Type locality: Fayetteville, Arkansas, under the bark of a dead tree

Distribution: USA (Arkansas)

Dasythyreus polytrichus Khaustov et Abramov

Dasythyreus polytrichus Khaustov & Abramov, 2010: 266

Type locality: European Russia

Distribution: Russia

Genus Xanthodasythyreus Walter et Gerson

Xanthodasythyreus Walter & Gerson, 1998: 190

Type species: Xanthodasythyreus toohey Walter et Gerson, 1998

Xanthodasythyreus toohey Walter et Gerson

Xanthodasythyreus toohey Walter & Gerson, 1998: 190

Type locality: Queensland, Toohey Forest, Griffith Univ., Nathan

Distribution: Australia (Queensland)

Distribution of Dasythyreidae

EUROPE

Russia (Khaustov & Abramov, 2010) – Dasythyreus polytrichus

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Beaulieu et al., 2019) – Dasythyreus sp.

USA (Atyeo, 1961; Skvarla et al., 2013) – Dasythyreus hirsutus

OCEANIA

Australia (Walter & Gerson, 1998) – Xanthodasythyreus toohey

Bibliography of Dasythyreidae

  • Atyeo W.T. 1961. The taxonomic position of the genus Neophyllobius Berlese, 1886 (Acarina, Caligonellidae) with the description of a new genus and species. – Acarologia, 3(2): 153–158.
  • Khaustov A.A., V.V. Abramov. 2010. First record of mite family Dasythyreidae (Acari: Raphignathoidea) from Europe with description of a new species of the genus Dasythyreus from European part of Russia. – Acarina. Russian Journal of Acarology, 18: 265–268.
  • Skvarla M.J., J. R. Fisher, A.P.G. Dowling. 2013. On some mites (Acari: Prostigmata) from the Interior Highlands: descriptions of the male, immature stages, and female reproductive system of Pseudocheylus americanus (Ewing, 1909) and some new state records for Arkansas. – Zootaxa, 3641(4): 401–419.
  • Walter, D.E., U. Gerson. 1998. Dasythyreidae, new family, and Xanthodasythyreus n. g. (Acari: Prostigmata: Raphignathoidea) from Australia. – International Journal of Acarology, 24: 189–197

The Mite Family Dytiscacaridae Hajikanbar et Lindquist

Dytiscacaridae Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018: 700

Specialized parasites, undergoing their entire life cycle in the spape beneath the elytrae of water beetles (DytiscidaeHydaticus, Thermonectus).

Composition of Dytiscacaridae

Family Dytiscacaridae Hajikanbar et Lindquist, 2018 – 1 genus, 3 sp.

Dytiscacarus Hajikanbar et Lindquist, 2018 – 3 sp.

Catalogue of Dytiscacaridae

Genus Dytiscacarus Hajikanbar et Lindquist

Dytiscacarus Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018: 700

Type species: Dytiscacarus Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018

Dytiscacarus americanus Hajikanbar et Lindquist

Dytiscacarus americanus Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018: 713

Type locality: USA

Distribution: USA

Host: under elythrae of water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Dytiscacarus iranicus Hajikanbar et Lindquist

Dytiscacarus iranicus Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018: 701

Type locality: Iran

Distribution: Iran

Host: under elythrae of water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Dytiscacarus thermonecti Hajikanbar et Lindquist

Dytiscacarus thermonecti Hajikanbar & Lindquist, 2018: 723

Type locality: USA

Distribution: USA

Host: under elythrae of Thermonectus Dejean (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Distribution of Dytiscacaridae

ASIA

Iran (Mortazavi, Hajiqanbar & Lindquist, 2018) – Dytiscacarus iranicus

NORTH AMERICA

USA (Mortazavi, Hajiqanbar & Lindquist, 2018) – Dytiscacarus americanus, D. thermonecti

Bibliography of Dytiscacaridae

  • Mortazavi A., H. Hajikanbar, E.E. Lindquist. 2018. A new family of mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Raphignathina), highly specialized subelytral parasites of dytiscid water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Dytiscinae). – Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 184(3): 695–749.

The Mite Family Eupalopsellidae Willmann

Eupalopsellidae Willmann, 1952: 252

Small (250 – 400 µm) predaceous mites, living on plants and feeding on tiny insects and mites. About 46 known species of seven genera. After the revision of Meyer – Smith & Ueckermann (1984) have been described more species by Gerson, Frost & Swift (1997), Van Dis & Ueckermann (1993), Fan (2004), Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann (1989), Gerson (1994), Rimando & Corpuz-Raros (1996), Hu & Liang (1995), Hu & Chen (1996), Fan, Zhang & Liu (2000), Bolland (1988) and others.

Composition of Eupalopsellidae

Family Eupalopsellidae Willmann, 1952 – 7 gen., 50 sp.

Acaciacarus Gerson, Frost et Swift, 1997 – 1 sp.

Eupalopsellus Sellnick, 1949 – 19 sp.

Eupalopsis G. Canestrini, 1886 – 4 sp.

Exothorhis Summers, 1960 – 16 sp.

Paraeupalopsellus Smiley et Moser, 1968 – 3 sp.

Peltasellus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann, 1984 – 1 sp.

Saniosulus Summers, 1960 – 6 sp.

Catalogue of Eupalopsellidae

Fam. Eupalopsellidae Willmann

Eupalopsellidae Willmann, 1952: 163

Type genus: Eupalopsellus Sellnick, 1949

Genus Acaciacarus Gerson, Frost et Swift

Acaciacarus Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997: 185

Type species: Acaciacarus paradoxus Gerson, Frost et Swift, 1997

Acaciacarus paradoxus Gerson, Frost et Swift

Acaciacarus paradoxus Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997: 186

Type locality: Glen Osmond, South Australia

Distribution: Australia (SA)

Genus Eupalopsellus Sellnick

Eupalopsellus Sellnick, 1949: 132

Type species: Eupalopsellus ölandicus Sellnick, 1949

Eupalopsellus brevipilus (Meyer et Ryke)

Eupalopsis brevipilus Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 223

Eupalopsellus brevipilus (Meyer et Ryke): Meyer & Rodrigues, 1966: 17; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 129; 1989: 12; Fan, 2004: 542

Eupalopsellus brevipilis : Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006: 263

Type locality: Kaap Muiden, South Africa

Distribution: Cameroon, South Africa, Mozambique, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Eupalopsellus crotovallaris Van Dis et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus crotovallaris Van Dis & Ueckermann, 1993: 130; Fan, 2004: 542; Bagheri et al., 2006; Gheblealivand et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Gamkaskloof, Cape province

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Eupalopsellus deformatus Fan

Eupalopsellus deformatus Fan, 2004: 534; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Dilkaraoğlu et al., 2016c; Doğan et al., 2017g; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Yangyuan, Zhenhe Co., Fujian Prov.

Distribution: China, Turkey

Eupalopsellus fasipalmus Van Dis et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus fasipalmus Van Dis & Ueckermann, 1993: 127; Fan, 2004: 543

Type locality: Ysterfontein

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus hamedaniensis Khanjani, Eghbalian, Ueckermann et Pourmirza

Eupalopsellus hamedaniensis Khanjani, Eghbalian, Ueckermann & Pourmirza, 2007: 319; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 394

Type locality: Hamedan Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Eupalopsellus kermaniensis Mahdavi, Asadi et Farzan

Eupalopsellus kermaniensis Mahdavi, Asadi & Farzan, 2013: 190

Type locality: Kerman Prov.

Distribution: Iran

Eupalopsellus oelandicus Sellnick

Eupalopsellus ölandicus Sellnick, 1949: 132; Willmann, 1952; Evans, 1954; Cooreman, 1958: 6; Summers, 1960: 126; Livshitz & Kuznetzov, 1976; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; Fan, 2004: 543; Doğan & Ayyıaldız, 2004: 90; Doğan, 2007: 8; 2019: 133; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: “Hornsudde auf Öland” (Sweden)

Distribution: Belgium, England, Germany (Wangerooge Island), Iran, Sweden, Turkey, Crimea, USA

Eupalopsellus olearius Zaher et Gomaa

Eupalopsellus olearius Zaher & Gomaa, 1978: 552; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; 1989: 11; Fan, 2004: 543

Type locality: Egypt, El-Manzala, Dakahlia Governorate

Distribution: Egypt

Host: from olive buds associated with scale insects

Eupalopsellus oresbiosis Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus oresbiosis Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 128; 1989: 12; Ueckermann & Smith-Meyer, 1988: 40; Fan, 2004: 543

Type locality: Cape Province, Table Mountain, Cape Town

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus passerinae Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus passerinae Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 12; Fan, 2004: 543

Type locality: Cape Province, Sir Lowry’s Pass, near Grabouw

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus prasadi Bagheri et Khanjani

Eupalopsellus prasadi Bagheri & Khanjani, 2009: 54; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395; Kasap et al., 2013a, b; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Zanjan

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Eupalopsellus pteroniae Van Dis et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus pteroniae Van Dis & Ueckermann, 1993: 134

Type locality: Oudtshoorn

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus retiscutatus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus retiscutatus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 13

Type locality: Transvaal, Graskop

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus rostridius Summers

Eupalopsellus rostridius Summers, 1960: 128; Livshitz & Kuznetzov, 1976: 72; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 130; Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984; Rakha & McCoy, 1985: 141; Matioli et al., 2002: 118; Doğan, 2006: 371; 2007: 9; 2019: 133

Type locality: Scotland, intercepted at Boston

Distribution: Latvia, Scotland, Turkey, Crimea, USA

Eupalopsellus sellnicki Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus sellnicki Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 126; 1988: 32; 1989: 11; Matioli, Ueckermann & Oliveira, 2002: 32; Fan, 2004: 544

Type locality: Orange Free State, Golden Gate Highland National Park

Distribution: Angola, South Africa

Eupalopsellus summersi Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus summersi Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 130; 1989: 13; Fan, 2004: 544

Type locality: Cape Province, Cape Point Nature Reserve

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsellus trudis Summers

Eupalopsellus trudis Summers, 1960: 130; Strandtmann & Prasse, 1976: 16; Livshitz & Kuznetzov, 1976: 73 (redescription); Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 130; Smith, 1987: 41; Lafontain et al., 1987: 44; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 82; Fan, 2004: 544; Ripka et al., 2005: 166

Type locality: Ogden Canyon, Utah (USA)

Distribution: Canada, Germany, Crimea, Hungary, Ukraine, USA

Eupalopsellus ueckermanni Khanjani, Massoudian et Asali-Fayaz

Eupalopsellus ueckermanni Khanjani, Massoudian & Asali-Fayaz, 2011: 104; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Hamedan

Distribution: Iran

Eupalopsellus xerotopicus van-Dis et Ueckermann

Eupalopsellus xerotopicus van-Dis & Ueckermann, 1993: 127; Fan, 2004: 544

Type locality: Karoo National Park

Distribution: South Africa

Genus Eupalopsis G. Canestrini

Eupalopsis G. Canestrini, 1886: 670

Type species: Eupalus maseriensis Canestrini et Fanzago, 1876

Eupalopsis gersoni Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Eupalopsis gersoni Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 123; 1989: 7; Matioli, Ueckermann & Oliveira, 2002: 30

Type locality: Middelburg, Cape Province

Distribution: South Africa

Eupalopsis jamesi Gerson

Eupalopsis jamesi Gerson, 1994: 64; Matioli, Ueckermann & Oliveira, 2002: 30

Type locality: New South Wales

Distribution: Australia

Eupalopsis maseriensis (Canestrini et Fanzago)

Eupalus maseriensis Canestrini & Fanzago, 1876: 138

Mediolata arvensis G. Canestrini, 1889; Berlese, A.M.S.It., 71(9)

Eupalopsis maseriensis (Canestrini et Fanzago): Canestrini, 1886: 670; Oudemans, 1923: 148; Summers, 1960: 119; González-Rodríguez, 1965: 7; Gerson, 1966: 149; 1971: 13; Livshitz & Kuznetzov, 1976: 70; Ripka, Fain & Bolland, 1999: 366; Barbar, 2018: 922; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Italy

Distribution: Hungary, Israel, Italy, Syria, Turkey

Eupalopsis pentascuta Zaher et Gomaa

Eupalopsellus pentascuta Zaher & Gomaa, 1978: 549

Type locality: Demiatta, Kafr Elshaikh Governorate

Distribution: Egypt

Host: from mango buds associated with scale insects

Genus Exothorhis Summers

Exothorhis Summers, 1960: 131

Type species: Exothorhis caudata Summers, 1960

Exothorhis armata Summers

Exothorhis armata Summers, 1960: 135; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125

Type locality: Australia, intercepted at Hawaii

Distribution: Australia

Exothorhis bixae Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Exothorhis bixae Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 112

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Exothorhis camelliae Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Exothorhis camelliae Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; 1989: 10

Type locality: Transvaal, Letsitele

Distribution: South Africa

Exothorhis caudata Summers

Exothorhis caudata Summers, 1960: 131; Rakha & McCoy, 1945: 142; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; Swift, 1997: 39; Childers & Ueckermann, 2014: 27

Exothorhis citri Meyer and Ueckermann, 1989: 10; T. loc.: St. Suzanne, Reunion Island (syn. by Matioli et al., 2002: 27)

Type locality: Florida

Distribution: Brazil, Reunion Island, USA (Florida and Hawaii)

Exothorhis damortis Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Exothorhis damortis Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 105

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Exothorhis echinocactii Gerson

Exothorhis echinocactii Gerson, 1994: 70

Type locality: Queensland

Distribution: Australia

Exothorhis eorhis Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Exothorhis eorhis Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 114

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Exothorhis jinganensis Hu et Chen

Exothorhis jinganensis Hu & Chen, 1996: 321 (English p. 323); Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Jinan, host Platanaceae orientalis, Jiangxi

Distribution: China

Exothorhis justicia Roy, Gupta et Saha

Exothorhis justicia Roy, Gupta & Saha, 2006: 307

Type locality: West Bengal

Distribution: India

Exothorhis kenyae Bolland

Exothorhis kenyae Bolland, 1988: 23; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 10

Type locality: Nairobi

Distribution: Kenya

Exothorhis lenis Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Exothorhis lenis Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 110

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Exothorhis matulis Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Exothorhis matulis Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 108

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Exothorhis nadiaensis Chatterjee et Gupta

Exothorhis nadiaensis Chatterjee et Gupta, in Gupta, 2002: 93

Type locality: West Bengal, Nadia Distr., Kalyani

Distribution: India

Exothorhis okinawana Ehara

Exothorhis okinawana Ehara, 1967: 322; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 110; Matioli, Ueckermann & Oliveira, 2002: 28

Type locality: Nakijin, Okinawa

Distribution: Japan (Okinawa)

Exothorhis phoenixi Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Exothorhis phoenixi Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 8

Type locality: Khartoum

Distribution: Sudan

Exothorhis sudanicus Zaher et Youseff

Exothorhis sudanicus Zaher & Youseff, 1973: 448; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 125; 1989: 8

Type locality: Sudan

Distribution: Sudan

Genus Paraeupalopsellus Smiley et Moser

Paraeupalopsellus Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type species: Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley et Moser, 1968

Paraeupalopsellus aquatilis Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Paraeupalopsellus aquatilis Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 122; 1989: 7

Type locality: Vygeboom Dam, near Badplaas

Distribution: South Africa

Paraeupalopsellus clareae Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Paraeupalopsellus clareae Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 100

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley et Moser

Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type locality: Elizabeth, Louisiana

Distribution: USA (Louisiana)

Genus Peltasellus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Peltasellus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 124

Type species: Peltasellus parmus Meyer et Ueckermann, 1984

Peltasellus parmus Meyer et Ueckermann

Peltasellus parmus Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 124; 1989: 8

Type locality: Rietspruit, nr. Pongola (Transvaal)

Distribution: South Africa

Genus Saniosulus Summers

Saniosulus Summers, 1960: 135

Type species: Saniosulus nudus Summers, 1960

Saniosulus deliquus Doğan, Bingül et Doğan

Saniosulus deliquus Doğan, Bingül & Doğan, 2019: 222; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Erzincan and Pülümür Valley

Distribution: Turkey

Saniosulus gersoni Hu et Liang

Saniosulus gersoni Hu & Liang, 1995: 56; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Zhangfeng Park, Shanghai

Distribution: China

Saniosulus harteni (Van-Dis et Ueckermann)

Eryngiopus harteni Van-Dis & Ueckermann, 1993: 123; Matioli, Ueckermann & de-Oliveira, 2002: 24; Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006: 264; Dehghan -Dolati et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 398

Saniosulus harteni (Van-Dis et Ueckermann): Childers & Ueckermann, 2014: 187

Type locality: Haman Ali, Yemen

Distribution: Iran, USA, Yemen

Saniosulus longidius Fan, Zhang et Liu

Saniosulus longidius Fan, Zhang & Liu, 2000: 61; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Fuan, Chengyang; Fujian

Distribution: China

Saniosulus molliculus Fan, Zhang et Liu

Saniosulus molliculus Fan, Zhang & Liu, 2000: 57; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Fuzhou; Fujian

Distribution: China

Saniosulus nudus Summers

Saniosulus nudus Summers, 1960: 135; Gerson, 1968: 431; Zaher & Gomaa, 1978: 547; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 124; 1989: 7; Swift, 1997: 40; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Mexico, intercepted at Texas, and Texas (Valverde)

Distribution: China, Egypt, India, Israel, Mexico, USA (California, Hawaii)

Saniosulus yonganensis Fan, Zhang et Liu

Saniosulus yonganensis Fan, Zhang & Liu, 2000: 64; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Yongan, Shengqing; Fujian

Distribution: China

Distribution of Eupalopsellidae

EUROPE

Belgium (Cooreman, 1958) – Eupalopsellus oelandicus

Germany (Willmann, 1952; Strandtmann & Prasse, 1976) – Eupalopsellus oelandicus, E. trudis

Great Britain (Evans, 1954; Cooreman, 1958; Summers, 1960) – Eupalopsellus rostridius, E. oelandicus

Holland (Gomaa, 1982) – Eupalopsis vandergeesti

Hungary (Ripka, Fain & Bolland, 1999; Ripka et al., 2005) – Eupalopsellus trudis, Eupalopsis maseriensis

Italy (contin.)(Canestrini & Fanzago, 1876) – Eupalopsis maseriensis

Crimea (Livshitz & Kuznetzov, 1976) – Eupalopsellus oelandicus, E. rostridius, E. trudis

Sweden (Sellnick, 1940) – Eupalopsellus olandicus

Latvia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Eupalopsellus rostridius

Turkey (Doğan, 2006, 2007, 2019; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2004; Kasap et al., 2013; Doğan, Bingül & Doğan, 2019) – Eupalopsellus deformatus, E. oelandicus, E. prasadi, E. rostridius, Eupalopsis maseriensis, Saniosulus deliquus

Ukraine (Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997) – Eupalopsellus trudis

AFRICA

Angola (Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984, 1989) – Eupalopsellus sellnicki

Cameroon (Bolland & Ueckermann, 1984) – Eupalopsis brevipilus

Egypt (Ibrahim, 1971; Soliman, Zaher & Elraboury, 1972; Rakha, 1977; Zaher & Gomaa, 1978; Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984, 1989) – Eupalopsellus olearius, Eupalopsis pentascuta, Saniosulus nudus

Kenya (Bolland, 1988) – Exothorhis kenyae

Mozambique (Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984) – Eupalopsis brevipilus

Namibiaone species

Reunion (Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989) – Exothorhis caudate (= citri)

South Africa (Meyer & Ryke, 1960; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984, 1989; Van-Dis & Ueckermann, 1993) – Eupalopsellus brevipilus, E. crotovallaris, E. fasipalmus, E. oresbiosis, E. passerinae, E. summersi, E. xerotopicus, E. sellnicki, Exothorhis camelliae, Pareupalopsellus aquatilis, Peltasellus parmus

Sudan (Zaher & Yousef, 1973) – Exothorhis phoenixi, E. sudanicus

Zimbabwe (Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984) – Eupalopsellus brevipilus

ASIA

China (Hu & Liang, 1995; Fan, Zhang & Liu, 2000; Fan, 2004; Cheng Hong & Q.- H. Fan, 2008; Fan & Chen, 2010) – Eupalopsellus deformatus, Exothorhis jinganensis, Saniosulus gersoni, S. longidius, S. molliculus, S. nudus, S. yonganensis

India (Gupta, 2002; Roy, 2006) – Exothorhis justicia, E, nadianensis, Saniosulus nudus

Iran (Khanjani, Eghbalian, Ueckermann & Pourmirza, 2007; Bagheri & Khanjani, 2009; Khanjani, Massoudian & Asali-Fayaz, 2011; Khanjani, Rostami, Abassipour & Ueckermann, 2011; Mahdavi, Asadi & Farzan, 2013; Beyzavi et al., 2013) – Eupalopsellus crotovallaris, E. hamedaniensis, E. kermaniensis, E. olandicus, E. prasadi, E. ueckermanni

Israel and Palestina (Gerson, 1966, 1968, 1971) – Eupalopsis maseriensis, Saniosulus nudus

Japan (Ehara, 1967) – Exothorhis okinawana (Okinawa)

Philippines (Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996) – Exothorhis bixae, E. damortis, E. eorhis, E. matulis, Paraeupalopsellus clareae

Syria (Barbar, 2018) – Eupalopsis maseriensis

Yemen (Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006) – Eupalopsellus brevipilis

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Smith, 1987; Lafontain et al., 1987; Beaulieu et al., 2019) – Eupalopsellus trudis

Mexico (Summers, 1960; Smiley & Moser, 1968) – Saniosulus nudus

USA (Summers, 1960; Smiley & Moser, 1968; Rakha & McCoy, 1985; Childers & Ueckermann, 2014) – Eupelopsellus trudis, Exothorhis caudata, Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi, Saniosulus harteni, S. nudus

Hawaii (Swift, 1996, 1997) – Exothorhis caudata, Saniosulus nudus

SOUTH AMERICA

Brazil (Matioli, Ueckermann & de Oliveira, 2002) – Exothorhis caudata

OCEANIA

Australia (continent)(Summers, 1960; Gerson, 1994; Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997) – Acaciacarus paradoxus, Eupalopsis jamesi, Exothorhis armata, E. echinocactii

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  • Meyer M.K.P., M.C. Rodrigues. 1966. Acari associated with cotton in Southern Africa. – Garcia de Orta, 13: 1–33.
  • Meyer M.K.P., P.A.J. Ryke. 1960. Mites of the superfamily Raphignathoidea (Acarina: Prostigmata) associated with South African plants. – Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist., 13: 209–234.
  • Oudemans A.C. 1923. Studie over de sedert 1877 ontwerpen Systemen der Acari; Nieuwe Classificatie; Phylogenetische Beschouwingen. – Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 66: 49–85.
  • Rakha M.A. 1977. Studies on some predaceous raphignathoid mites inhabiting fruit trees. – MSc Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Cairo Univ., 1–99.
  • Rakha M.A., C. McCoy. 1985. Eupallopsellid mites on Florida citrus, with a description of Exothorhis caudata Summers developmental stages (Eupallopsellidae: Raphignathoidea). – Fllorida Entomologist, 68: 141–144.
  • Rasmy A.H., M.A. Zaher, M.E. Elraboury. 1972. Mites associated with citrus in the Nile Delta (U.A.R.). – Z. ang. Entomologie, 70: 183–186.
  • Rimando L.C., L. Corpuz-Raros. 1996. Some Philippine Raphignathoidea (Acari). 1. Genera Paraeupalopsellus and Exothorhis (Eupalopsellidae). – Philippine Entomologist, 10(2): 97–117.
  • Ripka G., A. Fain, H.R. Bolland. 1999. New data to the knowledge on the corticolous mite fauna in Hungary (Acari: Prostigmata, Astigmata, Oribatida). – Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 34(4): 363–371.
  • Ripka G., A. Fain, A. Kazmierski, S. Kreiter, W.L. Magowski. 2005. New data to the knowledge of the mite fauna of Hungary (Acari: Mesostigmata, Prostigmata and Astigmata). – Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 40: 159–176.
  • Roy I., S.K. Gupta, G.K. Saha. 2006. Two new species of prostigmatid mites infesting medicinal plants in West Bengal, India. – Entomon, 31(4): 307–313.
  • Sellnick M. 1949. Milben von der Küste Schwedens. – Entomol. Tidsk., 70: 123–135.
  • Smiley R.L., J.C. Moser. 1968. New species of mites from pine (Acarina: Tarsocheylidae, Eupalopsellidae, Caligonellidae, Cryptognathidae, Raphignathidae, and Neophyllobiidae). – Proc. Ent. Soc. of Washington, 70(4): 307–317.
  • Smith-Meyer M.K.P., E.A. Ueckermann. 1984. The family Eupalopsellidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with descriptions of new species from South Africa. – Phytophylactica, 16: 121–142.
  • Smith-Meyer M.K.P., E.A. Ueckermann. 1989. African Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). – Entomol. Mem. Dept. Agric. Water Sup., R.S.A., 74: 1–58.
  • Soliman Z.R., M.A. Zaher, M.A. Ibrahim. 1972. Survey of predaceous mites associated with scale insects in Giza, Egypt. – Bull. Soc. Ent. Egypt, 25: 49–53.
  • Strandtmann R.W., J. Prasse. 1976. Prostigmatic mites from the experimental farm in Elzdorf/Saalkreis, GDR. – Abh. Ber. Naturkde Mus. Forsch. – Stelle, Görlitz, 50: 1–33.
  • Summers F.M. 1960. Eupalopsis and Eupalopsellid mites (Acarina: Stigmaeidae, Eupalopsellidae). – Florida Entomologist, 43(3): 119–138
  • Swift S. F. 1997. First records of mites in the family Eupalopsellidae (Acari: Prostigmata: Raphignathoidea) in the Hawaiian Islands. – Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 49: 39–41.
  • Ueckermann E.A., M.K.P. Meyer. 1988. South African Acari.IV.Some Mites of the Addo Elephant National Park. – Koedoe, 31: 31–51.
  • Ueckermann E.A., A. van Harten, M.K.P. Smith Meyer. 2006. The mites and ticks (Acari) of Yemen: an annotated check-list. – Fauna of Arabia, 22: 243–286.
  • Van-Dis J.C., E.A. Ueckermann. 1993. New species of the genera Stigmaeus Koch, Eryngiopus Summers and Eupalopsellus Sellnick (Acari: Stigmaeidae, Eupalopsellidae) from the Afrotropical region. – Phytophylactica, 25: 117–135.
  • Willmann C. 1952. Die Milbenfauna der Nordseeinsel Wangerooge. – Veröfftl. Inst. Meeresforsch., Bremerhaven, 1: 139–186.
  • Zaher M.A., E.A. Gomaa. 1978. Incidence of eupalopsellid mites in Egypt, with description of two new species (Eupalopsellidae: Prostigmata). – Acarologia, 20(4): 546–555.
  • Zaher M.A., A.A. Yousef. 1973. A new species of the genus Exothorhis from Sudan. – Bull. Soc. Ent. Egypt, 57: 447–450.

The Mite Family Homocaligidae Wood

Homocaligidae Wood, 1970: 711

The Homocaligidae (eight sp., discovered in Europe, China, Thailand, Malaysia, USA, and South Africa) are capable of skating across the surface of water, and the adults have what appear to be accessory sacs or tubes apparently used in respiration or flotation (Walter, Lindquist, Smith, Cook & Krantz, 2009). The information concerning these mites comes mainly from C. L. Koch, Berlese, Wood, Habeeb, Fan, González-Rodríguez, Wainstein, Meyer et Ryke.

Composition of Homocaligidae

Fam. Homocaligidae Wood, 1970 – 2 gen., 8 sp.

Annerossella Habeeb, 1966 – 4 sp.

Homocaligus Berlese, 1910 – 4 sp.

Catalogue of Homocaligidae

Fam. Homocaligidae Wood

Homocaligidae Wood, 1970: 711

Type genus: Homocaligus Berlese, 1910

Genus Annerossella Habeeb

Annerossella Habeeb, 1966: 1

Annerosela [misspelling Z. Rec.]

Type species: Ledermülleria lineolata Meyer et Ryke, 1960

Annerossella knorri Gonzalez

Annerossella knorri Gonzalez, 1978: 221

Type locality: Thailand.

Distribution: Thailand

Annerossella lii Fan

Annerossella lii Fan, 1997: 337; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Fuzhou City, Fujian Prov.

Distribution: China

Annerossella lineolata (Meyer et Ryke)

Ledermülleria lineolata Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 217

Mullederia lineolata : Wood, 1964: 583

Homocaligus lineolatus : Meyer, 1969: 270

Annerossella lineolata (Meyer et Ryke): Habeeb, 1966: 1; Wood, 1969: 722; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 13

Type locality: Duiwelskloof

Distribution: South Africa

Annerossella pacifica Wood

Annerossella pacifica Wood, 1969: 714

Type locality: Malaya

Distribution: Malaysia

Genus Homocaligus Berlese

Homocaligus Berlese, 1910: 203 [was in Stigmaeidae]

Paludocaligus Habeeb, 1962: 1 [subg., syn. by Wood, 1969] type is Homocaligus (Paludocaligus) muscorum Habeeb, 1962

Type species: Stigmaeus scapularis C.L.Koch, 1838

Homocaligus amphibius Wainstein

Homocaligus amphibius Wainstein, 1975: 40; Tolstikov & Piterskih, 1996: 172

Type locality: Russia (Yaroslavskaya oblast)

Distribution: Russia, Uzbekistan

Homocaligus crassipus Fan

Homocaligus crassipus Fan, 1997: 339; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Doğan et al., 2014: 447; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Fuzhou City, Host Eichhornia crassipes (plant); Fujian

Distribution: China, Turkey

Homocaligus muscorum Habeeb

Homocaligus muscorum Habeeb, 1962: 1; Smith, 1987: 41

Type locality: Maine (bog water near Caribou, Aroostoock County), New Brunswick, New York

Distribution: Canada, USA

Homocaligus scapularis (C.L.Koch)

Stigmaeus scapularis C.L.Koch, 1838: 1

Homocaligus scapularis (C.L.Koch): Berlese, 1910: 203; Dudich, Kolosváry & Szalay, 1940: 54; Franz, 1954: 366

Type locality: Germany

Distribution: Austria, Germany, Holland, Hungary, Italy

Distribution of Homocaligidae

EUROPE

Austria (Franz, 1954) – Homocaligus scapularis

Germany (C.L. Koch, 1838) – Homocaligus scapularis

HollandHomocaligus scapularis

Hungary (Dudich, Kolosváry & Szalay, 1940) – Homocaligus scapularis

Italy (Castagnoli & Nannelli, 1995) – Homocaligus scapularis

Russia (all, continent.) (Wainstein, 1975; [Tolstikov & Piterskih], 1996; Tolstikov, 2001) – Homocaligus amphibius

Turkey (Doğan et al., 2014, Doğan, 2019) – Homocaligus crassipus

AFRICA

South Africa (Meyer & Ryke, 1960; Meyer, 1969) – Annerossella lineolata

ASIA

China (Fan, 1997; Fan & Chen, 2010) – Annerossella lii, Homocaligus crassipus

Malaysia (Wood, 1969) – Annerossella pacifica

Thailand (González-Rodríguez, 1978) – Annerossella knorri

Uzbekistan (Tolstikov & Piterskih, 1996) – Homocaligus amphibius

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Smith, 1987) – Homocaligus muscorum

USA (Habeeb, 1962) – Homocaligus muscorum

Bibliography of Homocaligidae

  • Berlese A. 1910. Acari nuovi. Manipulus V, VI. – Redia, 6: 199–234.
  • Doğan S., S. Dilkaraoğlu, H. Aksoy, M. Aaykut, Qing-Hai Fan. 2014. New occurrence of the hygrobiotic mite family Homocaligidae (Acari, Raphignathoidea) in Turkey: Homocaligus crassipus Fan. – Systematic & Applied Acarology, 19(4): 447–461.
  • Fan Qing Hai. 1997. The Homocaligidae (Acari: Raphignathoidea) from China, with description of two new species. – Entomologia Sinica, 4(4): 337–342.
  • González-Rodríguez R.H. 1978. Annerossella knorri, a new species of mite on water lettuce from Thailand (Acari: Homocaligidae). – International Journal of Acarology, 4(3): 221–225.
  • Habeeb H. 1962. A new species of Homocaligus (Acarina: Raphignathidae). – Leaflet Acadian Biol., 27: 1–3.
  • Habeeb H. 1966. New genera in the Stigmaeidae, Acarina. – Leaflets of Acadian Biology, 42: 1–2.
  • Meyer M.K.P. 1969. Some stigmaeid mites from South Africa (Acari: Trombidiformes). – Acarologia, 11(2): 227–271.
  • Meyer M.K.P., P.A.J. Ryke. 1960. Mites of the superfamily Raphignathoidea (Acarina: Prostigmata) associated with South African plants. – Ann. Mag. Natur. Hist., 13: 209–234.
  • Tolstikov A.V. 2001. Reproductive behaviour of the semi-aquatic mite Homocaligus cf. amphibius Wainstein, 1975 (Acari, Homocaligidae). In: Halliday, R.B. / Walter, D.E. / Proctor, H.C. / Norton, R.A. / Colloff, M.J. (Eds.), Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress. – CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne: 180–182
  • [Tolstikov A.V., A.S. Piterskih]. 1996. [New findings of mite of the family Homocaligidae Wood (Prostigmata, Eleutherengona)]. In: V.A. Minoranskiy (Ed) [Problemi pochvennoy zoologii, Materiali dokladi I Vserossiskogo soveshtaniya], Postov-na-Donu, 172–173 (in Russian).
  • Wainstein B.A. 1975. A new species of semi-aquatic mite of the genus Homocaligus (Homocaligidae, Acariformis). – Inf. Byull. Biol. vnutr. vod, 28: 40–41.
  • Wood T.G. 1970. The Homocaligidae, a new family of mites (Acari: Raphignathoidea), including a description of a new species from Malaya and the British Solomon Islands. – Acarologia, 11(4), 1969: 711–729

The Mite Family Mecognathidae Gerson et Walter

Mecognathidae Gerson & Walter, 1998: 145

Small family of seven known species described from Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the Philippines and the USA.

Composition of Mecognathidae

Fam. Mecognathidae – 2 gen., 7 sp.

Mecognatha Wood, 1967 – 4 sp.

Paraeupalopsellus Smiley et Moser, 1968 – 3 sp.

Catalogue of Mecognathidae

Fam. Mecognathidae Gerson et Walter

Mecognathidae Gerson & Walter, 1998: 145

Type genus: Mecognatha Wood, 1967

Genus Mecognatha Wood

Mecognatha Wood, 1967: 115

Acaciacarus Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997: 185 [syn. Gerson & Walter 1998: 146]

Type species: Mecognatha hirsuta Wood, 1967

Mecognatha hirsuta Wood

Mecognatha hirsuta Wood, 1967: 117; 1971a: 682; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 30

Type locality: NZ, Mt Albert Res. Centre

Distribution: Australia, Campbell Island, New Zealand

Mecognatha paradoxa (Gerson, Frost et Swift)

Acaciacarus paradoxus Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997: 186

Mecognatha paradoxus (Gerson, Frost et Swift): several papers

Type locality: Glen Osmond nr. Adelaida

Distribution: Australia

Mecognatha parilis Fan et Zhang

Mecognatha parilis Fan & Zhang, 2005: 31

Type locality: NZ, Wanaka

Distribution: New Zealand

Mecognatha rara Fan et Zhang

Mecognatha rara Fan & Zhang, 2005: 32

Type locality: NZ, Kumeu

Distribution: New Zealand

Genus Paraeupalopsellus Smiley et Moser

Paraeupalopsellus Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type species: Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley et Moser, 1968

Paraeupalopsellus aquatilis Meyer et Ueckermann

Paraeupalopsellus aquatilis Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984: 122

Type locality: Transvaal

Distribution: South Africa

Paraeupalopsellus clareae Rimando et Corpuz-Raros

Paraeupalopsellus clareae Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996: 100

Type locality: Philippines

Distribution: Philippines

Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley et Moser

Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type locality: Elizabeth, Louisiana

Distribution: USA

Distribution of Mecognathidae

AFRICA

South Africa (Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1984) – Paraeupalopsellus aquatilis

ASIA

Philippines (Rimando & Corpuz-Raros, 1996) – Paraeupalopsellus clareae

NORTH AMERICA

USA (Smiley & Moser, 1968) – Paraeupalopsellus hodgesi

OCEANIA

Australia (continent)(Wood, 1971a; Gerson, Frost & Swift, 1997) – Mecognatha hirsuta, M. paradoxa

New Zealand (Wood, 1967, 1971b; Fan & Zhang, 2005) – Mecognatha hirsuta, M. parilis, M. rara

Campbell Island (Wood, 1971a) – Mecognatha hirsuta

Bibliography of Mecognathidae

  • Fan Q.-H., Zhang, Z.-Q. 2005. Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). Fauna of New Zealand, 52, 400 pp.
  • Gerson U., W.E. Frost, S.F. Swift. 1997. A new genus of the family Eupalopsellidae from Australia (Acari: Prostigmata). – Internat. J. Acarol., 23(3): 185–189.
  • Gerson U., D. E. Walter. 1998. Transfer of Mecognatha Wood from Stigmaeidae to Mecognathidae, fam. nov., a new synonymy, and a key to families of Raphignathoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). – Systematic and Applied Acarology, 3: 145–147
  • Meyer M.K.P. (Smith), E.A. Ueckermann. 1984. The family Eupalopsellidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with descriptions of new species from South Africa. – Phytophylactica, 16: 121–142.
  • Rimando L.C., L.A. Corpuz-Raros. 1996. Some Philippine Raphignathoidea (Acari). II. The genus Mullederia Wood and two new genera of stigmaeid mites. – Asia Life Science, 5(2): 141–161.
  • Smiley R.L., J.C. Moser. 1968. New species of mites from pine (Acarina: Tarsocheylidae, Eupalopsellidae, Caligonellidae, Cryptognathidae, Raphignathidae, and Neophyllobiidae). – Proc. Ent. Soc. of Washington, 70(4): 307–317.
  • Wood T.G. 1967. New Zealand mites of the family Stigmaeidae (Acari, Prostigmata). –Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 9: 93–139
  • Wood T.G. 1971a. Stigmaeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) from Campbell Island. -Acarologia, 12(4): 677–683
  • Wood T.G. 1971b. New species and records of Stigmaeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) from New Zealand. I. Mediolata G. Canestrini and Mecognatha Wood. – New Zealand J. of Science, 14: 406–418.

The Mite Family Raphignathidae Kramer

Raphignathidae Kramer, 1877: 215

More than 75 species of the family Raphignathidae have been described from around the world, found on or beneath tree bark, in moss, and in dry organic litter, sometimes in synanthropic habitats, such as house dust or stored grain. The first family described in Raphignathoidea still consists only of three genera and of at least 70 valid species. After Dugès (1834) and Kramer (1877) the family has been studied by numerous acarologists, including Smiley & Moser, 1968 (having described the second genus in Raphignathidae), Atyeo, Baker & Crossley (1961), Atyeo (1963), Athias-Henriot (1961), Fan & Yin (2000), Fan & Zhang (2005), Mitra & Mitra (1953), Robaux (1976), Kuznetsov (1976), Shiba (1969), Meyer & Ryke (1960), Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann (1989), Womersley (1937), Zaher & Gomaa (1980), and, recently, by many Turkish (Doğan, Ayyıldız) and Iranian (Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Akrami, Majidi, Gharakhany, Zarei) acarologists. Willmann (1951) described the genus Acheleopsis, based on a species inquirenda.

Composition of Raphignathidae

Fam. Raphignathidae Kramer, 1877 – 3 gen., 77 sp.

Acheleopsis Willmann, 1951 – 1 sp.

Neoraphignathus Smiley et Moser, 1968 – 1 sp.

Raphignathus Dugès, 1834 – 75 sp.

Catalogue of Raphignathidae

Fam. Raphignathidae Kramer

Raphignathidae Kramer, 1877: 215

Type genus: Raphignathus Dugès, 1834

Genus Acheleopsis Willmann

Acheleopsis Willmann, 1951: 141 [?]

Type species: Acheleopsis quadrioculata Willmann, 1951 [Species Inquirendus]

Acheleopsis quadrioculata Willmann

Acheleopsis quadrioculata Willmann, 1951: 141[Species Inquirendus]

Type locality: Austria

Distribution: Austria

Genus Neoraphignathus Smiley et Moser

Neoraphignathus Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type species: Neoraphignathus howei Smiley et Moser, 1968

Neoraphignathus howei Smiley et Moser

Neoraphignathus howei Smiley & Moser, 1968: 315

Type locality: Elizabeth, Louisiana

Distribution: USA

Genus Raphignathus Dugès

Raphignathus Dugès, 1834: 53

Acheles Oudemans, 1903: 101; Type: Acheles mirabilis Oudemans

Syncaligus Berlese, 1910: 202 – Type: Caligonus petrobius Canestrini, 1889; synonymy by Oudemans, 1923a: 138

Type species: Raphignathus ruberrimus Dugès, 1834

Raphignathus aciculatus Fan

Raphignathus aciculatus Fan & Yin, 2000: 91; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Ghorbani et al., 2010; 2013; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Fuzhou; Fujian

Distribution: China, Iran

Raphignathus aethiopicus (Meyer et Ryke)

Acheles aethiopica Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 231

Raphignathus aethiopicus (Meyer & Ryke): Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 38; Shirinbeik-Mohajer et al., 2012; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Bathurst

Distribution: Iran, South Africa

Raphignathus africanus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus africanus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 34; Doğan et al., 2012: 720; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Addo Elephant nat. Park, Cape Province (South Africa)

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Zimbabwe

Raphignathus afyonensis Akyol et Koç

Raphigna.thus afyonensis Akyol & Koç, 2006: 1158; Doğan, 2007: 10; 2019: 133

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus arabicus Gomaa et Hassan

Raphignathus arabicus Gomaa & Hassan, 1983: 98

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus atomatus Fan et Zhang

Raphignathus atomatus Fan & Zhang, 2005: 34

Type locality: Three Kings Is, Great I.

Distribution: New Zealand

Raphignathus atyeoi Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus atyeoi Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 32; Doğan, 2003: 145; 2007: 10; 2019: 133; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Orange Free State (South Africa)

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Turkey, Zimbabwe

Raphignathus azarshahriensis Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharakhany et Zarei

Raphignathus azarshahriensis Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharakhany & Zarei, 2012: 368; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Azarshahr

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus bakeri Zaher et Gomaa

Raphignathus bakeri Zaher & Gomaa, 1980: 200; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 38; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt, Iran

Raphignathus bathursti Meyer et Ryke

Raphignathus bathursti Meyer & Ryke, 1960: 228; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 42; Doğan, 2019: 133

Type locality: Bathurst

Distribution: South Africa

Raphignathus broomicus Podder, Gupta et Saha

Raphignathus broomicus Podder, Gupta & Saha, 2009: 47

Type locality: West Bengal

Distribution: India

Raphignathus cardinalis (Ewing)

Caligonus cardinalis Ewing, 1905: 403

Raphignathus cardinalis (Ewing): Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 16

Type locality: Xenia, Ohio

Distribution: USA

Raphignathus collegiatus Atyeo, Baker et Crossley

Raphignathus collegiatus Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 17; Atyeo, 1963: 185; Kuznetsov, 1976: 44; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 42; Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 187; Hu, Jing & Liang, 1995: 21; Fan & Yin, 2000: 91; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 146; Doğan, 2003: 144; 2007: 10; 2019: 133; Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2003; Koç & Akyol, 2004: 476; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 35; Ripka et al., 2005: 166; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 395

Raphignathus guiyanensis Hu, Jing & Liang, 1995: 21. Syn. by Fan & Yin, 2000

Type locality: Univ. of Maryland Campus, Colledge Park, Maryland

Distribution: China, Egypt, Hungary, Iran, New Zealand, Turkey, Ukraine, USA

Raphignathus cometes Atyeo

Raphignathus cometes Atyeo, 1963: 182

Type locality: South Bimini, Bahama Islands

Distribution: Bahama Islands, USA

Raphignathus conspicuus (Berlese)

Syncaligus conspicuus Berlese, 1910: 203

Raphignathus conspicuus (Berlese): Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 16; Atyeo, 1963: 178

Type locality: Colombia

Distribution: Colombia

Raphignathus costatus Chaudhri, Akbar et Bashir

Raphignathus costatus Chaudhri, Akbar & Bashir, 1979: 193; Halliday, Kamran & Bashir, 2018: 104

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Raphignathus crustus Fan et Zhang

Raphignathus crustus Fan & Zhang, 2005: 36

Type locality: Mount Albert

Distribution: New Zealand

Raphignathus curtipilus Berlese

Raphignathus curtipilus Berlese, 1888: 4

Type locality: Italy

Distribution: Italy

Raphignathus darjeelingensis Gupta

Raphignathus curtipilus Chatterjee et Gupta, in Gupta, 2002: 95

Type locality: W. Bengal, Darjeeling

Distribution: India

Raphignathus deinos Akbar et Mushtak

Raphignathus deinos Akbar & Mushtak, 1996: 1

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Raphignathus deserticola (Trägårdh)

Caligonus deserticola Trägårdh, 1904: 28

Raphignathus deserticola (Trägårdh): Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 16 (incl. var. simplex Tr.)

Type locality: Wadi Hof, Cairo

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus domesticus Shiba

Raphignathus domesticus Shiba, 1969: 157; Jin & Guan, 1990; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Kuwabara-cho Matsuyama

Distribution: China, Japan

Raphignathus ebrius Akbar et Mushtak

Raphignathus ebrius Akbar & Mushtak, 1996: 1

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Raphignathus ehari Zaher et Gomaa

Raphignathus ehari Zaher & Gomaa, 1980: 201; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 38; Haddad Irani-Nejad et al., 1999; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 396

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt, Iran

Raphignathus emirdagiensis Akyol et Koç

Raphignathus emirdagiensis Akyol & Koç, 2006: 1153; Doğan, 2007: 10; 2019: 133

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus ensipilosus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus ensipilosus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 42; Akyol & Koç, 2006: 1162; Doğan, 2007: 10; 2019: 133

Type locality: Pongola, Transvaal (South Africa)

Distribution: South Africa, Turkey

Raphignathus erzincanica Doğan

Raphignathus erzincanica Doğan, 2003: 146; 2007: 10; 2019: 133

Type locality: Erzincan

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus evansi Zaher et Gomaa

Raphignathus evansi Zaher & Gomaa, 1980: 199; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 30

Type locality: Giza, Middle Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus evidus Fan

Raphignathus evidus Fan, in Fan & Yin 2000: 94; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Yuanming Park; Beijing

Distribution: China

Raphignathus fani Doğan et Ayyıldız

Raphignathus fani Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 142; Doğan, 2007: 11; 2019: 133; Dönel & Doğan, 2011:

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus furcisetosus Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus furcisetosus Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 38

Type locality: Pongola, Transvaal

Distribution: South Africa

Raphignathus giresuniensis Doğan

Raphignathus giresuniensis Doğan, 2003: 148; 2007: 11; 2019: 133

Type locality: Giresun

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus giselae Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus giselae Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 39; Akyol & Koç, 2006: 276; Doğan, 2007: 11; 2019: 134; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 69; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 396

Type locality: Stockdale Estates, Hartley, Zimbabwe

Distribution: Iran, South Africa, Turkey, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Raphignathus gracilis (Rack)

Acheles gracilis Rack, 1962: 281

Raphignathus gracilis (Rack): Atyeo, 1963: 181; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann 1989: 39; Gerson, 1968: 434; 1971: 14; Kuznetsov, 1976: 43; Zaher & Gomaa, 1979: 198; Zaher et al., 1980; Khaustov & Kuznetsov, 1997: 80; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1996: 210; Kazmierski, 2000; Fan & Yin, 2000: 90; Doğan, 2003: 145; 2007: 11; 2019: 134; Fan & Zhang, 2005: 37; Ripka et al., 2005: 166; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 70; Vrabec, Fenďa & Kalúz, 2012: 331; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 396; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 367

Type locality: Schwenkestrasse, Hamburg

Distribution: Algeria, China, Crimea, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, Slovakia, South Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, USA

Raphignathus guajavae (Gupta)

Acheles guajavae Gupta, 1992: 134

Raphignathus guajavae Gupta, 2002: 95

Type locality: W. Bengal

Distribution: India

Raphignathus hamooniensis Poudineh, Ramroodi et Bagheri

Raphignathus hamooniensis Poudineh, Ramroodi & Bagheri, 2019: 1006

Type locality: Southeast Iran

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus hatamii Khanjani, Pishehvar, Mirmoayedi et Khanjani

Raphignathus hatamii Khanjani, Pishehvar, Mirmoayedi & Khanjani, 2013: 62

Type locality: Hamadan

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus hecmatanaensis Khanjani et Ueckermann

Raphignathus hecmatanaensis Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2003: 301; Doğan, 2003: 145; 2007: 11; 2019: 134; Navaei-Bonab, Bagheri & Zarei, 2012: 69; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 396; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 367; Barbar, 2018: 922

Type locality: Iran, Hamedan

Distribution: Crimea, Iran, Syria, Turkey

Raphignathus hexeris Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool

Raphignathus hexeris Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979: 197; Khanjani & Kamali, 1993; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397; Halliday, Kamran & Bashir, 2018: 104

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Iran, Pakistan

Raphignathus hirstellus Athias-Henriot

Raphignathus hirstellus Athias-Henriot, 1961: 1; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 41

Raphignathus hirtellus Athias-Henriot: Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 142

Type locality: Algeria

Distribution: Algeria

Raphignathus hispidus Dugès

Raphignathus hispidus Dugès, 1834: 56; Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 15

Syncaligus echidna Berlese, 1910: 209

Type locality: Palermo (“agri Panormitani”)

Distribution: Italy (Sicily)

Raphignathus hsiufui Fan

Raphignathus hsiufui Fan & Yin, 2000: 95; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Fuzhou, Huaian; Fujian

Distribution: China

Raphignathus impressus (C.L. Koch)

Caligonus impressus C.L. Koch, 1838: fasc. 20; t.17

Caligonus petrobius Canestrini, 1889: 530

Syncaligus petrobius (Canestrini)

Raphignathus impressus (C.L. Koch): Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 15

Type locality: Germany

Distribution: Germany, Italy

Raphignathus johnstoni Womersley

Raphignathus johnstoni Womersley, 1937: 10; Atyeo, 1963: 182

Type locality: amongst Cestodes from the intestine of a Weddell seal from Commonwealth Bay, King George V [Coast]

Distribution: Australia

Raphignathus kamiensis Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus kamiensis Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 36

Type locality: Cape Province, 15 km south of Kamieskroon

Distribution: South Africa

Raphignathus karabagiensis Akyol et Koç

Raphignathus karabagiensis Akyol & Koç, 2006: 1155; Doğan, 2007: 11; 2019: 134

Type locality: Afyon

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus karooi Smith-Meyer et Ueckermann

Raphignathus karooi Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989: 30

Type locality: Jansenville, Cape Province

Distribution: Namibia, South Africa

Raphignathus kelkitensis Dönel et Doğan

Raphignathus kelkitensis Dönel & Doğan, 2011: 28; Doğan, 2019: 134

Type locality: Kelkit

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus keratos Akbar et Mushtak

Raphignathus keratos Akbar & Mushtak, 1996: 2

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Pakistan

Raphignathus khorramabadensis Bagheri, Jafari et Paktinat Saeej

Raphignathus khorrambadensis Bagheri, Jafari & Paktinat Saeej, 2013: 481; Uluçay et al., 2016b; Doğan, 2019: 134

Type locality: Horramabad

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus koseiensis Dönel et Doğan

Raphignathus koseiensis Dönel & Doğan, 1976: 181; Doğan, 2019: 134

Type locality: Köse Mt., Gümüşhane, 1877 m

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus kurdistaniensis Nasrollahi, Khanjani et Mirfakhraee

Raphignathus kurdistaniensis Nasrollahi, Khanjani & Mirfakhraee, 2018: 2070

Type locality: Kurdistan Province

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus kuznetzovi Doğan et Ayyıldız

Raphignathus hirstellus Athias-Henriot: Kuznetzov, 1976: 42; Wainstein & Kuznetzov, 1978: 150; Koç & Ayyıldız, 1996: 210

Raphignathus kuznetzovi Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003: 143; Doğan, 2007: 11; 2019: 134; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 366

Type locality: Artvin, Erzurum

Distribution: Crimea, Turkey

Raphignathus lanuginosus Atyeo

Raphignathus lanuginosus Atyeo, 1963: 179

Type locality: Kimberley Research Station (60 miles south from Wyndham), Western Australia

Distribution: Australia (WA)

Raphignathus larestanensis Bagheri, Akrami et Majidi

Raphignathus larestanensis Bagheri, Akrami & Majidi, 2012: 53; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397

Type locality: Larestan, Goude Ivan Village, Fars Province

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus lenis Barilo

Raphignathus lenis Barilo, 1989: 134

Type locality: Samarkand

Distribution: Uzbekistan

Raphignathus longimanus (C.L. Koch)

Caligonus longimanus C.L. Koch, 1838: 18

Raphignathus longimanus (C.L. Koch): Castagnoli & Nannelli, 1995: 55

Type locality: Germany

Distribution: Germany, Italy

Raphignathus membranus Fan

Raphignathus membranus Fan & Yin, 2000: 93; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Yuanming Park, Beijing

Distribution: China

Raphignathus meyerae (Gupta et Paul)

Acheles meyerae Gupta & Paul, 1985: 17

Raphignathus meyerae (Gupta et Paul): Nasrollahi et al., 2018

Type locality: West Bengal

Distribution: India

Raphignathus neocardinalis Atyeo

Raphignathus neocardinalis Atyeo, 1963: 184

Type locality: South Bimini

Distribution: Bahama Islands

Raphignathus neogracilis Robaux

Raphignathus neogracilis Robaux, 1976: 511

Type locality: San Jose, Sta Clara Co., California

Distribution: USA (California)

Raphignathus nilloticus Rakha et Mohamed

Raphignathus nilloticus Rakha & Mohamed, 1980: 3

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus orientalis Fan et Li

Raphignathus orientalis Fan & Li, 1993: 322; Fan & Yin, 2000: 90; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127

Type locality: Chongqing, Fujian

Distribution: China

Raphignathus ozkani Doğan

Raphignathus ozkani Doğan, 2006: 373; 2007: 12; 2019: 134

Raphignathus domesticus Shiba: Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2006: 267

Type locality: Erzurum

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus patrius Berlese (sp. dubia)

Raphignathus patrius Berlese, 1885: 4; Hull, 1918: 30

Type locality: Italy

Distribution: England, Italy

Raphignathus protaspus Khanjani et Ueckermann

Raphignathus protaspus Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2002: 303; Akyol & Koç, 2006: 276; Doğan, 2007: 12; 2019: 134; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397

Type locality: Iran

Distribution: Iran, Turkey

Raphignathus pycnonotus (Gupta et Paul)

Acheles pycnonotus Gupta & Paul, 1992: 82 (Species Inquirendus)

Raphignathus pycnonotus (Gupta et Paul)

Type locality: host Pycnonotus cafer (Aves); West-Bengal

Distribution: India

Raphignathus quadrigeminus Dönel et Doğan

Raphignathus quadrigeminus Dönel & Doğan, 1976: 179; Doğan, 2019: 134

Type locality: Niksar, Tokat

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus rarus Kuznetsov

Raphignathus rarus Kuznetsov, 1976: 41

Type locality: Dushanbe

Distribution: Tadjikistan

Raphignathus ruberrimus Dugès

Raphignathus ruberrimus Dugès, 1834: 22; Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961: 15

Caligonus cerasinus Koch, 1838

Syncaligus cerasinus (Koch)

Type locality: Italy

Distribution: Italy

Raphignathus saboorii Ghorbani et Bagheri

Raphignathus saboorii Ghorbani & Bagheri, 2011: 426; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397

Type locality: Maragheh, East Azerbaidjan province

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus satoi Shiba

Raphignathus satoi Shiba, 1978: 159

Type locality: Malay Peninsula

Distribution: Malaysia

Raphignathus sceptrum Chaudhri, Akbar et Rasool

Raphignathus sceptrum Chaudhri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979: 195; Ghorbani et al., 2010; Bagheri et al., 2011; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397; Halliday, Kamran & Bashir, 2018: 104

Type locality: Pakistan

Distribution: Iran, Pakistan

Raphignathus scutatus Halbert

Raphignathus scutatus Halbert, 1920: 142

Type locality: Ireland

Distribution: Ireland

Raphignathus smithi Mitra et Mitra

Raphignathus smithi Mitra & Mitra, 1953: 429

Type locality: Pashan, 6 miles NE of Poona

Distribution: India

Raphignathus solimani Hassan et Gomaa

Raphignathus solimani Hassan & Gomaa, 1982: 103

Type locality: Egypt

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus striatus Trägårdh

Raphignathus striatus Trägårdh, 1904: 30

Type locality: Cairo

Distribution: Egypt

Raphignathus summersi Robaux

Raphignathus summersi Robaux, 1976: 506

Type locality: Los Gatos et al. (California)

Distribution: USA (California)

Raphignathus tamaricis Poudineh, Ramroodi et Bagheri

Raphignathus tamaricis Poudineh, Ramroodi & Bagheri, 2019: 1006

Type locality: Southeast Iran

Distribution: Iran

Raphignathus tauricus nom. novum pro

Raphignathus scutatus Kuznetsov, 1976: 40, non Halbert, 1920: 142

Type locality: Sudak, Crimea

Distribution: Crimea

Raphignathus tumidus Kuznetsov

Raphignathus tumidus Kuznetsov, 1976: 41

Type locality: Megri

Distribution: Armenia

Raphignathus ueckermanni Koç et Kara

Raphignathus ueckermanni Koç & Kara, 2005: 197; Doğan, 2007: 12; 2019: 134; Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014: 367

Type locality: Izmir (Turkey)

Distribution: Crimea, Turkey

Raphignathus vahiti Doğan

Raphignathus vahiti Doğan, 2003: 151; 2007: 12; 2019: 134

Type locality: Erzincan

Distribution: Turkey

Raphignathus zhaoi Hu, Jing et Liang

Raphignathus zhaoi Hu, Jing & Liang, 1995: 23; Fan & Yin, 2000: 84; Akyol & Koç, 2006a: 1160; 2006b: 276; Doğan, 2007: 12; 2019: 134; Fan & Chen, 2010: 127; Ghorbani et al., 2010; Beyzavi et al., 2013: 397

Raphignathus hongchengensis Hu & Chen, 1998: 15. Syn. by Fan & Yin, 2000.

Type locality: China

Distribution: China, Iran, Turkey

Distribution of Raphignathidae

EUROPE

Armenia (Kuznetsov, 1976) – Raphignathus tumidus

Austria (Willmann, 1951) – Acheleopsis quadrioculata [Species Inquirendus]

Germany (C.L. Koch, 1838; Rack, 1962) – Raphignathus gracilis, R. impressus, R. longimanus

Estonia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Raphignathus collegiatus

Hungary (Ripka et al., 2005) – Raphignathus collegiatus, R. gracilis

Italy (contin.)(Bernini, Castagnoli & Nannelli, 1995) – Raphignathus conspicuus, R. curtipilis, R. gracilis, R. impressus (= petrobius), R. longimanus, R. ruberrimus

Sicily (Berlese, 1910) – Raphignathus hispidus (= echidna)

Latvia (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Raphignathus collegiatus, R. gracilis

Lituania (Kuznetsov & Petrov, 1984) – Raphignathus collegiatus

Poland (Kazmierski, 2000) – Caligonella humilis, Cheylostigmaeus howellsi, Eustigmaeus pinnatus, Raphignathus gracilis, Stigmaeus pilatus

Crimea (Kuznetsov, 1976 (as R. hirtellus); Khaustov & Sergeyenko, 2014) – Raphignathus gracilis, R. hecmatanaensis, R. kuznetsovi, R. ueckermanni

Slovakia (Vrabec, Fenďa & Kalúz, 2012) – Raphignathus gracilis

Switzerland (Schweizer & Bader, 1963) – Raphignathus gracilis, R. longimanus

Turkey (all)(Koch & Ayyıldız, 1996; Doğan & Ayyıldız, 2003; Koç & Akyol, 2004; Koç & Kara, 2005; Akyol & Koç, 2006a, 2006b; Doğan, 2007, 2019; Dönel & Doğan, 2011, 2013) – Raphignathus afyonensis, R. atyeoi, R. bathursti, R. collegiatus, R. emirdagiensis, R. ensipilosus, R. erzincanensis, R. fani, R. giresuniensis, R. giselae, R. gracilis, R. hecmataensis, R. karabagiensis, R. kelkitensis, R. koseiensis, R. kuznetsovi, R. ozkani, R. protaspus, R. quadrigeminus, R. ueckermanni, R. vahiti, R. zhaoi

Ukraine (Kuznetsov, 1976) – Raphignathus collegiatus, R. gracilis, R. hirtellus, R. “scutatus

AFRICA

Algeria (Athias-Henriot, 1961) – Raphignathus gracilis, R. hirstellus

Egypt (Trägårdh, 1904; Zaher & Gomaa, 1979, 1980; Rakha & Mohamed, 1980; Hassan & Gomaa, 1982; Gomaa & Hassan, 1983) – Raphignathus arabicus, R. bakeri, R. collegiatus, R. deserticola, R. ehari, R. evansi, R. gracilis, R. niloticus, R. solimani, R. striatus

Namibia (Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989) – Raphignathus africanus, R. atyeoi, R. giselae

South Africa (Meyer & Ryke, 1960; Smith-Meyer & Ueckermann, 1989) – Raphignathus aethiopicus, R. africanus, R. atyeoi, R. bathursti, R. furcisetosus, R. giselae, R. kamiensis, R. karooi

ASIA

China (Jin & Guan, 1990; Fan & Li, 1993; Hu, Jing & Liang, 1995; Hu & Chen, 1998; Fan & Yin, 2000; Fan, 2000; Cheng & Fan, 2008; Fan & Chen, 2010) – Raphignathus aciculatus, R. collegiatus, R. domesticus, R. evidus, R. gracilis, R. hsiufui, R. membranus, R. orientalis, R. zhaoi

India (Mitra & Mitra, 1953; Gupta & Paul, 1985; 1992; Gupta, 2002; Podder, Gupta & Saha, 2009) – Raphignathus broomicus, R. darjeelingensis, R. guajavae, R. meyerae, R. pycnonotus, R. smithi

Iran (Khanjani & Ueckermann, 2003, 2008; Khademi et al., 2006; Ghorbani, Bagheri, Saber, Mehrvar & Navaei-Bonab, 2010; Ghorbani et al., 2011; Bagheri, Akrami & Majidi, 2012; Ahaniazad, Bagheri, Gharakhany & Zarei, 2012; Doğan, Rahmdeli, Jalaeian, Dönel & Sevsay, 2012; Khanjani, Pishehvar, Mirmoayedi & Khanjani, 2013; Beyzavi et al., 2013; Bagheri, Jafari & Paktinat Saeej, 2013; Nazari, Khanjani & Kamali, 2013; Nasrollahi, Khanjani & Mirfakhraee, 2018, Poudineh, Ramroodi & Bagheri, 2019) – Raphignathus aciculatus, R. aethiopicus, R. africanus, R. atyeoi, R. azarshahriensis, R. bakeri, R. collegiatus, R. ehari, R. giselae, R. gracilis, R. hamooniensis, R. hatamii, R. hecmatanaensis, R. hexeris, R. kurdistaniensis, R. larestanensis, R. protaspus, R. saboorii, R. sceptrum, R. tamaricus, R. zhaoi

Israel and Palestina (Gerson, 1968, 1971) – Raphignathus gracilis

Japan (Ehara, 1980; Shiba, 1969a, 1969b) – Raphignathus domesticus, R. gracilis

Malaysia (Shiba, 1978) – Raphignathus satoi

Pakistan (Chaudri, Akbar & Rasool, 1979; Akbar 1996; Halliday, Kamran & Bashir, 2018) – Raphignathus costatus, R. ebrius, R. hexeris, R. keratos, R. sceptrum

Tadjikistan (Kuznetsov, 1976) – Raphignathus rarus

Uzbekistan (Barilo, 1989) – Raphignathus lenis

Yemen (Ueckermann, van Harten & Smith Meyer, 2006) – Raphignathus giselae

NORTH AMERICA

Canada (Beaulieu et al., 2019) – 4 sp.

USA (Ewing, 1905, Banks, 1910; Atyeo, Baker & Crossley, 1961; Atyeo, 1963; Smiley & Moser, 1968; Robaux, 1976) – Neoraphignathus howei, Raphignathus cardinalis, R. collegiatus, R. cometes, R. gracilis, R. neogracilis, R. summersi

Hawaii (Swift, 1996) – Raphignathus aethiopicus

Bahama Islands (Atyeo, 1963) – Raphignathus cometes, R. neocardinalis

SOUTH AMERICA

Colombia (Berlese, 1910) – Raphignathus conspicuus

OCEANIA

Australia (continent) (Womersley, 1937; Atyeo, 1963) – Raphignathus johnstoni, R. lanuginosus

New Zealand (Fan & Zhang, 2005) – Raphignathus atomatus, R. collegiatus, R. crustus, R. gracilis

ANTARCTICA (Womersley, 1937) – Raphignathus johnstoni

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The Mite Family Stigmaeidae Oudemans

Stigmaeidae Oudemans, 1931: 252

The biggest family of Raphignathoidea (33 genera and 634 species)(Fan, Flechtmann & de Moraes, 2016, with suppl.). consists of small mites (300–600 μm), living on plants, in moss and leaf litter. They feed on tiny insects and mites. The Stigmaeids have been studied first by C.L. Koch (1836), than by Canestrini and Berlese. Oudemans (1931) raised them in special family Stigmaeidae. From 1836 to 1950 have been published by Koch, Canestrini, Berlese and Oudemans 6 of the 33 known genera (Stigmaeus, Mediolata, Eustigmaeus, Macrostigmaeus, Storchia and Zetzellia), after 1950 – 25 genera and most of the species by Summers, Fan, Habeeb, Willmann, Ehara, Ueckermann, Gupta, Rimando & Copuz-Raros, Gerson, Wood, Khaustov, Kuznetsov, Meyer & Ryke, Bolland, Dosse, Hu, Shiba, Chaudhri, Tseng, Akbar, Barilo, Wood, Zhang, Doğan, González-Rodríguez, Akashi, Gomaa, Uluçay, Khanjani, Momen, Wang, Habeeb, Koç, Thor, Halbert, and other specialists.

Composition of Stigmaeidae

Family Stigmaeidae Oudemans, 1931 – 33 gen., 634 sp.

Agistemus Summers, 1960 – 85 sp.

Caligohomus Habeeb, 1966 – 2 sp.

Cheylostigmaeus Willmann, 1951 – 34 sp.

Eryngiopus Summers, 1964 – 32 sp.

Eryngiopusopsis Tseng, 1982 – 1 sp.

Eustigmaeus Berlese, 1910 (= Paravillersia Kuznetsov, 1978) – 117 sp.

Faradjimaeus Ueckermann, 2008 – 1 sp.

Gymnostigmaeus Ehara et Ueckermann, 2006 – 1 sp.

Indostigmaeus Gupta et Ghosh, 1980 – 2 sp.

Ledermuelleriopsis Willmann, 1953 – 35 sp.

Macrostigmaeus Berlese, 1910 – 1 sp.

Makilingeria Rimando et Corpuz-Raros, 1996 – 2 sp.

Mediolata Canestrini, 1889 – 30 sp.

Mediostigmaeus Fan et Walter, 2005 – 2 sp.

Menda