A name that is illegitimate because it was nomenclaturally superfluous when published (Art. 52.1): Ranunculus lobatus Moench. Part of page 214 of Moench’s Methodus plantas horti botanici et agri Marburgensis (Moench, 1794: 214). Components of the protologue are as follows: Specific epithet: “lobatus” (lobed).Diagnostic phrase name (polynomial): “[Ranunculus] lobatus, seminibus echinatis […] calycibus retroflexis petalis longioribus.” (Ranunculus lobatus with prickly seeds […] calyces bent backward, longer than petals).Synonym: “Ranunculus muricatus. Linn.” 1753. An earlier, validly published name at the same rank; citing it made R. lobatus nomenclaturally superfluous when published, and therefore illegitimate under Art. 52.1, because Moench should have used R. muricatus L. instead.Synonym: “Ranunculus echinatus stellatus creticus.” A pre-starting-point phrase name referring to an illustration (Morison, 1680: sect. 4, t. 29, fig. 24).“Obs[ervatio]. Stamina 14–20 nunquam plura.” (Observation. Stamens 14–20 never more).“h[abitat]. [in] H[orto]. Annua.” (It inhabits the garden [the botanic garden at Marburg, Germany]. Annual).

  Part of: Turland N (2019) The Code Decoded. Advanced Books. https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e38075